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Monday, November 20th

Naga imbroglio: the illusion of peace By Monalisa Changkija The statesman Nagaland Page


Naga imbroglio: the illusion of peace By Monalisa Changkija The statesman Nagaland Page

“What now?” is certainly uppermost in the minds of those watching the Naga scenario within and without the state. And, possibly there would be at least two answers to that depending on various factors. But for those who have lived with the Naga political movement for decades, the answer is pretty simple: “Nothing”.
“Nothing” because the impasse of the talks between the Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) for well nigh nine years is quite reminiscent of the “talks”, especially after the 1964 ceasefire between the Government of India and the then undivided Naga National Council. For one, the leaders of the Naga political movement, both past and present, want nothing short of sovereignty, which needless to say India would never concede to. And people here today have no illusions about that.
Moreover, the other factions would not accept a settlement short of sovereignty,. In such a scenario, factional feuds would intensify and killings would continue to rock the Naga people, as they have been doing in the past weeks. This, of course, may be fine with the Government of India but it still cannot rest easy because the Naga political movement continues to fester without solution. And against the background of India trying to emerge as a world power, it cannot afford to have a messy backyard, especially when that backyard is crucial to India’s Look East Policy.
“Nothing” because the talks between the Government of India and the NSCN (I-M) may have created an illusion of peace, as fights between the Indian Army and the Naga factions have almost ceased for nine years but factional feuds are taking a turn for the worse, as was recently witnessed at Zunheboto and Peren districts. Ordinary people continue to be the victims of the crossfire. And as along as gunshots ring out, they continue to live and relive nightmares.
“Nothing” because the talks between the Government of India and the NSCN (I-M) do not address the issue of the turf war between the latter and its arch rival NSCN (Khaplang), which is what is generally perceived here to be what the factional feuds are all about. It is pertinent to underscore that the Government of India is negotiating only with one Naga faction and that faction does not have the support of all Naga people, much less the other Naga factions. The point is unless one of the Naga factions emerges “victorious” over the others, factional feuds would continue because turf wars are always a contest to gain unambiguous and unchallenged “leadership”.
So while the talks between the Government of India and the NSCN (I-M) would continue, the outcome is dependent on what is generally said to be the “ground realities” here.

Factional feuds, no saviours And the ground realities here are anything but pretty. The factional feuds waged unwaveringly by the NSCN factions against each other in various parts of Nagaland have not only created an atmosphere and environment of terror but also suggest that till the war for supremacy between them is settled, obviously through the barrel of the gun, people here cannot hope for the kind of peace they would like to experience at least once in their lives.
For one, neither faction appears to have any interest in heeding either the Centre or the state government of Neiphiu Rio vis-à-vis factional feuds. Moreover, despite years of appeals by all kinds of Naga NGOs, including the Church, both the factions have continued their factional feuds.
The question is whether these NGOs ever had any kind of influence over the NSCN factions in the first place, as is often portrayed by the Indian mainland media. In fact, it is generally perceived by the people here that most of these NGOs are “compromised” hence their role and whatever influence remains at the level of press statements, resolutions, appeals and endless meetings that never seem to arrive at any conclusions. An unpalatable truth, nevertheless.
Naga would not and do not look up to these NGOs as their “saviours”, or even hope, from factional feuds, extortions and all that go on in the name of “Naga sovereignty”. This is not to suggest that these NGOs have no role to play vis-à-vis the ground realities here because some of them do communicate to the Naga factions the voice to the people, which acts as a reminder to the Naga factions that the people cannot be separated from the Naga cause, or even their fight for supremacy.
The heart of the matter is that the talks between the Government of India and the NSCN (I-M) actually have no bearing on what exist between the NSCN factions and its manifestations, which consist of the ground realities of the people here. To an outsider, the riddle of the lack of solution to the Naga issues may be complicated or simple, especially with the long-running talks between New Delhi and the NSCN (I-M).

State govt: not ‘law and order’ To put it simply, the fight of both NSCN factions against India has been reduced to the secondary position. The primary battle appears to be that against each other. Against this background the question is: dare the people hope?
Especially because the Rio-led Democratic Alliance of Nagaland coalition state government perceives the factional feuds as something out of the purview of “law and order”, which is a state subject. Recently the Nagaland Government has opined that it is helpless vis-à-vis the factional feuds unless the ground rules of the Ceasefire between the Government of India and the NSCN (I-M) are reviewed, revised and changed. This perception came to pass after the state Government remained a mute spectator to the factional feud between the NSCN factions at Zunheboto, which finally ended only after Sumi women led the public to unequivocally tell the feuding groups to end the battle in their town.
This and similar instances over the past years indicate that there is hope for the people and it lies in their hearts and minds. The Naga public must be mobilized to speak their convictions and unambiguously convey their mind to the factions. Either that or commit the crime of silence against themselves and remain prisoners to the factional feuds, which do not portend an early end.
Till then, the answer to the question “Now what?” is likely to remain “Nothing”. (The author is Editor, The Nagaland Page published from Dimapur)
NSCN-IM says one,do otherwise – NNC The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 19 (MExN): The Naga National Council is convinced that the NSCN-IM ‘may say something’ but do the otherwise’. The NNC through ‘National Worker’ LP Lushing Khiamniungan stated that the NSCN-IM called for public meeting at Phulungtung village, Khiamniungan region in November 2003 and “gave a political lecture” that Nagas are sure to ‘achieve their independence before the Christmas of 2003’ and therefore asked the villagers for support but not from the NNC.
The NNC acknowledged as ‘true’ that in 1976-1978 Th. Muivah and Isak Swu said that the NNC is the only authentic political organization of Nagaland and it should be upheld by all Nagas unwaveringly from the Naga national stand. “The NNC is safeguarding the sovereign existence of Nagaland; the NNC raced up and down situations but it never deterred by setback here and setback there. But they told a lie again in 1980 that the NNC has failed. Through these very words they deceived many young Nagas and caused the bloodshed among the Nagas” the NNC stated.
Further the council acknowledged as true that under the leadership of Muivah and Isak “the Accord” was condemned in 1976. “But they killed the high-ranking Naga army officers and NNC/FGN leaders who rejected the accord. Now Muivah and Isak are holding on the negotiating table with Indian leaders by upholding the Indian passports steadfastly and they are vociferously talking to accept the fundamental principles of the Indian constitution” the NNC asserted. “Therefore, the leaders of so-called NSCN may speak terrible lies (sic) that ‘the accord is the root cause and genesis of present bloodshed among the Nagas’ but their actions speak the truth to all the Nagas and to the whole world” the council added.
Nagaland English dailies better than others – AZ Jami The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 19 (MExN): According to NSCN-K Kilonser AZ Jami Nagaland English newspapers are a lot better than mainstream Indian English dailies: the former are more informative and readable while the latter are “bulky and voluminous normally filled up with non-issues and non-essentials”. He is a “Libra Scorpio”, Jami explains and for this he has an inquisitive mind “to know who is who and what is what”.
“When we go through Indian national dailies though they are bulky and voluminous, they are normally filled up with non-issue and non-essentials. The pages are filled up with useless things and miss what they call ‘Taza taza khapar’” the Kilonser stated in a write-up far put from the usual NSCN-IM bashing. According to Jami, citing an instance, Delhi-based papers ‘know and write only for Delhi and ignore important issues and happenings in remote corners of the country’. Even if they are informed, “they deliberately ignore and neglect” he explains and pointed out that that “their majesticity and dignity do much harms to them silently”.
On the other hand, Nagaland English papers are more informative and readable. “We could read and learn from them the important news around the world and the burning issues here and there. We can certify that in many respects the Nagaland-based English papers are unbiased and (unprejudiced) to a great extent unlike many papers throughout the world which are mouthpieces of different organizations and parties” he explained. Jami has appealed to the editors and publishers of local papers to remain neutral and be more non-partisan “racing” towards perfection as well as maintain regular linkages “with what modern people talk about ‘E-mail’ and ‘Internet.’ ” “This is the second time I am raising this complaint that the news compliers are somewhat careless. They sometimes do not care for the spellings and punctuations which common people fail to understand the real meaning or intention of the writer. On the whole I should say that Nagaland-based English dailies are better than Indian national English papers” he added.
CAG slams Nagaland government The Statesman
The Controller and Auditor General of India (CAG) regularly publish detailed reports on the states of the finances of each state as well as public undertakings and failures in accountability and uprightness. This week we look at excerpts from the report for Nagaland. (Details at http://cag.nic.in/html/cag_reports/nagaland/rep_2005/)

This Report includes two chapters containing observations of audit on the Finance and Appropriation Accounts of the Government of Nagaland for the year 2004-05 and five other chapters comprising three performance audit and 22 audit paragraphs dealing with the results of audit of selected programmes and schemes and financial transactions of the Government including its commercial and trading activities. A synopsis of the findings of the performance audit and the more important paragraphs are presented in this overview.
According to existing arrangements, copies of the draft audit paragraphs and performance audit are sent demi-officially to the concerned Secretaries to the Government by the Accountant General (Audit) with a request to furnish replies within six weeks. Besides issuing reminders, the Secretaries are also invited for discussion before finalisation of this Report. Despite these efforts, no reply had been received in respect of 10 paragraphs as of November 2005.

Allocative priorities and Appropriation The overall saving of Rs.581.85 crore was the net result of excess of Rs.28.82 crore in 19 cases of grants and one case of appropriation and saving of Rs.610.67 crore in 56 cases of grants and two cases of appropriations. According to Article 205 of the Constitution of India, it is mandatory for the State Government to get the excess over a Grant/Appropriation regularised by the Sate Legislature. However, it was noticed that excess expenditure of Rs.2011.27 crore reported during 1991-92 to 2003-04 except 1992-93 and 1993-94 had not been regularised. No action had been taken by the Government (Finance Department) for regularisation of the excess as of November 2005. According to rules, expenditure should not be incurred on a scheme/service without provision of funds. It was noticed that expenditure of Rs.47.96 crore was incurred in seven cases without any provision in the original estimates/supplementary demands.
Out of 78 controlling officers, expenditure of Rs.136.26 crore in respect of six controlling officers remained unreconciled. Performance Audit

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched by Government of India in December 2000 as a cent per cent centrally sponsored scheme with a view to provide road connectivity through all weather roads to all unconnected habitations for a population of 1,000 persons and above by 2002-03 and with population of 250 persons and above, for hilly states like Nagaland by 2007. The audit of works of construction of roads under PMGSY revealed failure to meet targets by 46 per cent (851.61 km new road constructed against the target of 1,576.03 km), allocation of funds (Rs.15.78 crore) in violation of guidelines upgradation works, and extension of undue benefit to contractors (Rs.1.67 crore). Inadequate planning, non-adherence to guidelines in determining priority criteria, inadequacies in contract management, irregularities in execution of works, financial irregularities and inadequate quality control measures led to non achievement of the objectives of the programme.

Working of Nagaland State Transport Nagaland State Transport (NST) was established as a department of the Government of Nagaland in December 1964 to provide a well co-ordinated, reliable and affordable transport service to the public both inside and outside the State. Underutilisation of fleet, low vehicle productivity, delay in tariff revision, excess expenditure on purchase, overstaffing and inefficient ticket management led to the department suffering sustained losses to the tune of Rs.60.79 crore in 2000-05 which accumulated to Rs.164.63 crore as on March 2005.

Food Security, Subsidy and Management of Foodgrains Food security entails procurement of foodgrains from the farmers at the minimum support price, storage and distribution to the targeted beneficiaries through fair price shops. Procurement of foodgrains within the State serves the twin objectives of providing price security to the farmers and ensuring food security to the people. The Government of Nagaland is involved in operation of various food grains based schemes introduced by the Government of India under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) launched in June 1997. Under this, three main schemes viz , Below Poverty Line (BPL), Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) and Annapurna Scheme for the senior citizens apart from Above Poverty Line (APL) had been implemented by the State. Due to delay in identification of beneficiaries, short lifting of foodgrains, delay/non-distribution of foodgrains, non-issue of ration cards, undue benefit to millers by allowing less recovery of atta from wheat etc., the basic objective of benefiting the poor and vulnerable sections of the society could not be achieved satisfactorily. (To be continued)
State geared up for Hornbill festival Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Nov 19:: The countdown begins for the much awaited Hornbill Festival, which is barely eleven days away, the state is all geared up to celebrate the 7-day festival in a grand manner...

Parliamentary secretary incharge of Tourism Kaito said that the state was making all effort to make a difference to this year's Hornbill festival with the inclusion of the first-ever national beat contest and film festival in the state, apart from the usual festivity at the Naga Heritage Complex, Kisama.

The state music task force is organizing the national beat contest from December 1-7 at the Kohima Local ground while the Union Broadcasting Ministry, film division, will organize the film festival from December 2-6 at the State Academy Hall.

The Union Broadcasting Ministry is sponsoring Rs. 2 crore for the film festival while the Union Tourism Ministry is sponsoring another Rs. 15 Lakh for the Hornbill festival in addition to the state's earmarked budget of Rs. 30 Lakh for the festival.

The state government is trying to rope in atleast one Union minister, possibly DONER Minister for the inaugural function of the Hornbill festival.

Some members of Parliament have also indicated their desire to come to the state during the festival. But their visits are yet to be confirmed due to the coincidence with the next Parliament session. Meanwhile, preparations are going on in full swing for the much-touted Hornbill festival and according to Kaito, the tentative date for completion of the ongoing ground works such as repairing of Morungs and footpaths is November 25. Atleast eight different departments and bodies of the state government are engaged either directly or indirectly in organizing the festival.

On the new additions expected this year, Kaito said the Tourism department has asked various tribes to introduce new traditional activities and items during the festival. Moreover, the department is also trying to encourage and promote traditions through giving recognition to identified traditional tribal chieftains and prominent Naga leaders as guests of honour to various sessions during the 7-day long festivial.

On problems such as lack of accommodation in the state for hosting large number of tourists and transportation to the Heritage complex, the parliamentary secretary incharge of Tourism said the department was tying up with the district administration of both Kohima and Dimapur to make sure all the hotels and lodgings were made available to the visitors with every possible facility.

The state government too was working out all possible means to provide smooth transportation to visitors and tourists alike, he said. Kaito further revealed that the state government was expecting atleast 100 participants, both government and private sectors, this year and that handlooms and handicraft and exotic Naga cuisine would be highlighted through thirty food and tea stalls apart from the Morungs. The Hornbill festival named after the famous and endangered bird 'Hornbill' was introduced as a state festival in the year 2000 with an aim to promote tourism in the state through highlighting the rich culture and tradition of the state.

And with the festival gradually gaining popularity, the inflow of tourists to the state during the festival too is picking up as was aimed. According to official statistics, 200 foreign and 1500 domestic tourists attended last year's Hornbill festival. This year, the figure is expected to shoot up to about 1000 foreign and 20,000 domestic tourists.

Kaito also revealed that plans were afoot to further develop the Naga Heritage Complex, including acquisition of more land, establishment of permanent structure for accommodations such as lodge and dormitory and creating trekking routes to Dzukuo valley. (NPN)
ULFA regrouping, says Assam police Newmai News Network Guwahati
Despite the Army operation in Assam, the banned ULFA has started regrouping itself and has successfully set up some camps in Bhutan’s Kawaimari near Deothang. Sources in the Special Branch of the Assam Police informed that the 7th Battalion of the ULFA had established camps in Kawaimari and that the neighboring villagers have reported about movement of armed youth in the area.
“With the intensified counter insurgency operations in Upper Assam districts, the 7th battalion of the militants had set up the camp in Kawaimari,” sources said. “We are aware of their movement. Operations are on and the security forces had gunned down the commander of the 1st camp of the 7th battalion Dipak Deka on Friday night,” said the sources while adding that the documents recovered from the slain militants had further cleared the existence of the 7th battalion in Kawaimari.
“The outfit had also made some changes in the organization. The Enigma group of the ULFA, which was in operation earlier, was assigned for intelligence gathering these days,” said the sources. “The 7th battalion had been working in close coordination with the 27th and 28th battalion of the ULFA lead by Biju Deka and Prabal Neog respectively,” the sources said and added that recently the three battalions have exchanged some of their cadres also. “The Enigma group was under the command of Bhaskar Das at present. The Militants had also formed a new wing called Espionage under the leadership of Saranga Patowari alias Akas Thapa,” he said.
Political Passover The Morung Express Editorial
The continuing war of words between the ruling Nagaland People’s Front (NPF) and the Opposition Congress over the prevailing law and order situation is turning out to be another spectacle similar to the Office of Profit circus, which ended with both political parties failing to register any points on the score-sheet. The latest missives over factional violence and the continuing media bite to stamp their political positions on an issue that actually would have demanded a collective effort only goes to show the poverty of ideas of the political class. While the respective party campaign on the issue only gets louder, for those in the audience (the public), the message is getting shriller and more confusing with each passing day. Everyday brings forth new clarifications, condemnations, castigations so much so that the two political parties are reducing their self-worth to the lowest level of political depravity.
It would be much more advisable for the two political party to actually address the problem of factional clashes—whether one terms it as law and order or political problem—as it has come to impact on public peace and social order. While the Opposition Congress party should not merely criticize but come out with positive suggestions, the ruling NPF party likewise on its part should stop defending its political prestige on something which is indefensible—the security and life of its citizens. Even if it is accepted that the Naga underground issue is a political problem requiring political intervention and resolution, over-ground politicians cannot in any manner willfully allow lawlessness to continue and thereby disturb peace and order. The NPF should realize that factional clashes have now become turf wars with a visible presence in civilian areas as a result of which it directly affects peace and order in populated areas. This is the crux of the present problem—the infiltration of armed violence into civilian areas.
Both the Congress and the NPF will do well not to politicize the current factional clashes so as to avoid further fragmentation of the political landscape. As elected representatives of the people, their first call of duty should be to respect the sentiment of the people and this without doubt means restoring peace in a divided land. It is therefore of outmost importance that sincere efforts be made to bring the warring underground factions to a common platform. For this to happen, the political parties must also work within a common framework on this particular issue. The stalled Joint Legislators Peace Committee should now be given a chance to work. The sincerity of the Opposition Congress to partake in such an initiative will also be on test here.
Whether one calls it law and order or political problem at the end anything that infringes on the Right to Life must remain a matter of serious concern. To avoid Zunheboto like situations even in the future, the crux of the problem has to established first and appropriate measures taken. In this case, the problem arises because of militarization of civilian areas. Both the Congress and the NPF should jointly take up with New Delhi, the laxity in the ceasefire mechanism and put pressure on the concerned authorities to take precautionary steps to ensure that armed cadres are moved back into their respected designated camps and in the process help in demilitarization of public inhabited areas.
Never said to bring settlement to Naga issue but pave way for new dispensation Nagarealm.com
Kohima, Nagaland Minister for Planning and Urban Development and the president of the major ruling NPF, Dr Shurhozelie made it clear that the DAN Government had never said to bring settlement to the Naga political issue. "What we have been saying all along is we will play our part to facilitate the peace process and in the event of any political settlement being made, we will pave the way for the new dispensation," he told "Asian Tribune" here on Friday. The Minister rubbished the statements of the Congress that the DAN would bring solution to Naga problem within three months if they were voted to power. The same thing the Congress president Hokheto Sumi had been telling and such nature of his political stature was simply exposed. He was even "comparing me as a frog while he as a bull." "I never know I am too small before him." He pointed out. "But I want to remind him that the frog is running the Government."

Dr Shurhozelie said Hokheto put all the lies to him and this had come to what Bernard Shaw once called it: "He knows nothing thinks he knows everything." "Such political careers are common," he averred. The Minister disclosed as to how they had even tried to bring unity amongst the Naga underground factions by sending their people to meet them one after another, besides making fervent appeals to all of them---be it NSCN-IM or NSCN-K or NNC/Federal---to come together. "But as a State Government, we can’t impose everything on them because they (NSCN-IM and NSCN-K) are now having direct contacts with the Government of India," he pointed out.

Dr Shurhozelie also said they as opposition party welcomed the ceasefire agreements when they were signed between the Government of India and the NSCN-IM in 1997 and later with the NSCN-K in 2001. "We take it to be positive steps taken by our national workers," he mentioned. "And when we come back to power in 2003, we have decided to support this ongoing peace process and we put it even in our manifesto and still continuing with the same objective."

"We also keep appealing to both the conflicting parties (the two NSCN factions and the Government of India) to come to negotiate for early political settlement," the NPF chief stated, adding, "We will continue to play our role till settlement to the Naga political issue is arrived at and when they are going in the right direction, we are 100% in their support." [Oken Jeet Sandham, Asian tribune]
NSCNs spar over assassination order Nagarealm.com
DIMAPUR, NOV18 [NPN] : Following the demand of the Sumi Hoho asking the NSCN(I-M)to explain the reasons for ordering the assassination of former Sumi Hoho president Huskha, on or before November 25, both NSCN factions stuck to their respective stands over the issue.
Earlier, reacting to the charge made by former NSCN(I-M) officer, major Lhokishe(who has now joined the NSCN-K) that he was given the personal order to assassinate Huskha, NSCN(I-M)deputy C-in-C maj.gen Markson rubbished the charge. In a release issued today, the MIP, NSCN (I-M) said the allegation made by the NSCN (K) was entirely "false and fabricated".

"Such allegations are falsely invented to inculcate and generate distrust, doubts, suspicion and to alienate the masses away from our aspired national objectives," it said. Further, the NSCN(I-M)release accused the rival faction of manipulating "traitorous defectors" as sources for "deceptive information aimed at deceiving and misleading the Nagas". Stating that it did not "randomly engage in targeting innocent people, public leaders or civil societies"as done by the NSCN(K) , the NSCN(I-M) charged the former of resorting to "cheap and sinister ways" to tarnish its image.
It said truth "cannot be twisted or the public carried away by lies of unprincipled, instable and corrupt defectors." In another statement, Lhokishe has accused NSCN(I-M) deputy C-inC maj.gen. Markson of indulging in "fallacious propaganda in order to disown and deny so meticulous a mission hatched in utmost confidentiality in person to person". Lhokishe said the refusal to carry out the assassination order "should not be the pretext to deny the plot".

To buttress his claim, Lhokishe said he was never accorded the official status of being issued "service pistol" in the past "except for this particular assignment." Throwing an invitation for an open platform, if Markson "is a commander of integrity and a man of words" Lhokishe said the issue be addressed in presence of apex Naga organizations and civil societies to the "series of clandestine plotting" which could be discussed and adjudged to fulfill the Naga people's "curiosities and suspicions."
Lhokishe also said his former "senior army officers" in the NSCN(I-M) "could provide vital testimony" as to his sincerity and devotion while serving under the NSCN(I-M). Terming Markson's statement that he defected because of his "personal instability" Lhokishe said it was a "mockery to 20 years of dedicated and trusted service I rendered under his commandership." He also clarified that although three senior NSCN (I-M) functionaries including deputy kilonsers Vitoi and Hekheto and tatar Kihoi were witness to his meeting with Maj Gen Markson on November 1 at Ghathashi, they were not aware of what transpired between him and Markson.

Layman’s thoughts on Naga political movement- Nagaland Post
1. We understand the Nagas are a homogenous group of people with common origin, history and culture, speaking different dialects but same temperament, attitude and appearance, scattered over different political and administrative units but yearn for unity and integration and aspire to live under one political and administrative umbrella.
2. We also understand that Nagas have been struggling for over half a century for our inalienable right to self-determination and freedom, going through untold suffering under Indian and Burmese political and military action; and in the course of events amongst the Naga brothers due to differences in ideology and factionalism
3. Knowing the futility of further arms struggle and rivalry among ourselves we abhor factional killing, which should immediately be stopped.
4. Now we strongly believe that the time have come for all the Nagas to bury seeds of division and hatred in the true spirit of forgiveness and reconciliation for a sustainable peace and permanent solution to the Naga political problem.
5. Therefore the aspiration of the Nagas for freedom, peace, unity and integration and negotiation political settlement of appropriate status can never and should not ever be sacrificed at the altart of (petty) political differences, blackmailing, ransom like pressure tactics, personal ego, selfish and sectarian interest. Shiloh Kath, Dimapur
Chandel villagers scamper as AR explodes bombs The Imphal Free Press

MOREH, Nov 19: Several hundreds of villagers settled in the four neighboring villages of Cheljang, Ibol, Holjang and Bokendro under Kheljang block of Chandel district have started deserting their villages following the continuous explosion of powerful bombs at their villages by the personnel of Assam Rilfes since the last few weeks.

According to a joint press statement issued by the chairman of Dingpi Area Peace Committee, Namkhojang Guite, Khenjoi Area People`s Development Committee, Thanglet Haokip and Border Area Development Development Committee, Kangam Haokip, the villagers of Cheljang, Ibol, Holjang and Bokendro under Khenjoi block of Chandel district bordering Myanmar have been frightened frequently by explosion of several powerful bombs at these villages since the last few weeks. As a resulted of the fear psychosis this has created, many villagers, mainly women and children have started fleeing their respective villages to safer areas as the Assam Rifles has so far exploded around 5000 powerful bombs in the said villages which has disturbed the peaceful harvesting season. The statement also further mentioned that the AR officials there have failed to cooperate with the village authorities, and appealed to the state government for timely intervention so that the villagers can return to their villages without any apprehension.
Modern Manipuri politics: An insight By R Yangsorang Contd from last Saturday Sangai Express
Local revolutions do occur, however, and these intra-party fights are the most bitter in politics. Also at party headquarters on most days are a loyal band of party workers. Holding no special positions, they show up faithfully to do the chores, swap political gossip, and offer opinions to anyone willing to listen to their bosses who love talking and to have an audience with them. Their reward is sometimes a minor job on a public payroll, more often just the fun and excitement of mixing the mighty and feeling useful at the nerve center of political activity here and there in Manipur.
Durability: All the members of the party will not feel as strongly as others about all issues on which the party takes a stand. Some members may even be opposed to the stand of the party on matters of relative unimportance. But they find it advantageous to stay together so that when an election is won, most of the members find most of their views being advanced by the elected members of the party. Once formed, political parties tend to stay in existence a long time, especially those that have won enough support to be considered major parties. Issues may arise on which the members sharply disagree, but they make an effort to live with their differences, knowing that their party will help them to progress in those areas where they are in substantial agreement. Moreover, parties tend to stay responsive to viewpoints that have the support of large number of voters. Very often, most parties temper their previous positions to keep up with the public, rather than cling to unpopular positions and forfeit any chance for success at the polls. There are parties, however, that adhere to a position regardless of the lack of broad popular support. — To be contd
ULFA move unfortunate: Pradyut By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 19 – Successful holding of the National Games is a matter of prestige for the entire civil society of Asom, and all sections of people must unite to ensure that the games are held smoothly, said the Power and Industries Minister, Pradyut Bordoloi, who is also the chairman of the publicity and media committee of the games. Reacting to the call given by the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) to boycott the National Games, Bordoloi said, “I do not understand why the ULFA gave a call to boycott the Games and I strongly believe that sports should not be viewed with sectarian outlook.” He said that the boycott call was very unfortunate, as the Games would give proper exposure to the young talents of the state to national and international level competition.

Bordoloi pointed out that when Manipur hosted the National Games a few years back, all sections of people of the state joined hands to ensure success of the Games and even nine underground outfits operating in the state joined hands to extend their cooperation to make the Games a success. The Minister asserted that the Government would go ahead with the preparations of the Games despite the call by the militants, and said: “ I am sure that all sections of the people of the State would come forward spontaneously to make the Games a grand success.” He asserted that the Games would not be bogged down with such threats and all out efforts would be made by the Government for smooth holding of the Games with the cooperation and goodwill of the people of the State. The Games would be the biggest ever sports meet ever held in Asom with the participation of 10,000 sportspersons and such threats by any organization would not be allowed to affect such a meet.

Bordoloi said that 90 per cent of the Games infrastructure was ready and the remaining work would be completed by the National Games Secretariat on time. “There might be some minor problems on the way but we will be able to overcome the same with the goodwill of the people of Asom,” he added. Meanwhile, former international athlete Tayebun Nessa expressed the view that the call to boycott the National Games would affect the future of the athletes of the state, and said that the ULFA should reconsider the decision. Veteran sports journalist and organizer Premadhar Sarma also expressed the view that such a call by the ULFA “cannot be supported”.

Early talks with NDFB demanded By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 19 – The All Boro Peace Forum has expressed serious concern over the delay in holding of formal talks with the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB), and demanded that the Government should start the process of political dialogues without any pre-condition before the expiry of the term of the ceasefire agreement on November 30. In a release here today, the Forum said that the executive committee of the Forum discussed the issue and decided to hold a mass rally at Barama on December 18 to register its protest against the attitude of the Government on the issue of talks with the NDFB.
The Forum said that the demand of the Government for a charter of demands from the NDFB before the formal talks was nothing but an attempt to delay the entire process. It said that the Government should start the process of political dialogues with the NDFB without any further delay particularly at a time when the outfit came forward for a political solution of the problem on its own. The Peace Forum said that the Government was trying to suppress the people rather than finding a political solution to the problems and the recent “unprovoked” killing of two NDFB cadres in Karbi Anglong was a part of the attempt to derail the peace process.
Bodo Peace Forum to press for peace
Massive rally at Kokrajhar today to demand release of arrested cadres
By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 19: With the truce between the Government and the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) seemingly running into rough weather in the wake of the death of two of the banned outfit’s cadres in Karbi Anglong, the All Bodo Peace Forum (ABPF) is preparing a slew of programmes to press for its demand for holding immediate peace talks with the outfit for lasting peace in the State.
Condemning the alleged casual attitude on the part of the Government of India towards the peace negotiation, the ABPF said it is unfortunate that the current ceasefire between the Government and the NDFB would expire on November 30 “without any meaningful talks to find out a peaceful solution to the Bodo national problem.”
The forum, while expressing doubt that the charter of demands the Centre has demanded from the NDFB is nothing but “an excuse to shrug off its responsibility towards a permanent solution to the Bodo national problem”, said the Government of India should show sincerity by immediately initiating the preliminary political dialogue with the NDFB without any precondition.
Concerned over the prevailing situation, the ABPF, in its emergent central committee meeting held yesterday, decided to stage a massive public rally at Barama in Baksa district on December 18 to pursue its demand for immediate holding of talks.
“Peace loving people from various districts of the State are expected to participate in the rally to protest against the Government’s apathy towards the Bodo problem,” said ABPF advisor Bhramon Baglari in a statement here. The meeting also condemned the killing of the two NDFB cadres in Karbi Anglong recently. It may be mentioned here that the NDFB, in a recent statement, threatened to pull out from the ceasefire if such killings continued in the State. Meanwhile, the Kokrajhar district unit of the ABPF is holding a peace rally at Kokrajhar tomorrow in protest against the arrest of two NDFB cadres — B Khobdang and M Bagdao — yesterday from the Kokrajhar designated camp. “The arrests have been made by the police at the instigation of some Bangladeshi immigrants who wanted to communalize the situation,” said Baglari. The ensuing peace rally is being organized to call upon the people to maintain peace and harmony in the region and also register its demand for the immediate release of the arrested duo, he added.

Frans on 11.20.06 @ 01:38 PM CST [link]


Sunday, November 19th

NSCNs spar over assassination order Nagaland Post


NSCNs spar over assassination order Nagaland Post

DIMAPUR, NOV 18 (NPN): Following the demand of the Sumi Hoho asking the NSCN(I-M)to explain the reasons for ordering the assassination of former Sumi Hoho president Huskha, on or before November 25, both NSCN factions stuck to their respective stands over the issue. Earlier, reacting to the charge made by former NSCN(I-M) officer, major Lhokishe(who has now joined the NSCN-K) that he was given the personal order to assassinate Huskha, NSCN(I-M)deputy C-in-C maj.gen Markson rubbished the charge. In a release issued today, the MIP, NSCN (I-M) said the allegation made by the NSCN (K) was entirely "false and fabricated".
"Such allegations are falsely invented to inculcate and generate distrust, doubts, suspicion and to alienate the masses away from our aspired national objectives," it said. Further, the NSCN(I-M)release accused the rival faction of manipulating "traitorous defectors" as sources for "deceptive information aimed at deceiving and misleading the Nagas".
Stating that it did not "randomly engage in targeting innocent people, public leaders or civil societies"as done by the NSCN(K) , the NSCN(I-M) charged the former of resorting to "cheap and sinister ways" to tarnish its image. It said truth "cannot be twisted or the public carried away by lies of unprincipled, instable and corrupt defectors."
In another statement, Lhokishe has accused NSCN(I-M) deputy C-inC maj.gen. Markson of indulging in "fallacious propaganda in order to disown and deny so meticulous a mission hatched in utmost confidentiality in person to person". Lhokishe said the refusal to carry out the assassination order "should not be the pretext to deny the plot".
To buttress his claim, Lhokishe said he was never accorded the official status of being issued "service pistol" in the past "except for this particular assignment." Throwing an invitation for an open platform, if Markson "is a commander of integrity and a man of words" Lhokishe said the issue be addressed in presence of apex Naga organizations and civil societies to the "series of clandestine plotting" which could be discussed and adjudged to fulfill the Naga people's "curiosities and suspicions."
Lhokishe also said his former "senior army officers" in the NSCN(I-M) "could provide vital testimony" as to his sincerity and devotion while serving under the NSCN(I-M). Terming Markson's statement that he defected because of his "personal instability" Lhokishe said it was a "mockery to 20 years of dedicated and trusted service I rendered under his commandership." He also clarified that although three senior NSCN (I-M) functionaries including deputy kilonsers Vitoi and Hekheto and tatar Kihoi were witness to his meeting with Maj Gen Markson on November 1 at Ghathashi, they were not aware of what transpired between him and Markson.
Ardent patriot T Sakhrie remembered The Morung Express
Khonoma, Nov 18 (MExN): Lt. T. Sakhrie, the first General Secretary of the Naga National Council (NNC) was today fondly remembered by thousands of people from different walks of life on his 50th death anniversary at his native village Khonoma. Almost all the tribal hohos from Nagaland and Manipur, public leaders, well wishers and villagers thronged ‘Terhotsiese’ at Khonoma to remember the departed leader. Addressing the gathering as chief guest, Naga Hoho President, Bendangmayang said that Khonoma village was the architect of the Naga national movement. He appreciated the honesty and patriotic spirit of the Khonoma people. Bendangmayang said that Lt T Sakhrie was an ardent patriot, and if he could have lived longer, the course of the Naga national movement would have been a different one. Bendangmayang added that reconciliation is the solution to the present Naga problem. Niketu Iralu, President, Initiatives of Change India and International member, who also addressed the gathering said that for the Nagas, “our problem is that in a short time, we have had to learn many things what others have done” and that “We need to sit down and look at what has gone wrong”.
(Left) The monolith for Late T. Sakhrie, which was unveiled to commemorate his 50th death anniversary at Khonoma village on November 18. (Right) Naga Hoho President Bendangmayang, chief guest for the occasion, remembered T. Sakhrie as an ardent patriot . (MExPix)
“India is not the right audience, we have seen them enough. We have to talk to the people of India”, Niketu said, adding that it is the people that keeps the country going. Niketu said that the Nagas need to ask, “where did we go wrong yesterday?”
Rev Kari Longchar, who also spoke on the occasion, appreciated the forgiving spirit of Sakhrie clan. “Sakhrie clan has resolved to forgive whosoever is involved. This is the implementation of the principle of Jesus” he said. Rev Longchar also called upon all the Naga leaders to follow the principle of Jesus Christ. “Let this occasion be the beginning of healing and reconciliation” he added. Angami Public Organization President, Mhiesizokho Zinyu described Lt. T. Sakhrie as a revolutionary poet and freedom fighter who dreamt of a free Nagaland. The APO president also said that Lt Sakhrie was a man who emphasized on what was right and not who was right, and who held non-violence and truth as his weapons. “Violence begets violence. A time has come for Nagas to search our hearts, humble ourselves and forgive one another”, said Mhiesizokho.
The occasion was also marked by an emotional speech from Nilasieto Sakhrie, the son of T. Sakhrie. Remembering all the children of the revolution, he spoke about his family’s pain at the loss of their father, and renewed their pledge to honour and respect the declaration made to the Public Commission of Khonoma. NSF and NPMHR representatives also spoke on the occasion. The opening remark was made by Peteroko Zetsuvi, Rev Zhabu Terhuja, NBCC General Secretary led the invocation while Lhusi Iralu sang a special number. Hulie Mor offered the vote of thanks. The occasion was also marked by the unveiling of a commemoration monolith and a community feast.
Ahu Sakhrie shares his thoughts: The Morung Express

The atmosphere was not conducive for such a meeting earlier. As in our culture, oral history is prevalent, and as the dead cannot justify themselves. Earlier on, there were many allegations leveled against T. Sakhrie. His stand of befriending Indians was considered a compromise. But I also believe that no matter how long it takes, truth will come out. Nagas must know that.
Today, the Nagas are coming back to the old story; and that is the fact that we must negotiate. T. Sakhrie believed that we must have a good relation with the Indians, to befriend and not antagonize India; and the need therefore to search for an amicable solution. He understood our limitations. But in between, there were elements that tried to project the opposite and the negative, and his stand was put as a compromising stand.
And at the end of the day, we are back to square one. We have been given a mental block to hate Indians. My experience in NPMHR and with various civil societies in Delhi, and different people of India and the Government of India has taught me that it is wrong to project the people of India as the enemy. We have overstretched our hatred towards Indians.
His personal feelings about the event:
I had my own subjective feelings, but I have overcome them. And what Labu said, says it all. Today, people from all walks of life and tribes have come together. In Khonoma itself, there were animosities between different Khels, existing underneath. But with the contribution of the Khonoma Public Commission, I am optimistic about a new chapter in the history of the Khonoma people. I also believe that it is a new chapter for us Nagas and of putting our differences behind after so many years of animosities. And making need for people to feel the need for reconciliation itself I believe, is a success.
‘Challenge to Markson’s denial of assassination plan’ The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 18 (MExN): Major Lhokishe Sumi who had recently joined the NSCN (K) has expressed ‘pain’ following what he termed as “resort to fallacious propaganda” by NSCN (IM) Deputy Longvibu, Maj.Gen. Markson stating that the latter was resorting to fallacious propaganda in order to disown and deny the “meticulous mission hatched in utmost confidentiality in person to person”. Maj Lhokishe was responding to the statement of an NSCN (IM) Maj General who had yesterday rubbished the allegations made by the NSCN (K) that he (Maj Gen Markson) had ordered the assassination of former Sumi Hoho President Huska.
“My refusal to carry out an assassination should not be the pretext to deny the plot, if at all he is a commander of integrity and a man of his words”, Major Lhokishe stated in a press note received here. “Should such denial persist and confuse the Nagas, it is my invitation to Markson to avail an open platform where series of clandestine plotting could be discussed and adjudged to fulfillment of Naga people’s curiosities and suspensions in presence of creditable host including apex Naga organizations or any such accountable civil societies”, it stated.
Pointing out that several subordinates as well as his (Maj Lhokishe) senior Army officers could provide vital testimony as to what extent of sincerity was devoted while serving in the NSCN (IM), Maj Lhokishe also disclosed “that no such official status of ever being issued service pistol in the past has ever been accorded except for this particular assignment”.

“Crediting defection to my personal instability is a mockery to 20 years of dedicated and trusted service I rendered under his commandership”, Major Lhokishe stated.
Meanwhile, in a separate statement, Maj Lhokishe also testified that Deputy Kilonser Vitoi, Deputy Kilonser Hekheto and Tatar Kihoi were witness. “It is therefore to be understood that, above mentioned workers were witness to my meeting with Maj.Gen. Markson on 1st Nov. 2006 at Ghathashi, however they were not aware of what transpired between me and Markson except that the meeting that took place were in their knowledge”, Maj.Lhokishe stated.
We don’t target innocents – NSCN-IM The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 18 (MExN): The NSCN-IM, reacting to the allegations of the NSCN-K that the former had conspired to assassinate former Sumi Hoho President Huska, termed the charges “false and fabricated” and asserted that it does target innocents.
“It is to be understood by all and sundry that the NSCN/GPRN does not randomly engage in targeting innocent people, public leaders, civil societies etc like the Khaplang group which is well-associated with them” an NSCN-IM MIP release stated adding that the rival faction in “desperation of defeat” is resorting to all ‘unthinkable, cheap and sinister ways’ to “taint the image” of the NSCN/GPRN. “Such allegations are falsely invented to inculcate and generate distrust, doubts, suspicion and to alienate the masses away from our aspired national objectives. To lend credibility to their hatched accusations, they manipulate traitorous defectors to being their sources of deceptive information aimed at deceiving and misleading the Nagas” it asserted. The NSCN-IM however assured that neither the truth can be twisted nor would the masses be carried away by the “lies of unprincipled, instable and corrupt mind, character and disposition of defectors.”
It maintained that as “good sense and rationality of the Nagas are far-advanced than the Khaplang’s evil and deceptive policies”, the ‘reality of facts will rule over all evil and deceptive devices’. “May common sense, rationality and honesty prevail in the Khaplang camp in the future?” the NSCN-IM asked.
Bandh hits life in NC Hills district Nagaland Post
Haflong (Assam), Nov 18 (PTI) A 24-hour North Cachar Hills district bandh called by Zeme organisations today affected normal life in the district with 108 bandh supporters taken into preventive custody. Shops, markets, business establishments, educational institutes, banks, offices, remained closed in the district headquarters and some other parts. Stray incidents of pelting of stones by supporters of the bandh on vehicles and shops were also reported, official sources said. Stating train services remained normal, the bandh, however, failed to have any impact in the subdivisional headquarters of Umrongso and some other parts of the district. The bandh was in protest against the non-inclusion of Zeme-Naga areas in the delimitation process by the present North Cachar Hill Autonomous Council administration Altogether 108 supporters, including women were taken into custody to prevent any untoward incident, police said.
Jubilee memorial for late T. Sakhrie Staff Reporter Nagaland Post
Khonoma, Nov 18 (NPN): It was a poignant tribute albeit fifty years late, but Khonoma could not ever forget its other famous son, late Theyiechüthie Sakhrie (or T. Sakhrie, as he was known), when the village and members and friends who came from various places, including representatives of Naga tribes and NGOs congregated at Khonoma, the crucible of Naga nationalist movement, to pay homage to a political visionary on his fiftieth death anniversary. T. Sakhrie was often called the Naga chronicler and one time able aide of another famous son of Khonoma, late A.Z. Phizo till both fell apart over the policy of non-violent versus violent strategy for attaining Naga independence On November 18, 2006, fifty years after the killing of T. Sakhrie, Khonoma the home of the two titans with distinct political ideologies, set the stage for reconciliation process. I. Bendangmayang Jamir, President of the Naga Hoho, who was the chief guest reiterated that forgiveness and reconciliation were the only remedy for the Naga people for the future. Paying rich tributes on the occasion, Bendang said late T. Sakhrie was an ardent patriot who loved his country more than his own family. He said had late T. Sakhrie been alive today, the course of Naga history could have been different. He also described late Sakhrie's various representations to the British and India as "marvellous writings."
He also described Khonoma as the birthplace of Naga nationalism which gave T.Sakhrie, Dr. A.Z. Phizo and Gen. Mowu Gwizan to the movement. In his speech, Niketu Iralu, president, Initiatives of Change (IofC) India, said yesterday and today are road maps of history for tomorrow and asked those gathered what would they give to their children and the future generation.
He spoke of the need to be guided by past in order to rectify present mistakes. Rev Kari Lonchar, Director Peace Affairs NBCC said the event was neither political, social nor religious but and a search for reconciliation and peace. Lauding the Lievüse Clan for forgiving killers of late T. Sakhrie, Rev. Kari described it as an implementation of the teaching of Christ. He expressed the hope that the same spirit of reconciliation would reach all Naga Inhabited Areas. Describing late T Sakhrie as a man filled with passion for the Nagas, Rev.Kari recalled that during 1942 when Lanu Toy (first Naga chief engineer Power and who was also present at the gathering) came to Kohima for higher studies, Sakhrie welcomed Mr. Toy on behalf of the Nagas. Rev. Kari said late T.Sakhrie's was not inferior in wisdom to Jawaharlal Nehru or Mahatma Gandhi to whom he had written. He said late Sakhrie's writings are "our legacy and treasure". He also said it was at Khonoma that Nagas had proved their bravery against the British. In his speech President APO, Mhiesizokho Zinyü, said "it is only forgiveness that can bring reconciliation."
It was the heart rending narration of late T. Sakhrie's third son Neilasieto (Labu) Sakhrie about the plight of the brothers and sisters following their father's brutal killing that brought tears to many. Labu said after his father's death his brothers and sisters ended up in different homes of relatives in Shillong, Dimapur and Kohima. He was two years old when his father died and so never had the occasion to call anyone 'father'.
"Revolution devours its own children and society is torn apart. As the movement moves along, we see a trail of devastation," and added in anguish, "our nation is a tragedy where every family has suffered." He also renewed the family's pledged to respect the declaration of the Khonoma Public Commission.
Nipuni of NPMHR, WH Maring of NSF also spoke on the occasion. Other highlights of the programme included a song presentation by Mrs. Lhusi Haralu, opening words by Peteroko Zetsuvi, president of Khonoma Rüffüno Nagaland, vote of thanks was proposed by Hulie Mor, chairman Khonoma Village Council while Nini Lungalang compeered the programme.
Among others who attended the memorial service included Prof. K Kannan vice chancellor, Nagaland University, representatives from Tribal Hohos of Nagaland including Kacharis, All Naga Students Association of Manipur (ANSAM) and United Naga Council (UNC). Earlier the memorial monolith of late T.Sakhrie was unveiled by Naga Hoho president Bendangmayang.
Fervent appeal to the leaders of NSCN-K- Nagaland Post Opinion
After a long futile search for nearly 10 years with full of passion and anxiety for our missing son Robert Osana Mao, we are taking this opportunity as the last resort to confirm his whereabouts from the respected leaders of NSCN-K through the esteemed dailies of Nagaland. That our son Robert Osana Mao after completion of his pre-university course from Alder college, Kohima joined NSCN-IM in 1996 and was posted at Kiphire town as writer under the commander of Avi Sema. But after few days of his posting there, he was kidnapped by a group of NSCN-K under the command of Chuba Yimchunger of Chhomi village on December 14' 1996 at the heart of Kiphire town. Thereafter we have been searching from pillar to post for his whereabouts with confusion and in tears.
Some people say that he was killed and other say he is still alive, we are totally confused as to which one is to be believed. Our confusion is that if he was killed, his dead body would have either been handed over to us at that time or his burial place would have been made known to us by anybody as we were staying there working under medical department as a staff nurse at Kiphire town. We had contacted many public leaders of that area, at the same time, if he is still alive today, he would have contacted us either verbally or in writing but there has been no contact so far. Moreover, we contacted some of the officers of NSCN-K to tell the exact position but it turned out in vain. In this way, we have been suffering too long waiting to know the fact of our son. Now our last request from the leaders of NSCN-K is to please confirm us the date and place of when he was killed (if he was killed by your group) and his place of posting (if he still alive and working with you) before December 14' 2006-the day he was kidnapped from Kiphire town. That will set us free from bondage of sorrow and tears.
Mr and Mrs A. Daihrii Mao (parents) Taphao Senapati, South Nagaland
Manipur campaign for peace, dev launched Newmai News Network
Imphal :To bring unity, development and peace in Manipur, an organization committee comprising of All Manipur United Clubs Organisation (AMUCO) and others like AMESCO, AMAWOVA, MEPAK, PLMPAM have kicked start their year-long inaugural campaign under the them, “Campaign for unity, development and peace of Manipur” held today at THAU ground Imphal.
The organizing committee said that it has worked more than ten years for the territorial integrity and the emotional integrity of the people of Manipur saying it is a bounded duty of the organizing committee to protect understanding and love among various communities of the state. The objective will be to build harmony and defusing any social tension among different communities, said the committee, adding, “with this common vision it has formed a committee to implement the year-long programme. Some of the slogans reads ‘Let us live together, Let us safeguard our integrity together, Let us be united by strength of unity, Let us be united by the bond of love, Let us grow together’. It further said that there are around 36 different communities living in Manipur, though the state is small but people are living together from time immemorial.
In the name of integrity one community or the other is pointing finger to another community for the disharmony fallout, said the organising committee. Many recent incidents showed how community leaders are playing their parts in the communal fall out, it observed adding it is high time that the people of both the hills and valley are united as one.
Meanwhile, the organizing committee appreciated those who contributed for the year long campaign and appeals one and all to support the cause. On the occasion several prominent leaders spoke on the need of unity and integration.
Prof. Sanajaoba Dean Faculty of Law Gawahati University, stressed on the importance for oneness not for a particular section of the community, but said that everything needed to be done for all sections of the society. Rose Mangshi, president of the Kuki Mothers Association (KMA) opined that it is within the community that needs to unite and not from outside, saying all citizens of the state should stand together to fight for the integrity and that if any particular community is working for themselves alone than it needed to be retreated.
Abdul kalam Azad, ex-president of the Islamic Development spoke on the prevailing situation of Manipur as very tense and that said that it needed a remedy for its sickness, adding if the sickness is diagnosed then it is easy to prescribe a medicine. Kuki Inpi, representative Hengkholun Lungdel assured that Manipur does not belong to only valley people but for all the communities of the state. Others who spoke on the occasion are S.Umakanta United Manipur Association Assam representative, and prominent social worker Th. Iboyaima.
NGO scripts credit success Kuknalim.com (The Telegraph
NEW DELHI, Nov 18:: Kedule Angami started a small shop in Kohima with a loan of Rs 10,000 in 2001. Four years later, she was granted a loan of Rs 80,000 as she had repaid the amount she had borrowed earlier. Recovery of loans is considered difficult in the Northeast, but a novel technique used by the North Eastern Development Finance Corporation (NEDFi) has been able to churn out success stories in micro-credit. EDFi now extends loans to a local NGO, Entrepreneurs Associates (EA), in Kohima. This, in turn, disburses loans to individuals. But at the same time, EA also has the responsibility of recovering the loans.

“We cannot send people every now and then to every state for recovering loans. That’s why we tried this method, and were successful,” said corporation managing director K.N. Hazarika. Sustainable development has been an objective for extending micro-credit though NEDFi does not specialise in micro-credit and continues to focus on financing of the infrastructure industry for the region. Many entrepreneurs, who started small, have succeeded with EA’s sustained capacity building while NEDFi has got back its money. Susan Mao, who owns a shop at Mohankhola, Kohima, found in 1995 that her job could not pay for the growing expenses of her family.

Starting with a sum of Rs 90,000, Mao’s is considered one of the most thriving businesses today in the Nagaland capital. This year, she was chosen one of the first-generation entrepreneurs to avail of assistance worth Rs 5 lakh from NEDFi through an “on-lending tie-up” between EA and NEDFi. As on March 31 this year, NEDFi’s rate of recovery is 63 per cent while assisting 302 NGOs and a total of 31,562 beneficiaries. More than half (52.3 per cent) of the beneficiaries are women. In Assam, NEDFi has helped Uddhab Bharali, a skilled inventor who is now internationally acclaimed. The International Fund for Agricultural Development, Shillong, has placed an order for 1,000 passion fruit gel extractor machines, a Bharali invention.

Legislation against corruption Nagaland Post Editorial
Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh enjoys a clean image, politically and personally and therefore his assurance on curbing corruption by enacting a bill that would protect whistle blowers (one who reveals wrongdoing within an organization to the public or to those in positions of authority) indicates he is serious. Such a bill would certainly complement the Right To Information Act currently in force throughout the country. It is not easy to expose wrongdoings or corrupt acts within a government even if the jigsaw of facts are available. It is far difficult when even the jigsaw is not perceived unless someone from within gives the clue. The proposed bill to protect whistleblowers will also act as a deterrent on one side and as an encouragement on the other, to disclose corruption in high places. Such an law would be meaningful if clear demarcation of responsibilities and power is made .It would seem that the bulk of the whistleblowers would be the junior subordinate staff. In order to disclose wrongdoings, the employees should be given direct access to the appointed authority without having to seek the permission of the head of the institution or department. This could be done if an independent statutory body is constituted to determine whether the employee was victimised and to also ensure that those guilty are awarded stiff punishment. It may also not be out of place to also point out that even with the best of laws, there can be no guarantee that those guilty of corrupt practices will be brought to book unless there exists a political will to make such laws effective. The impediment is fear of reprisals by those in power including criminal elements. Even with the current RTI Act, it is observed that there is a conscious effort to stymie queries by some officers. In Meghalaya, the bureaucrats have discovered loopholes in the Act by circumventing it with ingenuous noting methods such as 'as spoken earlier' or 'as per verbal discussion held' etc. Such noting left no clue as to factors as well as persons responsible for questionable acts.In Nagaland too, the president of a consumer body disclosed that most government departments were not forthcoming with details. Some were not even aware about the RTI and for which no officers were designated as Public Information Officers(PIOs). For journalists, the Act seeking protection for whistleblowers could be a boon towards investigative reporting. Famous investigative reports by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein of the Washington Post exposed the Watergate scandal that rocked Richard Nixon's presidency. The source of information was attributed to an insider 'deep throat' or someone who was a whistleblower. The effectiveness of the Act will only be felt when society is clear corruption and wrongdoing no matter which community or caste the offender belongs to.
AMUCO begins year-long campaign By Our Staff Reporter Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 18: Preaching the message of peace and unity as two essential components for development of Manipur, the year-long campaign on ‘Unity, Development and Peace in Manipur’ to be organised by All Manipur United Clubs’ Organisation (AMUCO) in close-ordination with various other or- ganisations like All Mani-pur Ethnical Socio-Cultural Organisation (AMESCO), All Manipur Women Voluntary Association (AMWVA), Meira Paibis Welfare Association, Kangleipak (MEPWAK) and Poirei Leimarol Meira Paibi Apunba, Manipur (PLMPAM) has kick started from today. The inaugural function of the campaign held at THAU ground, Thang-meiband with unfurling of the flag by AMUCO president R Yangsosong Koi- reng in the presence of sea of humanity coming from different parts of the State.
Speaking on the occasion Prof Naorem Sanajao- ba observed that in a multi-cultural and pluralistic society like Manipur whose integrity has been kept intact by all its people for the last 2000 years, it would be grievous mistake if one community tries to impose its own decision as the decision of the whole Mani- puri society. Such a move would only sow the seed of disintegration of the State. So every community should keep aside their own interest and work together for peace, unity and development of the State as a whole.
In the same vein, Kuki Mothers’ Association president Rose Mangshi, who spoke as one of the special invitees said there can be peace and prosperity in Manipur only when all the communities living in peaceful co-existence since time immemorial stand together as one.
Half of the efforts made by any community in connection with protecting its identity should also be sacrificed to the alter of motherland if it is going to pose threat to the integrity and unity of Manipur, she noted. AMUCO president R Yangsosong Koireng said Manipuri society does not belong to one particular or some communities only but it is for all. In such a unified society, there is the need to bring changes for the betterment from within without depending on outside for-ces he exhorted. Stressing on the need for interaction among the people of various communities as frequently as possible, Koireng said meaningful peace could be brought about only through living together, struggling toge-ther and progressing in unison. Other speakers also gave a clarion call for facilitating communication among the people so as to clear any sort of misunderstanding which might be detrimental to the development of Manipuri society. Cultural dances and songs of various communities enlivened the inaugural function of the campaign which would go on for one year to disseminate the message of peace, unity and development among the people of all community throughout the State. Advisor of Ching-Tam Peace Committee WS Lumshel Anal, president of Kabui Inpi Manipur Holkholum Lungolim, executive member of Kharam tribe Union Manipur R Reisongir Kharam, Dean of Faculty of Law Gauhati University Prof Naorem Sanajaoba, AMUCO president R Yangsosong Koireng, retired principal of Presidency College Motbung Pu Henkholen Sitlou, father of social worker Thounaojam Iboyaima, executive member of Lamlanghupi Chothe Village Authority Kundo Chothe, social worker Tomba Kabui, chairman of Phunal Maring Village Angthum Maring, president of PLMPAM L Memchoubi, president of United Mongoloid Khurmi Organisation Seikam Kipgen, president of Hou Khunai Inat Kanba Lup Souju Poumai, chairman Zeliangrong Union Imphal Zone Sanachao Kamei and ex-president of Islamic Development Council Abdul Kalam Azad Inqilabi were among the presidium members who graced the dais of the inaugural campaign.
Home coming that never was Sangai Express Editorial
The allegations raised against the police commandos involved in the killing of N Binoy on November 13 evening merit serious deliberations. A final decision may be taken after a thorough probe, but let's also keep in mind that the version put forth by the police for the killing looks more like a half baked theory and far from the truth. The stand of the police is that Binoy was shot dead when he tried to snatch a gun from them. This sounds ridiculous. No sane man will ever try to snatch a gun from a team of police commandos. If the police commandos think they can hoodwink the people by cooking up such fantastic stories, then they are living in fantasy. The reality is the people are petrified of any armed men, including police commandos and no unarmed man will ever even entertain the idea of challenging a group of armed police commandos. Maybe the State Government should also conduct a test to see the lying proficiency of the candidates whenever they recruit any police commandos in the future ! Now that Chief Minister O Ibobi is back, we expect the Government to do what is expected. Conduct a speedy investigation into the case and suspend the commandos concerned during the course of the investigation. If the allegations are found true, then penalise them according the law of the land. It is as simple as this or does the Government expect the people to believe the half cooked version of the police commandos ? The family members and the JAC formed in connection with the death of N Binoy have also come out with their side of the story. Binoy was intercepted while he was on his way back home after being released from Sajiwa jail. He had spent a year in jail under the National Security Act for being a member of the proscribed PREPAK.
A home coming that never was, is how the story of Binoy has ended, scripted by none else but by Government agencies and there can be no ground to justify the killing of Binoy. A single unarmed man attacking a team of police commandos is unthinkable in the first place and secondly even if Binoy had tried to snatch the gun, where was the need to open fire. A team of fully abled police commandos could have easily over powered a single man, who had just come out from jail. There is also a question that needs to be addressed. Why Binoy was waylaid by the police commandos ? Was there any other case pending against Binoy that it was necessary to pick up again ? The police cannot hide from the fact that a gross injustice has been committed. Tackling the armed movement is not only about eliminating hard core militants and busting their hide outs. It is also about winning the trust and confidence of the people. However with some trigger happy elements in the State police force, this is a pipe dream. The think tank of the State Police Department and the policy makers of the State need to seriously study and work out some long term plan to refurbish the image of the men in khakis. It should be made clear that the police commandos are not licensed to kill. The task at the moment is to deliver justice and secondly, an in depth study should be conducted to see what can be done to drill some sense and humanity into all the police personnel.
ULFA asks sportsmen to boycott Nat’l Games By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 18 – The militant outfit United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) today called for boycotting the ensuing National Games to be held in the State, and asked the sportspersons of the State not to take part in it to ensure their (players) safety and security. In an e-mailed statement released to the media this evening, ULFA chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa said that they are opposed to the “imposition of India’s National Games” on Asom without resolving the India-Asom conflict. Rajkhowa said that the colonial rulers of India are trying to impose the National Games on the State despite opposition expressed against it by the people of Asom. And right from the beginning, the ULFA has been opposing the holding of the Games in the State. He alleged that the Government of India has been suppressing the people of Asom and their democratic rights have been curtailed. The Government of India had launched a war on Asom on November 28, 1990, and holding of the Games without resolution of the conflict would be a humiliation for the people of Asom, he said.
The ULFA chairman also said that the struggling masses of Asom will try with all their might to thwart the conspiracy of the Government of India to hold the Games, and called upon the sportspersons of Asom not to get in-between. He also made it clear that ULFA respects sports and sportspersons, and believes that sportspersons of Asom should get all the facilities and opportunities to compete at the international-level.

Sino-Indian border talks Assam Tribune Editorial
The Chinese Ambassador Sun Yuxi’s comment before the much-awaited visit of the Chinese President Hu Jintao to India from November 20 to 23, that the whole of Arunachal Pradesh is Chinese territory, has not only caused consternation among the officials of the Union Government engaged in border talks with their Chinese counterparts, but the people of India as a whole prompting India’s Foreign Minister Pranab Mukherjee to declare that Arunachal Pradesh is an integral part of India. What provoked the Chinese Ambassador to make such a statement when the two special representatives of both the countries are making active progress in solving the boundary dispute, following the political parameters and guiding principles for resolution of border disputes as announced by Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh and his Chinese counterpart Wen Jiabao during their New Delhi meeting, in a series of boundary talks, details of which are never divulged, is not known, but the Chinese Foreign Office spokesperson denied any knowledge of such statement. Another cause of concern for India is the reported plan of the Chinese Government to construct a dam over the river Brahmaputra at the trijunction of India, Tibet and China to divert water to China, which, if implemented may ease Brahmaputra Valley of flood, but would turn the fertile valley into barren land. The visit of the Chinese President may provide an opportunity for the Indian Government to seek classification on both these vital issues from the Chinese delegation.
The McMahon Line, which defines the boundary between India and China, was drawn up in a tripartite meeting at Shimla in 1913 between the British government, Tibet and China. This line, the Chinese claim, though initiated by the Chinese representative, was never ratified by the Chinese government and in violation of this political boundary Chinese army invaded India and advanced upto the foothills of Arunachal Pradesh in 1962. After a long period of stalemate, the Chinese Government recognised Sikkim as part of Indian territory and opened Nathula pass for trade. These positive developments raised hopes that the contentious border disputes would be resolved by mutual give and take policy. More than eight rounds of talks between the two special representatives have taken place and further meetings are on the cards. The Chinese Ambassador’s remark should not stand as a dampener in continuing the border talks between the two countries.
There are other pin-pricks in the Sino-Indian relationship. Bilateral trade is likely cross the $20 billion mark by the end of this year. China is keen to enter a Free Trade Agreement with India, which would create the biggest free trade region in the world. India is reluctant to enter into such agreement apprehending flooding of the Indian market with cheap Chinese goods which would harm the domestic industry. India is also contemplating to list China as one of the countries with security risk and refused approval for a port terminal contract to a consortium of Chinese companies. Another Chinese telecom-equipment company having a software centre in Bangalore and employing 1,150 Indian engineers were not allowed to expand as intelligence agency RAW identified this company as a possible front for espionage activities. China has already opened its doors to many Indian companies to operate in China, allowed Indian students to pursue professional courses in Chinese universities and welcomed foreign direct investment. China and India are projected as economic superpowers of the future and therefore both countries should try to remove these obstacles with mutual adjustment and settle boundary disputes on the basis of ground realities. The visit of the Chinese President Hu Jintao in the ‘year of friendship’ celebrated between the two countries, should mark the beginning of a new phase of bilateral friendship and reciprocal co-operation.

Myanmar in transition Nagaealm.com Daily Pinoneer
While public and media attention in India remains focused on events in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka and the forthcoming visit of President Hu Jintao of China, New Delhi seems to be paying scant attention to developments in Myanmar, with whom we share a 1643-km land border, straddling four insurgency-prone North-Eastern States - Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.

The Khaleda Zia Government and the ISI have been promoting religious extremism, demographic change and insurgency in India's North-East. New Delhi has, however, been able to contain these challenges with some success. This is because the Myanmar Government has extended cooperation to India in dealing with insurgent groups being infiltrated into our North-East, through Myanmar territory. Institutional mechanisms for trans-border cooperation between India and Myanmar have worked consistently, to see that neither country permits its territory to be used to promote violence and separatism in the other.

The Western world, led by the US and the UK, has condemned the Myanmar regime for not immediately restoring democracy. For most Indians, this selective approach to promoting democracy is rather incongruous. General Pervez Musharraf has exiled the legally elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, Mr Nawaz Sharif, threatened to arrest Sharif's predecessor, Ms Benazir Bhutto, if she returns to Pakistan and assumed office in a rigged referendum. He proposes to get himself re-elected by emasculating the main moderate Opposition parties and promotes terrorism in Afghanistan and India.

The US and the UK, however, describe Gen Musharraf as a symbol of "enlightened moderation" and a reliable ally in the "War on Terrorism". At the same time, India is told that the military rulers of Myanmar who help us fight terrorism and separatism, should be shunned and ostracised for denying high office to Ms Aung San Suu Kyi. In the words of President George Bush, Myanmar is now "an outpost for tyranny". After considerable effort, the US and the UK have succeeded in inscribing the issue of Myanmar on the agenda of the UN Security Council with the aim of imposing sanctions on it. A pertinent question that Indians can ask is that if sanctions are to be imposed on Myanmar for preventing a Government led by Ms Suu Kyi assuming office, why can similar sanctions not be placed on Pakistan led by Gen Musharraf?

There was a wide-ranging discussion on such issues in a conference earlier this month organised by Wilton Park, a British Foreign Office-supported think-tank. The views of Western diplomats and NGOs were divided. Most participants agreed that sanctions would not work and only lead to greater suffering for ordinary people in Myanmar, with little effect on its military rulers.

There were no Chinese representatives in the conference, but China's Permanent Representative to the UN made it clear on September 15, 2006, that China was opposed to placing the internal situation in Myanmar on the agenda of the Security Council. Sanctions leading to economic deprivation instability in Myanmar would lead to an influx of refugees into our North-Eastern States, further destabilising the situation in our NorthEast. It is in this background that Mr Pranab Mukherjee told the UN General Assembly, "The inclusion of items that have nothing at all to do with peace and security (in the agenda of the UN Security Council) represents and encroachment on the roles mandated to other UN bodies."

Though some ASEAN countries have recently urged the military rulers in Myanmar (referred to as the State peace and Development Council - SPDC) to proceed towards democratisation expeditiously, ASEAN Governments like Indonesia continue their high-level engagement with Myanmar, promote trade and economic relations and extend technical assistance. India's approach has been largely harmonised with that of ASEAN. The military leadership has been repeatedly urged in high level discussions to effect democratic change. As Myanmar constitutes the land bridge to the booming economies of South-East Asia, India has extended assistance in the construction of roads, the development of the Yangon-Mandalay Trunk link by rail and in establishing an optical fibre link between Mandalay and Moreh in Manipur.

With China moving in aggressively to develop Myanmar's energy resources, Indian public sector and private oil companies have struck deals for both offshore and onshore oil and gas exploration. Further, when discussions with Myanmar for building an 1800 mw hydro-electric project across the Chindwin River conclude, work will commence on a project that can substantially address the power shortages in our North-Eastern States. More importantly, it would not be in Indian interests if the Chinese were able to establish a presence along our land and maritime borders with Myanmar. Western rhetoric on democracy in Myanmar will have little effect. Real progress in moves towards democratisation can only be achieved if Myanmar's Asian neighbours lend full support to and complement efforts by the UN Secretary General's Special Representative Mr Ibrahim Gambari to effect political reconciliation between the ruling SPDC and the National League for Democracy (NLD) led by Ms Suu Kyi.

Mr Gambari appears to currently enjoy the confidence of Myanmar's military rulers and has met Ms Suu Kyi. The SPDC convened a "National Convention" to draft a new constitution for the country in 1992. Substantial progress has been made since then in drafting the major provisions of a constitution in which, like in Pakistan, the military will play a constitutional role in governance. The military rulers agreed in 1994 to permit representatives chosen by Ms Suu Kyi's NLD to participate in the National Convention. But talks between the NLD and the SPDC proved inconclusive. Mr Gambari appears to be encouraging efforts to make the National Convention more inclusive. Transition from military rule to democracy often takes a decade or more. Many of those from within Myanmar, whom I spoke to in the UK, felt that the effort should be to formalise a constitution that provides for a growing civilian presence within the Government. This effort should seek a constitution that is genuinely federal and promotes a process of growing democratisation. Both the SPDC and the NLD will have to show a measure of realism if this is to be achieved. India should discuss these developments with Myanmar's ASEAN partners. Political transition in Myanmar can be facilitated by quiet and concerted diplomatic efforts by Myanmar's neighbours. The stakes are too high for us to allow Myanmar to slide into instability and a resumption of ethnic insurgencies. [G PARTHASARATHY, dailypioneer]

Pradyut to meet Deura on Nov 21
Pass Indo-Myanmar gas pipeline through Asom, Centre to be told By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 18: When Asom Power and Industry Minister Pradyut Bordoloi meets Union Petroleum Minister Murli Deura on November 21, he will place a proposal to lay the proposed Indo-Myanmar gas pipeline through Asom making a case that if the pipeline traverses its territory, it would have a positive impact on the State, nay the entire North-east, in terms of energy security.
Earlier, the GAIL had proposed the natural gas pipeline through the north-eastern provinces of Mizoram and Tripura and neighbouring Bangladesh before finally meeting the Haldia pipeline in Gaya. Dhaka, however, wants the pipeline to be laid along Bangladesh’s existing roads and highways and that the project be jointly managed by it and India. It also wants New Delhi to agree to allow it to use the pipeline to export gas to India or import it from Myanmar. Lately, the neighbouring country has demanded from India a trade and power corridor to Nepal and Bhutan and measures to reduce Bangladesh’s $ 2 billion deficit. India, however, has been opposing to making bilateral issues part of a trilateral agreement.
While negotiations with Bangladesh are yet to be firmed up for the natural gas pipeline, New Delhi is learnt to be exploring other alternatives for importing gas from offshore Myanmar.
A year ago, the then Union Petroleum Minister Mani Shankar Aiyar was quoted as saying that the possibility of taking the pipeline from Myanmar into Mizoram and onwards Asom and culminating in West Bengal, a distance of 1,400 km, would be explored.
While the route of the proposed pipeline is still to be finalized, State Power Minister Pradyut Bordoloi said if the proposed gas pipeline traverses Asom, it would be a major boost to the economy of the State as well as the entire North-east, besides meeting the power shortfall of the region to an extent.
“If the proposal materializes it would be a major achievement. We then would be able to connect all the major towns of the State to PNG and CNG.”
According to the Asom Government proposal, the gas pipeline would originate in Sittwe in the Arakan province of Myanmar and pass through Mizoram, Silchar, Shillong and Guwahati. Another pipeline, which has been already sanctioned by the State Government, would link Duliajan, Numaligarh and Guwahati. Both the pipelines would be merged to a single line at Guwahati which will then be connected to Gaya via Bongaigaon and Siliguri. The possibility of another pipeline to exploit the natural gas resources of Tripura is also being explored.

Three killed in Moirabari
Two student groups, one supported by the AUDF and the other by the Congress, go berserk at police station; curfew clamped Our Bureau and PTI
GUWAHATI/ MORIGAON, Nov 18: At least three students were killed and over 15 others, including policemen, sustained injuries in police firing, clash, stampede and arson when irate students clashing over a college union election set ablaze the Moirabari police station and three residential quarters forcing the district administration to clamp indefinite curfew at Moirabari today.
According to reports, two groups of students indulged in fisticuffs and skirmishes over the filing of nomination papers for the elections to the Moirabari College Students’ Union. A student of one of the groups hit another student of the opposing group with his motorcycle sparking a clash between the two factions. Police arrested some student leaders of both the factions.
The enraged students of both the factions then marched to Moirabari police station, gheraod it, went on a rampage and set ablaze the police station and three residential quarters.
To control the situation, sources said, police resorted to firing and one student was killed. The police station’s second officer and sub-inspector Amir Khan and five other policemen and firefighters were also injured in the firing. Morigaon Deputy Commissioner Shabir Hussain who rushed to the spot along with the Superintendent of Police said that two students were killed in stampede. Curfew was clamped since 5 p.m. and would be in force till such time the situation demanded, Hussain said. The injured were admitted to Nagaon Civil Hospital of neighbouring Nagaon district. Though there was no official confirmation, the two student groups were suspected to be supporters of the Assam United Democratic Front and opposing Congress in the immigrant minority-dominated area and AUDF-held constituency. Tension prevailed in the area and additional security forces were rushed to the spot, official sources added.

Frans on 11.19.06 @ 03:38 PM CST [link]


Saturday, November 18th

Patil reviews Naga crisis Kuknalim.com (The Telegraph)


Patil reviews Naga crisis Kuknalim.com (The Telegraph)

NEW DELHI, Nov 17:: Union home minister Shivraj Patil today held three separate meetings with leaders from Nagaland to take stock of the deteriorating law and order situation in the state.

Nagaland PCC president Hokheto Sumi called on the minister with a plea to bring the state under President’s Rule in view of continuing factional clashes. Governor Shyamal Datta and chief minister Neiphiu Rio, too, met Patil. Both were in the capital to attend a review meeting of the North Eastern Council. Earlier in the day, Rio met defence minister A.K. Antony, ostensibly to push forward a proposal for the creation of one more Naga regiment in the army.
Nagaland has been witnessing frequent clashes between the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) since August.

The fact that Assembly elections in neighbouring Manipur are round the corner has added to Delhi’s worries. Prospective candidates in the four Naga-dominated hill districts have been asked by community organisations not to represent national parties in the elections, slated for February.

The polls are seen by many as an opportunity for the NSCN (I-M) to conduct a plebiscite of sorts to prove support for its demand for integration of all contiguous Naga-inhabited areas of the Northeast. In another development, leaders of both the NSCN factions refused any overtures by either side for reconciliation. “There cannot be reconciliation,” the NSCN (K) chaplee kilonser (finance minister) told The Telegraph over the phone. (The Telegraph)
Assassination plot claim fabricated: NSCN (IM) Maj Gen Markson rubbishes NSCN (K) allegation The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 17 (MExN): Major General Markson, Deputy Longvibu, Naga Army, NSCN (IM) has rubbished claims made by the NSCN (K) through sources from a defected cadre of an assassination plot on former Sumi Hoho President, Huska and termed it as completely false and baseless. It may be mentioned that Military Spokesperson, NSCN (K) Isak Sumi in a press note received here yesterday had claimed that Major Lokshe who was the second-in-command in the recent clash at Zunheboto operation and who had defected to the NSCN (K) had alleged that the deputy commander in chief of NSCN (IM), Markson had ordered Maj Lokshe to assassinate Huska, former President of Sumi Hoho and that the order had come from the NSCN (IM) leadership.
“The recent allegation to the cause of one Maj Lhokishe’s defection to their fold due to the assassination plan upon the ex-Sumi Hoho President is fabricated and a ploy to sow distrust in-within and alienate the masses from supporting the current peace process headed by the NSCN”, Maj Gen Markson stated in a press communiqué rubbishing the allegation made by the NSCN (K). “The higher authorities had never at any point of time issued or pondered over handing out such directive or order”, the statement maintained and pointed out that the NSCN (IM) was completely against the human rights violations and atrocities committed by the NSCN (K) upon the innocent Naga public. The statement also made it clear that it was the firm policy of the NSCN (IM) that any obstacle or problem faced in the course of the current peace process should be approached diplomatically and peacefully with rationale approaches and the public should not be victimized unnecessarily. “The former Sumi Hoho President is assured that such allegations are false with motives to incite hatred and distrust”, Maj Gen Markson stated.
The NSCN (IM) also stated that the attempt to malign the image of the NSCN (IM) with concocted allegations and accusations, using un-principled and indisciplined defectors as their source of information brought to the fore the “desperate deficiency of sane political agenda and bankruptcy of rational approaches to the Indo-Naga issue” by the NSCN (K).
“In fact, the present day’s Naga national movement’s hitch is due to the false national workers who in the name of nationalism are scavenging for overnight wealth and comforts at the price of the common Naga people’s sweat and tears”, the NSCN (IM) stated while pointing out that when such people fall short of their dreams, “they drift to other camps in search of exploitative grounds with false reasons to cover their face”.
Pointing out that Nagas should be aware of such elements, the NSCN (IM) stated that such ‘barbarous scavenger in search of the spoils of conflict’ would not hesitate to weave tales or fabricate lies to achieve their personal lust of materialism in the name of nationalism.
“Any reason that may be given to substantiate causes of change of allegiance does not hold any water, but a recognized mere pretext of instable and unprincipled minds of bounty hunters at the cost of the Nagas”, Maj Gen Markson stated.
Shocked Sumi Hoho sets Nov 25 for NSCN (IM) reply The Morung Express

DIMAPUR, NOV 17 (MExN): Following the news-report on the NSCN (K) claim of an assassination plot by the NSCN (IM) of its former colleague, the Sumi Hoho in an executive emergency meeting held today stated that it was shocked to learn about this and has decided to ask the NSCN (IM) leadership the reason behind the assassination order.
“The reasons asked for should be conveyed to Sumi Hoho office on or before November 25 2006”, the Sumi Hoho stated in a press communiqué issued by its President H.S Rotokha and General Secretary Aheto V. Yepthomi. Pointing out that the Sumi general public can never afford to remain threatened by any elements, “therefore be it Huska former President Sumi Hoho or any civilians if abducted or executed without valid rhymes and reasons shall never be tolerated at any point of time by Sumi Community”, the Hoho stated.
Parents appeal to NSCN-K over missing son The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 17 (MExN): Aggrieved family members of one Robert Osana Mao, missing since the last 10 years and who was also later reported to have been kidnapped by the NSCN-K after he joined the rival faction, has appealed to the latter organization’s authorities to release detail of his whereabouts. An appeal from the parents of Robert Mao, Mr. & Mrs. A Daihrii, stated that their son, after completion of his PU course from Alder College Kohima, joined the NSCN-IM under the commander of one Avi Sema. Later on December 14 1996 in Kiphire he was kidnapped by a group of NSCN-K cadres under the command of one Chuba Yimchunger of Chhomi village.
“Some people said that he was killed and other said he is still alive which one is to believe we are totally devastated. Our confusion is that if he was killed his dead body would have been either handed over to us at that time or his burial place would have been made known to us by anybody as we were staying there working under medical department as a staff nurse at Kiphire town and many of the public leaders of that area were contacted by us. At the same time if he is still alive today he would have contacted us either in verbal or in writing but no contact so far. Moreover we contacted some of the officers of NSCN-K to tell us the exact position but in vain. In a way we have been suffering too long waiting to know the fact of our son” the parents stated.
“Now our last request to the leaders of NSCN-K, please confirm us the date and place of he was killed (if he was killed by your group) and his place of posting (if he is still alive and working with you) before December 14 2006 – the day he was kidnapped from Kiphire town, that will set us free from bondage of sorrow and tears” the parents appealed.
The position of Isak-Khodao organization- Nagaland Post Opimion
When I-K (formerly I-M) group write or say anything bad about others, they laugh and celebrate. But when others write or say something bad of them (I-K men) they are offended and enraged, why?? Because they (I-K) have not yet understood that with what scale you measure others, the same scale will measure you. Do they think that they are something special?? They don't have any specialties, except tactics of terrorism as they had been trained by international terrorists in Afghanistan. Indian leaders are shouting against terrorism, but at hearts when they hear something about terrorism, they tremble and shake and they could not even believe their hands and legs. Otherwise, why they (India) continue talking with them to appease them (I-K) although Indian leaders have no intention to concede to the demands of Th. Muivah, whose name has been scrapped from the list of Nagas names, even to be contended under the constitution of India with some provisions.
The I-K group are talking about Americans (USA) whether wrong or right or good or bad is another issue, but the Americans are very much against terrorism and terrorists. So, if they (I-K) want help from any quarters of American, why they (I-K) obtained terrorism from international terrorists without any hesitation? Further still, why I-K group are talking about former president of USA Jimmy Carter and the American Christians? The American (USA) Baptist leaders knowing quite well that divided Naga was a great drawback in their freedom movements, arranged peace and reconciliation meet of the Naga groups at Jimmy Carter peace center in Atlanta, USA, in 1997. The NSCN/GPRN and the NNC/FGN representatives attended the meeting, but the so-called IM leaders Isak Swu and Th. Muivah ridiculed the move and did not attend the meeting and forbade others to attend. So now, why they (I-K) are talking about Jimmy Carter and the American Christians??
The NSCN/GPRN and NNC/FGN are bitterest enemies hitherto fore, but decided not to fight against each other out of the meet in Atlanta in reverence to the Baptist Christian leaders there and the Jimmy Carter peace centre. And upto till now, we are keeping that decision. That's great for the Nagas. But what about the I-K men who claimed themselves as good people and good Christians? Did the NSCN and NNC give up their fight for freedom because of the Atlanta met?? God forbid. Naga Christians, don't hesitate, come out openly and condemn I-K group and their supporters from among NGO leaders whose names are traitors.
The I-K group are talking about Grace Lyu Collins, their common sexual appeaser whose name is divinely, but her acts are satanic. Her team met and interacted with I-K men. They also met the Naga NGO leaders and even some private individuals. But why the team failed to meet the NSCN leaders and the leaders of two factions of NNC?? The team could meet even entity less and powerless social or non-governmental organization, why they failed to meet people who have political organizations and government, which the government of India have cease fire agreements by recognizing the potentials of their movement?? Think and think Naga people what is the intention and motive of the Grace's teams' visit?? Shame! Shame! Naga people rest assured the tentacles of I-K spread over many parts of the word are not for good, but for the destruction of Naga people and their land, no doubt. Until and unless Grace Lyu Collins scraps her concocted and fabricated malicious allegations written in her report against NSCN.GPRN and NNC/FGN from her book and tender unqualified apology to the NSCN and NNC, her name shall remain accused in heaven and on earth so far as the Naga sovereignty movement is concerned.
Secretary, MIP/GPRN, NSCN (K).
Naga Army rubbishes Khaplang’s allegation- Nagaland Post Opinion
The Naga Army clarifies that the Khaplang outfit's claim, through sources from a defected cadre, of an assassination plot upon the former Sumi Hoho President, Mr. Huska is completely false and baseless.
The stark reality of the Khaplang in trying to malign the image of the NSCN with concocted allegations and accusations, using un-principled and indiscipline defectors as their source of information, brings to fore their desperate deficiency of sane political agenda and bankruptcy of rational approaches to the Indo-Naga issue. The recent allegation to the cause of one Maj Lhokishe's defection to their fold due to the assassination plan upon the ex-Sumi Hoho President is fabricated and but a ploy to sow distrust in-within and alienate the masses from supporting the current peace process headed by the NSCN. The Higher authorities had never at any point of time issued or pondered over handing out such directive or order. In fact, the NSCN is completely against the Khaplang's human rights violations and atrocities upon the innocent Naga public that have been prevailing. It is the firm policy of the NSCN that any obstacle or problem faced in the course of the current peace process should be approached diplomatically and peacefully with rationale approaches and the public should not be victimized unnecessarily. The former Sumi Hoho President is assured that such allegations are false with motives to incite hatred and distrust.
In fact, the present day's Naga national movement's hitch is due to the false national workers who in the name of nationalism are scavenging wealth and comforts at the price of the commom Naga people's sweat and tears. When these people fall short of their dreams, they drift to other camps in search of exploitive grounds with false reasons to cover their face. These elements have remained to be certain factors that impede to a united stand of the Naga though the goal and objectives are one (the same) and the right stream that is leading the Nagas to our aspirations are indisputably established. The Nagas are to be well aware today of these elements that are in search of materialistic benefits. Like a barbarous scavenger in search of the spoil of conflict.
These persons without any principle or discipline care less of the consequences of their deeds or for the future of the Naga but only their selfishness. They would not hesitate to weave tales or fabricate lies upon anyone to achieve their personal lust of materialisms in the name of nationalism. Hence, we should not be swayed by these parasites without qualms that are out to implant divisions, distrust, hatred, suspicions and fears to aggravate bloodshed in our land.
It is to clearly understand that Maj. Lhokishe defected to Khaplang camp not out of any other reasons but on his instable personal grounds. Any reason that may be given to substantiate causes of change of allegiance does not hold any water. But a recognized mere pretext of instable and unprincipled minds of bounty hunters at the cost of the Nagas.
Maj.Gen. Markson, Dy. Longyibu, Naga Army Issued by : MIP : GPRN, NSCN (IM)
Rio urges Centre to fulfil commitments Assam Tribune
KOHIMA, Nov 17 – Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio has urged the UPA Government at the Centre to fulfil the commitments made by former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee during his visit to the State in 2003 for physical and social infrastructure development in Nagaland.

Addressing the 53rd meeting of the North Eastern Council in New Delhi yesterday, the Chief Minister insisted on implementation of a slew of schemes and projects announced by the then Prime Minister, including revival of defunct Tuli paper mills, a joint venture project between Nagaland Government and Hindustan Paper Corporation. Vajpayee’s economic package included four-laning of Dimapur-Kohima section of NH-39, creation of employment avenues for 25,000 Naga youth, setting up of regional institute of information technology and extension of railway network upto capital town Kohima from Dimapur. – PTI
Delhi includes the "excluded" - 11th Plan focuses on connectivity Nagarealm.com the Telegraph
New Delhi, NOV16 : Delhi may have just taken the first step towards bridging the great divide — mentally and geographically — between the Northeast and the rest of the country.
The draft approach paper to the 11th Plan that was discussed by the cabinet today focuses on “interconnecting” all northeastern states over the next five years by road, rail, water and air. In effect, interconnection will directly link each state of the region to the rest of the country. In an equally significant development, the external affairs ministry has decided to open a branch in the region soon. Foreign secretary Shiv Shankar Menon today made a detailed presentation on the region’s proximity to the Southeast Asian countries during a review meeting of the North Eastern Council. Union DoNER minister Mani Shankar Aiyar put the importance of the Northeast in perspective during a media briefing after the meeting. “The Look East policy has two components. One is to recognise that the Northeast of India is where Southeast Asia begins,” he said. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who is also the chairman of the Planning Commission, has been critical of the states of the region for their laxity in utilising sanctioned funds. However, that has not stopped Delhi from drawing up an extensive development plan with the theme “Bridging divides: including the excluded”.
One of the salient features of the five-year plan is multi-pronged action to upgrade all modes of transport. The broad gauge rail network will cover all states by the end of the Plan period. “Meghalaya and Sikkim will have rail links and almost the entire metre-gauge network in the region will be converted to broad gauge,” a highly-placed source said.

Delhi also plans to expedite work on greenfield airports at Pakyong in Sikkim, Itanagar in Arunachal Pradesh and Cheithu near the Nagaland capital of Kohima. A greenfield airport is one that is built in a brand new location – literally on a green field. It is built from scratch and not as an extension of an existing airport. A greenfield airport is sanctioned when an existing airport is unable to meet the projected requirements of traffic or a new focal point of traffic emerges with sufficient viability.
The airports in Guwahati, Dimapur, Agartala and Imphal are to be upgraded under the national modernisation plan. The Brahmaputra national waterway number two, which provides trunk route connectivity to the region, will be made fully functional by the end of the 11th Plan. Inland water transportation is seen as the ideal mode of transport for both low-value and high-value commodities. The theme of “bridging divides” highlights the need for balanced regional development and focuses on specific problems of the region arising out of remoteness, hilly and inhospitable terrain, a weak resource base, inadequate administrative capacity and a law and order situation “often threatened by insurgency”.

These factors have resulted in low economic activity and, consequently, in fiscal vulnerability, the approach paper states. Recognising the “criticality” of development of the vast road network in the region, the paper harps on the need to “accelerate” the Special Accelerated Road Development Programme. [NISHIT DHOLABHAI, telegraphindia]
Datta,Rio meet Home Minister Nagaland Post
NEW DELHI, NOV 17 (PTI): Close on the heels of the recent spurt in violence in Nagaland, Governor Shyamal Dutta and Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio today met Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil here and apprised him of the prevailing situation in the state.
Dutta and Rio, who are in the capital for the North Eastern Council conference, had separate meetings with Patil during which they explained the ground realities in the northeastern state.
"We had discussions on various issues including ceasefire ground rule violations. We express concern over the fact that though there is a ceasefire monitoring group, no implementing mechanism is there," Rio told PTI emerging from the meeting. "I told the Home Minister that the ongoing peace talks between the NSCN (I-M) and the government are very slow which need to be expedited for a fruitful solution," he said adding "the meeting was very positive".
Nagaland has of late witnessed a series of bloody clashes involving the two factions of NSCN, leaving a number of persons dead and injured. The clashes also caused exodus in Zunheboto town which last month witnessed an intense gun battle between the two rival groups with rebels using heavy weapons like mortars. Similar clashes have been witnessed in Peren district. When contacted, Governor Dutta refused to comment about his meeting with Patil.
It may be mentioned the state governor, chief secretary and home commissioner Z Banuo Jamir were earlier reportedly summoned by the Union Home Ministry on the law and order situation in the state. However, additional chief secretary and commissioner TN Mannen had denied the three were summoned by the Home Ministry and said they had gone for normal review of law and order situation in the state and also to attend the NEC meeting.
Former Nagaland Minister says economic blockades, bandhs against humanity North East Press Service

Kohima, Nov 16 (NEPS): Former Nagaland Finance Minister and ruling NPF MLA, K Therie expressed serious concern on the repeated economic blockades and bandhs on the National Highway 39 in Manipur by some organizations. Talking to NEPS over phone here from Dimapur today, the former Minister and NPF political stalwart termed such acts of "economic blockades or bandhs" on the National Highways as "anti-people, anti-economy and against humanity."

It may be mentioned that the All Tribal Students Association of Manipur (ATSUM) has already imposed economic blockades on the State’s National Highways since November 13 midnight. The student body is demanding extension of pension scheme to employees of district autonomous Councils, conversion of 13 grants-in-aid schools in the Hills into Government Schools, extension of contract appointment of teachers in Hill schools and also reservation for tribal students in central government institutions in the State.
Therie however pointed out that those organizations instead of adopting such methods to meet their demands should use other forms of democratic means to achieve their goals.
Asked whether he was aware of some elements that often played from behind to such economic blockades or bandhs on National Highways, Therie said even if such elements were involved from behind, they should realize that such acts were against the humanity.

The former Minister also reminded as to how High Court in Kerala brought out legislation banning those "blockades and bandhs" as they were against the "humanity." "This type of activities should not be allowed and they should be banned," he said, adding, "The Manipur Government should also bring similar legislation to ban such activities in the State."
NSCN (I-M) asked to explain order to assassinate Huska Nagaland Post
DIMAPUR, NOV 17 (NPN): Expressing shock at the disclosure of a former NSCN (I-M) Naga Army officer that he was ordered by the deputy C-in-C of the NSCN (I-M) Markson to assassinate former Sumi Hoho Huska, the Sumi Hoho has asked the NSCN (I-M) to give reasons for the assassination order, on or before November 25.
Sumi Hoho president HS Rotokha and general secretary Aheto Yeptho in a press release said the "Sumi general public can never afford to remain threatened by any elements. Therefore be it Huska, former president Sumi Hoho, or any civilians if abducted without valid rhymes and reasons shall never be tolerated at any point of time by Sumi community." The decision to ask the NSCN (I-M) to give reasons for the order to assassinate Huska was made at an emergency executive meeting of the Sumi Hoho held Friday to deliberate on the disclosure of Maj Lhokishe who was the second in-command of the NSCN(I-M) during the recent Zunheboto clash and who later joined the NSCN (K). It may be mentioned that according to an earlier press statement issued by the NSCN (K) spokesperson Isak Sumi, Lhokishe had disclosed that he was ordered by Markson to assassinate Huska on October 27 last at ZB BN HQ, Ghathashi.
NSCN IM guns down one NSCN K cadre By Our Staff Reporter Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 17 : A cadre of the NSCN (K) was shot dead by a group of NSCN (IM) cadres at his house yesterday at about 10.10 pm. The NSCN (K) cadre was staying at his home at Khunkho Naga village in Senapati district when a group of the rival IM group barged into the house and shot him dead. The deceased is identified as Shangthong Abonmei.
Strongly condemning the killing of Shangthong, the information and publicity secretary of the NSCN (K), Zeliangrong region said that a two minute silence was observed today to pay respect to the departed soul. The publicity secretary said that even though a number of IM cadres had earlier been over powered by the Zeliangrong region of the NSCN (K), they were let off on humanitarian ground. The killing of Shang-thong has exposed the cruelty of the NSCN (IM) cadres, he claimed. Respecting public opinion, the NSCN (K) had not resorted to any violence, claimed the information secretary and added that the prevailing situation in Zeliangrong region is the proof. Naga leaders should question why Shangthong was eliminated so mercilessly, said the NSCN (K) and informed that the late man was attached to the civil authority of the outfit.
NGRC-ICU confirms govt. discrimination Nagarealm.com
DIMAPUR, NOV16 [NPN] : The Nagaland Registered Class-I Contractors Union (NGRC-ICU) and Nagaland Contractor & Suppliers Union (NCSU) have come up with further details that allegedly proved discrimination against local contractors by government departments in favour of non-local contractors. NGRC-ICU president KC Angami and general secretary L Pukhato Shohe in a press release said none of the local contractors received any money out of Rs. 573 lakhs released by the Finance Department in August 2006 last, as advance towards construction of permanent headquarters of 9th NAP (IR) at Saijang and 10th NAP (IR) at Zhadima.

They said on the other hand, the entire money was paid to M/s Singh Construction Co. for the so-called turnkey project. The signatories disclosed that as per agreement under negotiated loan from HUDCO, the money was to be released on a 50:50 basis, ie. Rs. 286. 50 lakhs: Rs. 286. 50 lakhs, between them. They also expressed shock that records available from the LOC of Finance Department, revealed that the entire amount of Rs. 573 lakhs was paid without deduction of 13 % as departmental charge amounting to approximately Rs. 66 lakhs.

They also pointed out that in the contract agreement of M/s Singh Co. the Finance Department had to pay 4 % work tax on gross value of bill as extra adding it was totally against the Government order NO.FIN/TAX-3/24/2000 dated 16.7.2002 where it was clearly mentioned that work tax was to be deducted from the gross value of all running bills. The signatories asked if M/s Mohan Singh Co. were "so special" that the firm was exempted from all the departmental charges besides being paid the 4 percent work tax.

Pointing to a nexus between M/s Singh Co. with politicians, bureaucrats and technocrats, the signatories accused the firm of "going all out" to deprive local contractors in whichever department it undertook contracts. They asked whether local contractors should remain as silent spectators in the face of not getting any payment for "works done for the same type of construction under same location when their rates are also far apart," ie. Rs. 932.40 per Sq. ft for local contractors and Rs. 2246.45 per Sq. ft for M/s Singh Construction Co.? Meanwhile, the Naga Students Federation (NSF) has extended its support to NCSU's demand for release of pending bills and liabilities. Referring to the NCSU's November 17 deadline given to the state government for fulfillment of its demands, NSF publicity and information secretary Kangzang Liegise urged the government to release the pending bills in order to avoid any inconveniences.

Nagaland Governor, CM meet Union Home Minister Zee News Bureau Report
New Delhi, Nov 17: Close on the heels of the recent spurt in violence in Nagaland, Governor Shyamal Dutta and Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio today met Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil here and apprised him of the prevailing situation in the state. Dutta and Rio, who are in the capital for the North Eastern Council Conference, had separate meetings with Patil during which they explained the ground realities in the Northeastern state.

"We had discussions on various issues including ceasefire ground rule violations. We express concern over the fact that though there is a ceasefire monitoring group, no implementing mechanism is there," Rio told a news agency emerging from the meeting.

"I told the Home Minister that the ongoing peace talks between the NSCN (IM) and the government are very slow which need to be expedited for a fruitful solution," he said adding "the meeting was very positive".
Nagaland has of late witnessed a series of bloody clashes involving the two factions of NSCN, leaving a number of persons dead and injured. The clashes also caused exodus in Zunheboto town which last month witnessed an intense gun battle between the two rival groups with rebels using heavy weapons like mortars. Similar clashes have been witnessed in Peren district.

When contacted, Governor Dutta refused to comment about his meeting with Patil.
‘Seven sisters’ woo tourists Nagaland Post
NEW DELHI, NOV 17 (AGENCIES): Tourism being one of the two themes at the 26th edition of the India International Trade Fair (IITF) at Pragati Maidan here, the North-Eastern States are trying to "woo" visitors to some of their famous and picturesque cities and towns. Said Indira Nongpiur, Deputy Director Tourism of Meghalaya Government: "We want to promote tourism in our State in a big way, especially as it is one of IITF's theme this year. Therefore we are giving a wide variety of information through brochures to everyone who visits our pavilion.
With Shillong being one of the biggest hill stations, we have the potential to attract tourists. Products of our small entrepreneurs is also on display at the pavilion."
Meghalaya is famous for its brooms as well as fruit products like jams and juices and all of these are available at the fair. Assam has a wide array of goods to offer like food products, clothes and handicraft items. Assam's Deputy Director Prabir Kakati said that in conformity with IITF's theme of "small and medium enterprises and tourism" we are showcasing developments in handicrafts, industry and the incentives available to potential investors for setting up different industrial units in the State. Manipur has on display tribal art, handicraft items, curios and cottage industry items besides salads and ginger.
Artist L. Singh has carved a unique creature -- a combination of dragon, python and crocodile in wood -- that is priced at a whopping Rs.150,000. Made from indigenous ` tyren' tree, it took him exactly three years to create. Apam Ragui, a nodal officer at the Manipur pavilion, said his State is famous for "nungbi" pottery that is made with black stone and local clay. "From `kauna', a local reed that grows under water, we produce a wide array of products. This time round we have brought items like mattresses, sleeping bags and quilts made from kauna," added Mr. Ragui. Nagaland has traditional mouth-watering dishes like rice with pork cooked in bamboo shoots to offer. Partition or room dividers are the most sought after items at the Tripura pavilion.
CM discusses PM's visit with Cabinet By Our staff Reporter Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 17: Soon after his arrival from Delhi today, Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh presided a meeting attended by his Cabinet colleagues, Chief Secretary and Principal Secretary (Home) in connection with the proposed State visit of prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh.
In addition to the meeting presided by the CM, O ibobi also inspected the Bir Tikendrajit Flyover the inauguration for which is in the itinerary of the PM’s one day visit.
The CM, however, confessed at the inspection site that owing to the unhealthy precedents of derailing welfare/development works, the Govt is reluctant to fix a definite time frame for the flyover inauguration even though a tentative programme has been drawn out to co-incide the same with the PM’s arrival.
Chief Minister O ibobi Singh accompanied by his Cabinet colleagues and top Government officials assessed progress of the BT Flyover at around 5 pm and told some reporters that the Government is apprehensive of listing the flyover inauguration during the PM’s visit owing to uncertainty over causing disruption to the particular programme from certain quarters.
To illustrate his point he cited stoppage of work regarding the Ima Keithel construction.
Ruing that the BT Flyover work had consumed over two years since the construction activities began compared to similar work in other States taking only about six months, the CM also asserted that there is alarming cause to worry regarding shortage of construction materials as the Govt is prepared to ensure availability of any materials.
To a query regarding report of bomb attack at his official residence, O Ibobi tersely remarked that he was out of station on that particularly day and posed to the media persons that they may be well aware of any such incident. For the time being Dr Manmohan is likely to arrive on November 27 and leave the next day as per schedule intimated by Central Govt officials, said a senior Minister of the SPF Govt. The Minister, nevertheless hastened to add that a final programme could be known only after another meeting slated for November 20.
other tentatively prepared programme of the Prime Minister include laying the foundations for the Tipai-mukh multi-purpose project, Loktak Downstream Pro- ject, Cultural cum City convention Centre at Palace Com-pound, National Sports Academy at Khuman Lampak Sports Complex and conversion of Manipur Institute of Technology into a National Institute of Technology.
On completion of the compact programmes Dr Manmohan would be accorded a public reception at the Kangla Hall in the evening, listed the Minister while confiding that State Govt is considering proposal to the PM for approving night landing of flights in Imphal (Tulihal) Airport, construction of hospitals in all the hill district headquarters, establishing Water Sports Complex at Takmu, sports complexes in all the hill districts, extension of NH-150 (A) from Thinungei till Jiribam and Bishnupur-Nungba route as NH 53 (A).

Modern Manipuri politics: An insight By R Yangsorang Sangai Express article
It is by observation of the movement and activities of leaders of political parties in Manipur that something is real in the wake of high-pitched political campaign in greater Imphal area. Regularly new parties were floated some months before every election held in the past and many of such parties died down soon afterwards. The truth is that there is hardly any political party that has great concern of burning issues of the State, one of which is of Ms. Irom Chanu Sharmila who has been on fast unto death since November, 2000 for repeal of the AFSPA, 1958. No commendable voice was raised by any party when the building of Central Library was razed to the ground.
Now that the buildings of the administrative blocks of D.M. College of Science and Imphal College have been burnt down by the arsonists following the unceremonious termination of 466 part-time lecturers from their services is indicative of in-action of the state’s machinery and lack of political will. Because in Communist Cuba and Ch-ina, parties command barrels. In the United States and Great Britain, the parties formulate policies and the Govts implement them. In our State, the worst is still to haunt the State to create grim situation unless volatile issues are skilfully and timely tackled in a state as complicated and controversial as Manipur.
It can be asked whether political realignment or restructure of parties is for grabbing power only. Hence, political process of the state from the 70s to this time may be briefly elucidated.
Merger syndrome: There was the UNIC with four MLAs for a very brief period, deterring the st-ate’s integrity. But all in a dramatic turn, the party was merged with the INC in 1972 a sigh of relief for all. And a short-lived Manipur Hills’ Union could manage to place its leader even in the seat of Chief Minister of Manipur in 1974. Before long, stalwarts of the erstwhile state unit of the Samata Party joined the NCP en bloc. In recent time, there was the Manipur National Conference which was also merged with the RID. The Federal Party of Manipur which boasted of 13 law makers has finally merged with the MPP, the oldest regional party. No sooner than an election was over, the parties which failed to produce any result pitifully disappeared almost at once. In due course, leaders of such crest-fallen parties reappeared with new band of followers to form purely fresh parties with varied objectives before every election. This is the main feature of modern Manipuri politics, and what impact it will have in the 9th Assembly election in early 2007 is to be seen. The people of Manipur will never like to have so many political parties carried along by wind of ego, emotion and temptation in no particular direction.
But what are factual is that almost all candidates and most voters are members of a political party; say for instance, INC or any regional party. Concept of party: Nevertheless, the idea of party has many different meanings for both candidates and voters. To a candidate, party may be a handful of local leaders who can give or deny him a nomination or the thousands of people whose vote he can count on because he and they share the same party tag, or the policies he favours which were advocated by the presidents and members of his party in the past. For the voter, party may mean a family of political allegiance extending to two or three generations, or a local political party whose members are bound more in friendship than political philosophy and what not.
The voter may think of a party as a meaningful instrument for taking sides on the great public issues of his day. Still, the concept of party—for all its various meanings—is at the heart of Manipuri politics beginning from the days of Jana Neta Irabot Singh when he was elected president of Manipur Krishak Sabha in 1946. So, many of them in the state consider themselves congressmen or communists or regionalists. But for its importance in our political system, this party tradition was established as part of the system of Govt since 1957.
On the contrary, while the constitution of the land is very specific in providing for much of our political machinery, especially the method of electing the president of the country and members of the state’s legislature, it says not a single word about political parties.
Party viewpoints: In a wider scope, a political pa-rty is a group of people who have in common so-me general ideas of public policy and a very specific idea of political action-that members of their group should be elected to the state’s legislature. It explains much of what holds parties together, how they are able to maintain the support of individuals of widely different backgro-unds, viewpoints and obj-ectives. People who are interested in ideas -especially ideas about what should be done in their community, state and nation-are aware that those in public office are in the best position to get things done. So the thinkers seek out the doers and make common cause with them to translate thought into action. All find their place in a political party of the state.
The modern state political leaders bear little resemblances to the bosses of earlier eras.
Today’s leaders may exert considerable influence on the political and governmental affairs of the state and their methods and objectives differ from those of the old-style bosses.
With rare exception, they must have far higher standard of honesty, realizing corruption is bad politics. Recognizing a public interest in politics, they will aspire to lead a political organization that works effectively in the public interest. The activities of party organizations vary greatly from one generation to another or from one era to another. In our state one national party may be strong and effective drawing public support, with daily activity. In States like Orissa Tripura, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal the party may be no more than a paper party, rousing itself at rare intervals only to comply with political requirements for the selection and nomination of the party candidates. Accountability: Personnel and tradition seem to account for many of the differences among party organization. A State party that had been lazy in the past can become an aggressive or reliable organization when new and energetic leaders come to power. Before 1972, many political heavy-weights left the Congress to form a regional party.
That very party came to power in the state, though for a brief period. In those days, the regional party activity in the hills was so listless that the party rarely bothered even to nominate candidates or those candidates who were nominated could not be elected.
After 1974, however, a new crop of young political leaders breathed life into the regional party.
Without any further loss of time, they left it and joined the INC. Therefore, the hold of tradition is also important. Politics is essentially a conservative activity: what has been done before determines what is most likely to be done again. Today, the old ways do change, but slowly and often not until those in po-wer have been replaced th-rough age or political upheaval. A tradition of str-ong party activity perpetuates acceptance of party strength, while a history of weak organizations makes people suspicious of efforts to exert strong political power, scrapping people’s welfare programmes. The Task: The first task of all party organizations is to maintain control of positions of party leadership. In any state that is well organized politically, the leaders of each party at all levels are in alliance to maintain themselves in power. Rival factions may struggle for power but the state party leadership will often stand back from these local controversies and quickly acknowledge the leadership of the local winning faction.
Within each town or village, the local party leadership works hard to prevent a rival faction from gaining enough strength to mount a serious challenge. Political organizations dislike outright confrontations within their ranks, because they know their party will be weakened and the opposition party will benefit. Local revolutions do occur, however, and these intra-party fights are the most bitter in politics. Also at party headquarters on most days are a loyal band of party workers. Holding no special positions, they show up faithfully to do the chores, swap political gossip, and offer opinions to anyone willing to listen to their bosses who love talking and to have an audience with them. —To be contd

Doors for talks with ULFA open: Gogoi From Our Spl Correspondent Assam tribune
NEW DELHI, Nov 17 – Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi today said that the doors for talks with the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) are still open, but for that the militant outfit must announce its team of negotiators. Talking to this correspondent here today, Gogoi said that the Government would talk with the ULFA only if the senior leaders including the chairman Arabinda Rajkhowa and Commander in Chief Paresh Baruah comes for talks. He said that if the ULFA is really serious about talks, they should refrain from putting forward new pre-conditions.

The Chief Minister said that the ULFA was adopting delaying tactics on the issue of talks and called upon the outfit to come forward for direct talks. He expressed the view that the ULFA has a golden opportunity to come for talks as the Prime Minister himself assured to discuss “all issues”.
Commenting on the defeat of the Congress in the Jamunamukh bye polls, Gogoi admitted that a street play organized by the Education Minister Ripun Bora spoiled the chances of the ruling party. He said that though Bora apologized to the people, it failed to make up for the damage the play caused. However, he said that the Jamunamukh constituency was not a stronghold of the Congress and in fact the vote share of the party increased considerably.

US Senate approves N-deal with India Assam Tribune
WASHINGTON, Nov 17 – The landmark Indo-US nuclear deal today crossed a major hurdle when the Senate approved overwhelmingly a legislation to implement it after rejecting at least five killer amendments, including one seeking a cap on India’s fissile material production, reports PTI. The bill on the US-India Civilian Nuclear Agreement was adopted 85-12 by the 100-member Republican-controlled Senate after intense day-long debate, handing President George W Bush an important diplomatic victory on one of his top foreign policy initiatives.

Bush, in a statement in Singapore before leaving for Vietnam for an Asia Pacific Summit, hailed the Senate decision saying the agreement will bring India into the international non-proliferation mainstream besides creating new business opportunities for American companies and enhancing trade relationship. The House of Representatives has already given consent to the Bill. The agreement clinched on March 2 during the visit of Bush to New Delhi will allow the US to have civilian nuclear trade and technology with India and pave the way for international community to have nuclear cooperation with the country. The bill makes an exception in US law to allow American civilian nuclear trade with countries that have not allowed full international inspections. The bipartisan support to the deal came after the Senate rejected five killer amendments, including a mandatory commitment by India to stop making nuclear bomb materials and to severe military links with Iran. For the deal to take effect, the Senate version now has to be reconciled with the House version that was cleared sometime back in a Conference Committee; and both chambers will now have to approve the legislation in its final form prior to the ending of the session in the middle of December. The Nuclear Suppliers Group will also have to make an exception for India, which has to negotiate a safeguard agreement with the IAEA. Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Richard Lugar, who moved the legislation with ranking Democrat member Joseph Biden, described the deal as “most important diplomatic strategic initiative” undertaken by the President.
“It is an opportunity to build a vital, strategic partneship with a nation that shares our democratic values and will exert increasing influence on the world stage. We should move forward now,” he said. Describing India as an emerging world power with “awesome responsibility”, he said the strategic relations between the two nations gave US an opportunity to make a “gigantic difference” in the world. Biden, who spoke after Lugar, said the deal was a “new beginning” in US-India ties and praised Bush for continuing on a journey started by former President Bill Clinton. At the start of the debate on the bill, as many as 18 amendments were to be offered as a part of the broad agreement between the Republican and Democratic leaders.

However, it came down to about half of that number and here it was manoeuvred to have two of the amendments passed by a voice vote; two adopted by unanimous consent;and only five of the major and so-called killer amendments left to be slugged out on the floor of the Senate.
All five of the “killer amendments” went down rather tamely and without any nail biting finishes.

During the course of the consideration of the Senate Bill, Lugar had two amendments approved by voice vote.The first of which was offered by the Chairman himself on behalf of Senator Barack Obama, Democrat from Illinois. The Obama amendment, supported by both Republicans and Democrats, said that any supply of nuclear fuel reserve to India must be commensurate with reasonable reactor operating requirement.
“It is the policy of the United States that any nuclear power reactor fuel reserve provided to the government of India for use in safeguarded civilian nuclear facilities should be commensurate with reasonable reactor operating requirements,” the amendment said.
Lugar then had the Harkin amendment approved by a voice vote— the purpose of the Iowa Democrat being to make the waiver authority of the President contingent upon making a determination that India is fully participating in US and international efforts to dissuade, sanction and contain Iran for its nuclear programme consistent with UN Security Council resolutions. Jeff Bingaman who had a slew of amendments earmarked at the time of the leadership agreement saw only two of his taken on by unanimous consent and one “killer” amendment going down in a roll call vote. Adopted by Republicans and Democrats as part of the unanimous consent agreement, Senator Bingaman’s first amendment requirement an estimate of uranium use and an analysis of the production rate of nuclear explosive devices.
Public hearing is null and void, say anti dam activists The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 17: The public hearing held today at the Churachandpur DC`s office is null and void and there should be a fresh notification for another public hearing. Making the above declaration, Action Committee against Tipaimukh Project`s co-convener Oinam Bikramjit said that legal action will be processed soon over the Churachandpur DC Suman Singh for holding a public hearing against the legal norms. He was speaking at a press conference held at the office of AMSU Bishenpur branch today. He said that the dates for the proposed economic blockade will be announced soon and it will be intensified and extended from the earlier proposed 10 days. He said that even the notification issued by the Pollution Control Board for the public hearing which was advertised in the local dailies were not in the local dialect.

Panti Golmei, president Rongmei Women`s Organisation Assam, Manipur and Nagaland said that there was no grass-root awareness of the public hearing and people came to know about it only through newspapers. Expressing discontentment at the way the participants were treated today at the DC office, Panti said, "We were kept waiting for over three hours at the gate of the Churachandpur DC office while the DC and his staffs wasted our time with their dilly-dally tactics. The entire people of Manipur should condemn the Churachandpur DC."

Sumitra Kamei, legal advisor Kabui Mothers` Association, said, "The DC`s response is most uncivilized. He invited us to participate in the public hearing and turned us away so ungracefully." Aram Pamei, convenor Committee against Tipaimukh Dam and co-chairperson Citizens` Concern for Dam and Development, asked, "Is the DC thinking that we are too na�ve to take part in the public hearing or is there a secret agenda? We declare today`s public hearing null and void. They cannot impose the Tipaimukh dam by calling in few hand-picked persons."
She said that the divisive methods of the government to divide people on communal line are unacceptable and that the CM, concerned authorities and Churachandpur DC should take responsibilities for the outcomes.

Gogoi team loses momentum After five months... By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 17: It was the team performance in his last Government that enabled Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi to make it to Dispur for the second consecutive term, but in his second innings Gogoi himself and his team have lost the momentum they had. Although five months of the five-year term is too short a period for a government to show its performance, yet a government that has made it for the second consecutive term can pick up the momentum right from the word go. But that is not visible in this innings of Gogoi, and the style of working of a section of ministers and officials in the State Secretariat and the decreasing number of visitors to the State capital are glaring examples of this. Barring activities like the safai abhiyan in the Education Department undertaken by Ripun Bora, the drive to streamline the Health Department by Himanta Biswa Sarma, the drive to end the contractors’ raj in the Social Welfare Department by Ajanta Neog and activities taken up by Forest and Tourism Minister Rockybul Hussain and Power and Industry Minister Pradyut Bordoloi, nothing concrete is visible under this Government. The Chief Minister himself, who holds important departments like Finance, PWD and Home, is responsible to a large extent for this under-performance of the Government being headed by him. According to Finance Department officials, about 20 finance proposals could not be given final shape because the bureaucrats cannot meet the Chief Minister who often goes for official tours most of the time. This apart, according to sources, the officials of Finance, PWD and Home departments get little opportunities to meet Gogoi and discuss things relating to their departments in detail despite the Chief Minister being not against meeting them, and this has badly hampered the work in the three important departments which have much to do with the performance of other departments. In the last Congress Government, these departments had separate ministers who were assisted by ministers of state. The Agriculture Department is one department in which a minister can perform much as the State had the bitter taste of a drought-like situation this year, but the performance of Pramilarani Brahma, who heads the department, has been abysmally poor so far. In the last Congress Government, Anjan Dutta successfully pushed the Assam State Transport Department (ASTC) to a certain height, and so did Ripun Bora when it came to the Panchayat and Rural Development Department. But this time around, these two departments, being held by Chandan Brahma, are among the poor-performing departments. The Planning and Development Department, which was very active in the last Congress Government, is very sluggish at the hands of Prithibi Majhi now. Of course, nothing much can be expected from Border Area Development Minister Goutom Roy, who spelt doom for the Social Welfare Department in the last Congress Government in the State. Along with the ministers, a section of officials have also been playing truant and some of them are even busy in manipulating things in their own favour. Circles concerned feel that it is high time that the Chief Minister reviewed the activities of the departments so as to bring them on the track before it is too late.
NDFB seeks clarification on killing of its cadres Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 17: The National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) has today expressed its shock and serious displeasure over the killing of two of its cadres at Lnghin Manikpur in Karbi Anglong by the Assam Police yesterday. The rebel group has termed the incident as gross violation of ceasefire ground rules by the police. The rebel group has sought a clarification from the State Government on the killing of its cadres by the police. The All Bodo Peace Forum (ABPF), on the other hand, has demanded a judicial inquiry into the incident. This is the second incident of killing of NDFB cadres by the police in the hill district during the ceasefire period.
Strongly condemning the incident, NDFB spokesman S Sanjarang, in a hard-hitting statement, has said that the incident has reflected the insincerity and double standard on the part of the Government of India towards the ongoing peace process. He thinks that ‘arbitrary killings’ of the NDFB cadres have taken place at the direction of the top brass of the Assam Police so as to derail the peace process. Two NDFB cadres — K Riwriw and B Sijoosa — were gunned down by the police when they were on their way to attend the open session of the foundation day celebrations of the Bodo Sahitya Sabha, both the organizations claimed. Dismissing the police personnel’s claim that they acted in retaliation, Sanjarang said that Jayanta Kalita, in-charge of Dokmoka outpost under the Howraghat police station, led the ‘unprovoked’ police action. “The incident has once again exposed the truth of sinister motive and lack of sincerity of the Government towards a peaceful solution of the Bodo national problem,” said Bhraman Baglari, ABPF advisor.

Frans on 11.18.06 @ 03:46 PM CST [link]


Friday, November 17th

NSCN-K cautions Chang Tribal Hoho The Morung Express


Dimapur, Nov 16 (MExN): The NSCN-K has cautioned the Chang people, particularly the CKS (tribal Hoho of the Changs) against ‘selling out their political rights in the interest of short-term benefits and in the name of land disputes’ The NSCN-K also served a “last warning” against “Nagas who married Tangkhul women” and asked to be ‘careful’ not to “obtain self-inflicted punishments”.
“The NSCN/GPRN once more reminds the Chang people particularly the officials of CKS (Chang tribal Hoho) of the political rights of Eastern Nagas living in the four districts of East Nagaland. The CKS should not try to sell out their political rights in the interest of their short-term benefits and in the name of some land disputes. The NSCN/GPRN is fully aware of the destructive and self-isolation politics of CKS leaders” an MIP release stated.
According to the release, CKS leaders are ‘abusing, harassing and intimidating’ some persons joining the NSCN-K and to this stated that the leaders should first “surmise” the position of the Chang tribal areas and then “locate themselves who they are and where is their habitat”. The Chang area has no boundary with Assam, neither Burma or with “any outside world” which means Chang people have no access to “any outside people”, the NSCN-K stated adding that the area is “tightly surrounded by other Naga tribes and in time of adversity, Chang people living comfortably at Kohima and Dimapur will not be able to rescue them”. The release further stated that many Changs have understanding of their positions and have inclination to work with neighboring Naga tribes but some CKS leaders are “hell-bent” to be under the “Tangkhul invaders from Manipur”. In this regard the NSCN-K appealed to the “sensitive Chang people to think wisely in their own interest as well as in the interest of the Naga people and their land in general”.
CKS leaders were warned not to push things further ‘in their efforts to isolate the Chang people from their neighbors and bring self-destructions in their madness and vindictiveness’. While cautioning the Hoho leaders, the NSCN-K also warned Nagas who married Tangkhul women and ‘living and serving in Nagaland’ and for this ‘be careful so as not to obtain self-inflicted punishments’. It made clear that the NSCN-K authorities know by name and details Tangkhul women married to Naga husbands. It stated that they are working with the NSCN-IM in transporting its cadres, arms and ammunitions as well as intelligence networking. “This will be last warning and GPRN will not hesitate to take any action against these traitors” it added.
NSCN (I-M) officer defects Nagaland Post
DIMAPUR, NOV 16 (NPN): A senior officer of the NSCN (I-M) Maj Lokishe who was also reportedly the second-in-command of the NSCN (I-M) during the recent factional clash in Zunheboto, has defected to NSCN (K). NSCN (K) military spokesperson Isak Sumi in a press release claimed that Maj Lokishe defected to the NSCN (K) on October 27 last, because he refused to obey the command of the deputy C-in-C of the NSCN (I-M) Markson to assassinate former Sumi Hoho president Huska. According to the NSCN (K), when Lokishe inquired the reason for the order, since he did not know anything about Huska, Markson responded by ordering him to find and kill Huska and that the reason was only known to their leaders, Isaac and Muivah.
"Lokshe believes that killing innocent public leaders is not a fight for the cause of nation...," the NSCN (K) release added. Meanwhile, the NSCN (I-M) in a circular issued to all its unit battalions informed that Maj Lokishe had defected to the rival faction not because of any political reasons, but purely on personal grounds. The circular also reminded all NSCN (I-M) members to be "conscious of the fact in the near future."
Crack in DAN, JD (U) differs with NPF on law and order Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Nov 16:: The state Janata Dal (United) unit, a coalition partner of the ruling Democratic Alliance of Nagaland (DAN), has rejected the Nagaland Peoples' Front's (NPF) claims that factional clashes are not the law and order problem of the State...

In a media release here today, JD (U) president S Limatemjen said any fraternal violence or clashes outside the designated perimeters is the law and order problem of the state.He urged the state government to carry on its responsibilty of maintaining law and order in the state under the guise of political situation. (UNI)
NSCN (K) claims assassination plot The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 16 (MExN): As was reported earlier of the defection of one Major Lokshe of the NSCN (IM) to the rival camp, the Military Spokesperson, NSCN (K) Isak Sumi in a press note received here informed that Major Lokshe was also the second-in-command in the recent clash at Zunheboto operation and confirmed his defection to the NSCN (K).
The major defected to NSCN (K) as on October 27 last, it was informed. The Military Spokesperson pointed out that the deputy commander in chief of NSCN (IM), Markson had ordered Maj Lokshe to assassinate Huska, former president of Sumi Hoho. “Lokshe inquired the reason behind the killing order since he did not know anything about Huska to which Markson ordered him to find and kill Huska, stating that the reason is only known by their leaders Isaac and Muivah”, the NSCN (K) Military Spokesperson stated.
“Lokshe believes that killing innocent public leaders is in no fight for the cause of nation but we should be fighting against the terrorist activities which has brought about irreparable set backs in our national aspiration”, the press note from the NSCN (K) stated.
JD (U) chink appears on DAN government’s armor ‘Don’t shy away with political situation disguise’ The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 16 (MExN): The Nagaland JD (U), a partner in the NPF-led DAN coalition, has not taken lightly to the NPF party demanding disciplinary action against DAN Chairman Dr Hokishe Sema, JD (U) MLA Huska Sumi as well as 5 other legislators over statements made in regard to the law and order situation in Nagaland. Notwithstanding the earlier sharp reaction of the NPF, the JD (U) reasserted its stand that law and order is a state subject within the state and that the Nagaland government is responsible for maintaining the same within the state.
“Law and order is a state subject within the state and the state government is responsible for maintaining law and order within the state. Under the guise of political situation, the state should not shy away from executing its prompt responsibility of maintaining law and order in the state” the JD (U) stated through its President S Limatemjen.
The JD (U) state executives held a meeting on November 14 and reviewed the political, law and order situation and had appealed to all underground groups to desist from confrontations for peace as well as for a final political settlement. With regard to a press statement by 5 senior DAN legislators towards the matter, the JD (U) reminded that it was their collective opinion on the issue. “Hence, it will not be appropriate for the NF party alone to demand disciplinary action against 5 MLAs as all of them do not belong to NPF party; in fact NPF being the major alliance partner should have initiated DAN coordination meeting for consultation and for seeking collective DAN partners’ opinion” the JD (U) rued.
The party opined that without consulting DAN partners such as the BJP and the JD (U), the NPF’s demand for disciplinary against DAN chairman Dr Hokishe Sema is unjustifiable. It is also not proper for the NPF to demand disciplinary action against JD (U) MLA Huska Sumi who belongs to a different political party, the JD (U) reminded adding that better party coordination was expected to develop mutual trust and confidence for maintenance of the pre-poll alliance.
The JD (U) also took a swipe at Home Minister Thenucho’s statement that “GoI-NSCN ceasefire not in the interest of the Nagas”, and termed it as “not acceptable”. “JD (U) party has been upholding the ceasefire between the Government of India and the NSCN since the party’s inception in Nagaland. In the interest of the Nagas for a political talk and peaceful settlement, ceasefire is a must otherwise peaceful atmosphere, free movement, communication, contact and interaction between the negotiating parties will be hampered” the party reminded adding that even mediators would be rendered “fragile.”
The JD (U) reasserted these:Designated camps and areas have been allotted to the undergrounds so they should confine themselves to the stipulate parameters for their activities; any fraternal violent activity or clashes outside the designated parameters becomes a law and order problem affecting normal life and activity of the innocent people, villages and towns.
NSCN-K slams rival faction over Grace Collins The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 16 (MExN): In yet another run-up to the ongoing paper war, the NSCN-K has pulled up the NSCN-IM for being under the influence of Grace Lyu Collins and has demanded that she tender an unconditional apology. “Until and unless Grace Lyu Collins scraps here concocted and fabricated malicious allegations written in her report against NSCN/GPRN and NNC/FGN from her book and tender unqualified apology to the NSCN and NNC, her name shall remain accursed in heaven and on earth so far as the Naga sovereignty movement is concerned” an NSCN-K MIP release stated.
The NSCN-K stated that Grace Lyu Collins’ name is “divinely, but her acts are satanic.” It rued that her team met and interacted with NSCN-IM men, Naga NGO leaders and others but not the NSCN-K and leaders of the two factions of NNC. “The team could meet even entityless (sic) and powerless social and non-governmental organization, why they failed to meet people who have political organizations and government which the government of India have ceasefire agreements by recognizing their potentials of their movement?” the NSCN-K stated questioning the purpose of her team’s visit.
The NSCN-K also reminded of the Atlanta issue. The MIP stated that the NSCN/GPRN and the NNC/FGN were bitter enemies but decided not to fight against each other out of the Atlanta meet “in reverence to the Baptist Christian leaders there and the Jimmy Carter Peace Center” and till date the decision stands which is “great for the Nagas”. On the other had, the NSCN-IM who had claimed to be “good people and good Christians” remains otherwise. “Did the NSCN and NNC give up heir fight for freedom because of the Atlanta meet? God forbid. Naga Christians, don’t hesitate come out openly and condemn I-K terrorists and their supporters from among NGO leaders whose names are traitors” it added.
DAN’s policies absurd: Chishi Nagaland Post
Dimapur, Nov 16(NPN): Former chief minister and Congress leader K.L. Chishi has termed it as a "parody of the absurd" the manner in which the DAN government led by chief minister Neiphiu Rio has abdicated its responsibility in managing the affairs of the state that has invited consequent problems upon the people of Nagaland. In a statement, Chishi charged the DAN government of politicising killings and refusing to acknowledge the genuine suffering of the affected people.
Instead of admitting its failure and lack of governance, the DAN government was making vain attempts to shift the blame on the Congress for raising the law and order issue, he said. He said DAN's current excuse would have had some logic, if factional killings took place in the jungles. However, he said, it was a "shame that despite clashes taking place inside civilian populated areas, the DAN government chose to speak about its equi-closeness policy which today stands exposed as a contributing factor to the problem".
He also said the NPF should stop "becoming personal" with its attacks such as that against NPCC president Hokheto Sumi. Chishi said it did not matter if one was in one party in the past or not but what mattered was the contribution one has made to any political party, especially outside one's constituency. He also hit out at the Rio government on the issue of affiliation and subsequent admission of Naga students from the four hill districts of Manipur. Chishi said the Neiphiu Rio-led DAN government has added politics into academics for political mileage by imposing its decision upon the NBSE. He said the NBSE as an important academic body, has it own rules and regulations which should not be sullied by politics, as it affects the future of thousands of students of the state. Here too, the DAN government has sought to play politics, he said.
"When the constitutional duty of a government is to govern for the security and welfare of its people, the Neiphiu Rio government has indulged in the politics of the absurd", added Chishi.
Nagaland Governor, CM to meet Shivraj Patil Zee News Bureau Report
New Delhi, Nov 17: With recent spurt in violence in Nagaland between rebels, Governor Shyamal Dutta and Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio will apprise Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil of the prevailing situation in the state on Friday.

Dutta and Rio, who are in the capital for the North Eastern Council meeting, will have separate meetings with Patil during which they would explain the ground realities in the northeastern state.

Nagaland has of late witnessed a series of bloody clashes involving the two factions of NSCN leaving a number of persons dead and injured and leading to exodus in Zunheboto town which last month witnessed an intense gun battle between the two rival groups with rebels using heavy weapons like mortars. Similar clashes have been witnessed in Peren district.

Nagaland in need for creative uprising Dr. Mithilesh Kumar Sinha HOD, Economics, N.U Kuknalim.com
Innovation, technology and entrepreneurship have played an important role to expedite the process of social and economic development. The last decade has seen the transformation of Nagaland. Nagaland today is at the cusp of paradigm change in its growth trajectory. Revival of Nagaland’s creativity and the innovative spirit needs to be made into a state movement. Innovators refuse status quo, they convert inspirations into solutions and ideas into products. Building such innovators will require an all-pervasive attitudinal change towards life and work - a shift from a culture of drift to a culture of dynamism, from a culture of idle prattle to a culture of thought and work, from diffidence to confidence, from despair to hope.

Risk taking must become a part of our innovation strategy. Innovative organizations have no place for those who preserve the systems in a pre-fabricated and unaltered way. We do not shoot people who make mistakes. We shoot people who do not take risks. One must serious look at the scope of innovation in government institutions and laboratories which are risk averse. In fact, it is more often than not that such institutions are run by rules and regulations than by objectives.

Or new innovative Nagaland will have to be built to concentrating on our youth, which represents the state strength, vitality and vigour. If properly moulded, the youth can become the champion of our culture, custodian of our state pride. But the process of such moulding requires the right type of education right from childhood. One youth must imbibe the spirit of a true innovator. They must realize that an innovator is one, who does now know that it cannot be done. It is this 'can do and will do spirit' only that will build new innovative Nagaland of our dreams.

To drive innovations and encourage inventive practices Nagaland needs to focus on the following: 1. Change mindset to a more rational and scientific thinking in government administration, universities, science and technology laboratories, schools and homes. 2. Use technologies related to communication, biotech, nanotech and alternative sources of energy to expedite the process of modernization and meet basic human needs related to water, sanitation, food, shelter, education and health. 3. Develop new cost-effective products and services in collaboration with public/private partnership to create new business models which are scalable to improve access and affordability. 4. Create a new eco system to integrate resources and improve interaction between industries, universities, laboratories, financial institutions and markets. 5. Innovate ways to modernize age-old process. It is time to innovate new ways and means for government to interface with citizens with simplicity, transparency, clarity and accountability at state, district and khel levels. 6. Bring young talent to the mainstream of higher education and science and technology activities in the state. 7. Focus on indigenous development with local expertise on local problems with local content of local relevance. 8. Ensure that all development activities, products, services etc. are globally competitive, scalable and sustainable.

As we speak, Nagaland is innovating relentlessly-disregarding the bounds of accepted beliefs to find non-obvious, unconventional, or unexplored solutions to problems. I believe that this is just the beginning - we will see several profound innovations as Nagaland broad-bases its growth and reaches out to the remote areas of the state. Nagaland has demonstrated an admirable ability to respond with wise policies and needed reforms. As Nagaland continues to grow and evolve, the rest of India will watch with growing respect-and be as impressed as I have been - as this fascinating, dynamic, ingenious state strides forward to realize its full potential.
Friends against migrants Statesman News Service
IMPHAL, Nov. 16: With 7.04 lakh outsiders in a total of 23 lakh, Manipuris are pushing for the introduction of Inner Line Permit which regulates entry of people from other states into tribal states such as Mizoram and Nagaland.
Gearing up to get the legislators to promise the introduction of ILP is the newly-formed Federation of Regional Indigenous Societies (Friends) which has asked Manipuris to abandon the practice of family planning. “We must procreate more to counter the influx of outsiders or we will be wiped out like the Tripuris who have become minorities in their own land,” said Mr Jadumani Sapam, chief of the organisation. “About 20 years ago, it was predicted that Tripura would be swamped by migrants. Today, there are 40 non-Tripuri MLAs in a House of 60. Experts predict the same fate for Manipur within 30 years. If ILP is not in place and the railway connection comes within 10 years, it will not take that long also,” he said. He said in at least 18 Assembly constituencies, contestants were dependent on immigrants. Assam, Meghalaya and Nagaland were in similar situation, he said. “We must emulate Mizoram where the ILP is practised,” he said. With the Assembly election round the corner, Friends would ask political parties to include the introduction of ILP in their agenda. “We have submitted a memorandum to the chief minister,” he added. “Outsiders are welcome for business. But they must not try to enter electoral politics by acquiring permanent residency,” he said. Jadumani hinted at launching an agitation if the demands of his organisation were not met. Already, it has banned the use of goods made in other parts of the country and sometimes carries out seizure and destruction of goods. It forced one non-Manipuri from contesting the recent Municipal election.
Local contractors expose corrupt nexus The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 16 (MExN): The Nagaland Government Registered Class-I Contractors Union (NGRC-ICU) and Nagaland Contractors & Suppliers Union (NCSU) are clearly not happy with the emerging nexus of rival firm M/s Singh Construction Company with powerful vested interest in the Nagaland State establishment. The NGRC-ICU has once again brought to light startling figures to put forward their case.
As per a press communiqué received here, there were allegations that not even a single amount had been paid to the local contractors for construction of Permanent Headquarter for 9th NAP (IR) at Saijang and 10th NAP (IR) at Zhadima in the last release of Rs 573 lakhs in the month of August 2006. It was alleged that the entire amount was paid to M/s Singh Construction Company for the so called Turkey project whereas in the actual agreement under negotiated loan from HUDCO, it was to be released on 50:50 basis, i.e. Rs 286.50 lakhs: Rs 286.50 lakhs.
Further details were revealed by the NGRC-ICU as per the record available from the LOC of Finance department for the released amount of Rs 573 lakhs. “It is quite shocking to know that how the Finance department could release the whole amount of Rs 573 lakhs without deducting the 13% departmental charges amounting to a whooping Rs 66 lakhs (approximately) stated KC Angami and L Pukhato Shohe , President and General Secretary respectively of the NGRC-ICU in a press communiqué.
It was also disclosed that apart from this, in the contract agreement of M/s Singh Construction Co. 4% work tax on gross value of bill was to be paid as extra by the department. However as per a government order dated 16.7.2002, work tax is to be deducted from the gross value of all running and final bills. “Are they so special a contractor that they are exempted of all the departmental charges as well as the 4% work tax?” the statement questioned. In the light of these facts and figures, the NGRC-ICU pointed out that the firm in question M/s Singh Construction Co. i.e Mohan Singh in connivance with politicians, bureaucrats and technocrats are all out to deprive the local contractors in whichever department they put their hands to.
“Lastly, are we to let them (M/s Singh Construction Co.) continue with this practices or do our local contractors remain silent spectators without getting even a single penny for the works done for the same type of construction under same location when their rates are also far apart, i.e Rs 932.40 per Sq ft (local contractors) and Rs 2246.45 per Sq ft (M/s Singh Construction Co.)
Underground groups urged to solve Nagalim issue peacefully
JD (U) differs with NPF on law and order issue Crack in DAN? Sentinel
Kohima, Nov 16: The state Janata Dal (United) unit, a coalition partner of the ruling Democratic Alliance of Nagaland (DAN), has rejected the Nagaland Peoples’ Front’s (NPF) claims that factional clashes are not the law and order problem of the State.
In a media release here today, JD (U) president S Limatemjen said any fraternal violence or clashes outside the designated perimeters is the law and order problem of the state. He urged the State Government to carry on its responsibility of maintaining law and order in the state under the guise of political situation. Limatemjen also took exception to NPF’s, another coalition partner of DAN, demand of taking disciplinary action against five DAN legislators for voicing their concern over the present law and order situation in the state.He said it was not appropriate for the NPF to demand disciplinary action against the five legislators as all of them do not belong to NPF. The JD (U) president further termed the State Home Minister’s statement, that the Centre and NSCN cease-fire was not in the interest of Nagas, as unacceptable and added that cease-fire is must for a political talk and peaceful settlement in the interest of Nagas.
He also appealed to all underground outfits to stop further clashes and work towards a peaceful and a final political settlement of Nagalim (greater Nagaland). (UNI)
Neiphiu Rio urges Centre to fulfil commitments Vajpayee’s promise for social and infrastructure development in Nagaland yet to materialize Sentinel
Kohima, Nov 16: Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio has urged the UPA Government at the Centre to fulfil the commitments made by former Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee during his visit to the State in 2003 for physical and social infrastructure development in Nagaland.
Addressing the 53rd meeting of the North Eastern Council (NEC) in New Delhi yesterday, the Chief Minister insisted on implementation of a slew of schemes and projects announced by the then Prime Minister, including revival of defunct Tuli paper mills, a joint venture project between Nagaland Government and Hindustan Paper Corporation.
Vajpayee’s economic package included four-laning of Dimapur-Kohima section of NH-39, creation of employment avenues for 25,000 Naga youth, setting up of regional institute of information technology and extension of railway network upto capital town Kohima from Dimapur. Rio sought central assistance of Rs 5.87 crore for some additional facilities to be provided to Sainik school being set up and Rs 8.69 crore under NEC to clear committed liabilities of referral hospital Dimapur. Rio in his speech, a copy of which available here, suggested concrete measures from NEC and ministry of DONER for promotion of cross border trade, exploration of vast natural resources and tourism potential, agri and allied sectors and empowerment of youth through training and capacity building. PTI/AP
Security, Ulfa reprise: who’s listening? By Bijay Sankar Bora The Statesman
Once again there were emergency security review meetings, stock taking of the situation and hammering out a “specific strategy” to counter “renewed threat” posed by the banned United Liberation Front of Asom (Ulfa) in the wake of the 5 November twin explosions which killed 15 and wounded 40 in a busy market at Guwahati.
This is a rerun of what happens each time Ulfa strikes in a big way in the state: Home Ministry officials, police and other security figures talk of a specific strategy for effective real time intelligence sharing and better coordination. This begins and then takes a back seat as the pressure eases. And things fall apart till Ulfa hits again, usually where it hurts most and at the most vulnerable. How long will it continue? Is there any point talking about peace talks with a group that doesn’t hesitate to use bombs on civilians? Where are the human rights groups who are always vocal when an Ulfa militant gets killed at the hands of security forces?
These are some of the questions being asked after the blasts, incidents which rattled the state that Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi admitted that his government had failed to provide security to ordinary people._ It is evident that the Ulfa can strike terror at will despite the pressure from the police and the Army. However, of late, the outfit whose cadre strength is depleting and firepower is on the wane, has shown tendency to target vulnerable civilians rather than members of police or security forces or VIPs. These are nothing but acts of terrorism. This time, Ulfa targeted those of Bihari origin while triggering the blasts. Earlier, suspected Ulfa cadres detonated two bombs near a Chait Puja celebration which is practised by people of Bihari origin near the Guwahati oil refinery killing two teenagers. The state government for the most tried to underplay the attacks on the community. And the Governor of Assam, Lt.-Gen (Retd.) Ajai Kumar Singh who led the military operations against Ulfa in the 1990s, says that the twin blasts were stray incidents and not part of any pattern of attack. He says that there needs to be better coordination among security forces in tackling terrorists, since the latter now operate with a global network. At a seminar on “Terrorism: emerging trends, needs forstrategies” organized by the Assam police, the Governor took pot shots at the state of affairs vis-à-vis intelligence gathering and sharing. The police, he remarked, needed be more serious in tackling terrorism because such an approach would be a major deterrent for terrorists. One thing is clear: Ulfa took advantage of the six-week-long cessation of hostilities with the central government in August and September, an informal ceasefire which was ostensibly aimed at giving peace a chance. The militant group utilized the time to regroup and replenish its armory and coffers.
The Assam government firmly believes that such a calculated risk needed be taken to give Ulfa a chance to come to the mainstream. However, the risk taken has now proved very costly.
The Union government apparently has not lost all hopes about the deadlocked peace initiative with the Ulfa provided it showed sincerity, which the organization has not. A transparent approach is the key to progress to any peace process. Union Home Secretary V K Duggal says the door was not yet closed to Ulfa but in the same breath declares there are plans to intensify operations against the militant group. How will this carrot and stick policy work?
As Ulfa continues to target the vulnerable and poor, public reaction will grow against it. The Governor wants the “mature and brave populace” of Asom to root out the virus (Ulfa) in the “greater interest” of peace and development. But the Governor also renewed his call to the media to mount pressure on the Ulfa to stop killing innocent people. Those editors who were in the People’s Consultative Group and others who are known to be pro-Ulfa should now take a lead in denouncing the violation of human rights by armed groups and calling for an end to indiscriminate, cowardly bombings which are clear cases of terrorism. Who is listening? Is Ulfa?
(The author is The Statesman’s Special Representative based in Guwahati)
A deep sense of exclusion and alienation Continuing our series of excerpts on the proposed National Tribal Policy: Violent Manifestations The Statesman
The plateau area of central India which, together with the North East, has most of the forest resources and mineral wealth of the country also happens to be the area in which the majority of the tribal people live. It also has very low physical infrastructure and a very low HDI.
STs, over a period of several years, have begun to feel a deep sense of exclusion and alienation, which has been manifesting itself in the form of tribal unrest in various tribal pockets. The increasing violence is due to a variety of reasons - social, political and economic, which combined together have created a sense of severe dissatisfaction, a feeling of having been neglected and deprived of what is rightfully theirs. The factors leading to the spread of the violent movements include the existence of acute poverty, severe disparities in living standards, lack of economic and livelihood opportunities and being treated as offenders and even criminals when they exercise their traditional rights.
A situation is thus developing where the STs view the State as their exploiter and enemy, and the preachers of violent actions as their protector and friend. Tribal people tend to support these violent movements as they feel that it would help them to get their rights, protect them from exploitation and redress their grievances.
Such violent manifestations should not be viewed as merely law and order problems to be tackled through policing, or by arming the tribals to fight these events as is being done in certain areas. The solution lies in giving rights to the ST communities over natural and financial resources and addressing the issue of economic deprivation in a prompt and time bound manner.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs)
A section of the STs who are even more backward than others have been historically classified as Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) since 1973. These tribes are 75 in number and their population as per the 1991 census is about 25 lakhs. The criteria used for identification of the PTGs are: pre-agricultural level of technology, remote isolated enclaves, smallness of number, stagnating or diminishing population, low levels of literacy. These criteria also suffer from lack of specificity, but since it is not proposed to add any more tribes to the number of PTGs, a change at this stage is unnecessary. There is, however, a need to change the name, even though this may be merely cosmetic. The term ‘primitive’ has derogatory overtones and therefore will be changed through this Policy to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PTGs).

The following action is envisaged under the Policy to improve the condition of the PTGs:
i. To address the problem of inadequate data, the concerned States will compile comprehensive databases and profiles for each of the 75 PTGs.
ii. Different approaches will be adopted for the two broad categories among the PTGs viz. the “heritage groups” which have been, more or less, insulated from the surrounding populations and are placed in isolated ecological environments, such as, the Jarawas, Sentinelese, Shampen, Cholanaikan, etc. and the category of PTGs which is located on the fringes of”mainstream” population and have some contact with them, such as the Birhor, Chenchus, Jenu Kurubas, etc. The strategy of advancement will b e group-oriented in the case of heritage groups; it will be a mix of group-oriented and area-development in the case of the second category. The first approach will aim at conservation of the eco-system, life styles and traditional skills of the group, while the second approach will place equal emphasis on economic programmes. The underlying principle and approach will be to enable a PTG to move forward in its own chosen direction and at its own pace. No attempt will be made to disrupt its moorings.
iii. Within this framework, conservation-cum-development plans will be prepared probing the causes of disequilibrium in the socio-economic, physical, environmental resources, assessing the specific requirements for health, nutrition, education, livelihoods, etc. and proposing appropriate interventions. The three entry points for administration will be drinking water supply, education and health. iv. All the PTGs would simultaneously be covered under the Life-cum-Disability Insurance Scheme.
Elephant stampede clears path for ministry in India. Mission network
November 17, 2006 India (MNN)--Gospel For Asia missionaries say an elephant stampede cleared the path to ministry. For reasons unknown, a group of 10 elephants recently stampeded a small village in India's Nagaland state. When the dust settled, everything was gone.

A church plant, now eight years old, saw its members scattered, too. However, the believers began to share the Gospel among their new neighbors, with amazing results.

Many people came to Christ and two new churches began. GFA native missionaries are now leading these fellowship groups and discipling the new believers.
Writes their correspondent, "Now all our believers understand that God works all things together for good. Praise God for using our believers to start these prayer fellowships."
200 Mizo Jews migrate to Israel The Morung Express
AIZAWL, Nov 16 (IANS): More than 100 newly converted tribal Jews in India’s northeastern state of Mizoram Thursday migrated to Israel following a formal invitation from Jerusalem, religious leaders said.
“A total of 105 people from Mizoram left for Israel on Thursday while another 103 went on Wednesday, with the Israeli prime minister’s office formally inviting them to their Promised Land,” Rabbi Hannock Avizedek, an Israeli preacher, said before boarding a flight from the state capital Aizawl. A representative of the Chief Rabbinate in Jerusalem, Avizedek is escorting the second batch of Mizo Jews to Israel. He had been in Aizawl for the past six months to impart Hebrew lessons to the tribal Jews and finetune their knowledge on Judaism. Schoolteacher Bana Kholhring and her businessman husband Avior were excited to be part of the 218 tribal Mizos chosen to migrate to Israel. “I am so happy today. It is a dream come true as we leave for our Holy Land,” 30-year-old Bana said. Their three teenaged children are also accompanying them.
“I have no regrets at all about leaving my birthplace because Israel is our Promised Land,” said Zimra Hnamte, a 50-year-old widow. The Mizo Jews would be settled in the cities of Nazareth Illit and Karmiel in northern Israel.
Sephardic or oriental chief rabbi in Jerusalem Shlomo Amar announced in March last year that some 6,000 members of the Bnei Menashe tribe in India’s northeast were descendants of ancient Israelites or one of the Biblical 10 lost tribes. The recognition by Israel came in the wake of mounds of applications from local tribals seeking to migrate to Israel, which they say is their right. According to Israeli law, every Jew enjoys the “right of return” - or the right of abode in Israel. After the Bnei Menashe tribe was recognised as one of the 10 lost tribes by Jerusalem, a group of Israeli Rabbis in September 2005 visited Mizoram and converted the first batch of 218 Mizo tribal people to Judaism after they took a holy dip at a ‘mikvah’ or a ritual bath.
“I have no doubt that the newly converted here are practicing the religion perfectly. Once they reach Israel they will be undergoing a year-long course to finetune other aspects of Judaism at government expense,” the Rabbi said. Some 800 people from Mizoram and Manipur have managed to migrate to Israel since 1994 when a private body called the Amishav Association took up their case. The last batch of 71 tribal people left the northeast for Jerusalem in May 2003. Mizoram is a predominantly Christian state, while Hinduism is the dominant faith in Manipur. A majority of the Jews in both Mizoram and Manipur were Christian by birth and later started practicing Judaism.
‘Look East’ to benefit SE Asian nations Nagaland Post
GUWAHATI, NOV 16 (UNI): India's 'Look East' policy, targeted at enhancing India's standing in global politics, could spell success for the entire South East Asia depending on India's ability to integrate the interests of its North Eastern states in its larger regional ambition, though Myanmar could emerge as the Achilles' heel. This was suggested in a summary of a report of the Asian Dialogue Society's (ADS) Greater Asia Initiative, 'Shared Integration: Promoting a Greater Asia'. A study mission had visited NE in January this year to examine the possibilities of collaboration between the people of the NE states and Southeast Asia and the impact of the Look East policy. The report explores the critical nexus between India and South East Asia and the many dimensions of India's role in Greater Asia.
It maintains that India has adopted a configurational approach towards regionalism which is episodic in essence in which certain strategic configurations dominate, depending on the geopolitical or geo-economic environment. India perceives Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) as the stepping stone towards achieving her regional objectives and balance in the global power play. The report argues that the Look East policy was embedded in its historical commitment to build Asian solidarity as reflected in the 1955 Bandung Declaration. The report recommended 'shared integration' for a creative fusion of India's interests with the region's priorities. The report cautions that the progress of the Look East policy would be dictated by India's ability to integrate the interests of the NE states in its larger regional ambition.
As such, the report studies the realities of ethno-nationalism and sub-regionalism in NE India in the context of intra-regional relations, and their implications for the realisation of shared integration. It argues that bracketing of the eight NE states, with its diverse tribal groups, customs and cultures, into what is called the 'North East,' ignores the distinct identity and sub-national aspirations of resident ethnic groups. The report also examines the negative impact of Delhi's promised carrot of economic safety net, which serves to appease the 'greed' of a handful and to maintain the status quo. The issues of insurgency and NE India-Myanmar relations are also scrutinised, with Myanmar identified as a potential Achilles' heel in India's pursuit of global influence. The report urged strengthening of the Brahmautra-Yangtze-Mekong quadrant in a shared integration approach that would catalyse the change process in Myanmar.
The report also offered possibilities for collaboration, action and execution by both regions in a shared integration approach that would accelerate growth in congruence between the ideals of a Greater Asia and the prevailing realities in NE India. The report recommends two broad strategies for dealing with the complexity of the NE dilemma. It proposed an ''eco-holistic'' approach towards managing shared integration in the NE where human security, cultural connectivity and green economy form the substratum of change. Secondly, it emphasised the importance of short-run adaptive strategies as well as long-run reconstructive strategies focused on domains of leadership, legitimisation of regional institutions and the creation of optimal conditions. The findings of the study report focused on the importance of understanding and addressing the diversities of NE for the success of the Look East policy.
Tribal film makers come of age Newmai News Network
Lights, camera, READY ! : L Doungel and Mrs N Kentaliu
Imphal, Nov 16 : Of late, the creativity of tribal film makers are gradually looking up.
Many promising tribal film makers have begun to make their mark. Pioneers among them are Lamgin Doungel, N Kentaliu, Assurance Raikhan and a few others. To see where tribals films stand, Newmai News Network explored the film world of tribals in Manipur, interviewing some of the well known film directors, producers and film makers. Beginning from 1985, Manipur tribal film movement has progressed with the coming of digital film makings although the returns are extremely poor. The increase of film making movement in Manipur is said to be due to its legacy of rich cultural heritage and talented artistes (inborn quality). Chun Chun Films is a brain child of N.Kentaliu. It started with the objective of documentation brain child of N Kentaliu. Chun Chun Films started with the objective of documentation on culture parti- cularly on Liangmai Naga and Nagas in general. It also covers social, education, fa-mily planning, forestry and to show natural talent of the tribals singers, besides short plays and dramas. According to Kentaliu, Chun Chun Films has produced two episodes on do- cumentary features telecast in Prashar Bharati Corporation (PBC) in 2003 based on Liangmai culture known as “The armour of the olden village” in DDK Imphal on royalty programme called ‘Sweat for survival’, ‘Life in Liangmai village’ and ‘Life in Zeliang village’ in DDK Kohima. This year the couple had sent a documentary feature to DDK Imphal entitled ‘League of custom and dance’. Apart from this they had also submitted ‘foot prints’, ‘Glimpses of Liangmai in Manipur’ and has produced ‘Liangmai Lokpui’ and ‘Quinquennial programme’. She said that it was very hard to find tribal artistes because parents are unwilling to let their wards par- ticipate in the field of acting having the mindset that profession may lead to immoral life-style. “The tribal people are reluctant to extend co- operation whenever documentation projects are under taken. This is again owing to the popular ignorant belief that such pro- jects are anti-Christian while terming such undertakings as evil and failed to realize that culture is not religion”, Kentaliu rued. Making a film or documentary has become part and parcel of the family, though faced with various problems of researching due to unwritten records and passing away of elders, the only reliable records. Even if the research story is known they faced problems in bringing out visually. The Liangmai film maker said that since tribal people do not have enough technicians they have to hire from Manipur Film Development Corporation (MFDC) at the rate of Rs.2500 per shift (8 hours).
On top of that every expense has to be borne by the producer from editing to technicians and to spot boys, she narrated. she also said most of the documentary films are made with the knowledge of authority concerned and comes at a high price for a particular shot as it means feast for the entire village, besides paying the villagers their daily wages. “Manipur Films Development Corporation should create a room for tribal concession/reservation include some criteria so that tribal people’s talent be explored because valley people are far ahead in the field, have enough experts, artistes, technician etc whereas tribal people are nascent on this sector”, Kentaliu suggested, adding “they have submitted a memorandum on this regard to Prashar Bharati Corporation (Guwahati)”. In order to keep one’s cultural heritage alive it need documentation, and for that reason visual is the essential tool. Tribals have their own customary/law courts till today following the great ancestor law, according to the director/producer. Most of the tribal artistes have natural talent but it need grooming/training and they’ll be on par with that of mainstream artistes, encouraged Kentaliu. People should be made aware of usefulness of film media as medium in a good light because most people especially from Christian background are superstitious on the issue. “Tribal films industries’ main stumbling block include non- existence of common language, less population, marketing problems and piracy,” N Kentaliu said.
Kalam exasperated with rampant corruption Assam Tribune
NEW DELHI, Nov 16 – Terming corruption as a matter of serious concern, President A P J Abdul Kalam today favoured the setting up of an independent commission comprising officials from various government agencies for the strict enforcement of stringent laws to counter the menace, reports PTI. “Corruption is the concern of our society, our youth, of course government also. I believe a mission mode approach in elimination of corruption is essential. I am going to advocate (this) to my government,” Kalam said during his speech and a question-answer session at CBI’s 16th biennial conference of Anti-Corruption and Vigilance Bureaus of the country.

“The system can have convergence of all agencies to take decisions and execute (them). The idea only struck me a few days ago and I am working on it,” he said. Kalam said the idea came to him when he was surfing the internet to find a corrution-free country. “I got the information through internet about Hong Kong’s experience. “Hong Kong, 40 years back, has been described as though it was what we witnessed in many areas in the Indian scene. But today, Hong Kong is free from corruption. I was told that this has (happened) through their one action of establishing a powerful independent commission against corruption.

“The independent commission worked on a three-pronged approach by strict enforcement of stringent laws, prevention of corruption and community participation against corruption through continuous education. This has resulted in virtual elimination of corruption in less than 10 years,” he said. Kalam said he was studying this example and its suitability for application in the Indian environment. Terming corruption as a “dreadful malady” afflicting the society, Kalam said, “It should pain every citizen’s heart when he reads his country’s name included in the list of those blackened by the existence of this evil.
“Unfortunately, corruption has permeated all walks of life in our society and what is more disconcerting is the fact that it does not seem to abate as years go by and worse still, to a large extent, it has been taken for granted as a fact of life. “The society can progress only when it upholds, nurtures and enriches eternal values in which honesty and integrity assume a primary position. Dishonesty and corruption cancerously eat out the life of the society,” he said.
Developing tourism in North East — Dr Sunil Saikia Assam Tribune Editorial
Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Every year some 250 million people i.e. about 6 per cent of the world’s population cross international frontiers. For some countries it is already the most important export oriented industry because of earning of foreign exchange. According to a recent study, world tourism generated 15 per cent of worlds GNP and domestic tourism is assumed to be nine times greater than international tourism. It is forecasted that by 2020 tourism industry would be single biggest industry in the world. In India also the government has been taken some new initiatives towards making the country in the top tourist destination of the world. In India about 30 lakhs foreign tourist and more than three crore domestic tourist visit different parts of the country every year. However, the entire north-eastern region (except Sikkim) accounts for a mere 0.4 per cent domestic tourist arrivals and less than 0.1 per cent of foreign tourist arrivals in India. Though the tourist arrivals (both domestic and foreign) to the entire region is very nominal, but experts focus a tremendous growth of this sector in the coming decades.

According to the experts, tourism industry in the region has to be developed in a more planned way and needs to be marketed more vigorously and with joint efforts, because the benefits of tourism are not only in terms of economic benefit alone, tourism has wider implications encompassing social and cultural benefits as well. Many states in our country have been working hard to establish their state as a tourist destination with some new slogans. For example, Kerala has prepared a Master Plan to promote Spice tourism, the state of Tamil Nadu is working hard to establish itself as the number one state for Medical tourism, West Bengal has been preparing to focus Kolkata as Shopping tourism on the lines of Dubai and Singapore shopping festivals etc.

The entire north-eastern region has tremendous potential for developing the tourism industry. The rich natural beauty, serenity and exotic flora and fauna of the region serve as invaluable resources for the development of tourism in the region. The entire region is endowed with diverse tourist attractions and each state has its own distinct features. For example, Arunachal Pradesh, which is popularly known as the land of rising sun, is the remotest and one of the loveliest states in the region. With its numerous roaring rivers, lofty mountains, snow clad peaks, dynamic blend of flora and fauna and delightfully variegated climate– perfect for holidaying any time of the year.
Similarly, Assam is famous for one– horn rhino, mighty Brahmaputra river, the world’s largest river island, lush green forests and tea gardens, Kamakhya temple etc. The Kaziranga National Park in Assam is the first national park to be listed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site.

Meghalaya, the ‘home of the clouds’ is known as Scotland of the east, because of its resemblance to the scenic beauty of Scotland. Apart from a visit to the beautiful capital city of Shillong, the visits to Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram is a must because they hold the distinction of seeing the heaviest rainfall in the world. In Nagaland, out of many beautiful places and flora and fauna of the state, the panoramic view of the state capital of Kohima is worth seeing. The treasured culture of Manipur is world famous particularly its traditional dance and music. Agartala, the capital of Tripura, which is an ancient land of mysterious past, is also bounded by international border with Bangladesh, Mizoram an ideal hill station for those are looking for some fresh air and also peeping of its traditional music both in traditional and western style. Sikkim, one of the loveliest states of the region is a storehouse of the most exotic and beautiful orchids and flora that bloom during different parts of the year.

To attract more and more tourists to this region, some ground works like making wide publicity, providing good transport and communication facilities, clean accommodation, 24 hours power and water supply, varieties of food including of popular local food, prompt medical facilities, efficient services of tourist guides, entertainment facilities like trekking, angling, boating, cycling, gliding, ballooning and also organising traditional music and dances, games and sports, encouraging tourist participation in various local festivals etc. crating shopping facilities including selling and displaying of local products, local fruits and vegetables, handicrafts and handloom items, food items, easily accessible of telephone and internet facilities etc. The author has visited many tourist attraction countries of the world like Egypt, China, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, England, French, Italy, Germany, and Switzerland etc and in all such countries it was noticed that such facilities have been created or developed in a massive way. In this region also the Government of India and the respective state governments are making considerable efforts to develop this highly prospective sector, but without the whole hearted involvement of local people it would be not in a position to develop this sector. Therefore, all categories of people in the region, particularly the youth of the region must come forward and take this as a challenge by crating and offering all such required facilities, educating and creating awareness among the masses about the tremendous prospects of tourism in the region including preserving of the wildlife and other monuments, offering all kind of hospitalities to the tourists, particularly setting up of various category of hotels, motels, resorts, restaurants, tourist cottages, wayside dhabas, floating restaurants, luxury buses, taxi services, river cruises, setting up of more tours & travel agencies, trekking and angling facilities, gliding facilities, PCO, local handloom & handicrafts selling counters at the tourist sites etc. Finally, every citizen including students, traders, government officials, private officials, NGOs etc of the region must be concerned for creating a congenial atmosphere in the region. In conclusion, we can say that there is tremendous potential for development of tourism industry in the north-east. The region has rich natural beauty, serenity and exotic flora and fauna necessary for making and developing tourism as a potential industry, but the local people, particularly the youth need proper guidance, motivation, help and co-operation from all the concerned departments and organizations, banks experts and professionals.

Frans on 11.17.06 @ 12:20 PM CST [link]


Thursday, November 16th

Rio advertises ‘Vision 2020 Nagaland’ to NE chiefs The Morung Express


Rio advertises ‘Vision 2020 Nagaland’ to NE chiefs The Morung Express

Dimapur, Nov 15 (MExN): Chief Minister of Nagaland Neiphiu Rio highlighted his governments “Vision 2020 document” containing envisage developmental thrusts for the coming decade, at the 53rd meeting of the NEC held November 15-16 at New Delhi. Opening his remarks, Rio said that the vision for greater development of the Northeast region be discussed since the region is on the threshold of the 11th Five Year Plan, which will also be the first five year plan of NEC as a statutory planning body . Nagaland has already prepared its own “Vision 2020” document, which has been incorporated in the Human Development Report of Nagaland 2004, he informed. “It would be appreciated if some of the aspirations of the State Government, as highlighted in the Vision 2020 chapter of the State Human Development Report 2004, are also incorporated while finalizing the Vision NER 2020 document” Rio asked. He then proceeded to highlight the state’s visions for economic development as well as for the region. Rio highlighted agri and allied sectors. He said that the main thrust areas for the 11th plan, as far as Nagaland is concerned, should be agriculture and allied sectors.
“The favorable land-man ratio, the good rainfall and temperate climatic conditions, the naturally fertile soil which supports luxuriant growth of all kinds of plants, are some of the advantages and potentials that can be exploited to harvest rich dividends, and to produce exportable surplus sufficient to sustain the State’s economy at a sufficiently high levels of development. Horticulture, floriculture, sericulture, aromatic and medicinal plants, animal husbandry and bee keeping etc. can be taken up on commercial scales, with organic farming as an essential element to enhance its market value. As a corollary to this, we shall have to develop food processing industries for value addition, post-harvesting and marketing infra-structures, including agri-link roads to potential areas etc” he explained.
Rio also stated called for embarking for reality the oft-discussed NE Express Highway linking all State capitals, with private public partnership. Railway line from Dimapur to Kohima, and construction of a new green field airport at Chiethu (Kohima), both of which are presently under investigation, should be expedited, he said. Another Railway line from Dimapur to Tizit via the foothills of Nagaland, and roads of economic importance connecting the eastern belt of the State are other priority areas to open up the agricultural and mineral rich belts of Nagaland, he pointed out. Other priority areas Rio highlighted are Hydro-power development and tourism.
“While the vast hydro-power potential of the N.E. region should be exploited to produce exportable surplus, at the same time, the vast potentials for mini and micro-hydel power plants should be harnessed for power self–sufficiency in power at the grass root level, and also to avoid high transmission loss and costs” Rio advised while informing that the experiment with the Chinese-made hydroger has shown that simple technology can be conveniently and economically introduced on a large scale in all rural areas.
On tourism, Rio presented his vision: “The North East could be marketed as a common tourist destination, and attractive tourist circuits to fit various pocket sizes can be worked out and advertised world wide through internet. In this regard, the proposed creation of ‘North East Tourism Development Council’ is a welcome step. However, he cautioned that the NE region is projected as a tourist paradise, the ‘out-dated’ RAP/PAP regimes, “which were the product of the Cold War era, and which do not appear to serve any useful purpose now,” shall have to be further relaxed, or altogether removed from the statute book. The Chief Minister also called for revival and modernization of traditional handlooms and handicrafts, along with their patenting dynamics as well as opening of trade with South East Asian countries, not only to boost trade and economy, but also to remove the sense of isolation and neglect felt so long by the people of the region. In this connection, the ‘Look East’ policy of the Government of India needs to be better defined and crystallized into specific action programmes, so that it does not remain a mere ‘policy statement’ or a ‘attractive slogan’, he remarked.
Rio then highlighted the need for empowering the youths. According to him, training and capacity building to enable them to find gainful employment, in the organized sector, or to be self-employed as entrepreneurs should be pursued. For this purpose, appropriate technical and training institutes, such as Engineering Colleges, institutes of communication and information technology etc. may be set up within the region itself, instead of solely depending on institutions outside the region, Rio advised the attending policy-makers. Further, the existing ITIs also need to be expanded and modernized, their syllabi upgraded to suit the market demands for technicians, promote youth activities in the areas of sports, music, art and culture, and necessary sports infrastructures and other facilities, Rio said. “These measures may also be seen as means of weaning away the youth from insurgency and other destructive tendencies” he said informing that the country spends huge sums of money on army and paramilitary forces being deployed in the region on counter-insurgency duties. “This money could perhaps, be better used for youth empowerment and other development activities, which may, in the long run, prove to be more effective in countering insurgencies in the region’ he suggested. Micro credit facilities & strengthening and widening the scope of existing good practices.
To realize all these ‘visions’ a credit infrastructure is need he reminded. Rio said that the CD ratio in Nagaland is one of the lowest in the country, and currently hovers around 23%, against the national average of 60%. The private money lenders are charging exorbitant and back breaking rates of interest. Out of 52 R.D. Blocks in the State, as many as 21 RD Blocks, covering 421 villages, are still without any banking facilities. “Our success in communitisation of public services and institutions in rural areas have demonstrated the strength of our village communities and traditional institutions. Hence, we propose to provide micro credit in our rural areas through the VDB (Village Development Board) by using them as credit channelzing agencies. This is considered to be the surest way of reaching cheap credit in rural areas, combined with assured recovery” he said and solicited “liberal financial assistance” from various agencies of the Central Government in making available the initial corpus fund to the VDBs. Other vision areas the Chief Minister presented included promotion of border trade and construction of roads in border areas, Bamboo missions, ecology and environment, maintenance of roads constructed with NEC funds, making NEC as effective planning and implementing body etc.
To contest in interest of Nagas The Morung Express In Focus
The tribals of Manipur constitute a sizable percentage of total population consisting of abut 30 odd tribes living in the five hill districts namely Chandel, Churchandpur, Tamenglong, Senapati and Ukhrul. For centuries they have been living independently cocooned off from the rest having their unique cultures, customs and a way of life. But today the world is ever-changing; it is passing through a stage of transition. Situation on the worldstage is undergoing rapid transformation. The tribals have not been left affected. They have become endangered tribes, some have become extinct, and others have been assimilated by bigger and larger communities and many more in various stages of transition. The tribals of Manipur too are going through such similar phases and have but been left undisturbed.
Our indigenous cultures and customs are under constant threat of breaking down and being lost, through acculturation and assimilation processes. I would like to mention some of the issues and problems they are facing today- the imposition of Meitei Mayek, plantation of land mines in the hill areas, non-reservation for tribals in central educational institutions like RIMS, CAU, MU etc., non-existence of employment avenues, lack of educational facilities, health facilities and the dismal or almost absent of basic minimum infrastructure in majority of the hill areas. These issues must be tackled together with conviction and without compromise. Even our constitutional rights are trampled upon frequently, so it is important we keep vigil. Some tribal organizations are already doing good work in safe guarding the rights of the tribal people and therefore it is only befitting that we all work towards advancing our cause together.
At the same time, the Nagas are going through a crucial moment in their history. It is an opportune time for the Nagas to decide what they want. We must strengthen the peace process and support the integration of all Naga areas. The future is what we make of it, it is in our hands. How we act today will decide what the future will be like for us. In the light of this, the United Naga Council (UNC)’s call to the Nagas time and again to work together in support of solution is praise worthy. As the apex civil organization of the Nagas in Manipur, it has been playing a decisive role in strengthening the peace process.
It is in this context that as a concerned Naga citizen, I shall abide by any direction or decision taken by the UNC with regards to the forthcoming state assembly election in the interest of the Nagas.
Francis Huten Intending candidate for the forthcoming Manipur assembly election.from 41 A/C, Chandel.
Many decry Kohima killing The Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 15 : Strongly condemning the cold blooded murder of Enoch Shinglai by misguided gunmen, the UNC, NPMHR (South), NWUM & ANSAM in a joint statement have denounced the random targeting and killings of a particular community in the name of Naga nationalism. The joint statement was signed by KS Paul Leo, president UNC, Paulhring Langhu, president ANSAM, Grace Shatsang, president NWUM and Phamhring Sengul, Convenor, NPMHR South. The statement said that such inhumane atrocities within ‘our Naga family has inflicted social imbalance and further hindered our efforts to bring under- standing. It also prejudices our respect for human rights and human value.’
Urging all sensible Naga citizens to play proactive role in preventing criminal activities, the statement said that if such calculated crimes are allowed to go scott free, the ethical values of human existence is at the verge of extinction. The statement went on to question, ‘With the rising rate of widow(s) and orphan(s) due to these mindless executions of innocent public, can the Naga people as a mother, a husband or children or the Church remain insensitive to the whole show of the hangman’s knot? The joint statement called upon the State Govt of Nagaland to beefed up security measures and evolve steps to control criminal activity. In a similar vein it also called upon factions of Naga nationalist to put an end random taking of innocent human life. It also expressed condolences to family members of late Enoch Shinglai.
Neiphiu Rio urges party workers to be well-prepared for challenges The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 15 (MExN): The meeting of Central Executive Committee of the NPF was held on November 13 at the state banquet hall, Kohima. Senior ministers including Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio and both the Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) were also present in the meeting.
Rio, who is also Advisor in the NPF Central office, asserted that the NPF-led DAN government has initiated major development in Nagaland within the last three and eight months ‘which the Congress in ten years in power could not do so.’ He went on to say that the Opposition Congress predicted DAN government to fall within three months, than to one year, two years and now propagating for PR ‘like an acrobat.’ The Chief Minister also advised party workers not to be distracted by the opponents but be prepared to face any challenge later on.
The house also congratulated the Chief Minister on his ‘triumph’ on the ‘Office of Profit’ issue, where the Opposition Congress filed a case against him demanding disqualification for holding the post of the Chairman, Nagaland Bamboo Mission and the Nagaland Sports Association. It may be noted that the Chief Election Commission had issued a notification and subsequently the Governor of Nagaland issued an order on November 6 to the effect that Neiphiu Rio cannot be disqualified from the purview of the ‘office of Profit’ provisions.
Minister as well as President of the NPF, Dr Shurhozelie in his presidential address urged the party workers to pledge to maintain ‘the highest ideals of morality’ the party has as expressed in its Latin motto “Fide Non Armis”, meaning “By faith, not arms”. Wangyu Konyak, MP Lok Sabha also addressing the party workers, asserted that the purview of delimitation will not be affected in Nagaland. He also appealed to the party workers to be steadfast and loyal.
Ministers Noke and Khekiho Zhimomi, Parliamentary Secretary Nyeiwang, NPF General Secretary Chubatemjen as well as presidents of NPF women and youth wings also spoke in the meeting. Some resolutions were also passed after the deliberations.
Minister Logon delivered the welcome address while IK Sema, Working President, chaired the meeting. Benri, Pastor Lotha Baptist Church, Kohima read out the scripture and said a prayer while T Kikon, Treasurer, pronounced the benediction.
Cease-fire causing difficulty for Nagaland police Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Nov 15:: Nagaland police has been facing difficulty in containing the violence among the underground outfits due to the Centre's prevailing Cease-fire Agreement with the two NSCN factions state Director General of Police (DGP) J Changkija said.

Inaugurating a function at the Superintendent of Police's office yesterday, Mr Changkija said with the prevailing Cease-fire, the state police force had shortage of manpower to confront the factional clashes. However, he claimed that despite frequent factional clashes there was a relative peace in the state. The DGP also said the state police had no problem in dealing with the law and order situation other than factional clashes. (Agencies)
NPF led govt has brought more development than Cong': Rio Kuknalim.com
DIMAPUR, Nov 15:: Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio has claimed that the NPF led DAN government had undertaken major development works in the state within three years and eight months of its rule which the Congress could not do so in ten years.
Rio also alleged that the opposition Congress had predicted that the DAN government would fall "within three months, then to one year, two year and now propagating for PR like an acrobat".

Rio who is also the advisor of the NPF Central Office speaking at the meeting of the NPF Central Executive Committee at State Banquet Hall on November 13 urged the party workers not to get "annoyed on the opponents and enemies" but to be prepared to face any challenge.

The NPF in a press release issued by its associate press secretary N Chuba Yim said that the house also congratulated Rio on his "triumph on the so-called Office of Profit issue".

Lok Sabha MP Wangyuh Konyak who also spoke on the occasion disclosed that "delimitation will not be affected in Nagaland". Minister Noke, Minister Khekiho, NPF secretary general Chubatemjen, parliamentary secretary Nyeiwang, presidents of women and youth wing, convenor farmers' wing also spoke on the occasion.
Earlier, Minister Longon delivered the welcome address, NPF president Dr. Shürhozelie Liezietsu delivered the presidential address. Scripture reading and prayer was offered by Benri, pastor Lotha Baptist Church Kohima and T Kikon, treasurer pronounced the closing prayer while NPF working president IK Sema chaired the programme. (NPN)
Northeast ‘Vision Document’ by Jan NE states must be proactive to get funds: Aiyar The Morung Express

New Delhi, Nov 15 (IANS): Minister for Development of North Eastern Region (DONER) Mani Shankar Aiyar Wednesday said the Vision Document 2020 - a roadmap for developing the northeast - would be finalised by January 2007. Inaugurating a meeting of the North Eastern Council (NEC) here, the apex planning body of the eight states, Aiyar announced that periodical reviews of various infrastructure projects earmarked for the region would also be taken up from next month onwards to ensure their timely implementation.
The minister said construction of new roads to provide better connectivity even to the remotest of villages would be taken up on priority basis. Aiyar said he would talk with civil aviation ministry officials for making Guwahati as the regional hub for airlines.
The two-day NEC meeting is being attended by governors and chief ministers of the eight northeastern states. Chaired by Aiyar, the meeting would review developmental plans and strategy for the region. It would also deliberate upon areas of specific concern to each State and prospective plans for the region.
The meeting assumes significance after Aiyar took charge of DONER from P.R. Kyndiah who was found ‘not doing enough for the development of the region’.
Immediately after taking charge, Aiyar had said he would like his ministry to be a full-fledged one and not one dependent on the non-lapsable central pool of resources. Aiyar in his address also asked the northeastern states to act in a proactive manner to address a massive shortfall in the norm for all central ministries to spend ten per cent of their budget in the region.
With figures showing that spending by the central ministry had fallen from 10.16 per cent in 2004-05 to 8.15 per cent in 2005-06, Aiyer said, “The job should have been done by the departments concerned.”
He asked the eight states of the North East to adopt a “proactive approach” to ensure that they submitted projects on time to receive funding from the non-lapsable pool of central funds.
Figures given by Sushma Singh, Secretary of the Ministry of Development of the North East, showed spending by Central ministries in the region had risen from 6.63 per cent of their budgets in 1998-1999 to 10.16 per cent in 2004-05 before falling to 8.15 per cent in 2005-06.
There were huge shortfalls in key sectors like roads and highways (Rs 629 crore), education, (Rs 474 crore) health (Rs 370 crore), power (Rs 161 crore) and agriculture (Rs 99.64 crore). With inputs from PTI
Insurgents carry out grenade attack on Manipur CM’s house The Morung Express
GUWAHATI, Nov 15 (PTI): Separatist guerrillas carried out a grenade attack on the home of the chief minister of Manipur, police said on Wednesday. Rebels of the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) tossed the grenade at Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh’s residence in the state capital Imphal late on Tuesday, a senior police official said.
“The grenade exploded inside the campus of the chief minister’s residence, but luckily no one was injured,” he said. Singh was in New Delhi at the time of the attack.
PREPAK, an outlawed rebel group fighting for an independent homeland for the majority Metei community in the state of 2.4 million people, claimed responsibility for the attack.
Singh has survived two previous assassination attempts by rebels. In May, militants ambushed his convoy. He escaped unhurt, but a paramilitary commando and a rebel were killed in the encounter. In 2003, militants killed three of the chief minister’s security guards in another ambush on his convoy. There are some 19 rebel groups active in Manipur, which borders Myanmar. Their demands range from secession to autonomy and the right to self determination. More than 10,000 people have been killed in the insurgency in Manipur in the past two decades.
Imagine Mokokchung The Morung Express perspective
Imagine Mokokchung a couple of centuries ago. The light of modernity had not yet dawned in our land and I am certain that life must have been pretty hard then. But our forefathers survived! They led a simple life and called this land home. It is because of their valour and sacrifice that we have a land to call our own today and I am so proud to have descended from these upright souls who knew no fear. Imagine Mokokchung fifty years back. Things slowly began to change.
Christianity got deeply rooted by then, education had spread, modernity had dawned, Naga Nationalism witnessed its heights, the land was developing, roads were constructed – things improved. Imagine Mokokchung today. We have all the modern amenities, we have English medium educational institutions, we have RCC buildings beautifying the skyline and we have the asphalt with modern fancy cars plying upon them, we have electricity and water supply, we have telephones and cellular phones, we have modern transport and communication systems, our market is growing rapidly and things are changing fast. Life’s improving by the day!
That’s Mokokchung then and now in brief. How do you imagine Mokokchung in the next twenty-five years? I believe every one of us has certain dreams as individuals, but do we have a collective dream for our future? For our home? For Mokokchung? I have a dream, the Mokokchung Dream, and I’d dare to share my dream here.
Mokokchung is relatively the fastest developing town in Nagaland and in all possibilities can become a “dream town”. Here’s how: Mokokchung is Nagaland’s cleanest town. Can’t we the people of Mokokchung make this beautiful town the world’s cleanest town? Yes we can. Imagine a corruption-free Mokokchung where not a single paisa in the public account is misused, where there’s no nepotism, favouritism or bribery and where the guilty goes punished. And if Shillong can make or break a world record, why can’t Mokokchung? Yes we can, definitely. If Darjeeling, situated at an altitude of 2,134 meters above sea level can have railway connectivity, why can’t Mokokchung? We’re situated at merely 1,325 meters above sea level as compared to Darjeeling! And our terrain is even more feasible for railroads than Darjeeling’s. The Mokokchung-Mariani Border Road is too narrow. Can’t it be widened and made into a two-lane highway, like the one between Kohima and Dimapur? We can! Traffic-jam in Mokokchung was a “rare encounter” just about five years ago, but it’s a “daily encounter” today. Shall we dream for flyovers here in Mokokchung? I have a feeling that we’ll be necessitated to build them in the near future anyway. Coming to sports infrastructure, we have the Imkongmeren Sports Complex. Why not dream for an “Imkongmeren National Stadium” with all the modern amenities like the ones we see on TV?
Imagine Mokokchung producing 50 metric tons of potatoes annually instead of importing them from Assam. Impossible? Possible. Longkhum village alone produces almost 2 metric tons of potatoes annually. Let’s trigger an agricultural revolution!
Now, before you read on, I’d like to request you to pause for a moment and imagine Mokokchung of your dreams … Pause. Dream. Dream on!
Alright, let’s continue. We have a Nursing School at Imkongliba Memorial Hospital. Can’t we have a full-fledged Medical School then? It’s yes again.
We also have the Nagaland University Head Quarters at Lumami, which is just a mere thirty minutes drive from the town. Why don’t we do some thinking and make this town an educational center? Mokokchung town’s market is growing rapidly and is fast becoming a commercial hub for the districts of Mokokchung, Longleng, Tuensang and Zunheboto. But why is it that two-thirds of the town’s business establishments happen to be in the hands of the immigrants? In Aizawl, Mizoram, all business establishments are in the hands of the local Mizos. Right from the CEO of the biggest business house, down to the last shoe-shiner in the street is a local Mizo. Why can’t it be so in Mokokchung? Imagine Mokokchung with giant shopping malls and departmental stores. Imagine Mokokchung with ATM booths working round the clock!
Mokokchung’s development has all along been “vertical”. Wouldn’t it be better if we develop our town in the “horizontal” plane? I mean, why don’t we take our developmental and commercial activities farther away from the “main town” to areas like Yimyu, Sungkomen, Marepkong and beyond? We are peace lovers. We simply enjoy frolicking and we want recreation. Why don’t we build an amusement park for ourselves? With such a vibrant motley cultural heritage in the background, why don’t we engage ourselves in some imagination and bring our culture to the forefront and claim our rightful place as Nagaland’s capital of art and culture?
Media has always played an important role in bringing about changes in the modern history of mankind. Why don’t we bring out a periodical exclusively for Mokokchung? (Some of us had had this idea conceived some time ago and are working on it. We need a little more time, some money and a lot of support). We also know that the internet has revolutionized the world. Why is it that we don’t have broadband internet connections in Mokokchung, whilst even Kohima and Dimapur have it? Why don’t we build a couple of websites for Mokokchung? (We are also working on building an interactive website for the people of Mokokchung and I believe it will see the light of day real soon).
One may say that dreams are dreams - but living one’s dream is different from dreaming one’s life away! I am a dreamer and there are two things that I love the most about dreams. One, dreams are infinite. Two, dreams come true. Dreams are not wishful-thinking. Dreams do come true. The Mokokchung
Dream can come true, too. “Imagination”, said Einstein “is more than knowledge. It is a preview of life’s coming attractions”. Imagine yourself twenty-five years from now. Imagine Mokokchung twenty-five years from now.
Limalenden Longkumer Mokokchung
1 shot dead Nagareal.com
KOHIMA, NOV15 [NPN] : In a suspected factional-related killing, one person was shot dead in the capital town Wednesday at around 4 pm, on the footpath, opposite the main gate of the Kohima War cemetery. The victim was later identified as 26-year old 'Khokho' alias Peter and son of Yansao of Viswema village.
The victim was shot at close range on the back and collapsed dead after about twenty feet. The bullet, fired from an AK 47 rifle, exited from the middle of the chest.

Police rushed to the spot and recovered an empty case of AK assault rifle including an incriminating document purportedly issued by the NSCN (K) from the pocket of the deceased. Police said the victim had defected from one faction and involved in extortion
ULFA says Govt behind By Indian Express
Breaking its silence on the twin blasts of November 5 that left 15 people dead in Guwahati, the outlawed United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) held the government responsible for the explosions. "India had deliberately carried out the blasts with the object to prolong the ban on ULFA," the outfit's mouthpiece Freedom, which was e-mailed to newspaper offices here on Wednesday night, said. The editorial of Freedom alleged that the explosions were caused by the government to increase the strength of the "occupational forces to perpetuate atrocities against the freedom-craving masses". Simultaneously, the ULFA also made it clear that it was still in favour of a political resolution to the "Indo-Assam conflict", but not before adding that New Delhi "must" send a formal proposal through the People's Consultative Group (PCG) and that the core issue of the talks should be "restoration of sovereignty of Asom". The outfit, which has suffered several losses in Upper Assam following renewed counter-insurgency operations after the breakdown of the peace process last month, also reiterated that sovereignty was the only way for restoration of peace in Assam. "Liberated and sovereign Assam is the only way out" the ULFA's mouthpiece said. The outfit also issued what it termed as a "stern warning" to the Assam Police and asked it to immediately stop atrocities on the common people in the name of operations against the ULFA. "But despite the ULFA's soft stand towards them, the Assam Police have recently displayed a draconian attitude towards the masses," it said. The ULFA mouthpiece also pointed out that the government had recently adopted a multi-agency approach to tackle the outfit, and appealed to the common people not to cooperate with the "Indian occupational forces and other colonial agencies".
ULFA wants fresh letter from Delhi to begin talks By IANS
Guwahati, Nov 15 (IANS) The outlawed United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) Wednesday said it was ready to accept New Delhi's offer for fresh peace talks if the Indian government communicates the proposal formally. 'ULFA cares for a political resolution and to keep the process rolling, India must send a proposal through the PCG (People's Consultative Group) and the core issue of the talks should be restoration of sovereignty of Assam,' the ULFA said in a statement in its fortnightly newsletter Freedom.
The latest offer for talks was made by India's National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan during a meeting Monday in New Delhi with two ULFA representatives - noted Assamese writer Indira Goswami and Rebati Phukan. Government peace negotiators told the mediators to ask the ULFA leadership to set a date for talks. The Indian government Sept 24 called off a six-week ceasefire and resumed military operations blaming the ULFA for stepping up attacks and extortions.
Peace talks between ULFA representatives and the Indian government formally broke last month after the PCG, a civil society team appointed by the rebels to mediate for talks, pulling out of the peace process blaming New Delhi for calling off the truce. There were three rounds of talks between the ULFA chosen PCG and the Indian government peace negotiators.
Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh during the first meeting with the PCG in October last year said the government was ready to 'discuss all issues' with the ULFA. The ULFA wants the release of five of their jailed leaders as a precondition to holding peace talks. New Delhi in return wants the rebel leadership to commit in writing that they would come for direct negotiations if the jailed militants were released. The ULFA is not willing to give it in writing leading to the collapse of the peace process.
China softens on Arunachal Nagaland Post
NEW DELHI, NOV 15 (AGENCIES): As India prepares to receive President Hu Jintao next week, China has said the two countries must make "mutual compromises" on "disputed" issue of Arunachal Pradesh and that it was ready to do so. The two countries, through "friendly consultations", can arrive at a "mutually-acceptable and mutually-satisfactory" solution to the issue "left over from history," Chinese Ambassador to India Sun Yuxi told a news agency in an interview at New Delhi. Insisting that Arunachal is a "disputed area", Sun said there need to be discussions on it. "We must make mutual compromises (on Arunachal).
We are ready to make compromises on that," he said, just five days ahead of Hu's maiden four-day visit to India. Beijing claims that entire Arunachal Pradesh is "Chinese territory". When referred to External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee's remark on Tuesday that Arunachal is an integral part of India, the Chinese envoy said "If you want to know that (about dispute) you can compare maps of the two countries. There are differences. So that is why we call it disputed area and (that) needs some discussions." He said there should be "some give and take" on the issue and that it was for negotiators of the two countries to ascertain where to make compromises.
The Chinese envoy said the two countries had agreed not to allow their boundary dispute to affect the development of relations in other areas. During Hu's visit, China will reaffirm its commitment to that understanding, Sun said. The boundary question has been discussed since 2003 by Special Representatives of the two countries who have held eight rounds of talks so far.
While the Indian side is represented by National Security Adviser M K Narayanan, China is represented by Vice Foreign Minister Dai Bingguo. "The Special Representatives are now working out the famework (of an agreement on the boundary issue)," Sun said, expressing satisfaction at the progress made by them. The two sides had signed the "Political Parameters and Guiding Principles" Agreement during Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao's visit here in May last year, under which they agreed to settle their pending disputes through talks. Sun, said despite the pending boundary dispute, overall relations between the world's two biggest developing countries have been witnessing rapid growth. During the President's visit, Sun said, the two countries will set up a mechanism for frequent high-level exchanges. They will also sign at least 12 pacts including a Bilateral Investment Protection Agreement (BIPA) and one on establishing a regional free trade arrangement.
An appeal to governor of Nagaland Nagaland Post Opinion
We the Educated unemployed Youth of Nagaland would like to submit this appeal against corruption, nepotism, favourtism and rampant illegal practice under Police Department for ordering high level inquiry or C.B.I. Investigation in the interest of public in general. This Sir, Police Department is not only guardian of the law also biggest establishment in the State of Nagaland. The maximum job opportunities for Naga youth both educated and half educated can be employed in this department if Govt. and Police Department adhered to rules and procedures. However sadly this Department is appeared to be the most corrupt nepotism and favourtism, we therefore would like to highlight some of the facts for inquiry or investigation by Central Agency.
1. Since 2003 except the recruitment of 11th and 12th IRB, not a single advertisement has issue by the Department. Whereas there are 1000 officers and personnel are going on retirement every year.
2. As per the media report and State Assembly debate, there are more than 400 constables who have been appointed in excess in different units which seemed to be in addition to the resultant vacancies arise every year. All these appointments were made without conducting open competition.
3. In the last three in half years, the DGP has recruited more than 60 ABSI/SIs without calling open competition.
4. Again about 80 ASIs and UDA/LDA/ Typist/ Computer operators have been appointed excess.
5. The DGP has withdrawn the appointing authority from SPs/ Commandants, but the PHQ is going on appointing the constables against the Units.
6. The Government of Nagaland has banned the appointment of Non-locals for Grade - III and IV except, sweeper, barber, cobber etc., but we are surprised to see that there are around 250 non-locals mostly Keralaites and Nepelase who were appointed in 9th, 10th and 11th IRB units. It may be mentioned that, those appointments were made by VVIPs/ PHQ after taking a bribe of Rs. 50,000/- to 70,000/- per candidate.
7. The scale of pay for ABSIs/ASIs and UDAs in the PHQ is Rs. 4500/- basic. Such post should be conducted by the NPSC like other Departments, where as the DGP is appointing those post without making advertisement. As per the policy of Government, such post should be requisitioned through NPSC so that educated youths can compete without favourism and corruption.
8. In the last few years many non-locals were appointed by the PHQ against the units and made them attached at PHQ. Those non-locals are untrained. As per the rule the basic training is mandatory for uniform service. Surprisingly, all those untrained were promoted to different ranks under out of turn promotion policy where as the local deserving candidates who have already undergone basic training and other central promotion test are hopelessly waiting for their seniority and vacancies. The out of turn promotion policy should be scraped at once because the senior officers in PHQ are minting money at the cost of locals. This naked exploitation has demoralized the force and a time will come when the Government will face the consequences.
9. The NPRIS (Nagaland Police Risk Insurance Scheme) which is a contribution of all the personnel in the Department are being misused by the senior officers in the Department. Crores of rupees has misused and no audit for the last many years. The poor jawans are not aware of what is going on in the Police Department.
10. Many retired Officers / Staffs are still misusing the manpower like orderlies for their personal works and as a result of which, many Police officers (Class-I gazeetted) are being deprived of getting their due entitlement and privileges.
11. Many retired officers / staff and personnel are being given extention after extention / re-employed as Consultant in the department. The NSF and other NGOs are blind about what is going on? Because they are also getting their shares.
12. PHQ with the directive of hon'ble Chief Minister and hon'ble Home Minister has already appointed 50% of the post of ABSIs/ASIs/Havildars/Naiks/Constable drivers for 12 IRB. The numbers of vacancies is not mentioned in the PHQ advertisement, recently published.
13. In the year 2004-05 the DGP office has drawn Rs.83 lakhs for repairing of 47 Police stations in Nagaland in A/C bills only. However, not a single Police stations has been repaired and where the money has gone? Only God knows.
14. Every year crores of rupees are drawn under telephone and Power bills centrally by PHQ. But sad to mentioned that the payment is not made and crores of rupees of liabilities are mounting against the department since 2000. The telephone and power bills are Government revenue but the finance department is keeping silent for the non-payment. Where the money has gone? Only God knows.
15. Crores of rupees are being sanctioned under Police modernization. But all those are being misused by the Minister / Home department and PHQ.
16. Crores of rupees are spent under Police vehicles / repairing / fuel etc. More than 50% of the expenditures are made against PHQ vehicles were as, the Units officers are running within the ceiling limit of Rs.2500/- only per month. The corruptions against the guardian of the Law enforcing agency cannot be proved or investigated by the State agency. Only the central agency like CBI can unearth the untold story of the Police department. God bless our people! God help our people! And save us from these dark days for the future generation.
Nukum Walling, Joseph Sumi, Neingullie, Isak Sangtem, Nchum Lotha. (On behalf of educated unemployed youth of Nagaland)
In support of NBSE affiliation- Magaland Post Opinion
Years of social and political struggle, endless rallying, dem-onstrations, seminars, consultations and Nagaland State Assembly resolutions, and just when we thought we were nearing the coast of the Naga Integration (which I believe almost every Naga had at least vocally endorsed), dark clouds of fear, mistrust and doubt seem to emerge from some sections. This is normal. The two Germanys, too, once trod that cobbled path.
In the first place, why the Integration? In order to weaken and subjugate the once proud, independent and powerful Nagas, they were divided under different administrative units. This was much against the will of the Nagas. Ethically this was wrong, not to mention the impracticality of its socio-political implications. The wrongs must first be undone.
Secondly, many ask, 'why target the education system?' Students are the future pillars of the Nation, so we say. Most of the young Nagas, especially those outside the Nagaland state do not have the privilege of coming to know the Naga history, her rich culture, heritage, faith, etc. Under one education system we can achieve oneness of mind, heart and vision, and this will eventually bring unity and strength. The word 'target' hence is a misnomer, Isn't it rather a 'privilege'?
Thirdly, will it adversely affect the education system in the present Nagaland state? Yes, it will, but definitely not adversely. Instead, it will enhance the quality of education. You know what I mean - the more the competitors, the more the efforts put in: the end result - quality output. The brotherly treatment given by the Nagaland State Government (Ruling as well as Opposition), the NBSE, the All Nagaland Private Schools Association, Naga Hoho, NSF and its Tribe Units, NMA, NPMHR, other concerned NGOs and Civil Societies of the Nagaland state in the affiliation process will never be forgotten. Fourthly, any danger of rise in unemployment in the state of Nagaland? Like it or not, unemployment is a malady inherent in every nation, for even a highly developed country like the USA which ironically is not as heavily populated as India, is not exempt. There are 95,000 state government employees in Manipur. 29,450 posts are reserved for the tribals out of which 6,300 are Naga employees (other tribals account for 7,950 posts).
What are the rest of the Nagas doing then? Recent trends show that more and more Nagas in Manipur are seeking other avenues of employment for sustenance. One reason is that they are beginning to discover their entrepreneurship capabilities. Another is the natural-resource-harnessing enthusiasm that is spreading among the younger generation. Doesn't this augur well for the future Naga nation? Besides, once the Integration is achieved, many jobs held by others in the Naga Hills will fall vacant, and these will have to be filled up by the Nagas themselves.
The road to freedom is not always easy. It demands clear vision, unwavering determination, and, should the need arise, even much sacrifice. Should the Nagas then just continue to bask in past glory, soak in the fleeting pleasures of the present, and, forfeiting the bright future of tomorrow, be content to remain under subjugation?
N. Kamei, Tahamzam
Repealing of AFSPA from Manipur By Waikhom Damodar Singh Contd from previous issue The Sangai Express
Under section 4(c)(d) to arrest her for a suspected ‘cognizable criminal offence’ but as required strictly under the mandatory provisions under section 5 of the Act they should have handed her over to the nearest Police station with least possible delay and necessary further police investigations to be taken thereafter - they did not do that, instead they carried her to isolated places under the plea of her leading to the discovery of hide-outs of the insurgents - this they should have safely done accompanied by two or three civil police personnel particularly women police constables, and it was in that quite suitably isolated situation that, perhaps, she had been helplessly molested and even raped and shot dead as strongly suspected as indicated from the visible circumstances and from physical and scientific physical evidences found in the “inquest” done by the police on the spot at the first point of time where she was found lying dead (the cause of her death also appeared to the police to be killing after the crime of rape had been carried out) - even her interrogation could not be carried out by the column of the Assam Rifles alone but only to have been carried out, by the “joint interrogation cell” that have been legally set up and located then in the premises of the Kangla fort consisting of all concerned, on her production before the cell by the police station concerned under the custody of whom she ought to have been kept under arrest in connection with the alleged criminal case registered against her under an FIR (first information report).
Really speaking, the AFSPA itself is not that “draconian” in its very spirits of operation but it is the Armed personnel of the Army columns, quite unknowingly or intentionally, who acted themselves as the “DRACO”, the Athenian statesman and ruler after whom (in 621 BC) the rigorous law of punishing with death even for a trivial offence came into existence among the Athenians. The Assam Rifles columns had acted really very high handedly and in “amok” against the innocent and helpless civilian people with a “couldn't care attitude for the local people” and with no effective “command and control” exercised by their higher ups who should actually be held responsible for such uncalled for highly criminal miss-deeds of their subordinates - such wild and not properly controlled actions perpetrated time and again by the lower ranks do certainly reflect very bad impressions and image on the performance of the higher-ups to the eye of the general public thereby losing their “good faith” on the entire force.
It is indeed a very sad thing to find that the Army columns in Manipur, in the valley area in particular unlike what they were once some 2/3 decades before have time and again added “fuel to the burning fire” instead of assisting the local administration to lessen their headache in maintaining “peace in the state” for the very purpose of which they are deployed “in aid of civil power” heavily draining on the exchequer of the Government.
The greatest headache on the statement Government now is “facing” the situation that has latestly and most unwantedly developed after the people came to know of the recommendation of the justice BP Jeevan Reddy Committee for repealing of the AFSPA which, if not done soon, the life of Irom Chanu Sharmilla who had been under a marathon fasting unto death campaign for the last almost 6 years breaking all the existing records in that regard of the world, even that of Gandhiji, the father of the Indian Nation, and the champion and originator of “satyagraha in the form of fasting unto death” is very much at high stake of coming to the end of her virgin life for the sake of the “repealing of the AFSPA” and who has now shifted.... her venue of unprecedented “self-immolation campaign” for the cause of her countrymen, particularly of the people of the north-east from Imphal to Delhi thereby the most serious and delicate matter being exposed more openly and wisely to the eyes and years of the people of the whole world.
The mighty British under the Premiership of Winston Churchill succumbed helplessly to the pressure of the fasting unto death campaign of Gandhiji carried out in the year 1945 for the fully determined demand of independence of India as they feared of developing a world wide highly “condemnable” issue if Gandhiji happened to end his life. Therefore, both the State Government and the Central Government stand today on a cross-road of great “dilemma” as to what exactly has to be done now in this regard, whether to repeal the Act as has been strongly recommended to do so by the Jeevan Reddy committee, or just close their eyes and lead a complete deaf ear and allow or cause Sharmilla, come what may, to end her precious life, which if allowed to happen at all will certainly bring most disastrous results - the entire valley area of the state to be in another unprecedented greatest “turmoil” and in most “vigorously burning situation” sponsored by the thousands of highly aggrieved and irritated female groups, the dauntless Meira Paibis.
The headache of the State Government has become more acute now as the entire burden of the issue has been put on them by the Centre saying that it is they who should take the initiative of solving the issue i.e. it is upto them to take the first the action or step of withdrawal of the declaration of their state as the disturbed area after which the operation of the AFSPA in the state will automatically remain suspended and if the State Government could manage by itself in maintaining the law and order by itself by its largely available state armed police forces and the central reserve police force at their disposal then the actions of repealing the AFSPA to follow in full swing.
It is, by now a very clear fact known to every “Tom, Dick and Harry” that Sharmila’s fully determined “self-immolation campaign” by the process of her fasting unto death cannot be prevented at all unless and until the AFSPA is repealed from its operation at least in Manipur, particularly in the valley area, and therefore it is expected by all that the State Government do not further delay in issuing the necessary orders for the withdrawal of the same at least from the entire valley area of the state, of course, taking a high risk in the matters of suppressing the insurgency and terrorism activities of the valley-based insurgents and terrorists who may step up their unlawful activities taking the advantage of Army being out of their role of fighting against them. In this regard, it has been very rightly pointed out that the law has been in force in the state since its inception in 1958 but the number of insurgent outfits has multiplied even though the number of security forces, both the local armed police forces including the CRPF and of the units of the Army and their para-military forces have colossally been increased, defeating its very purpose to control militancy and violence i.e. the role of the Army in the isolated “hit and run” activities of the revolutionaries and the terrorists did not make much difference in so far the situation of the valley is concerned except that more “knotty problems had been created by their excessive actions perpetrated on the innocent civilians as have been highlighted above.
While the Army and its para-military Forces may continue to look after the hill areas, where actually the situation is comparatively quite calm by now, the local armed forces, the Manipur Rifles Battalions, the India Reserve Battalions, the CRPF etc should be able to take care of the situation in the valley area as they are presently doing quite actively and satisfactorily in producing their results as a part of their statutory duties of maintaining peace in the state, who may be made to be more active by streamline their organisations and by revitalising and reactivating them by giving intensive anti-insurgency training and refresher courses etc - after all the Manipur Rifles Bns had been equipped with much better arms and other equipment at par with BSF Bns, unlike any of the state armed police Bn in the country, such as of the heavy weapons of 3 inch mortars, Medium Machine guns (vicker) etc. which are heavy weapons of much longer and more effective fire-arms not issued even to the units of the Assam Rifles and the CRPF units as the Central Government of India wanted the Manipur Rifles Bns to be fully capable of fighting insurgency in the state of their own - only what may be lacking now is to reactivate them by giving the necessary intensive training and other courses for which the require facilities and the infrastructures, particularly, for imparting “guerilla-fighting training in the jungle and hilly terrain” are readily available at their than training centre and in its surrounding hilly areas at Pangei, and of course most importantly, to motivate them to be really “duty-oriented force” by tightening up the “command and control” of the senior commanders so that there may not be any “suspicion” or “disbelief” on them being of a “useless lot” and sympathisers of the local revolutionaries - against whom they should be rather effective as per proverbs - “kant keno kanta beirtako - “ a thorn is extracted out only by another thorn” and “Lohe lohe se ka taft - “Iron cuts iron”.
There are nearly 20 Bns of the Manipur Rifles Bns, the IRS Bns and the CRPF Bns in addition to the very good number of armed civil police and Home guards for the maintenance of law and order in Manipur - the gigantic strength of armed force so available is the strength of some 6 Army Brigades and 2 Divisions, as one Army Brigade consists of 3 armed Battalions and a Division of 9 Battalions, and therefore, as has been said earlier, they (the local armed police forces) should be capable of handling the situation, at least of the valley area, by properly organising and utilising them, otherwise one cannot but wonder as to the “real utility” of having such a big strength of local police armed force which have so rapidly been multiplied from what it was minimally earlier with quite handsome pay and other perks and facilities, and also a good amount of pension and its allowances and benefits to be enjoyed even after their retirement from active and sacrificed service as the “life time rewards fer the same” from the Government. The attractiveness of their pay and other monetary benefits, particularly of the higher echelons, the SsP, the Commandants and above will further increase soon with the coming of the 6th Pay Commission report. Even with all such very good amenities, facilities and other protections available unlike of the previous times, if they still fail to produce the desired results of their “statutory” duties then one is bound to highly 'speculate' as to the real 'utility' of their very existence draining so heavily on the State's exchequer i.e their very existence becomes really 'meaningless' and not fully 'justified'. — Concluded
China calls for mutual compromise on border issue The Assam Tribune
NEW DELHI, Nov 15 – As India prepares to receive President Hu Jintao next week, China today said the two countries must make ‘mutual compromises’ on ‘disputed’ issue of Arunachal Pradesh and that it was ready to do so, reports PTI. The two countries, through ‘friendly consultations’, can arrive at a “mutually-acceptable and mutually-satisfactory” solution to the issue ‘left over from history’, Chinese Ambassador to India Sun Yuxi told PTI in an interview here. Insisting that Arunachal is a ‘disputed area’, Sun said there need to be discussions on it.

“We must make mutual compromises (on Arunachal). We are ready to make compromises on that,” he said, just five days ahead of Hu’s maiden four-day visit here. Beijing claims that entire Arunachal Pradesh is ‘Chinese territory’. When referred to External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee’s remark yesterday that Arunachal is an integral part of India, the Chinese envoy said, “If you want to know that (about dispute) you can compare the maps of the two countries. There are differences. So that is why we call it disputed area and (that) needs some discussions.”

He said there should be ‘some give and take’ on the issue and that it was for negotiators of the two countries to ascertain where to make compromises. The Chinese envoy said the two countries had agreed not to allow their boundary dispute to affect the development of relations in other areas. During Hu’s visit, China will reaffirm its commitment to that understanding, Sun said.

The boundary question has been discussed since 2003 by Special Representatives of the two countries who have held eight rounds of talks so far. While the Indian side is represented by National Security Adviser M K Narayanan, China is represented by Vice Foreign Minister Dai Bingguo. “The Special Representatives are now working out the famework (of an agreement on the boundary issue),” Sun said, expressing satisfaction at the progress made by them. The two sides had signed the “Political Parameters and Guiding Principles” Agreement during Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao’s visit here in May last year, under which they agreed to settle their pending disputes through talks. Sun said despite the pending boundary dispute, overall relations between the world’s two biggest developing countries have been witnessing rapid growth. During the President’s visit, Sun said, the two countries will set up a mechanism for frequent high-level exchanges. They will also sign at least 12 pacts including a Bilateral Investment Protection Agreement (BIPA) and one on establishing a regional free trade arrangement.

Humanitarian laws violated during Bhutan operation’ From Sobhapati Samom Assam Tribune
IMPHAL, Nov 15 – Speaking at the two-day International seminar-cum-workshop on media in conflict situation and International humanitarian laws in Manipur, former ULFA publicity secretary said International humanitarian laws were not observed during ‘all clear operation’ by Bhutanese Army against the ULFA. On the concluding of the seminar-cum workshop on Friday last, the session discussed on armed conflict, media and mandate of International Committee of the Red Cross(ICRC).
While sharing his thoughts on the relevance of humanitarian laws in the conflict in North East, the Asom delegate, Sunil Nath, previously known as Siddartha Phukan who was till 1992 the publicity secretary of ULFA, said even the white flag was not respected during the operation.

Further, the former rebel, who was in the ULFA for eight long years, said Indian Constitution as it is today doesn’t respect freedom of speech and the right guaranteed under it is only conditional.

He wondered how the people of Manipur are going to face the consequences once the issue of taking referendum comes into existence in Manipur context as the migrants have started to outnumber the tribal population as per the recent Census report. The concluding session saw an interactive session on the mandated of ICRC and the relevance of International humanitarian laws for reducing civilian casualties and respecting human dignity while operating in an armed conflict. Journalist from Asom, Tripura and Nagaland attended the seminar organized jointly by All Manipur Working Journalists’ Union and ICRC, New Delhi.

Arunachal leader criticises Chinese envoy’s comments Assam tribune
ITANAGAR, Nov 15 – A senior Congress leader of Arunachal Pradesh today described the Chinese envoy’s claim that Arunachal Pradesh is “Chinese territory” as “not only deplorable but also not in good taste”. In a letter to External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee, the lone Rajya Sabha member from the State, Nabam Rebia, requested him to take up the matter with the Chinese authorities and advise them to refrain from making such provocative statements.

“The Government of India must convey to the Chinese Government in unambiguous terms that Arunachal Pradesh has been, is and would be an integral part of the Republic of India,” he said.
Rebia, in his letter, also said it was “extremely unfortunate” that the Chinese envoy made such a statement about Arunachal just a few days ahead of the visit of the Chinese President Hu Jintao to India. – PTI

Report gives gloomy environment picture The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 15: The daily generation of harmful bio-medical waste from the hospitals in and around Imphal range from 322-547kg/day. The solid waste from all sources in greater Imphal area alone account for 8200 metric tonnes per day. Prof N Mohendro, resource coordinator, while presenting the brief report of State of Environment Report � Manipur, made the above observation at Hotel Imphal today during the final workshop to bring out report, a study based on reports and data up to 2004.

Observing that the rise of marginal workers has direct harsh impact on the environment, Prof Mohendro said that the number of marginal workers increased from 66,621 in 1991 to 2,85,849 in 2001. This dramatic and unexpected rise of 669% came to play an important role in environmental degradation. These workers work for only 183 days in a year and are involved in land-based works thus leading to exhaustion of land, forest, river, etc.

Another parameter in preparing the report is agriculture. In Manipur, as pointed out by Prof Mohendro, only 6.65% are available for agricultural activities out of the total geographical area. This result in increasing pressure on the land rendering the man-land ratio at 1:0.24 hectares, thus each person gets hardly half hectare. So the cultivators resort to intensive agriculture with aggressive use of fertilizers. According to a report of 2001-02, Manipur stood in the 4th position among the state using highest amount of fertilizers in India at the rate of 126kg/hectare. In 2003-04 Manipur ranked 8th position in all India scale of production as compared to the earlier position of 3rd and 4th. Prof Mohendra further said that the experts who helped compile the report took water samples from 22 river points, 17 water bodies from different parts of Manipur, 7 lakes and 4 major water bodies from Imphal. After thorough study, they reported serious problem of dilution factors with some of the water not fit for human consumption. He said that only 37% of the total households of Manipur have the advantage of potable water in 2004-05. With the vehicle population increasing day by day, Prof Mohendro asserted that air pollution is going to be a health hazard soon in the state. He said that apart from the threat to the plants, the commonly seen crows and parrots are becoming rare sight in Manipur.

In his speech on the report, Saichhuana, additional chief secretary, forest and environment, government of Manipur, said, "I hope this report will drastically changed the outlook of our planners and help them take actions as per our existing physical situation." He also expressed faith over the fact that the report will serve as a guidance and spirit to result oriented planning which will bring quality. This report will be formally released later after the final addition and omission are carried out by those concerned. The environment and ecology wing is the nodal department responsible for bringing out this exhaustive report.

Angels of Death Nagarealm.com
The mocking realities of any events related to ‘Manipur’ provoke a sense of ironic amusement that raise the question on how lengthy we can go in this manner. The undeniable truth of what remains of Manipur is that it has turned into an amusement park for everybody. The status quo in Manipur today is that which way you look, death stares at you with no room for escape. And that is the Angel of Death, borne out from Manipur’s very own womb.

For all its worthy potentials, Manipur has outrageously turned itself into a complete incompetent fool right from the head of the government—a laughing stock for anybody who knows a bit of Manipur intrinsic resolved and unresolved issues of which there are tons. Do you ever find yourself amused by that fact on how such a weakling could ever get to become our guardian? The top guy is a puppet of and for anybody. Well, that may be the reason of his existence.

For decades, being what we really are—treacherous lots—we sold out our genuine issues for petty crooked dealings to suck the blood of the land, its people and resources, our so-claimed pride and glory. We continue to live in a fool’s paradise with our big yellow thirty-twos occupying the full length and breadth of our worn-out faces with false glorification.

Today, taking a look at the precious ‘Manipur’, one could see the extent we have digress for none of its worth. We have done a grievous punishable offence to it and stupidly pretend not to take notice of our deeds. True sons of the soil we call ourselves. The truth is—we are but true unworthy and retarded traitors—scums of the soil! I guess, if Manipur were a living woman being, it would cry for days and nights, for breeding such sons and daughters. It would cry in shame and regrets. Talk of revolution in whatever ideologies, talk of human rights in whichever form of violations, talk of the voices of the people in whatever lingo, talk of anything and face the truth of truths of what, how and why Manipur failed to heal from its dreadful disease. We can only shed tears and cry in pain inconsolably, at our own chopped-off arms.

Do you know why? Do you know the reason? Do you know the root of the disease? Who do you think it is? It’s you and me and the society and the people. We failed in our responsibilities to shoulder the responsibility that is entrusted unto us. Manipur will never heal and breathe clean air unless we identify that and blame our very mistakes to hold ourselves responsible for the pitiable situation we dutifully made out of Manipur.

Armed Forces Special Power Act (AFSPA) This act, even by its name, says it all. The name itself signifies something that is extra-ordinarily entrusted with extra-ordinary power. As we all know by now, with its many antagonists and propagandas, it is that power entrusted upon the ‘state’ armed forces to enforce human rights abuses legally against those who are not inside the boundary of its enforcement. This is one such act that legally destabilise the core of a country, and as such should be reviewed and abolished in the larger interest of the common people who faced the brunt of its unique power. At the same time as we opposed such a draconian law of the ‘state’ forces, we need to comprehend, acknowledge and also voice our concern on the impending powers that the ‘non-state’ actors—supposedly revolutionary groups—have control of our lives. It is true; in a way that the AFSPA is a total failure as far as fighting the revolutionary groups is concerned. It failed to check the atrocities of the supposedly revolutionary groups’ acts of terror against the common people. The act failed to protect the civilians. The protection that it supposed to provide is itself an issue that is also worth focusing. Is it really an act that protects the civilians? Rather than that, it unprotects them instead. If that is so, the viability of the Act is questionable. Was it or was not it, is also the simple question that can be posed to this Act. It also failed in its implementation as a tool for a solution to fight armed rebel groups. It failed miserably and thereby it became an ‘act’ for terror itself.

It seems the AFSPA issue is also being distracted for those supposedly armed revolutionaries to smile in earnest as it ought to touch the issue of their secession movements. This issue that the general masses should involved themselves first of all is not on when it was passed and put into force. The issue should be in those words and clauses that the Act put together to entrust an overwhelming power to those of its enforcers. Innocent civilians suffer, and will continue to suffer in the hands of both the ‘official’ and ‘unofficial’ armed groups. If that is so, will the repealing of the AFSPA help in reducing the sufferings of the people? It will not.

Unless, the supposedly revolutionary groups repeal their own ‘AFSPA’, the people will continue to face the wrath. It is inescapable. How far will these ‘unofficial’ groups compromise on their increasing impending power, if at all, the AFSPA, is repealed? Will the people become the ultimate power holder? Will not these revolutionaries become the de facto power who can dictate not only our lives but also our social, but also our culture, language, etc? We have faced it. I guess we are not that blind, and we have seen their gun-welding powers. Today we acknowledged their power by the silent culture we profusely obey without blinking an eye. Do we simply ignore that fact and give them more sayings in our lives?

These supposedly armed revolutionary groups dictate the whole of our live today because we give them their chances by our weakness. They decide how we dress, what we read, what we speak and what not to speak, who we elect as our representatives, how much we ‘contribute’ for their ‘revolutionary’ causes, what and what not we can eat, and the list goes on. We are learned on the ‘state’ atrocities against the people. Do we have the courage to be the same learned ones and recognize the atrocities of these ‘non-state’ groups who destroy the fabric of our society and people by the power the hold and dictates upon us? Is it not that we are opting to be mute spectators to such a draconian rule?
My perceptive here is that if we dare not question the inhumane actions of these supposedly revolutionary groups now, we will never succeed in our struggle to repeal the AFSPA. It is an impossible and unsustainable venture. The struggle against AFSPA would never succeed if, at one hand, we endorse the atrocities of the ‘non-state’ groups and shout our lungs out against the ‘state’ actors while we keep mum on the others’ act of terror upon our lives. This, itself, is questionable and unacceptable. We will only become the Angels of our own Death.

The killings and torturing of innocent people, raping and molesting of women, planting of IEDs and landmines in public, village and forest frequented by villagers, looting of property, demand notes, stern warning notes, what-to and what-not-to notes, summon notes, etc., will not stop with the repealing of the AFSPA either. This unwritten act of the revolutionaries is unquestionable. Their law is final and there can never be any proceedings, legal or otherwise, against them and their acts. There is no ground for such. Raising a voice or finger against their indisputable actions would mean punishment and death. And as always, caught between the crossfire of both the state as well as non-state armed groups, innocent people like you and me continue to be psychologically and physically threatened, abused and tortured.

The double-standard approach by those who are against AFPSA is questionable. Why go against just one, and not both? Why the silence over the same atrocities perpetuated by ‘non-state’ actors? It is understandable if this entire struggle against the draconian law—AFPSA—is all about empowering the revolutionary groups. If that is the goal that we already set, then so be it. Let us win. And then prepare ourselves for the next stage of the impossible. And it is an open secret that civil society organisations in Manipur are aligned with one or the other such revolutionary groups, one way or the other. Does those aligned questioned the revolutionary groups when the question of human rights abuse committed by the armed non-state actors arises? If that already silenced question fails to be awakened, it’s a doom for all.

Save Sharmila Propaganda Irom Chanu Sharmila, who by her sheer power and conviction, has been fasting for six years continuously is really a woman of substance. She is one unique human being, who steadfastly holds the dignity of Manipur by her act to fast unto death unless and until the AFPSA is repealed. One can only be amazed by her as one tries to be in her shoes. I often asked myself, how a person could carry on for so long!? And I would conclude—she is one hell of a human! I know I will not be able to stand even for a day, forced or unforced.

And then there are those ‘by’ her sides who do not understand ‘her’ act. Who care not to understand the simple reasons why she is doing what she is doing. These ignorant and arrogant people call and put her deeds as her ‘own’—terming it as a Fight of Sharmila against India’s AFPSA. Yet again, we find ourselves as detractors of the main issue. We tend to because we do not understand and because we are some confused cowards and traitors. We give it the name—Save Sharmila Propaganda. What would she say to that? Would she really want her life to be saved? Has anybody ever asked her? As a human being, of course, like you and me, she would want to live her life in peace and serenity, undisturbed by draconian laws such as the AFSPA. But would she prefer to term the propaganda against the AFSPA, merely as ‘her’ personal struggle? As I asked that myself, I realize she would never want it to be that that to be. Under that circumstance, the move is a disgrace to her fight against the AFPSA.

This is not her personal fight. Why is it that those ‘besides’ her put it that way? It’s demeaning, and a dirty politics of none other than those who wanted to be recognised in her own struggle—to give themselves names to be recognised with by deliberately taking advantage of Sharmila. They are hijackers of genuine issues for personal issues. What shameless filthy lots. They are the silent Angels of Death to the cause and struggle against AFPSA. It is an insult to her and the protest against AFSPA. The propaganda should never have become Save Sharmila propaganda. It is not about saving Sharmila’s life. It is about saving the life of Manipur. Is it that we are concerned only for the life of Sharmila and not of Manipur and its people? This is injustice to the cause of Sharmila and her self-struggle and for all those who are living the life of zombies in Manipur.

Conclusion The need of Manipur today, not only on the AFSPA issue, is a new form of a collective social reconstruction that challenges to defy and condemn both the atrocities of the state and non-state actors. Unless that is brought about, we indeed do have a bleak future to look forward to—a total disorder of state as well as social mechanism, which will ultimately lead to the breaking apart of ‘Manipur’. The silence of men give rises to evil. When evil ascent to the throne… [Elf Hmar]
Corruption breeds as Government ignores rules
Unkept promise By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 15: Making the State administration corruption-free is a promise which Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi has been making from time to time at various fora, but the gap between promise and action taken in this regard continues to widen as the State administration, for reasons best known to it, looks the other way when corrupt practices go on under its very nose.
According to standing service rules, if a government official wants to buy any goods worth over Rs 10,000, he/she can do so only after informing the Government of the source of the money and that he/she has no official transaction with the business organization from where the goods will be bought. In Asom, this standing norm is only of academic nature only as it is being violated in a rampant manner. There are even many third-grade or fourth-grade employees who possess cars and motorcycles which have been bought without informing the Government which often looks the other way when such violations of rules take place. Another norm meant for checking corruption is that each and every government official has to disclose his/her assets before the Government annually. Can the Government say that it has been receiving annual asset disclosure reports from all of its employees annually? Certainly not. The only norm that is followed in toto is the disclosure of his/her assets by a government employee at the time of joining his/her job. The purpose of this asset disclosure at the time of joining the service is also not being served because, in many a case, the asset disclosed before joining the job and that has been amassed in course of the service are hardly compared. Can the Government say as to how many recommendations of the State Chief Vigilance Commission on purchase and allotment of contracts meant for checking corruption have been implemented by it? In order to check corruption, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi formed the State Chief Vigilance Commission in his last term as the Chief Minister, but a number of anti-corruption recommendations issued by the Commission have not been implemented by the Government, thereby giving the corrupt officials a free run. The State Government took over six months to express its view on the Centre’s move to merge the State Vigilance Commission with the Central Vigilance Commission, and this chapter alone is strong enough to expose the State Government’s ‘determination’ to put an end to corruption. It is still fresh in the mind of the people of the State that Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, who also holds the Finance portfolio, had announced in his Budget speech in July this year that he was contemplating on implementing the Benami Transaction Act, 1988 in Asom to check benami transactions, in the guise of which many bureaucrats and politicians manipulate their fat assets. Five months have elapsed, but the State Government has not even initiated any action towards that end, leave alone framing the related rules. “To make the State administration corruption-free, I am considering the implementation of the Benami Transaction Act, 1988,” Gogoi said in his last annual Budget speech in the State Assembly.
What is even more surprising is that the Vigilance and Anti-corruption Directorate, Chief Minister’s Vigilance Cell etc, in the State only register cases, investigate them at the expense of the State exchequer, but action is a far cry. Such anti-corruption agencies have to wait for months and years together for approval to file charge sheets against accused officials after investigation.
Manpower shortage hitsNagaland police: DGP
‘Centre’s ceasefire with ultras creating problems for police’ Sentinel
Kohima, Nov 15: A top Nagaland police official today said that the ongoing ceasefire between the Centre and NSCN groups prevented government forces in reining warring underground activists, who in recent times vitiated peaceful atmosphere as they became engaged in armed clashes in various parts of the state. Director General of Police (DGP) J Changkija said police forces faced a difficult situation in containing factional violence due to the truce the underground groups signed with the Centre. However despite incidents of factional fighting, relative peace was prevailing in the state though the police force was grappling with shortage of manpower, he said while inaugurating a recreational centre at the police headquarters here.
He called upon police officials to judiciously utilise funds released under centrally sponsored scheme for police modernisation project in the state and cautioned that the central grant might not continue for a long time. Meanwhile, Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio has appealed to tribal Hohos (councils) to promote understanding and reconciliation among different groups of people to achieve their political goal and ensure all-round development of the Nagas. Speaking at the traditional tribal festival Ahuna at Dimapur yesterday, the Chief Minister emphasized on fostering the spirit of forgive and forget among the people. (PTI)

Frans on 11.16.06 @ 04:03 PM CST [link]


Wednesday, November 15th

Rio urges Sumis to ‘lead the way’ The Morung Express


Rio urges Sumis to ‘lead the way’ The Morung Express

Dimapur, Nov 14 (MExN): The Chief Minister of Nagaland, Neiphiu Rio today called upon the adventurous and hard-working Sumis to shoulder more responsibilities in bringing about a lasting peace in Nagaland. “Being the largest tribe in Dimapur with more numbers and more villages, our Sumi brothers have to lead and show the way” said Rio. He was gracing the ‘Ahuna 2006’ celebration as the chief guest at DDSC stadium Dimapur.
While describing the Nagas are very rich people with a bright future, Rio said that no enemies can destroy the Nagas but, he lamented, “the enemy is within us.” “Unity,” he said, “is the need of the hour” in which all individuals, tribes, churches and organizations have a role to play. Rio called upon the mammoth gathering of about 7, 000 to rededicate themselves to bring unity, peace and reconciliation “in our mind, in our land and wherever the Nagas are.”
If the people can live peacefully in Dimapur, the only cosmopolitan city in Nagaland, we can go and propagate the message of peace all over Nagaland, Rio further added. He also appreciated the ‘unity of the Nagas’ despite the many political and other forces as well as problems faced by the people. Nagas are a proud people but the uniqueness of the Nagas will be known only when the rich cultural traditions of the Nagas are preserved said Rio. He urged the people to preserve and promote the rich tradition of the ancestors which has been passed down from generation to generation without which, Rio said, “we will lose our identity.”
Nagas, being agrarians, celebrate festivals seeking God’s blessing for a rich harvest and also enjoy the bountiful harvest during festivals but, Rio said, “We can meaningfully enjoy the festival only if we work hard.” While pointing out festivals would be meaningless if the people think only of rich harvest and celebrations, he said that the town folks are losing work culture. Replying to questions put up by some Christian leaders about following ancestral culture, Rio said, “Yesterday our forefathers gave thanks to the unknown gods but today the people give thanks to the living God.” Ahuna, the traditional post-harvest festival of the Sumis signifies the celebration of the season’s harvest in thanksgiving, while evoking the spirits for good fortune in the New Year. The festival is also a time of plenty and fulfillment, a time of festivity and enjoyment and a time of sharing. It is also a time of peace and reconciliation. Huska Sumi, MLA said that the festival is being celebrated in Dimapur this year to “refresh the memory of the people.” He further expressed hope that with the celebrations, the people would sustain the culture of their ancestors in a fine manner. The celebration was also marked by the various cultural dances, folk songs and traditional competitions.
NPCC ridicules Shurhozelie’s ‘political’ logic The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 14 (MExN): The Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee (NPCC) has ridiculed the statement made by senior Minister and NPF President Dr Shurhozelie during the party’s Central Executive Committee meeting held on November 13 by telling him to get his facts straight. Pointing out that the basic responsibility and duty of any government is to provide safety and security to all citizens and that citizens’ are ensured by the Constitution the right to life and property, the NPCC in a press communiqué issued by President Hokheto Sumi dismissed the argument put forth by the NPF President on the present situation.
“Now, when the factions fire mortars and riddle houses of the innocent public with gun shots; when the people had to flee their homes for lack of security; when the normal lives of the people are affected because of the factional clashes; when people are terrorized and victimized by the activities of the factions; when people have to live in constant dread and fear; when the fear psychosis in the minds of the people becomes intolerable; and when they see no recourse from the government; when they find out that the government itself is helpless; when they realize that the government does not care a hoot for their safety and security; when they notice that the government is shirking from its legal, moral and Constitutional duty by saying that the factional killings and the terror spread by these killings are not a law and order problem, it shows that the people have a government they do not deserve. The people of Nagaland deserve a better, a more effective and concerned government”, the NPCC President stated.
Be it fratricide, genocide or what ever, the NPCC stated that a killing is a killing, and no law on earth condones any unlawful killing such as the ones prevailing in Nagaland under the DAN regime. “If the DAN Government thinks that the factions are “fighting” for political reasons and condones the large scale killings that are taking place, the government itself is party to the crimes and should be brought under the scrutiny of the laws of the land”, the statement charged.
The Congress stated that going by the logic put forth by the DAN government, it would seem that killings are legal if they are carried out for “political reasons”! “This is an alarming logic because it indicates that the DAN leaders themselves will not hesitate to kill anyone for political reasons”, it stated and questioned as to whether the DAN Government had stooped to such an all-time low as to give in to the factions to do what they want trespassing on the rights, nay, trampling on the people of Nagaland. “The people are better off without any government which condones killings in the State”.

Pointing out that the equi-closeness policy of the DAN Government has now come to such a pass that the Government considers the cadres of the groups not as brethren and citizens of the State, but as people whose lives are of no importance! “If given his way, Shürhozelie, the self-professed proud member of the first regional party in the whole Northeast, would re-write the Indian Penal Code to absolve “political” killings. Perhaps, he would like to translate the Sixth Commandment of God as, “Thou shalt not kill, unless it is for political reasons”, the NPCC stated.
Making it clear that the Congress did not differentiate between the factions, tribe or creed because as far as the Congress party is concerned, every human life is precious and sacred. “And it is the duty of the Government to ensure that no one is killed, be it for political, social or religious reason. We abhor violence and we appeal to every citizen to avoid the path of violence. We also appeal to all concerned to realize that we Nagas are a family and brethren should not kill each other”.
While reiterating that factional killings are very much a law and order problem, the NPCC stated that recognition of the problem as a political and national problem is not a license for anyone to kill. The NPCC also pointed out that at no point of time did it interpret that the Naga political problem is a law and order problem, as claimed by Shürhozelie. “As human beings, as concerned politicians and as Christians, we believe that killing is not only a law and order problem, but is a crime against humanity as well as Divinity”, it stated adding that the Naga political issue has to be solved between the Government of India and the Naga people across the negotiating table, and no amount of violence or killing between brethren will help solve the matter.
Comparing the response of the DAN government to factional fight as some poorly produced Hindi movie, the Congress ridiculed that the Government sends its men in uniform to areas of conflict after the tension has passed away. “It is misuse of power not sending the law-enforcing agency to the affected areas on flimsy excuses while the people lived in absolute terror. This amounts to willful negligence on the part of the Government and is criminal in the eyes of the law”.
On a more personal note, the NPCC President while responding to Shürhozelie also clarified that he had changed his political inclination from regional to national only once and have remained steadfast to his present party. “On the other hand, Shürhozelie might like to enlighten the people how many times he has changed the name of his political party before every Assembly election, and how on earth he could manage to get the Election Commission of India to freeze the “cock” symbol of his regional party”.
As for the allegation about the leader from Manipur in whom Shürhozelie has confided, the NPCC President remarked that “Shurhozelie seems to know that the leader is a Congressman and that knowing fully well about this, he does not seem to be too eager to name the person and reveal his proximity with Congress leaders in other States”.
ATSUM calls economic blockades Newmai News Network
Imphal: Supply trucks stopped plying along Manipur’s lifelines Imphal-Dimapur and Imphal-Jiribam national highways from yesterday midnight following an economic blockade imposed by All Tribal Students Association of Manipur for six days. ATSUM, the student body rejecting the appeal from chief minister O Ibobi. Singh not to impose the blockade, went ahead with the agitation programme. The student body is demanding extension of pension scheme to employees of district autonomous councils, conversion of 13 grants-in-aid schools in the hills into government schools, extension of contract appointment of teachers in hill schools and also reservation for tribal students in central government institutions in the state. Police said trucks carrying goods did not enter Manipur from Kohima and Silchar of Assam while no empty vehicle left Imphal in view of the blockade. Sources said the six day long economic blockade would cause severe shortage of essential items particularly cooking gas, fuel and other items. Manipur is currently reeling under an acute shortage of cooking gas due to recent blockade by Manipur Die-in-Harness Appointment Demand Committee.
Even as ATSUM blockade continues, another economic blockade agaist the construction of Tiupaimukh dam is in line to be imposed likely by November 17 by about 29 NGOs which includes among others the UNC, ANSAM, Zeliangrong Students’ Union and Action Against Tipaimukh Dam, The organizations have already called a 24 hour bandh throughout Manipur demanding cancellation of the project.The series of blockades worry Ibobi Singh because these developments came before the proposed visit of the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to Manipur. The Prime Minister is likely to arrive here on November 27 to lay the foundation stone of the Tipaimukh project and launch several other development projects in Manipur. ACTIP also announced that it would boycott the visit of the Prime Minister.
To live with dignity The Morung Express In Focus
Expressing concern over the slow and intangible progress of the Indo-Naga talk, the intervention of a third party mediation is inevitable to continue the hard earned Peace and bring forth an amicable settlement. Much has been said and talked about the insincerity of the Indian side and yet the Government of India seems to hardly bother and take its own slow steps, which is a great disappointment to the general public. But the Nagas across the land are all out for the early settlement and extend all out support to the collective leadership for their initiatives towards the right direction.
At this crucial juncture, the initiatives undertaken by the NGOs and other Naga civil societies are laudable and are an expression of the genuine wishes and aspiration of the Naga people.
Further, the integration / unification of the Naga Homeland is the birth right of the Nagas and is Non-Negotiable. It is also a pledge of every Nagas to work vigorously towards this common political vision to unite the Nagas under one administrative set up. Now is the right time for the Nagas to seize this opportunity and pledge and carry forward the desires and aspiration of the Nagas at the political level. Keeping in view the social tranquility of the region, Nagas are concerned to accommodate the interest of other communities without undermining the aspiration of the Nagas. At the same time, Tribal areas are being neglected since ages, their rights being denied, appointment in government services wrongly scaled, and absence of any sustainable and planned development in the region. Such negligence and callousness has contributed towards the backwardness of tribal areas. Such disparities ought to be removed so that every community’s interest is accommodated.
As an intending candidate to the forthcoming Assembly election of Manipur, my hope and prayer to all concerned is that the interest and rights of the tribal be protected which will help in ushering in peace and development in the region and to live honorably with all men with dignity.
K Raina, Ex-MLA Tadubi Assembly Constituency
Rio at Ahuna fest Staff Reporter Nagaland Post
DIMAPUR, NOV 14 (NPN): Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio Tuesday appealed to the various tribal hohos and organizations to promote reconciliation, peace, unity and work culture among the Nagas for all-round development of the State. He said the Nagas needed to maintain their unique identity and character and unite to achieve their political struggle and ambition.
Speaking at the Ahuna celebrations organized by the Sumi Aphuyemi, Dimapur at DDSC Stadium here, Rio said Nagas had a bright future and it could be achieved only when there was permanent peace and work culture in Nagaland. He urged Nagas to practice harmony with the policy of "forget and forgive", adding, "We can destroy ourselves. No enemy is capable of destroying us."
He also asked Nagas to preserve and promote their rich culture and traditions handed down to them from generation to generation.
"If we lose our culture and traditions, our identity will be forgotten," he cautioned. Stating that Ahuna festival was a celebration of good harvest, the Chief Minister praised the Sumis for being adventurous, hard-working and very progressive people. He expressed the hope that through the Ahuna festival the Sumi people would send out a meaningful message of work culture which, according to him, was found lacking in the Naga society.
"When we work hard, we can have a bountiful harvest and then celebrate getting the fruits of our toil and sweat in a true spirit of festivity," he said.
Referring to some Christians who questioned the celebration of past practices on the ground that it was reviving past worship of unknown gods, Rio said that "as true followers of Christianity we need to obey God" without forgetting "the roots of our forefathers by preserving their rich culture and traditions."
He also maintained that as one of the major tribes of Nagaland, the Sumis had a greater responsibility towards the Nagas.
"You (Sumi people) have to show how to live in peace and harmony and lead the way for other Nagas to become a people," he said. He reminded the gathering of the fact that the Government of India had recognized the Nagas as "Naga tribals" without giving any separate recognition to any tribes. The Naga tribes have to have unity and competition in a good way for their development, he added. The celebrations were marked by various colourful programmes, specially cultural songs, dances and indigenous games presented by artistes from Puhoboto Sub-division.
China claims Arunachal Nagaland Post
New Delhi/Beijing, Nov 14 (PTI): Close to President Hu Jintao's visit here, the Chinese Ambassador has triggered a diplomatic row claiming Arunachal Pradesh as "Chinese territory", a demand strongly rejected by India. Reaction from Beijing itself was subdued with the foreign ministry saying the "strategic goal" of the two countries was to find fair solution to the border question while the President hoped to "turn a new leaf" in relations during his visit next week.
"Arunachal is an integral part of India," External Affairs Minsiter Pranab Mukherjee said in a terse reaction to Ambassador Sun Yuxi's claim yesterday that "in our position, the whole of Arunachal state is Chinese territory and Tawang is only one place in it. We are claiming the whole of that (Arunachal Pradesh)".
Speaking to reporters on the sidelines of a function, Mukherjee said the position of the respective countries with regard to Arunachal Pradesh was known. Arunachal Pradesh Governor S K Singh, himself a former Foreign Secretary, hit back at the envoy's statement saying it was an arrogant way of negotiation from China". He said the Chinese had done this before. "It is an odd way," he added. In Beijing foreign ministry spokesman Jiang Yu initially said she had not seen the report and he would do a "double check". He also refused to comment on the India's rejection.
On the larger India-China boundary issue and ongoing negotiations, Jiang said "the early solution of the border issue between China and India is the strategic goal of the two sides". She said both sides were devoted to finding a fair and rational solution acceptable to all parties. At a higher level, President Hu expressed satisfaction over the "sound" growth in Sino-Indian bilateral ties and hoped to "turn a new leaf" in strategic relations during his maiden visit to India.
He expressed his sentiments when India's new Ambassador Nirupama Rao met him and presented her credentials to him. For New Delhi, Arunachal is an integral and inalienable part and there could be no discussion, External Affairs Ministry sources said. The two countries are currently engaged in talks to resolve the boundary question through their Special Representatives, who have so far held eight rounds. Meanwhile, reacting sharply to the Chinese envoy's claim, the BJP expressed surprise at the "silence" of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and the Left parties on the "irresponsible statement". "I'm surprised over the silence maintained by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Left parties. Why are they not condemning this irresponsible statement made just ahead of the Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit?" BJP spokesman Ravi Shankar Prasad said Tuesday. Prasad said "Arunachal Pradesh is an integral part of India. We condemn this peculiar, deplorable and irresponsible statement made by the Chinese envoy in the strongest possible words."
Aren’t we for independence?- Nagaland Post Opinion
For the cause of NAGA IN-DEPENDENCE thousands of lives have been paid, but we are still prepared, firmly to sacrifice even more. Of and on, freedom fighters are being criticized and appreciated on different occasion as the season change. Still we are ready to face any challenges, come what may, as at any cost our goal should be achieved and to achieved our goal NAGAS must be one under any circumstance.
In the present contest, we are killing each other among our brothers for the name of faction(s) rather than our national goal which should be viewed seriously by both over ground and underground before it's too late. Is there any difference between the name (I) and (K)? In both, the heads are Nagas and so are their hands and legs. Then, why let these brothers kill and hunt for each other? These killings should be condemned in high tune and must be protested through action. Unification of Nagas from every angle (North, South, East and West) into one fold is everyone's dream, we all longs for it and we have had hope for it. But must we give or sactifice more lives only for the handful of Nagas from Manipuri state than our national goal? The people from Manipur state's main and only objective is to integrate with the present state of Nagaland and because of this reason we have lost many leaders and patriots of true sons of Nagas.
Moreover, after sucking so many precious bloods, they (people from Manipur) failed to achieve their goal (Integration) and now they are trying to migrate to Nagaland. So why should we sacrifice our lives for integration or migration, when the Nagas goal is Independence and shall be only Independent, which our forefathers strive for and for which we shall stand still to the last man. The present cease-fire between the IK and GOI is what the Nagas want and the wish of the Nagas is fruitful outcome through peaceful dialogues. But, what we Nagas should be clear is, for whom and why the IK dropped the word Sovereignty which have cost thousands of lives and come down to Integration and now to Migration. Nagas should analysis thoroughly what profit IM will bring after shedding so many bloods for either integration or migration. If the Nagas fail to protest in this matter (migration) the trouble will be even more in future, as the solution below sovereignty can no compensate what we have already paid and the solution without sovereignty is not a solution for the NAGAS!!!
(The above statement is purely my personal views and opinions)
Vitol. S. TsuquswuSectional Officer, NSCN/GPRN
Trampled by politics Nagaland Post Editorial
In politics, rhetoric is an attribute which makes reasons sound good and that it a paradox; as all that sounds good may not be based on sound reasons. Perhaps this is what appears to be the case with the DAN government's affiliation issue. Earlier, there were reports that the proponents within the ruling coalition were strongly in favour of passing a legislation to affiliate all private schools in the four hill districts of Manipur under the Nagaland Board of School Education. The declaration fizzled out as no such legislation was passed and mercifully so, as any such attempt would have precipitated a constitutional crisis. How the idea to affiliate the private schools was sought to be legislated makes one wonder if there was any serious attempt to go through the constitution so as to realise its implication. If at all, the legislative assembly had passed any such bill, it would be a clear and direct violation of Article 245 of the constitution. Under the scheme of the Constitution, Parliament has power to enact law for the entire country or part thereof as provided therein while the State Legislature has power to legislate for the whole or any part of the State only (Article 245). In the present case, there is no legislation by the Centre and it is purely a case by which it was proposed to legislate the issue and thereby extend powers of the enactment beyond its legislative territories. In such a case, there will be a direct violation of Article 245 of the Constitution in respect of the portion which purports to operate beyond the territorial limits of the State. The subjects included in the State List or in the Concurrent List (in relation to the State) must therefore, be read as referring to objects situated within the territory of the State concerned, or objects as between which and the State there is a territorial nexus. A delegation from the state had probably met with central leaders to pursue the matter and it is certain that the aspect of Article 245 was explained. If union human resource development minister Arjun Singh had explained the matter, then it was not right to suggest even today, that the matter is in the centre's court. Parliament is not likely to amend the laws in order to make an exception as it might have other implications. The entire issue from affiliation and now to admission does have implications for the people, especially the affected students of the hill districts. The concern is as much for the controversies surrounding the actions that might have its ramifications in Nagaland as with the future of a few thousand who are caught between the devil and the deep blue sea. Whether is was conscious misjudgement or a case of over playing clever politics; all politicians should not add more fuel but put their heads together to bring about a solution with the Manipur government in whose court the ball now lies.
Delhi hands off Naga schools Sangai Express
Kohima, Nov 13: (Courtesy : The Telegraph) Delhi has decided not to intervene on the question of affiliation of schools in Manipur to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). Yet, more than 3,660 students from four hill districts of Manipur are getting ready to appear for their High School Leaving Certificate (HSLC) examinations from Nagaland.
Nagaland School Education Minister Imkong L Imchen said Union Human Resource Development Minister Arjun Singh has sent a letter to this effect, mentioning the Centre’s inability to address the imbroglio between Naga-land and Manipur over the affiliation of schools to the NBSE.
“I have just received a letter from Arjun Singh stating that the matter should be resolved between the two States,” Imchen said. He added that the Union Minister’s missive was in response to the State Government’s repeated requests to either allow the schools of Manipur’s four hills districts to obtain affiliation to the NBSE or create a separate board for them. The Union Minister has asked the Nagaland Government to resolve the impasse with the Manipur Government. The Minister said the matter would be discussed again in the Cabinet to chalk out the next course of action on the issue. He also expressed surprise over the reply of the HRD Minister since the issue is serious in nature and involves the fate of the students. The Nagaland Minister also mentioned that the matter of affiliation has not been officially discussed with the Manipur Government but through unofficial channels. He, however, said the Neiphiu Rio Cabinet would decide whether to discuss the matter with its Manipur counterpart. Even as the impasse on the issue continues, certain forces, like the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) and the State Congress unit, have expressed their scepticism. The outfit has stated that the Nagas of Manipur were trying to hijack the Nagas of Nagaland while the Congress has accused the Government of taking a hasty decision without going into the nitty-gritty of the issue. But the School Education Minister today said the students are being allowed to appear for their examinations in view of the situation in Manipur.
“This was a collective Cabinet decision, taken after examining all aspects,” he said. Without mentioning any party or group, he alleged that some people were trying to politicise the issue. Over 3,660 Naga students from Manipur’s hill districts have enrolled in various schools in and around Kohima and Dimapur.
Factional clash a law and order issue : Congress India News New Kerala--- PTI
Kohima, Nov 13: Ridiculing the Nagaland government's assertion that the on-going arms rivalry among underground groups in the state were part of the unresolved Naga political problem, Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee today said it was infact a law and order issue which the Neiphiu Rio government had completely failed to tackle.
PCC president Hokheto Sumi alleged that law and order had completely broken down in the state and the DAN government instead of tackling the armed groups was shirking its responsibility and allowing the Centre to resolve the crisis, which was causing immense hardship for the people.

Criticising DAN's policy of 'equi-closeness' to underground groups, the PCC pointed out that "this decision of the government only brought the rival groups closer to fight among themselves".

While the people were facing 'untold miseries' due to frequent armed clashes in different parts of the state, the Rio government was trying to describe such happening as a political problem, Sumi said. Rio had yesterday criticised Congress for demanding imposition of President's Rule in Nagaland and held that the clashes were due to the unresolved Naga political conflict. Congress also took a dig at the DAN government for saying that the situation at Zunheboto, which witnessed fierce gunbattle between the armed groups recently, was defused with the help of civic bodies and churches and said it was the elders who persuaded the armed groups to leave the populated area while the government forces remained a mute spectator. Meanwhile, Naga NGOs from Manipur condemned the killing of an innocent civilian at Kohima on Saturday and called upon the warring groups to end hostility. NSCN(K) had claimed responsibility of slaying the youth.
In India, the wages of distrust Sudha Ramachandran The Morung Express column
A recent media report has pointed out that Muslims have been kept out of some wings of India’s intelligence apparatus. While the thin presence of Muslims in jobs and education is well known, their exclusion from government agencies by design is cause for concern. Not only is it a blot on the country’s secular and pluralistic credentials but it has implications for India’s security. It could be detracting from the quality of intelligence the agencies are gathering.
According to a report in leading newsmagazine Outlook, India’s external intelligence agency, the Research and Analysis Wing, adheres to an “unwritten code” not to recruit Muslims. Right from its inception in the late 1960s, RAW, which has a 10,000-strong staff, “has avoided recruiting any Muslim officer”. This is the case, too, with the National Technical Research Organization, the recently established technical-intelligence wing of RAW.
The report points out that Muslims and Sikhs are not deployed to protect India’s VIPs, either. The Special Protection Group (SPG) that is in charge of protecting the prime minister avoids posting Muslims and Sikhs as bodyguards. The few Muslims and Sikhs who are in the SPG are deployed on administrative duties. There are no Muslims or Sikhs in the National Security Guard (or Black Cats), an elite counter-terrorism force that is also responsible for VIP protection.
While distrust of Muslims is long-standing, suspicion of Sikhs, who constitute less than 2% of India’s population, can be traced back to the eruption of the Sikh militancy that raged through the 1980s and was aided by sections of the Sikh diaspora and Pakistan. In October 1984, Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her Sikh guards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh. The Sikh community came under a cloud and Sikhs were thereafter pulled off the personal security of prime ministers.
Sikh militancy has subsided, but Sikhs continue to be excluded from the personal security of the prime minister. Incidentally, India’s current prime minister, Manmohan Singh, is himself a Sikh, as is Chief of Army Staff Joginder Jaswant Singh. Yet people from the Sikh community are not trusted to look after the prime minister’s security.
It was Sikh officers in the police, the intelligence and the armed forces who ultimately defeated the Sikh militancy. There are lessons in that for India as it shrinks from recruiting Muslims.
Distrust of Muslims is far deeper and more widespread. They are kept out not just from bodyguard duties of India’s top leaders but much more.
Muslims constitute 13.4% of India’s 1.1-billion-strong population, but their presence in education and employment - both private sector and government - is nowhere near their population share. “From the administration and the police to the judiciary and the private sector, the invisible hands of prejudice, economic and educational inequality seem to have frozen the ‘quota’ for Muslims at 3-5%,” observes Siddharth Varadarajan in The Hindu.
“For virtually every socio-economic marker of well-being, the Muslim is well below the national norm - not to speak of the level commensurate with her or his share of the national population - and the evidence suggests these inequalities are not decreasing over time.”
The thin presence of Muslims in jobs and employment and their abysmal socio-economic status have often been blamed on their community’s reluctance to become a part of the Indian mainstream. Muslims don’t get jobs because they don’t want to get educated, they don’t want to work in government, is an argument often heard in India. Muslim clerics and politicians are often accused of keeping the community backward. And there is some truth in this argument.
But there is serious prejudice too against Muslims. And this prejudice is responsible for the reluctance of Hindus to rent houses to Muslims, to hire them or to trust them in “sensitive” positions. In the eyes of many Hindus, no Muslim can ever truly belong to India. Muslims are seen as “outsiders”, descendents of those who invaded India centuries ago. The partition of the subcontinent in 1947 and the creation of Pakistan out of Muslim-majority areas has added to hostility against Muslims. Muslims in India are often regarded as pro-Pakistan and in recent years have been looked upon with suspicion as possible terrorists. It is this perception that lies behind the reluctance to recruit Muslims into the security forces and the intelligence agencies. It is estimated that the number of Muslims in India’s 1.1-million-strong army is only about 29,000. Since 1947, there have been only three Muslim lieutenant-generals and only eight major-generals, out of several hundred, points out Omar Khalidi, author of Khaki and the Ethnic Violence in India. This is the same number as that among Parsis and Jews, who are far smaller minorities in India.
“The reported exclusion of Muslims from RAW isn’t a surprise,” said a retired bureaucrat. “It is an extension of the systematic discrimination that Muslims in India encounter whether it is in education, jobs or accessing bank credit.”
It appears that like RAW, the Intelligence Bureau (IB) - the agency responsible for domestic intelligence - was once reluctant to recruit Muslims. A change in its outlook came in the early 1990s when it decided to recruit Muslim officers. Today, the 12,000-strong IB has what has been termed “a handful” of Muslim officers. Will RAW go the IB’s way and open its doors to Muslims? Some RAW officials remain skeptical about the loyalty of Muslims. “How can they be trusted to represent and protect India’s national interests when they are pro-Pakistan or when their loyalty to the community of Muslims the world over is greater than that to the country?” one RAW official asked this correspondent. Other RAW operatives admit that questioning the willingness of Muslims to represent India’s interests is unfair. They recognize that Muslims in the diplomatic corps have done a great job in representing the country’s interests. They admit too that there are no doubts over the integrity and loyalty of Muslims in the Indian security forces. And they are willing to admit that Muslims in the IB played a big role in fighting the militancy in Kashmir. There is growing awareness within RAW too that it needs Muslim officers not just because that is politically correct but because Muslims will be able to fill important gaps in India’s world view.
“They might be in a better position to understand the Muslim mind and in gathering and interpreting intelligence from Muslim countries,” said an RAW officer. With a major part of India’s concerns today focused on the Muslim world, “Muslim officers in RAW would be an asset”, he added. The two obstacles in the way of RAW opening its doors to Muslims are the absence of clear direction on the matter from the country’s political leadership and the inertia that has gripped the organization, preventing it from changing its old ways. It appears that in 2000, when the government was revamping the security setup after the Kargil conflict, the need for recruiting Muslims came up. According to Outlook, a senior bureaucrat approached the then national security adviser, Brajesh Mishra, with the idea of recruiting Muslims into the organizations that were being set up. Mishra promised to look into it but nothing was done to take the suggestion forward. Officials say a policy rethink on the issue of recruiting Muslims into RAW and deploying them as bodyguards to VIPs is “an enterprise fraught with risk”. It requires someone to stick his neck out and make a bold decision.
“Since there is a possibility that such a decision could go horribly wrong, nobody wants to take the risk,” said a Home Ministry official.

Sudha Ramachandran is an independent journalist/researcher based in Bangalore.
Repealing of AFSPA from Manipur By Waikhom Damodar Singh Sangai Express
Now that the Justice BP Jeevan Reddy Committee has very rightly recommended for “repealing” (withdrawing or rescinding) of the AFSPA - the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958 from its operation in the North-east region, particularly in the State of Manipur saying that “the Act is too bald and quite inadequate in several particulars” and that the Act, for whatever reason, has become “a symbol of oppression, an object of hate and instrument of discrimination and high handedness”.
The recommendation however notes that while it is highly desirable and advisable to repeal the Act altogether, without of course, losing sight of overwhelming desire of an overwhelming majority of the Army deployed in the north-east region for the Act to remain as it is, the Army should continue to be deployed in the region as stand-bye forces for assisting the local civil administration in maintaining the law and order in their States as and when required immediately by them when their local police forces become alarmingly inadequate and unable to deal effectively with the situation.
The role of the Army and their para-military forces so required to be called up “in aid of civil power”, though it may be particularly for dealing with “terrorism” and “insurgency” is purely to be of normal “policing duties” i.e. very much within the parameters of the civil laws and not in the role of performing military duties of engaging an “external enemy” in a war under Marshal Law. The committee also pointed out that “protection from legal proceedings against Army personnel acting in good faith and in the true discharge of their duties in fighting out terrorism and insurgency the same does already exist in Section 49 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 and hence need not to be worried or scared of going out of the AFSPA only for that purpose.
The so called Armed Forces (Assam and Manipur) Special Powers Act 1958 had been enacted to enable certain special powers to be conferred upon members of the Armed Forces in disturbed areas” in the State of Assam and erstwhile Union Territory of Manipur and the powers to declare the areas as disturbed areas have been given in the Governments of the State and the Union Territory and not on the Central Government who of course is the final authority of the enactment of the withdrawal or repealing or amending of the Act after duly processed in both the Parliaments and duly “assented” by the President of India which is a process that cannot be expected to be carried out “at a soot”, and also a process to be taken up by the Central Govt only after the State Government initiates for it.
However, the immediate suspension of its operation, if needed, in the larger public interest, can be or has to be done by the State Governments by withdrawing the declaration of their areas as disturbed areas as had been done by the Manipur Government partially in 7 Constituencies of its urban areas of Imphal city recently which may be revoked again by them as and when required to do so.
The provision that makes the Act as a “draconian Law” as strongly and most hatefully felt by the majority of the people of the north-east, particularly by the people of Manipur, arising out of the most fearful results that have been there due to uncalled -for extreme “excesses” in the operational actions of the Army and their para-military forces, namely the Assam Rifles, in particular under the cover of the Act, is the provisions contained in Section 4(a) of the Act, which empowers “any commissioned officer, warrant officer, non-commissioned officer or any other person of equivalent rank in the Armed Forces, operating in a disturbed area if he is of opinion that it is necessary so to do for the maintenance of public order after giving such warning as he may consider necessary fire upon or otherwise use force, even to the causing of death”, against any person who is acting in contravention of any law or order for the time being in force in the disturbed area prohibiting the assembly of five or more persons or the carrying of weapon or things capable of being used as weapons or of fire-arms, ammunition or explosive substances.
Also provisions contained in Section 6 of the Act make the Armed Forces personnel more high-handed since no legal proceedings can be taken up against them for their evidently excessive actions carried out without the previous sanction of the Central Government who always have the very “partial tendencies” of caring or covering more of the culprits of their Armed Forces rather than allowing the law to take its own course for bringing “justice” in the interest of the people, though they are always “loud with the slogan of the maxim - the Government by the people, of the People and for the People”, as if the people of the north-east region are not that People meant in the Maxim.
In the light of clear mandatory provisions so given in the Act as enumerated above the actions of the columns of the Assam Rifles that they had carried out in the years 2000 on November 2 at Malom, near Imphal city and in 2004 on 11/12 June at Bamon Kampu of the Imphal East district where some 10 civilians including innocent girls “were massacred” while they were standing peacefully, and not in the form of a~ unlawful assembly, simply waiting for a bus in the Bus waiting shed by the “indiscriminate firing” in ‘amok’ of a column of the Assam Rifles, and more worst on their part, one girl, named Thangjam Manorama Devi of Bamon Kampu was mercilessly and most inhumanly shot death through “her private part” by another column of the Assam Rifles (the 17th Bn then stationed at Kangla) after she had been forcibly picked up after severely tortured in the presence of her mother and other members of the family and had been carried away from her house alone in the late night on the charge that she was actively engaged in the unlawful activities as an insurgent, and the killing of the ill-fated girl was strongly suspected to have been carried out after she had been “raped” - she was shot dead through her private part, perhaps, to cover up or destroy the physical marks of evidences of the heinous crime committed - do not at all conform to all the provisions of the Act laid down to justify their most excessive acts - in fact, no where in the Act there is provision authorising the personnel of the Army operating in a disturbed area to cause death and that also after carrying out the acts of molesting and raping of 18 female suspects as the column of the 17th Assam Rifles had allegedly carried out.
From the above cited two glaring cases it is crystal clear that the column of the Assam Rifles acted very high-handedly, carelessly and most inhumanly in utter violations of the provisions contained in the AFSPA Act, 1958 as their actions so carried out do not at all conform as had been said above, to the conditions strictly laid down in the Act, such as of giving “due warning” etc. before they opened their firing against the unarmed, innocent and peaceful civilians including girl i.e. their indiscriminate firing cannot be taken as fully “justified acts” on their part as actions that could be justified when they are at liberty to do so during an exchange of firing with en “armed gang”, and their firing so carried out in “amok” did not at all have any relevance with the maintenance of public order for the very purpose of which they have been given the power of free hand. In fact, the provisions contained in Section 4(a) of the AFSPA, 1958, if one may very carefully and deeply examines it, is the special power given to the Armed Forces officers and men for their dealing with a “violent mob” of a unlawful assembly who becomes most dangerously, violent with dangerous weapons and arms when they are deputed to deal with such a situation in a disturbed area. For, a situation during an armed encounter with an armed gang of insurgents or terrorists there does not arise at all of their giving before hand warning” for opening up of their firing. In such situations their firing actions have to be taken as “spontaneous and automatic” actions on their part of the exchange of firing of the armed encounter with the armed gang. Still worst part of their high-hande-dness that had been clear-ly exhibited under the cover of the AFSPA had been in the case of deceased Thangjam Mano-rama Devi, as though the AR column is very much authorised as a part of its normal policing duties under the Act. to be contd

India rejects Chinese claim on Arunachal Assam Tribune
NEW DELHI/BEIJING, Nov 14 – Close to President Hu Jintao’s visit here, the Chinese Ambassador has triggered a diplomatic row claiming Arunachal Pradesh as ‘Chinese territory’, a demand strongly rejected by India, reports PTI. Reaction from Beijing itself was subdued with the Foreign Ministry saying the ‘strategic goal’ of the two countries was to find fair solution to the border question while the President hoped to ‘turn a new leaf’ in relations during his visit next week.
“Arunachal is an integral part of India,” External Affairs Minsiter Pranab Mukherjee said in a terse reaction to Ambassador Sun Yuxi’s claim yesterday that “in our position, the whole of Arunachal state is Chinese territory and Tawang is only one place in it. We are claiming the whole of that (Arunachal Pradesh)”.

Speaking to reporters on the sidelines of a function, Mukherjee said the position of the respective countries with regard to Arunachal Pradesh was known. Arunachal Pradesh Governor S K Singh, himself a former Foreign Secretary, hit back at the envoy’s statement saying it was an arrogant way of negotiation from China”. He said the Chinese had done this before. “It is an odd way,” he added. In Beijing Foreign Ministry spokesman Jiang Yu initially said he had not seen the report on the Ambassador’s report and he would do a ‘double check’. He also refused to comment on the India’s rejection.
On the larger India-China boundary issue and ongoing negotiations, Jiang said “the early solution of the border issue between China and India is the strategic goal of the two sides”.

He said both sides were devoted to finding a fair and rational solution acceptable to all parties. At a higher level, President Hu expressed satisfaction over the ‘sound’ growth in Sino-Indian bilateral ties and hoped to ‘turn a new leaf’ in strategic relations during his maiden visit to India.
He expressed his sentments when India’s new Ambassador Nirupama Rao met him and presented her credentials to him.
No ULFA camps in Bhutan, no rebels in our custody: Envoy
By Wasbir Hussain Sentinel
NEW DELHI/BAGDOGRA, Nov 14: The Bhutanese Government has denied any fresh presence of ULFA militants in the kingdom and said no militant from the group was being detained anywhere in the country in the wake of the December 2003 military assault.
“We have no report whatsoever of the ULFA setting up any new camp inside Bhutan or operating from anywhere in the country. On our side, the Royal Bhutan Police (RBP) has been deployed to check or keep vigil over any militant influx, and on your side, we are aware of the SSB deployment for the same purpose,” Dago Tshering, Bhutan’s Ambassador in India, told this writer. The media has been agog in recent weeks with reports of the ULFA setting up at least some temporary camps inside Bhutan, including having weeks of training in some of these hideouts after the 2003 Bhutanese military offensive. Some senior Assam Police officials seem to believe that the rebel group has made fresh forays into Bhutan where they may have set up bases yet again. Bhutan, the Ambassador said, cannot be complacent to possible cross-border movement of insurgents in view of the terrain and geography. “We are certainly alive to the issue, and as of now we are vigilant about the Maoist activities in our neighbourhood,” Tshering said.
Asked if Indian and Bhutanese authorities have ever considered the possibility of a fence along the heavily-wooded Indo-Bhutan border, he said: “We believe in the idea of an open border between the two traditional allies and the idea of a fence have never crossed our minds.”
He said the border people have been sensitized to the idea of peace and friendship between the two neighbours. “All our people who had moved away to safety from the border areas have returned to their homes long back and they are now looking to peace and friendship with the people in Asom,” Tshering said. The Ambassador said no ULFA or other North-east Indian rebel is being held in Bhutanese custody. “All militants arrested during the 2003 operations have been handed over to Indian authorities,” the envoy said. Bhutan, Tshering said, is currently busy preparing itself for the switchover to a parliamentary democracy, the first national elections being slated for 2008.
“An interim government is expected by the middle of next year, a government that would oversee the holding of the country’s first national elections,” he said.
NE did not benefit from Green Revolution: Kyndiah Correspondent Assam Tribune
SHILLONG, Nov 14 – Union Minister for Tribal Affairs, P R Kyndiah has observed that the Northeastern region missed the benefits of India’s Green Revolution and therefore, remained deficient in food production. The region, he said, did not benefit from India’s Green Revolution for various reasons. The Northeastern States, unlike other states in the country, continue to remain deficient in food grain production.

Economic benefits from most investments gets ‘leaked’ from North East through imports of food grains for the region, Kyndiah said. This has had a negative impact on the overall economy of the region, he pointed out. “Economic growth can be ensured once import of food grains is reduced,” Kyndiah said. The Union Minister was addressing the 66th annual conference of the Indian Society of Agriculture Economics, at the ICAR auditorium, Umiam recently.

The missing link for economic growth continues to be poor agricultural production in the region. If this gap was not bridged, the region would find it difficult to cope with the challenges of a market economy under the ‘Look East policy,’ Kyndiah told the gathering. Advocating a new approach to revive the agricultural economy of North East, he said, the need of the hour is introduction of better yielding seeds, multiple cropping system and marketing access to farmers.

ULFA blows up another gas pipeline in Asom By ANI
Guwahati, Nov 15 (ANI): Suspected United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) militants blew up a crude oil pipeline in Asom's Sibsagar District late on Tuesday night. This pipeline blast took place in the Dishangpani forest area, which falls under the Sonari police station area. It took place near the Indian Oil Corporation's Guwahati Refinery and Oil India Limited (OIL) installations at Noonmati, leaving two people dead and five others injured. Asom has witnessed a series of explosions in recent week, most of the said to have been triggered off by the ULFA. ULFA rebels have stepped up their attacks after New Delhi called off a temporary six-week ceasefire on September 24 amid deadlocked peace talks with the group's representatives. Formed in 1979, the ULFA is fighting for a separate homeland. It has accused the Central Government of taking away Asom's mineral and forest resources and neglecting the local economy. Of late, the rebel outfit has started extorting money from non-ethnic people settled in the state. Over 15,000 people have been killed since the ULFA launched its revolt in 1979. (ANI)

THE UNLOVED SISTERS Nagarealm.com The Telegraph The challenge for the new Union minister for the North-east lies in understanding the specific needs of individual states, writes Sumanta Sen
The recent changes in the Union cabinet saw Mani Shankar Aiyar getting the portfolio for the North-east in addition to his existing charges. The bureaucrat-turned-politician is reported to have a good idea of the region, having toured it with his friend and former prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi. Obviously, the present prime minister, as also the chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance, thought he would be able to better direct the government than others before him as to what path should be followed in an area where New Delhi has so far appeared to be largely clueless. There is till date no reason why Aiyar’s credentials as an administrator should be questioned. But the question is, what is it that the government expects him to achieve? If the government expects him to tone up development work to such a degree that the various divisive forces would get isolated from the people, then once again it is making a big mistake. Or, to be more precise, it is refusing to acknowledge the fallacy of its argument that lack of development lies behind all the troubles in the seven states — the eighth state, Sikkim, is a recent member of the club and does not share the problems of the others.

Lack of development is a national phenomenon and not a feature of life in the North-east alone. The problem relates essentially to the issue of ethnicity, an issue that has had a natural birth in some states and has been imposed on the people in others. Lack of development is cited by the forces of insurrection as merely another “instance of India’s absence of interest in our welfare”, but this is always accompanied by the assertion, “we can expect nothing by remaining a part of India.” So where does Aiyar and his fair idea of the region come into the scenario? It should not be forgotten that his predecessor had an equal or better knowledge of the North-east, as he hails from Meghalaya, one of the original seven sisters.
State-wise, what is the situation today? The Naga rebels have been fighting with the Union government since independence and at present, there is a ceasefire but no solution in sight. A solution is extremely difficult to arrive at as the rebels are demanding a Greater Nagaland, including areas in Manipur and Assam. There is also the question of autonomy, but first, there has to be an agreement on the demand that the existing boundaries be redefined. Also, the prolonged talks in Bangkok and elsewhere with the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isaak-Muivah) are only giving the rebels the much-needed breathing space for training for the days when the period of peace would be over, maybe next year. There is also the question of what the rival Khaplang group may do even if an agreement is reached with the Isaak-Muivah faction.

Actually the problem in Nagaland is deeper than it appears on paper. A fiercely independent people with their own established system of administration, which even the British had not disturbed, the Nagas, irrespective of tribes, had never mentally come to terms with the fact that decisions regarding their lives would be taken not by their elders but by unknown elements in distant Delhi. It is because of this that the NSCN enjoys support and sympathy at the grassroots level and the ‘tax’ that it levies is not always seen as extortion. Development of infrastructure is only of secondary importance here. In Assam, the issue is much simpler, it is wholly one of law and order. The Assamese are not tribals, they had always been a part of the Indian mainstream. So all claims of being a part of the larger Mongoloid family, and hence different, should have been dismissed long ago and the United Liberation Front of Asom treated the only way it deserved. Here New Delhi would do well to understand that it is more Shivraj Patil than Mani Shankar Aiyar who has a role to play. The ceasefire in the state has ended, army operations have been resumed and it is only to be hoped that Operation Rhino is not repeated and the troops called back to the barracks. Yes, Assam has problems such as the annual floods, but they are not just “Assamese problems”. Incidentally, what was the Centre seeking to achieve by listening to a few individuals who represented the Ulfa and who were clearly seeking to ensure that the ‘boys’ did not face justice as they should for their many heinous deeds?

Manipur is the third state which needs to be looked into. Here are the Meiteis, Nagas and Kukis, who have no love lost between them but are all eager to create problems for the Centre. Then there is the United National Liberation Front led by those close to the former ruling family and which maintains that the 1949 treaty by which Manipur joined the Indian Union has no legal validity. It has a fully armed cadre of around two thousand, and though at present there is a ceasefire agreement, the training camps are not idle. Then in the south-east, there are the Kuki rebels running their camps along the Myanmar border. Here also, there is a ceasefire agreement in force but that does not mean that the Kukis have gone slack on their determination to carve out a separate homeland. And overall, there is the simmering discontent at the presence of the army and the special powers it enjoys. Yes, it cannot be denied that the army had at times behaved like an army of occupation, but the question is, why did the army arrive in the first place. Human rights activists and the “do gooders” never address this query. In Tripura and Meghalaya, things are a bit quiet these days but that does not mean that the ethnic kettle has been taken off the fire. And Arunachal Pradesh has emerged as a major conduit for arms smuggled in from Myanmar.

This being the picture, how can development be expected to bring peace? It is not as if money has not been spent on the North-east. The Manmohan Singh government announced a huge package a few months ago. The time perhaps has come to take a close look at what fuels insurgency in the North-east. The troubles in Assam and Tripura had begun after the ‘Seven Sisters Bihu’ at Shibsagar in 1979, a meet which was attended by the then ambassador of Thailand and American embassy officials, and of course, political activists from the two states. The World Baptist Alliance publication, The Church Precedes the Empire, had appeared a year earlier. In this, the efforts of the Tripura Upajati Juba Samity towards freeing tribals from communist influence had been praised. Today, Bangladesh is being blamed, and rightly, for sheltering rebels from the North-east, but what about the help and encouragement from other forces?

All this may appear to be ancient history, but the present cannot be seen in isolation from the past. New Delhi has been blind all these years and it would do well now to adopt a multi-pronged approach. If in the case of Nagaland, the need is for accommodation, it is firmness that is required in Assam and Manipur. And one thing should be clear: merely pouring in funds for development will not lead anywhere. [telegraphindia]

Frans on 11.15.06 @ 01:38 PM CST [link]


Tuesday, November 14th

Don’t kill innocents in the name of nationalism, NSCN-IM to rival


Don’t kill innocents in the name of nationalism, NSCN-IM to rival The Morung Express

Dimapur, Nov 13 (MExN): The NSCN-IM has strongly condemned the killing of ‘terrorist cold-blooded killing of harmless, blameless innocent people’ in the name of nationalism, stating that no justification can supplement the killing of the innocent.
An NSCN-IM MIP release stated that the NSCN-K’s “ominous claws of communalism have once gain cast its shadow over innocent people”. It strongly condemned the November 11 abduction and subsequent killing of Enoch Shinglai from the Tangkhul community, by what the NSCN-IM stated was by the NSCN-K by falsely accusing him of being an informer. The MIP release clarified that the victim was never associated with the NSCN-IM in any manner or way “but has become an innocent victim of the blood-thirsty Khaplang outfit in their intent to spread fear psychosis, disrupt peace, sow division on communal lines and dislodge the efforts to find a peaceful settlement to the vexed Indo-Naga political issue”.
It stated that no justification can supplement the killing of the innocent for no fault of theirs but for simply belonging to a Naga community. “The pretext ‘informed is just one of the false labels branded on the victim to give reasons for their cold-blooded murders. There subsists murky days ahead unless the psychotic mania of barbarous resort is stopped. Analyzing the causes of this vicious cycle of cold-blooded killings by Khaplang outfit, no valid grounds or rationality can be deduced” the NSCN-IM stated. It further asserted that respecting the voice of the Naga people, the NSCN-IM had extended “to Khaplang’s invitations sent mediators with letters of good-will and various other feelers in all sincerity with the spirit of forgive and forget, reconciliation and unification several times”. However, all these efforts were responded in outright negativity on the pretense of ‘this or that’ in all callousness, the NSCN-IM asserted while maintaining that in addition to the rejection, the NSCN-K “enhanced their association” with the enemy and indulging in anti-Naga campaigns. “Following their stubborn and obstinate response and continuation of engaging in divisive and disruptive activities of senseless killings, threats, permeation of social insecurities, vitiations of peaceful atmosphere and the other sinister anti-Naga stratagems, the NSCN/GPRN was spared with no other options but to confront the challenges posed in defense of our national principles and in safeguarding our de jure rights as a people” it asserted.
Further, the NSCN-IM asserted that the NSCN-K, “stranded in their Khaplang dilemma and situation created by their egoistic and recalcitrant selfishness, bereft of any other political agenda to obstruct the peace process or to disintegrate the Naga family”, is now venting their frustration on the Naga public. It warned that the perpetrators would be penalized for their crimes as was done to war criminals of the World Wars. “The crimes committed in the name of nationalism today will not go unpunished tomorrow but tried accordingly for justice has to and will be delivered to the dead and the living. It is also to be understood that killings of innocent Nagas will betroth to us nothing but deep hatred and shameful ugly image” the NSCN-IM added.
NSCN-K questions students’ admission in NBSE The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 13 (MExN): The NSCN-K taking note that nearly four thousand “Manipur students” have enrolled in Nagaland schools as Class-X candidates from Nagaland Board of School education (NBSE), asked if the students are “real candidates” and that the trend would be “damaging” for the younger Naga generation courtesy the DAN government’s “unwise decision”.
“Are they real candidates or much more proxies in which corrupt practices they Manipuris are more adept to? And NSCN-K MIP release stated. “The students as per news reports are only from the private schools and also only from the four hill districts of Manipur. Then how many Class –X candidates are there in the entire Nagaland? How damaging consequences would be for the younger generations of Nagas because of this unwise decision of the DAN government” it stated. According to the release, there have been “many quarrels” between school authorities and students over admission “but today how come such free and relief admissions of students of other states in Nagaland schools”. It stated that one man’s wise decision benefits “several generations” while one man’s “evil decision” ruins the society and the people. “Nagas should not criticize and blame the NSCN/GPRN” but watch out for consequences, the release added.
Delhi hands off Naga schools Arjun Singh not to intervene in affiliation imbroglio Kuknalim.com (The Telegraph)
KOHIMA, Nov 13:: Delhi has decided not to intervene on the question of affiliation of schools in Manipur to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). Yet, more than 3,660 students from four hill districts of Manipur are getting ready to appear for their High School Leaving Certificate (HSLC) examinations from Nagaland.
Nagaland school education minister Imkong L. Imchen said Union human resource development minister Arjun Singh has sent a letter to this effect, mentioning the Centre’s inability to address the imbroglio between Nagaland and Manipur over the affiliation of schools to the NBSE.

“I have just received a letter from Arjun Singh stating that the matter should be resolved between the two states,” Imchen said. He added that the Union minister’s missive was in response to the state government’s repeated requests to either allow the schools of Manipur’s four hills districts to obtain affiliation to the NBSE or create a separate board for them.

The Union minister has asked the Nagaland government to resolve the impasse with the Manipur government. The minister said the matter would be discussed again in the cabinet to chalk out the next course of action on the issue. He also expressed surprise over the reply of the HRD minister since the issue is serious in nature and involves the fate of the students.
The Nagaland minister also mentioned that the matter of affiliation has not been officially discussed with the Manipur government but through unofficial channels. He, however, said the Neiphiu Rio cabinet would decide whether to discuss the matter with its Manipur counterpart.

Even as the impasse on the issue continues, certain forces, like the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) and the state Congress unit, have expressed their scepticism. The outfit has stated that the Nagas of Manipur were trying to hijack the Nagas of Nagaland while the Congress has accused the government of taking a hasty decision without going into the nitty-gritty of the issue. But the school education minister today said the students are being allowed to appear for their examinations in view of the situation in Manipur. “This was a collective cabinet decision, taken after examining all aspects,” he said. Without mentioning any party or group, he alleged that some people were trying to politicise the issue. Over 3,660 Naga students from Manipur’s hill districts have enrolled in various schools in and around Kohima and Dimapur.
NSCN (K) cadre arrested for extortion bid The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 13 (MExN): One NSCN (K) cadre issuing demand notes at MP road, near the busy Hongkong market area was reportedly arrested by a mobile police squad. There were however conflicting reports from the police and the NSCN (IM). Police identified the NSCN (K) cadre as 2nd Lt. Khetoka Kinnimi son of Ilhovi Kinnimi of Thilixu village (Atosa). According to the police, the accused was trying to collect money from the shop when three unidentified persons suspected to be from NSCN (IM) chased and fired at him. “While he was trying to escape, a police mobile squad arrested him. A case has been registered and the investigation is still going,” SDPO Dimapur said.
Meanwhile, a press note issued by the NSCN-IM MIP informed that the NSCN (K) cadre was one Sergeant Hekato who had come from Athibung to Dimapur and was demanding money at gunpoint from business enterprises at Murgi Pati, Dimapur and later intercepted by the Dimapur Town Command, Naga Army.
According to the version of the NSCN (IM), the Khaplang cadre apprehending the approach of the Naga Army drew his gun, which was retaliated by blank firing to avoid public casualty. “It was through this wise reaction of the Naga army that prevented a shoot-out”, the MIP informed. The extortionist reportedly dropped his weapon and fled. One .32 pistol belonging to the extortionist was recovered by the Town Command. Giving details of today’s incident, the MIP stated that the Dimapur Town Command personnel pursued the extortionist, who entered the West Police Station Dimapur, thus preventing the Town Command from apprehending the culprit. The NSCN (IM) pointed out that in the interest of the general public and in maintaining a peaceful law and order situation, it was maintaining its responsibilities to this end. “But it becomes questionable on the part of the Nagaland Police in harboring this anti-Naga element under their wings and enabling them to continue engaging in various inhuman and anti-social activities”, the NSCN (IM) alleged while informing the public that any encounter with such elements should be immediately informed to the concerned authorities to prevent and curb such anti-social activities.
NSCN (I-M) condemns killings- Nagaland Post Opinion
The Khaplang's ominous claws of communalism have once again cast its shadow over innocent people in mounting their terror of ethnic cleansing. On 11 Nov. 2006 again the Khaplang cadres abducted late. Enoch Shinglai, an innocent Tangkhul Naga public from Jail Colony, Kohima falsely accusing him of being an informer of the NSCN/GPRN and cold bloodedly murdered him at Jotsoma road along the NH-39 at 5:30pm. It is for the clarification to one and all that the victim was never associated with the NSCN/GPRN in any manner or way, but has become an innocent victim of the Blood-thirsty Khaplang out-fit in their intent to spread fear psychosis, disrupt peace, sow division on communal lines and dislodge the efforts to find a peaceful settlement to the vexed Indo-Naga political issue. No justification can supplement the killing of innocent for no fault of theirs but for simply belonging to a Naga community. The pretext "informer" is just one of the false labels branded on the victim to give reasons for their cold-blooded murders. There subsists murky days ahead unless the psychopathic mania of barbarous resort is stopped. Analyzing the causes of this vicious cycle of cold-blooded killings by Khaplang out-fit, no valid grounds of rationality can be deduced.
Respecting the voices of the Naga People and in understanding the unification of Nagas to be our priority before pursuing any initiative for a final solution to the. Indo-Naga political conflict, the NSCN/GPRN extended to Khaplangs' invitations sent mediators with letters of good-will and various other feelers in all sincerity with the spirit of forgive & forget, reconciliation and unification several times, but all efforts were responded in outright negativity on the pretense of 'this or that' in all callousness to our utter dismay. In addition to the rejection of our earnest and sincere solicitation and hopes for reconciliation and unification, the Khaplang group enhanced their associations and collaborations with our adversaries by indulging in reckless anti-Naga campaigns. Following their stubborn and obstinate response and continuation of engaging in divisive and disruptive acts of senseless killings, threats, permeation of social insecurities, vitiations of peaceful atmosphere and the other sinister anti-Naga stratagems, the NSCN/GPRN was spared with no other option but to confront the challenges posed in defense of our national principles and in safe-guarding our de jure rights as a people. In keeping at pace with the on-going Indo-Naga political talks, the NSCN/GPRN in the process of involving every Naga in the peace process necessitated inter-actions and consultative meetings with Nagas from all walks of life throughout Nagalim.
But certain pockets and regions faced obstructive and disruptive hazards, posed by adverse elements on the path to undertake this effort to allow participation of all concerned for arriving at a common consensus towards achieving an honorable and acceptable solution to the Indo-Naga political imbroglio. These circumstances compelled the NSCN/GPRN to curtail these elements, and so the Khaplang remnants were pushed away towards the Myanmar border in the Mon District and the NNC/FGN confined to their designated area. The Naga people unitedly rallying behind the collective leadership of the NSCN/GPRN, with obstacles diminished in undetermining the Naga peoples' aspiration, the Indo-Naga political talks foresaw positive and good signs towards ending the impasse, and the materialization of an early amicable and acceptable political solution .With the Khaplang out-fit cornered and reduced to the brink of incapacitation, our enemies with tools of 'divide and rule' to undermine the Naga peoples' aspiration resurfaced with its hands of logistical, financial and arms assistance to the demoralized detractors to resuscitate and and renew divisive forces in within. The Khaplang group has been drifting like a ship without a rudder in troubled waters, without any political manifesto or political vision and has been serving as puppets by dancing to the tune and designs of our enemies. Stranded in their (Khaplang) dilemma and situation created by their egoistic, and recalcitrant selfishness, bereft of any other political agenda to obstruct the peace process or to disintegrate the Naga family, they have now recoursed their frustration and desperation upon innocent Naga public. The cowardly and senseless targeting of innocent Tangkhul community is nothing but the perpetrators' despairity and bankruptcy of all sane approaches upon their dead politics. The NSCN/GPRN condemns in the strongest term such cowardly and dastard acts of Terrorists' brutal cold-blooded killings of harmless, blameless and innocent people in the name of false nationalism. The NSCN/GPRN warns the perpetrators that the perpetrators of war- crimes in the First World War, Second World War or Post - Second World War are tried in the International Criminal Court of Justice, Hague, the Netherlands even today, after the lapse of many, many decades, and penalized according to their crimes. Their children and grand children are endowed with the shame of being the progeny of criminals in the society. Similarly, the crimes committed in the name of nationalism today will not go unpunished tomorrow but tried accordingly, for justice has to and will be delivered to the dead and the living. It is also to be understood that killings of innocent Nagas will betroth to us nothing but deep hatred and shameful ugly image. The NSCN/GPRN appeals to the International Human Rights Commission, all Civil societies and all right thinking people to keep on record of the Khaplang cadres' gross violation of of human rights. It is urged upon all right thinking people to vehemently condemn such prevail over the lunacy of the perpetators and further irrational innocent blood spared from the clutches of their psychosis.
Issued by MIP/GPRN, NSCN (IM)
If Nagas have minds- Nagaland Post Opinion
As per newspapers reports nearly four thousand Manipur Students have enrolled in Nagaland schools as candidates of class X examinations from NBSE. Are they real candidates or much more proxies in which corrupt practices they Manipurs are more adapt to? The students as per news reports are only from the private schools and also only from the four hill districts of Manipur. Then how many class X candidates are there in the entire Nagaland? How damaging consequences would be for the younger generations of Nagas because of this unwise decision of the DAN government. There have been many quarrels between school authorities and the poor parents of students regarding admission issues of even genuine Nagaland Naga students in the schools of Nagaland when many are denied admissions on one pretext or the other. But today, how comes such free and relief admissions of students of other states in Nagaland schools.
Neiphiu Rio is the chief minister of Nagaland and not of Manipur. If the Nagas, specially the youths have minds to think, ears to hear and eyes to see, the bodies of Neiphiu Rio and Imkong Imchen have been, by this time thrown to the streets and their flesh eaten by Dogs and Vultures. How destructive and treacherous these men are?
Secretary MIP, NSCN(K)/GPRN
Cong wants bureaucracy not democracy – Imchen The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 13 (MExN): State Education Minister Imkong L Imchen while defending the government’s position on the Naga political issue expressed unhappiness on the callous attitude of the Indian bureaucracy pointing out that the Naga issue had been stretched for over 60 years demonstrating clearly that, the government was interested only in ‘talking’ but not in bringing about a ‘settlement’, and having little concern about the loss of human lives.
While clearly blaming the bureaucratic establishment in New Delhi, Imchen also used the occasion to hit out at the Nagaland Congress pointing out that the recent outcry over the law and order and political situation are deliberate attempts to mislead the people so as to dismiss the DAN government and impose President’s Rule in the State. “There is no other reason or excuse for them in this regard. They want bureaucracy but not democracy”, Imchen stated in a press communiqué received here. “They cannot wait even for 5 years of people’s mandated DAN Ministry and remain as dignified opposition”, Imchen stated.
Continuing the war of words with the Opposition Congress on whether factional fighting is a law and order or political problem, Imchen refuted the statement that factional feuds are a state law and order problem. Imchen said that even in the last Congress regimes there had been continuous factional fights and killings, but it was never viewed as law and order problem of the state. If NPCC opines that the Naga freedom movement is only a mere state law and order problem, then they should come out openly negating even the declaration of the then Prime Minister Lt PV Narasimha Rao in 1996 at Dimapur, who said that the Naga issue is political and has to be politically solved, Imchen told the Congress.
He also said that for the last several years all the organizations and concerned individuals have been appealing to all Naga underground groups to stop fighting and killings and have put sincere efforts forunity, but till today it is unfortunate that there is no positive response from them.
“According to me political parties in the state should set aside their inherent differences and come together at least in this vital issue and put efforts to find a common ground so that, this political issue is put into better shape”, Imchen said. The Minister also went on to state that because of the state political parties engaging in mudslinging, the Naga issue was aggravated and today it is ‘difficult to find its beginning.’
Above all, Imchen said that it is the ‘blistering’ everyday media war amongst the different groups, which he termed as another foolishness, adding that this specter of rivalry in media should be restrained immediately and better channels of communication be devised.
NSF sets new deadline on CBI probe The Morung Express

DIMAPUR, NOV 13 (MExN): On the state government failing to comply with the demand for handing over the NPSC bribery attempt case to the CBI on or before November 12, 2006, the Naga Students’ Federation (NSF) had a meeting on November 13 at Dimapur Naga Students’ Union (DNSU) office and seriously discussed the matter. “The Government has done nothing towards fulfillment of the demand and its statement that the matter will be discussed by the Cabinet at the earliest possible time could not convince the NSF”, stated a press communiqué issued by Imchatoba Imchen and Daniel Tep, Vice-President and Assistant General Secretary respectively of the NSF.
However, on the request tendered by the Government to desist from taking its own course of action while the matter will be discussed by the Cabinet at the earliest possible time, the meeting unanimously decided to extend the deadline till November 25 failing which the NSF would initiate its own course of action for which the NSF will not hold responsibility for any eventuality, it stated. The NSF also informed its federating units and subordinate bodies to get ready for ‘one more war against social evil’ that has been seriously haunting the NPSC in particular and the Naga society in general. “We also take this opportunity to appeal all the Nagas to extend fullest cooperation to the student community in their fight against social injustice/evil. Truth prevails and we shall overcome”, the NSF stated.
Destroying ourselves- Nagaland Post Opinion
The much talked about peace, unity and reconciliation amongst the Nagas and the hopes and expectations of the people for a new dawn appears to have evaporated in thin air. Factional killings and current paper wars between the factions have dampened the prospects of better days for the Nagas. The political scenario in Nagaland manifests political bankruptcy. Organisations which are supposed to be fighting for the cause of the people are fighting among themselves to finish each other. Instead of defining or redefining their national principles or objectives, all of them are unnecessarily engaged in digging out the past to take political mileage. They don't realize the irreparable damage being done to the Naga political movement by exposing all the internal differences, feuds and weaknesses in the organization. Enemies of the Nagas will take full advantage of the divisions and weaknesses of the political organizations which are engaged in political dialogue with the Government of India. They themselves have thoroughly exposed themselves to the public and the world at large that they are rotten and despicable. They have not only been washing their dirty linen in public, they have also exposed their nakedness to the public. Instead of concentrating their time and energy on vital social or national issues they are frittering their energy on inconsequent issues.
Another very peculiar phenomenon of the present political scenario in Nagaland is the intolerance of others' points of view on any issue. It shows the deplorable political health of the organizations which cannot and do not digest even a small dose of difference. They tend to over react to anything said or spoken which is not pleasing to their ears. It should be remembered that to the Nagas national principles would mean democratic principles and the people have a legitimate right to have a say in determining their political future. To the Nagas, national political objective would mean a future that is beneficial to the people at large. Any political framework which will protect their identity and secure their life and property and make them equals with the rest of the world will be acceptable to them. Unfortunately, the people of Nagai and are witnessing a conflict which is completely devoid of these imperatives. Of late, there have been quite some allegations and clarifications between the NSCN and SC Jamir, Governor of Goa and veteran politician. As stated by Jamir in one of his recent press notes, he has been associated very closely with almost all the political and historical events of the State of Nagaland and no wonder, he is in the eye of the political storm effected by the NSCN factions. Most of the points raised by the NSCN such as payment of crores of Rupees to NSCN (IM)'s V.S Atem, Bedrock of Naga Society, the "Oku Shilu letter", Peace Offensive and Quit Notices, Rs 103 crore of rupees which was supposed to have been channeled to the SC Jamir ministry to suppress the Naga aspiration etc, are allegations raised several times in the past and have been amply replied to by SC Jamir himself.
However, the recent tirade against Jamir by the NSCN (1M) has raised some new points which have to be considered in depth without any bias by the Naga people. The NSCN (1M) has alleged that SC Jamir aspires to "push the Naga national movement into the coffin and bury it under the Indian Constitutional Cemetery." Now, what is the position of the NSCN (1M) vis-a-vis the Constitution of India? The July 30, 2006 talks at Bangkok between representatives of the Government of India and the NSCN (1M) leadership, more or less revolved around the "framework" proposed by Michael Van Walt, head of the Dutch NGO called Kreddha.
This framework seeks to set up a Naga Constitution "within the framework of the Constitution of India" and that it would be done "in a separate chapter"! Apart from the federal relation that the NSCN (1M) has been saying all this while, the basic idea behind the Van Walt Framework is a separate Naga Constitution within the Indian Constitution. The 30 points Charter of Demands/Competencies talk about what has been termed as an "asymmetrical federalism" and this has been amply clarified or made known to the people by VS Atem in his interview to CNN-IBN and which published in the local papers on October 3, 2006: "We have never been trying to secede from India... where is the question of secession? Yes, we have our own Tatar Hoho and we will continue to have it No compromise on that.
So naturally after the solution, the Government of India must be responsible for our development morally, politically responsible. Indian Government cannot just wash off its hands and go away. We don't hesitate to tell the Indian leaders - yes, we have confidence in the Indian currency." For all practical purposes, the negotiations between the Government of India and the NSCN (1M) are concentrated on changing the contents of Part XI of the Constitution of India which deals with the relations between the Centre and the States. No matter what the NSCN (1M) calls it, whether "asymmetrical federalism" or "sharing of competencies", the talks appear to be confmed to the change in the items in the three lists, namely, the Union List, the State List and the Concurrent List. Therefore, the allegation that Jamir is trying to bury the Naga national movement in the Indian Constitutional Cemetery implies that he, Jamir had authored these "substantive issues" and that the NSCN (1M) leadership has been negotiating with the Government of India to push the Naga national movement into the coffin of the Constitution of India according to the lines designed by Jamir! Can one therefore, assume that there is a secret understanding between Governor of Goa SC Jamir and the NSCN (1M) leaders to bring the Naga people to the mainstream of the Indian Union?
AU these years, the one-point agenda of the NSCN (1M) has been SC Jamir. He has been criticized for aU the ills of the Naga society and things came to such a pass that Jamir himself revealed in quite a few public meetings when he was the Chief Minister of NagaI and that for him, these criticisms were like vitamins - they keep him going. Is there any secret pact between the NSCN (1M) and SC Jamir to present a larger-than-life Jamir to the world? Did Jamir, as the then Chief Minister of Nagaland give a ftee hand to the NSCN (1M) during the last Assembly Elections in 2003 with the understanding that they, the NSCN (1M) would rule Nagaland and Jamir would be rewarded with an appointment to the gubernatorial post he holds now?
This may sound absurd to many but let us consider a few issues. Why is it that the NSCN (1M) is making it seem like Jamir was the author of the 16-point Agreement? Jamir was nowhere in the picture when the Naga People's Convention was formed in 1957. He joined the NPC as the Joint Secretary only in 1958 and worked with Naga leaders who were much older and more experienced than him. But somehow, the NSCN (1M) is making the people start to think that Jamir was the founder of the NPC and also the author of 16-point Agreement and ultimately the father of Nagaland State. Then again, whenever there is a temporary absence of Jamir's name in the news, the NSCN (1M) tends to bring out one issue or the other to ensure that Jamir's name remains in the minds of the people. For instance, the "Oku Shilu" letter of 1963. Is it the intention of the NSCN (1M) to keep on reminding time and again that Jamir, who was only 32 then and who was the then Parliamentary Secretary to Nehru, was able to change the mind, and ultimately the political outlook of the great man Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru himself with regard to the Naga political issue by making him, Nehru, rephrase his statement on the floor of Parliament that he was wiling to meet the Naga leader AZ Phizo in consultation with the Government of Nagaland? Is this "Oku Shilu" letter published time and again to defame Jamir or to glorify him? To my mind, this glorifies Jamir because no man on earth had openly gone against Nehru and changed Nehru's mind except Jamir. At least, no one else that we know of had gone against any statement of Nehru and change his mind set!
And then again, the NSCN (1M) has said that the Government of India had channeled funds to the tune of Rs 103 crore to Jamir to suppress the Naga movement. Is this their way of glorifying Jamir? Is Jamir really that influential in the country to convince lhoodwink the Central Government, and that too, a BJP-Ied Government to channel ise such a huge amount of money secretly? Consider this again: Jamir's Chazouba function was properly highlighted by the NPF and in the process, Jamir got more publicity than any of his spin-doctors could ever bargain for! But just as the issue was dying down, the NSCN (1M) brought out their "missive" against Jamir and ensured that his name hogged the limelight again. The NSCN (1M)' s obsession with Jamir is getting more than a wee bit suspicious. It appears that slowly, the connection between Jamir and the NSCN (1M) is being revealed and that the paper wars between them are stage managed for their mutual gain!
Bendang Ao, Arkong Ward, Mokokchung.
Ulfa talks not derailed: Centre Nagaland Post
New Delhi, Nov 13 (Agencies): The central government Monday said talks with the outlawed United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) have not derailed even as an explosion rocked a busy marketplace in Guwahati Monday injuring one person. National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan conveyed this to Indira Goswami and Rebati Phukan - the two mediators named by the ULFA to hold talks with the government.
"The government expressed its willingness to hold talks with the ULFA as soon as the group provides it with a date for discussions," Goswami told IANS. "But the government has also called upon the ULFA to immediately cease its subversive activities," she added. New Delhi had announced a major offensive against the ULFA after two powerful explosions last weekend in Assam's main city of Guwahati killed 15 people and wounded 40. The group, however, has denied its involvement in the attacks.
"I also conveyed to Mr. Narayanan (ULFA chairman) Arabinda Rajkhowa's denial (of the ULFA role in the blasts)," Goswami said. She acknowledged that they had mandate of the banned organisation and conveyed to the Centre that ULFA had not carried out the Fancy Bazar (Guwahati) blast on November five which left over 10 people dead. Asked whether ULFA had a hand in the second blast outside Guwahati refinery in the same day, Phukan said "we don't know. We have been only asked to convey that the Fancy bazar blast was not carried out by them".
Peace talks between ULFA representatives and the government broke down last month after the civil society team - People's Consultative Group (PCG) - pulled out of the peace process criticising New Delhi for calling off the truce.
There were three rounds of talks between the PCG and the government peace negotiators. The ULFA wants the release of five of its jailed leaders as a precondition to holding talks. In return, New Delhi wants the rebel leaders to commit in writing that they would come for direct negotiations if the jailed militants were released. The rebel outfit is not willing to make written commitment, leading to the collapse of the peace process.
"It's time the ULFA cling on to this opportunity and come forward," Goswami said. This is Sahitya Akademi winner Goswami's last try for brokering a solution before she leaves for her native Assam next week to continue her literary pursuits. Meanwhile, the explosion in Guwahati took place near Fancy Bazaar area.
"A person was injured in his face and a parked vehicle was damaged. We are investigating the matter and not sure about the nature of the explosion," an Assam police official said. On Sunday night, rebels blew up a pipeline of the world's oldest operating Digboi refinery. "It would take us another two days to repair the damaged pipeline," an Indian Oil Corporation official said. The ULFA rebels have stepped up attacks after New Delhi called off a temporary six-week ceasefire on Sep 24 amid deadlocked peace talks with the group's representatives.
Rishang flays UG threats to Congress candidates Staff Reporter Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 13: Taking strong exception of the threats issued by UG elements against Congress candidates in the hill constituencies of Manipur, seasoned politician and Rajya Sabha MP Rishang Keishing noted that the people of Manipur, being citizens of a democratic country need not follow their diktats. Speaking at the Congress workers' conference organised by Sekmai Block Congress Committee at Kanglatongbi Mandir ground under Sekmai Assembly constituency today, the former Chief Minister appealed to the people not to pay heed to the call of UG elements not to cast votes in favour of Congress candidates in the hill constituencies of the State. He observed that UG groups did not have the strength to block the elections. Apart from asking people not to support Congress candidates, UG groups have been working to ensure success of the candidates put up by them, charged Rishang. He asserted that these UG groups who did not believe in the democratic system of India have been sponsoring their own hand-picked candidates with the ulterior motive to earn easy money after elections. Appealing to the people not to take the words of UG groups, the MP called upon them to study the candidates sponsored by the UG groups. Noting that the prevailing situation in the State was disheartening, he flayed the short-sighted and self-seeking attitude of the political activists in both the hills and valley. Taking a dig at the boycott call made against the visit of the President of India and the proposed visit of Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh and AICC president Sonia Gandhi, the veteran Congress leader contended that whatever development visible in the State was made possible by the money provided by the Government of India. He further questioned those people calling for boycott if they had done anything for the welfare of people.
Conveying strong disapproval at the economic blockade imposed by ATSUM along the National highways, Rishang observed that frequent imposition of bandhs and blockades only brought untold miseries and hardships to the people of both the hills and valley.
Taking part in the political conference, the former candidate of Sekmai A/C Kh Amujao asserted that even as little development activities were taken up in the constituency because of its MLA being in the opposition, the Congress party has been doing all it can to bring development in the Assembly segment. The conference was also attended by MPCC president Gaikhangam, Tourism Minister TN Haokip, MLAs W Brajabidhu, Radhakishore and A Aza.
Ops to stop only after written commitment from ULFA: Centre The Assam Tribune
NEW DELHI, Nov 13 – Toughening its stand against ULFA, the Centre today conveyed to the Peoples’ Consultative Group that operations against the banned group would be stopped only after they gave a written commitment for holding direct talks with the government, reports PTI. “The Centre has asked for a written commitment from ULFA about the date of holding talks,” Assamese writer Indira Goswami told reporters after an hour-long meeting with National Security Advisor MK Narayanan. Asked whether there was any demand from ULFA for ceasing of operation launched by Army and police against its cadres in Assam, she said “they will automatically cease once ULFA comes for talks.”
Ball now in ULFA's court for talks, says Goswami By IANS
Guwahati, Nov 14 (IANS) Top rebel mediator and noted Assamese writer Indira Goswami has appealed to the outlawed United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) to positively respond to New Delhi's offer of peace talks.
'I request the ULFA leadership to give a letter mentioning the date and time for holding peace talks with the Indian government,' Goswami, sought by the ULFA to mediate for talks, told IANS over the phone from New Delhi. Goswami's appeal comes in the wake of an unconditional offer by Indian government peace negotiators to hold talks with the ULFA. The latest offer for talks was made by India's National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan during a meeting late Monday in New Delhi with two ULFA representatives - Goswami and Rebati Phukan.
'The ball is now in the ULFA's court as the fresh offer for talks by the government has no preconditions unlike in the past. 'The government is now simply asking the ULFA to give them a letter mentioning the time and date for holding talks,' Goswami, who teaches modern Indian languages at the Delhi University, said. The Indian government Sep 24 called off a six-week ceasefire and resumed military operations blaming the ULFA for stepping up attacks and extortions. In the past one month, the ULFA, fighting for an independent Assamese homeland since 1979, has triggered at least two dozen explosions, killing at least 25 people and wounding some 50, besides blowing up oil and gas pipelines. 'I faced a very hostile government team of negotiators in the meeting and was in a very delicate situation in view of the attacks going on in Assam. I never faced such a situation before,' Goswami said.
'But the one positive thing that emerged out of the meeting was that the government is still hoping to get the peace talks on.' Peace talks between ULFA representatives and the Indian government formally broke last month after the People's Consultative Group (PCG), a civil society team appointed by the rebels to mediate for talks, pulled out of the peace process blaming New Delhi for calling off the truce. There were three rounds of talks between the ULFA chosen PCG and the Indian government peace negotiators. The ULFA wanted the release of five of their jailed leaders as a precondition to holding peace talks. New Delhi in return wanted the rebel leadership to commit in writing that they would come for direct negotiations if the jailed militants were released. The ULFA was not willing to give it in writing, leading to the collapse of the peace process. 'I personally think that it is a big climb down by the government as they simply want the ULFA to give the date and time for talks with no other conditions like in the past,' Goswami said.
The ULFA is one of the 30 odd rebel armies operating in India's northeast, where insurgencies have claimed more than 50,000 lives since 1947.
Certainly not 'our boys' By Indian Express
The twin explosions that rocked the Assam capital on November 5, leaving 15 dead, has brought three significant aspects to the fore. One, militants can strike at will, notwithstanding the beefed-up security that the authorities talk about. Two, that the ULFA still has the capability to do great damage, even after being considerably weakened after the Operation All-Clear was carried out by the Royal Bhutanese Army in December 2003. Three, that Assam's civil society is yet to speak out against violence and terrorism, even though people are getting increasingly disenchanted with violent ideologies. Every time militants strike, the routine follows predictable lines: a security review is ordered, an announcement is made of 'renewed' operations as well as more coordination and intelligence sharing among the security forces. This is followed by statements about the strength of the ULFA, stories about their desperation, and about how some of its cadre are anxious to surrender. Finally, there are some retaliatory killings, like the one that left a 5-year-old boy dead at Pengeri in Upper Assam on Wednesday. The pattern on the ULFA front is also the same: it prefers to remain silent if the casualty figure is high, or it may sometimes deny involvement or even blame the government for the incident. In the latest case, too, it has kept quiet, except for one statement made by its vice-chairman Pradip Gogoi - who has been in jail for over seven years now. Gogoi maintained that the ULFA was not involved in the Guwahati blasts. The outfit had behaved similarly, when ten innocent children were killed in an explosion at Dhemaji, in Upper Assam, during school Independence Day ceremonies two years ago. People are certainly outraged by such attacks, but the government has repeatedly failed to capitalise on this and turn public opinion against violence and terrorism. Interestingly, the public response after the Guwahati blasts has been fairly subdued and the reason for this is simple: people believe that there are too many powerful interests which do not want insurgency to end. Look at the changing pattern of ULFA's activities. The outfit was more into gunning down individuals until, say, 2001. The year 2002 saw a significant shift in the pattern in violence since the ULFA's inception in 1979: the outfit started using explosives for the first time. While it caused 18 explosions in 2002, the figure went up slightly the next year. But what has been happening since 2004 is indeed noteworthy: the group caused 103 explosions that year, which went up to 121 in 2005. This year, the ULFA has also caused a 100 explosions. If intelligence reports are to be believed, the strength of the ULFA has also come down significantly, from around 4,000 during its peak in 1990-91to just about 800 now. Although these figures can be misleading, official records also maintain that while over 11,000 rebels have been arrested since 1991, and about 8,500 have surrendered, at least 1,100 have died in encounters with the security forces. Going by recent arrests, it has been proved beyond doubt that the ULFA has, like most other armed groups, started recruiting young boys to carry out their activities, including planting explosive devices and throwing grenades. Significantly, the outfit has been consistently losing public support. There was a time when a large section of society was quite happy with its activities, especially since it had managed to create a Robin Hood image for itself - helped by friendly media coverage. But a lot of water has flowed down the Brahmaputra in the past two decades, and public attitudes have also changed significantly. People across the state are now increasingly taking out processions and organising meetings to protest against killings by the ULFA. Subscribing to the ULFA's argument that the region has been long neglected by New Delhi is one thing; supporting the ULFA's violent acts quite another. And as far as explosions, killings, abductions and extortions are concerned, the average Assamese has already gathered courage to fight them. What is disappointing is that there is little support for them in this battle - either from political parties, civil society organisations like the Assam Sahitya Sabha, or the government. That is the present tragedy of Assam.

Arunachal is Chinese land: envoy Courtesy: The Hindu Nagarealm
New Delhi: Arunachal Pradesh is Chinese territory, Beijing's envoy to Delhi has said ahead of the country's President's visit to India on November 20. In an exclusive interview to CNN-IBN, Chinese Ambassador Sun Yuxi reiterated his country's claim to the strategically important state and said the border dispute with India was complicated and would take time to resolve.
“In our position the whole of what you call the state of Arunachal Pradesh is Chinese territory and Tawang (district) is only one place in it and we are claiming all of that-that's our position,” said Ambassador Sun Yuxi. Sun Yuxi avoided a question on China wanting India to give up nuclear weapons. "Unfortunately, we have five nuclear weapons powers in the world. That number should be reduced. We will be very happy if we can give up our nuclear weapons and are working for an international agreement on elimination of nuclear weapons," he said.

Long march to settlement China cites the Tawang Monastery, one of the last vestiges of Mahayana Buddhism, as evidence that the mountainous district of Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh once belonged to Tibet and that India should hand it back to help settle the row. The dispute over the 3,500-km India-China border led to the 1962 war. New Delhi disputes Beijing's rule over 38,000 sq km of barren, icy and uninhabited land on the Tibetan plateau, which China seized from India in the 1962 war. China, for its part, claims 90,000 sq km of territory in Arunachal Pradesh.
Within that disputed area is Tawang and its monastery. The neighbours have held several rounds of talks since 1981 to resolve the dispute but have so far failed to make progress. Last year, they agreed on an 11-point roadmap to settle the border row in light of booming bilateral trade and growing ties. The proposal was seen as an attempt towards accepting the status quo and hammering out a swap whereby China would give up claims in the east in return for India's recognition of Chinese sovereignty in the strategic Aksai Chin area in the west.
Although both sides seemed amenable to such a deal, Beijing's demand for Tawang - and India's refusal to part with any populated territories - has created a stumbling block.

Frans on 11.14.06 @ 03:19 PM CST [link]


Monday, November 13th

Tangkhul Naga found murdered in Kohima Assam Tribune


Tangkhul Naga found murdered in Kohima
From Our Correspondent Assam Tribune
IMPHAL, Nov 12 – One more Tangkhul Naga was found murdered near Kohima after being abducted from his house on Sunday afternoon.

Reports reaching here said that around three to five unidentified gunmen abducted Enos Shalai(34), a resident of Kohima who ran a video CD library, in the morning and his dead body was later recovered from a spot near Jotsoma by-pass near Kohima town.

Enos, a Tangkhul businessman who hailed from Manipur’s Phunton village in Ukhrul district, had been living in the Nagaland state capital for the past few years after getting married with an Angami wife. They have three children.

Sources said the reason behind the killing was yet to be ascertained. Police have registered a case. This incident is the third of its kind in the past few months after NSCN-Khaplang faction served ‘quit notice’ to the Tangkhul tribe in Nagaland.
Quit Notice gets nastier, one more killed Newmai News Network
Kohima, Nov 12 : One Tangkhul man indentified as Enoch was killed by the NSCN-K in Kohima yesterday. Nagaland Police recovered the body at around 5.30 pm along NH-39 and Jotsoma road. Enoch Tangkhul, aged around 30, son of SC Tangkhul, received two bullet injuries— one on his head and other on the chest. The deceased reportedly hailed from Chakama village under Senepati district of Manipur State, police informed.
Police said that he was abducted from Jail colony, Kohima at around 11 am and the police were informed later about his abduction. According to a Dimapur based newspaper, the NSCN (K) has claimed the killing of Enoch Tangkhul, while alleging that he was an informer of NSCN (IM) .
Further the NSCN (K) also warned the Tangkhuls and disclosed that the killing was in continuation of the “Quit Notice” and asked them to leave the Nagas alone “as their intrusion into Naga politics has brought about irreparable setbacks in our National aspirations to unite Nagas under one banner and to attain our cherish dreams to live as one people and Nation”.
The Tangkhuls are being asked to leave the “Nagas and the Naga country” by the NSCN-K, according to the Dimapur based newspaper. Meanwhile, the NSCN-IM has strongly con- demned the killing of Enoch. NSCN-IM deputy kilonser for MIP Kraibo Chawang informed Newmai News Network tonight that the charges of the rival NSCN-K were ridiculous.
Chawang said that the statement of the NSCN-K is self contradictory. The NSCN-IM leader said the NSCN-K's statement said that Enoch Tangkhul was killed for being an informer of the NSCN-IM and again the same statement said that the killing was a follow up of the Quit Notice served on the Tangkhuls. “Was Enoch killed for being an informer or the Quit Notice follow up?” countered Kraibo Chawang to the NSCN-K statement. He then alleged that some overground politicians are using some NSCN-K leaders behind the Quit Notice served on the Tangkhuls.
Factional clash is law and order problem: NPCC The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 12 (MExN): The Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee (NPCC) today strongly reacted to the statement of Sate Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio who had dismissed the Congress party’s demand for President’s Rule in the state.
Reasserting the Congress party’s old stand that factional clashes comes under the preview of law and order problem, the NPCC in a press rejoinder issued by its President Hokheto Sumi stated that factional clashes is a law and order problem when the innocent peoples lives are put at stake and added that it was the State government’s responsibility to maintain law and order in the State. The Government cannot simply term factional clashes to be a “political problem” and shift its responsibility to the Central Government, Sumi stated.
Implying a failure of the policy of equi-closeness, the Congress chief sarcastically pointed out that the government’s policy of equi-closeness has brought the two factions so close to each other that they are now fighting in the heavily populated areas of the towns. Cementing their claim on the law and order issue, the release stated that the public anger which greeted the Home Minister and his entourage during their visit to Zunheboto after the NSCN gun battle showed the public desperation at the government for their failure to provide security to the people.
Also coming out strongly against the Chief Minister’s alleged statement that deployment of forces to tackle the Zunheboto situation would be misuse of power, the release stated that Rio’s attitude of running the state of affairs is against the principle of a welfare state and blasted the Chief Minister’s alleged remark that the government could diffuse the Zunheboto problem with the help of civil societies. Hokheto pointed out that the Zunheboto public took great risk to chase the NSCN factions from the area.
In the light of all this, the release also made mention of the DAN government’s pre-election promises of finding a solution to the vexed Naga political problem within three months if voted to power. The Congress President stated that the DAN government is now facing complete law and order breakdown after they took over the Government in the State. The frequent factional clashes is causing so much untold miseries and suffering to the innocent people where the DAN Government is terming it to be a “political problem” and “not Law and Order problem”, added Hoketo. The NPCC President also lambasted the Chief Ministers alleged statement that the situation in other states is far worse than Nagaland adding that this showed the immaturity of the Chief Minister. Taking note of the government sending rice and money to affected areas, the release questioned how money and rice can play a positive role in diffusing the situation in the affected areas.
Making a clarification on why the Congress party did not join the Joint Legislator’s Consultative Committee for Peace (JLCCP), Hokheto stated that the Congress party first wanted to know the modalities for formation of the JLCCP, but still the DAN Government remained silent on the issue and yet Rio is alleging the Congress Party for not joining the JLCCP, he added.
Taking a dig at Rio’s claim about the regional parties being the best platform to highlight and focus on the identity of the Nagas, the release stated that the NPF leaders are not working as a team. Alleging some difference of opinion in the NPF party, Hokheto alleged that when it comes to factional clashes, the Chief Minister is appealing to the underground factions not to fight, while on the other hand the NPF President Dr. Shürhozelie is saying the underground factions go out to do anything they want and speak anything they like. “The top rankings in the NPF seem to have different views on the underground factions, and as such, the regional party like NPF may not serve the right platform to highlight the “Naga identity”, added the Congress President.
Further the NPCC also demanded Rio to substantiate his allegations that “the two NSCN factions and Congress are hatching a plot against the DAN Government” and take proper action against the alleged parties.
Cong blames DAN Govt for factional clashes The Morung Express
Kohima, Nov 12: The Congress today castigated the ruling DAN alliance in Nagaland accusing it of failing to maintain law and order, reports NNN.The Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee (NPCC) in a statement issued by its president Hokheto Sumi alleged the State is now facing complete breakdown ever since DAN came to power.
“The DAN policy of equi-closeness is bringing the underground groups too close to each other and as a result, they cannot stop the factional clashes which are taking place in thickly populated areas. The frequent factional clashes is causing so much untold miseries and suffering to the innocent people while the DAN Government is terming it to be a political problem and not law and order problem,” the party said.
The NPCC claimed factional clashes come under the law and order situation, as far as when the lives of the innocent are put at stake. The responsibility of the State Government is to ensure that, the law and order situation is under their control and the welfare of the people is safeguarded, the party said. It added the Government cannot simply term factional clashes as “political problem” and shift its responsibility to the Central Government.
“The immaturity of Rio is highlighted when DAN Government could not handle the law and order situation, he makes comparison with other neighboring States that, the situation in those States are worse than our State. It is interesting to note that, the DAN Government is tackling the law and order situation by sending rice and money to the people in the affected areas. But it is yet to be ascertained, how far rice and money can play a positive role in helping the people and defuse the situation in those affected areas.”
The Congress said the public’s ex-pression of anger to Home Minister Thenucho during his recent visit to Zunheboto town after three-day factional clashes and seizure of arms of the Minister’s security personnel were signs of their protest against the State Government’s inability to provide security to the people during the factional clashes. The NPCC further demanded from Rio to substantiate his reported allegations that “the two NSCN factions and Congress are hatching a plot against the DAN Government” and take proper action against the alleged parties.
Naga NGOs in Manipur condemn killing The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 12 (MExN): Various civil societies based in Manipur, namely the UNC, NPMHR (South), NWUM and ANSAM today strongly condemned the killing of Enoch Shinglai by unidentified gunmen and called upon the perpetrators to denounce the ‘random targeting and killing of a particular community in the name of Naga nationalism’. A joint press statement signed by the UNC President, KS Paul Leo; Paulhring Langhu, President of ANSAM; Grace Shatsan, President of NWUM and Phamhring Sengul, Convenor of the NPMHR South stated that counting the heads of a particular community is not a solution to the vexed Indo-Naga conflict and urged the state government to take proper security measures to control criminal activities in the state.
Expressing their distress at the present law and order situation in the state, the NGOs questioned how the Government of Nagaland can remain a mute spectator to the prevailing law and order problem when the criminal elements have openly claimed that they have butchered the innocents. At the same time, it made a fervent appeal to the underground factions to put an end to the random taking of innocent human life.
Pointing out that the escalating criminal acts in the land have increasingly projected a wrong impression of the Naga society, the release stated that such inhuman atrocities within the Naga family has created a social imbalance which hinders the efforts to bring about understanding in the society through prejudicing the respect for human rights and human values, added the release.
Making a point that such calculated crime threatens the ethical values of human existence the Naga NGOs appealed to all sensible Naga citizens to play proactive role to prevent such criminal activities in the land.
The Naga NGOs in a humane tone stated that the Naga people as a mother or father or as children should not remain insensitive to the mindless executions of innocent public as it creates a lot of devastated and broken homes of widows and orphans.
The release further conveyed their profound condolences to the family members of the deceased.
NSCN (IM) condemns killing The Morung Express Newmai News Network

Dimapur, Nov 12: The NSCN-IM has strongly condemned the killing of Enoch. NSCN-IM Deputy Kilonser for MIP Kraibo Chawang informed Newmai News Network tonight that the statement of the rival NSCN-K was ridiculous.
Kraibo said that the statement of the NSCN-K is self-contradictory. The NSCN-IM leader ridiculed the NSCN-K’s statement that Enoch Tangkhul was killed for being an informer of the NSCN-IM and again that the killing was a follow up of the Quit Notice to the Tangkhuls.
“Whether Enoch was killed for being an informer or the Quit Notice follow up?” questioned Kraibo Chawang to the NSCN-K statement. He then alleged that some overground politicians are using some NSCN-K leaders through the Quit Notice against the Tangkhuls.
Confronting Monologue! The Morung Express Editorial
One reason why Nagas in recent times find themselves in a perpetual state of arrestation is because of the manner in which ‘monologue’ has become so embedded into the ethos of daily life. Indeed the healthy and dynamic practice of dialogue which was central to the Naga way of conducting human affairs has over time become into a dialogue between monologues. As a result, the monologues have only widened the possibilities of understanding because people are no longer listening to each others point of views. Consequently, each monologue only hears its own voice and because they are no longer listening to the other voices, they are unable to determine and identify the opinions which are found to be common. Is this not the reality of today’s time?
If only Nagas could patiently and actively listen to each others opinions and perspectives, perhaps the differences of views could be addressed meaningfully. However, the culture of monologue which has become the norm of the day prevents any process that resembles genuine dialogue. The culture of monologue feeds into the cycle of power where each voice asserts itself to drown other voices, and rather than being reflective, it assumes a form where it primarily takes the position which is reactive, defensive and self-righteous. This monologue is eating away the spirit of understanding and definitely undermining the ethos of democratic participation and ownership.
The culture of monologue is now prevalent in all spheres of Naga activity and it has infected all forms of human organization in the Naga realm of life and how it conducts it human affairs. Because Nagas have stopped dialoguing with each other, the monotone and bankruptcy of ideas and staleness of thoughts are setting into the psyche and preventing the creative realization of what the human mind can achieve. No wonder one finds that we are constantly repeating ourselves and actually have little or nothing new to say or do anymore. It’s like a music cd that has been overplayed.
Nagas must break out of this monologue and find new meaning and purpose of life again. While building on the legacy of what the elders have handed down to the present generation, we must ensure freshness to life. The existing monologue must be confronted and transcended so that the destiny of a people’s existence is no longer ambiguous, but one that gives people a reason to have hope. Overcoming the existing monologue demands a new consciousness and a way of life which is reflective and representative of a new system of conducting human affairs.
There is an imperative need to shift from a monologue to a dialogue, a dialogue which brings to public expression the issues that are essential towards defining the purpose and existence of life; and one that embodies an understanding, which embraces the understanding and acceptance of differences. Unless, Nagas as a people are able to search deep down within themselves to live again as a dynamic and creative political entity, the cycle of monologue will eat away the Naga capacity to exercise its ability to define and determine itself.
Think of what you can contribute to the society': Shurhozelie Kuknalim.com
WOKHA, Nov 12:: Minister for Planning and Co-ordination, Dr. Shürhozelie graced the parting social and prize distribution function of Mt. Tiyi College (MTC) Wokha on November 10 as the chief guest...

Speaking on the occasion, Shürhozelie urged the students to become responsible citizens and maintain self-image. He encouraged them to think of what they can contribute to the society. Shürhozelie also cited the efforts of Martin Luther who sacrificed himself to free his people from suppression and said that black Americans are dominating the silver screenss and the army today.

He dwelt on the present situation of hatred and killing of brothers in Naga society. He said that ‘we cannot allow fear and hatred to dominate the entire society.’ On the developmental side, Shürhozelie assured provisions for construction of the main building of the college during 2007-08. Later, Shürhozelie inaugurated a classroom building of the college and gave away the prizes.

Director, Higher Education, Piketo Sema gave a short speech and Principal MTC, Chubatola delivered the introductory speech. Dr. Z Ovung and friend presented a special song while vote of thanks was proposed by Vice Principal, MTC, Abeni Kithan.
A host of government officials, public leaders and well-wishers attended the function. (DIPR)
Nagaland Cong castigates DAN Govt Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Nov 12:: The Congress on Sunday castigated the ruling DAN alliance in Nagaland accusing it of failing to maintain law and order...

The Nagaland Pradesh Congress Committee (NPCC) in a statement issued by its president Hokheto Sumi alleged the State is now facing complete breakdown in law and order situation after DAN had come to the saddle. "The DAN policy of equi-closeness is bringing the underground groups too close to each other and as a result, they cannot stop the factional clashes which are taking place in thickly populated areas. The frequent factional clashes is causing so much untold miseries and suffering to the innocent people where the DAN Government is terming it to be a political problem and not law and order problem," the party said.

The NPCC claimed factional clashes come under the law and order situation, as far as when the lives of the innocent are put at stake. The responsibility of the State Government is to ensure that, the law and order situation is under their control and the welfare of the people is safeguarded, the party said. It added the Government cannot simply term factional clashes as "political problem" and shift its responsibility to the Central Government. (NNN)
Violence would be the lifeblood of Naga politics? Kaka D. Iralu The Morung Express Perspective
Of late, there have been attempts to twist Naga history in favour of the moderates of yesterday’s NNC leaders. In the attempt, A. Z. Phizo and all our courageous leaders of yesterday are being projected as some violent Naga leaders who were out and out for a violent confrontation with India. The other moderate leaders are projected as the saner and more practical leaders whose voice of caution about impending consequences went unheeded by the violent Naga mob under the leadership of the extremist NNC leaders. In this projection, A.Z. Phizo had even been accused of saying that “Violence would be the lifeblood of Naga politics”. (These words were stated by Nirmal Nibedon in his book, Nagaland, the Night of the Guirillas, page 66).
Here, though self-appointed, as a Naga historian, I feel duty bound to set the record straight so that future generation of Nagas will be able to know the truth. I also make this clarification so that the deaths of the thousands of our national heroes who died in violent self-defence actions would not be marred by dishonourable conclusions. To begin with, from its very inception on February 2, 1946, the NNC adopted a non-violent policy for the pursuit and achievement of its political goals. This policy was followed both in letter as well as in practice from 1946 until March 24, 1954. (The first Naga counter attack against the Indian army was launched on this day at Huker and Panger villages by the Yimchungers). The following chronologically arranged events will show that the NNC followed a non-violent policy until this date.
1. From 1946 to 1953, all the important political actions like the declaration of Naga independence on 14th August 1947 or the announcement of a sovereign Naga state on December 30, 1949, or the conduct of the national plebiscite of May 16, 1951, or the non-participation in the first Indian general election of 1952 were all done in a non-violent manner. In fact, after the plebiscite, the NNC had even offered that they were ready to be under an Indian President in a independent Nagaland for a stated period. At this point of our history, non of the NNC leaders were moving around with armed escorts nor was there any talk of an armed uprising. Also up to March 30, 1953 (visit of Nehru and U Nu to Kohima), there were no two opinions about Naga sovereignty and independence among the Nagas. The whole Naga independence movement was up to this stage, a united Naga national movement.
2. This non-violent movement went on despite violent provocations from the Indian side. For example, three Mao Nagas were shot to death by the Assam Rifles on Aug 27, 1948, when the Mao Nagas were on a peaceful march refusing to pay house tax to the Manipur Maharaja. In this shooting another four were also seriously injured. Two other Nagas were also killed in Tuensang in the same year. Then again, when some Nagas were on a peaceful march in Kohima protesting against the gruesome torture of a Sema boy in Dimapur, Zasibeito Nagi a Judge of the Kohima Court was shot to death on October 18, 1952.
3. In the midst of all these non-violent activities, the coming of Nehru and U Nu to Manipur and Kohima on March 30, 1953 changed the whole peaceful atmosphere. Nehru and U Nu, in defiance of all the wishes of the Nagas came to survey and divide the British bequeathed Naga lands between themselves. They came with great confidence in themselves because for the first time, after nearly two hundred years of oppression and subject-hood, they were now independent nations equipped with many arms left behind by their former oppressors. They perhaps thought that it was now their turn to oppress and rule. To them, the Nagas were only some wild tribesmen whose lands they could occupy without any problem.
Their confidence and arrogance were rudely shattered when the Naga delegation walked out from the Kohima local ground in protest against their arrogance. Following their departure from Kohima, arrest warrants were issued to all the NNC leaders. The Naga freedom movement from thenceforth went underground. Now the non-violent NNC leaders were compelled to keep armed bodyguards around them. On March 30, 1953, Khonoma, the village of the NNC President was raided. This was followed by the raid on Longkhum, the village of the NNC Vice President. Unable to hide anymore in and around Kohima or Mokokchung, many of the NNC leaders including A.Z. Phizo slipped into the Tuensang division to hide in the Yimchunger, Chang, Konyak and Khaimuingan regions of Free Nagaland.
4. While hiding in these regions, the NNC leaders along with the active participation of the regions declared the first Naga Hongking Government on September 18, 1954. Following these events, the first violent act by the Indian Government was unleashed on the Nagas when under India’s instigation, on November 15, 1954, sixty-three villagers of Yongpang in Tuensang area were killed. Most of these villagers were beheaded. Taka Temjen, the youth promoter of the NNC and some of his colleagues were also killed in this attack. Next, on November 27, 1954, the NNC village of Chingmei was destroyed by bombardment assisted by one battalion of paramilitary forces. Between 1954 and January 1955, several NNC strongholds in these regions were attacked by Indian forces especially in the Lemnyu and Wui areas. Between January and March 1955, the villages of Changtongyia, Lungkhum, Chungtia Mokokchung, Changlangshu, Chingkhoa etc in the Nagaland side were also attacked. In these attacks, many villagers were raped, tortured and even shot to death.
5. By March 31, 1955, the Vice President of the Naga National Council had sent the following cable message to the United Nations, with copies to the government of India and all foreign ambassadors in New Delhi. “Reports reaching Kohima say that more ten thousand men, women and children in the free Naga areas believed to have been killed by the Indian troops within last few days of whole scale massacre… urgently appeal to you in the name of humanity to intervene and stop killings…”
In the light of all these historical facts, for the any Naga writer to infer that A.Z. Phizo and the moderate Naga leaders of the NNC parted ways in 1956, due to Phizo’s insistence on violence is sheer nonsense. In fact, far from any co-operation talk, the Indian army was already wantonly massacring Naga citizens even as early as November 15, 1954.

In this context, the only co-operation proposal agreed to by the NNC was the Akbar Hydari Agreement of June 1947. But even this agreement was not honoured by the Indian government. In fact, right after the signings of the Agreement, Akbar Hydari had threatened the NNC that would be used against the Nagas if they did not agree to become a part of India. In the later part of 1955, Nehru’s agent (and often, Nehru’s critic), Mr. Purwar is purported to have brought some co-operation proposals behind the NNC’s back. These proposals were however never disclosed or discussed with the NNC leadership. Hence, any proposals for co-operation with India at this stage was secret and without the NNC’s knowledge.As for the accusation that Phizo and his colleagues were for a violent confrontation with India, neither Phizo nor Zushei Huire or Thongti, etc, were imbeciles who could foolishly think that Nagas could win their independence through violence. These NNC leaders had all seen the devastation of South East Asia through the Second World War between 1943-1944. They also knew that India and Burma were militarily well equipped enough to destroy Nagaland in a few months.
The actual fact at this stage of Naga history was one where a non-violent and just political movement had been attacked unbelievable violence. The Indian army had already unleashed that violence as early as November 15, 1954. Hence, the inference of a serious debate on violence and non-violence raging in the NNC camp in January 1956 can be only a fiction of the imagination. Far from such a fiction, the horrifying reality that was confronting the NNC leadership then, was one of whether to surrender all the Naga political rights to the Indian army violence or to defend those rights with counter self-defence measures. At stake was the proud history of the Nagas and their hope for better future. The choice was one of whether the Naga Nation would surrender themselves to become a mere district under Assam or to defend their already declared Nationhood. Faced with such a dilemma and despite all the overwhelming odds facing them, these brave Naga leaders nevertheless chose to defend their history and their future.

Now, after 59 years of heroic defence of our rights where thousands upon thousands of our young men have sacrificed their lives, who are these Nagas of today who are accusing the leaders of yesterday as being guilty of violent dispositions which has led the Naga Nation to ruins?

Let the Nagas get this fact very clearly into their heads that violence was never something we initiated or were bent on unleashing. On the contrary, despite all our efforts for a non-violent recognition of one anothers’ rights with Indian and Burma, violence was forced on us by them. When this violence was unleashed upon us, we resorted to counter measures because we could not stand by and watch our villages burnt to ashes and our women raped to death. In the counter measures some over two hundred thousand Naga have perished.
On the other hand, some less honourable Nagas treacherously co-operated with India and bought an Indian state into Nagaland. Here please do not try to project those Nagas who ran away from the fight for Naga independence as the non-violent heroes of the past 59 years of bloody Naga history. No, no, they are not the heroes and even what they got from the Indian government was not because of the heroic non-violent stand. Let every Naga know this fact that even the Nagaland State that we got as a political bargain, was because of the thousands who sacrificed their lives to defend Naga independence.
In conclusion, at the end of 50 years of blood and tears, let no Naga ever think that we have brought this violence upon ourselves. It is indeed true that in the violence that engulfed our hills and mountains, many of our “moderate” leaders also perished. Among them, I also weep for T. Sakhrie, the visionary dreamer of an independent Nagaland. I cannot but hold my breath, when I read his writings or sing the songs that he composed. I can only think that perhaps it was the romantic and poetic spirit in him that made him to recoil and walk away from the violence that he saw was coming to engulf his Naga dream. As for his untimely death, he did not deserve to die like that, when he had so eloquently done so much in laying the foundation of the Naga Nation.
However, since his clansmen had already graciously chosen to forgive those who had killed him, let us also lay his soul to rest in peace. Indeed, let us lay to rest the souls of all our heroes who died in the violence that have engulfed our lands for the past half a century. As for the living, let us continue to fight until freedom is finally achieved so that our dead would not have died in vain. As for violence or non-violence, let us remember that despite all our efforts at non-violence, we were inflicted with violence by India and Burma. God forbid that we accuse that violence on one another or worst still, inflict that violence on one another through fratricidal killings.
Nothing is impossible Nagaland Post Editorial
In corruption as in politics, everything is possible and in Nagaland, nothing is impossible. Take only one specific case where the arithmetic is so mind boggling that it seems almost impossible. What can any sane person with a conscience say when the estimate for a project that has been prepared by highly qualified engineers who had based their cost on the rates prevailing in a specific period, turns out to be totally wrong or grossly inaccurate? When the state Police Engineering Project in Nagaland prepared its estimates for construction of the battalion headquarters for the 9 India Reserve Battalion at Saijang, the project cost was Rs.39.94 crore as per the schedule of rate for the year 2004. The original estimate of Rs.39.94 crore has jumped to Rs.72.30 cr in 2006 after a hefty 85 percent was accepted over the Schedule of Rate(SOR)for 2004.In reality, the aggregate average rise in cost of cement,steel,sand,bricks and labour between 2004 and 2006 was a maximum of 40 percent whereas the rate approved showed that a hefty 85 percent was accepted as the difference for the same period. This is more than double the aggregate rise in terms of percentage between 2004 and 2006.This alone indicates that the engineers are totally out of touch with the prevailing market rate or that they have used a faulty calculator. However, this is not the end of the insanity that has become the hallmark of government projects. It was disclosed by the local contractors union that in practical terms, the rate approved for the particular firm belonging to a non-local contractor turned out to be 140.93% above the Schedule of Rate(SOR)2004 though the rate quoted and accepted was supposed to be 85% above SOR for 2004.From zero to 85 percent to 140.93 percent rise is surely not impossible in Nagaland. What is more, the scandalous case also revealed a conscious decision to favour the firm with a rate that is Rs.2246.45 per square feet as against Rs.932.40 per square feet approved for local tribal contractors at the same site. Over and above, the firm has also been given an additional 4 percent in terms of tax which the government is to pay and this further raises the project cost to Rs.75.19 cr from its original estimate of Rs.39.94 crore. The government, in this case the police department, has also agreed to pay price escalation after a certain period. These impossible features have become the rule and not the exception.It is not surprising that almost all mega projects in the state have far exceeded their original estimates by almost 200 percent. The percentage is phenomenal because everyone is involved in the vicious cycle. The criminal nexus between corrupt politicians-officers-contractor mafias is the bane of development in Nagaland. This criminally corrupt practice has spread the virus to every facet of the government and also society. In fact it is a multi-faceted evil, which gradually kills a system and nurtures the anti-social phenomenon. Indeed the people have shown remarkable tolerance beyond reasoning in this land.
ULFA blows up Assam gas pipeline The Morung Express
GUWAHATI, Nov 12 (Times News Network): Separatists belonging to the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) blew up a natural gas pipeline in Assam’s Dibrugarh district late Saturday causing extensive damage, officials said on Sunday. The attack, the latest in a string of explosions in the state that have killed 17 people and injured 46, comes even as a two-member ULFA team is due to meet National Security Adviser MK Narayanan in New Delhi on Monday for fresh peace talks. Militants of ULFA triggered a powerful blast late Saturday at a pipeline transporting natural gas near the Bhekulajan tea gardens in Dibrugarh district, about 470 km from Guwahati.
“The blast caused extensive damage and there was a very big fire soon after the explosion,” said a spokesperson of the state-owned Assam Gas Company Ltd. Fire fighters took about three hours to douse the flames and the supply of gas to tea gardens and other commercial units stopped immediately.
Security forces on Saturday shot dead an ULFA rebel in eastern Assam and arrested one more as part of a massive anti-insurgency offensive launched in the state after twin explosions killed 15 people and injured 40 on November 5. Rebels also killed two paramilitary troopers and wounded six in a landmine explosion Friday in a grenade attack in eastern Assam. Police in Assam have blamed the blasts on ULFA, which is fighting for an independent homeland since 1979.
The group had claimed responsibility for the attack on the paramilitary convoy although it denied its involvement in the Guwahati blasts. The ULFA pulled out of peace talks after New Delhi called off a six-week truce September 24 blaming the outfit of stepping up attacks and extortions.
Peace talks between ULFA representatives and the Indian government formally broke last month after the People’s Consultative Group (PCG), a civil society team appointed by the rebels to mediate for talks, pulled out of the peace process blaming New Delhi for calling off the truce.
The ULFA wants the release of five of their jailed leaders as a precondition to holding peace talks. New Delhi in return wants the rebel leadership to commit in writing that they would come for direct negotiations if the jailed militants were released. The ULFA was not willing to do so leading to the collapse of the peace process.
Ulfa blows up IOC pipeline Nagaland Post
Guwahati, Nov 12 (IANS): Separatists Sunday blew up an oil pipeline of the world's oldest operating refinery in Assam, officials said. Rebels triggered a powerful blast at a pipeline of the state-owned Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) near Makum in Tinsukia district at 7.15 pm.
"The blast tore apart the pipeline carrying high speed diesel and there has been a massive oil spillage," senior IOC official Wasik Rahman Borbora told IANS over phone from Digboi. The pipeline transports oil from the world's oldest operating Digboi refinery, established in 1901. Oil experts and fire fighters are on way to the blast site, located in a thickly forested area.
"We have shutdown the pipeline although normal operations at the refinery was on. The immediate task is to repair the pipeline," Borbora said. Police blamed the outlawed United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) for the blast.
"We understand there is no fire yet although locals in the area were collecting the oil in buckets and drums," said Tinsukia district magistrate Absar Hazarika. Police Sunday defused a powerful bomb planted between a gas and an oil pipeline close to Makum. On Saturday, suspected ULFA rebels blew up a gas pipeline near a tea garden in eastern Assam's Dibrugarh district causing extensive damage.
"There was a big fire in the area soon after the blast and it had led to disruption of natural gas supply to tea gardens and other industrial units. We are repairing the pipeline," a senior official of the Assam Gas Company Limited said.
This is the latest in a string of explosions in Assam in a week. Two powerful blasts Nov 5 killed 15 people and injured 40 others in Guwahati. Rebels also killed two paramilitary troopers and wounded others in a landmine explosion Friday. ULFA had claimed responsibility for the attack on the paramilitary convoy although it denied its involvement in the Guwahati blasts.
Meet to revive Assam peace process Nagaland Post
NEW DELHI, OCT 12 (PTI): Two key mediators will meet National Security Advisor M K Narayanan here tomorrow in an attempt to revive the peace process in Assam, which has suffered a setback due to stepped up violence by the ULFA. Noted writer Indira Goswami and Rebati Phukan will meet Narayanan to submit modalities for direct talks between the Centre and the banned group.
"We will meet Narayanan to submit proposed modalities for possible direct talks between the ULFA and the government," Goswami told PTI. The meeting will be the first between the mediators and the Centre after twin bomb blasts in Guwahati on last Sunday, blamed on the banned group that killed 15 people. Goswami, who has played a key role in efforts to bring the ULFA to the negotiating table, said both the insurgent group and the Centre had never closed the door for talks. She said she was still hopeful of a positive outcome.
On Thursday, government extended the ban on four militant outfits in the Northeast, including the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA). The other organisations, declared as unlawful associations, are Achik National Volunteer Council, Hynnietriep National Liberation Council and National Democratic Front of Bodoland.
Perspective analysis of election in democratic polity
By Ngamkhohao Haokip Contd from last Saturday Sangai Express
Otherwise, socio-political problems like the one we are experiencing in the north eastern states are more on the way.
Having taken into account the circumstantial courses, as discussed above, electioneering in India has been traversing under several laws, follow-ing points may be worth considering, at least for theoretical discussion:
1. Deployment of security forces during election bears only a little effect, as was again, recently promised by N Gopalaswami, the Chief Election Commissioner. This measure can be warranted to ward off large-scale disturbances, only and in case, some elements posed challenge to the sovereignty of the country. Election Commission should not assume that such deployment of security forces would guarantee free and fair election. Never!
I have personally seen during the last 3/4 general elections that the concern of security forces is only the peaceful conduct of election. Unfortunately, under their nose, the strong and powerful supporters of a particular candidate would indeed vote ‘peacefully’. If any party or individual dare to question such irregular voting they became nuisance in the eyes of the security forces who prevent them from negotiating for the right cause.
2. Polling stations should not be made permanent. Permanent status of polling stations is always unruly used by antagonist supporters and tribesmen for monopolizing voters with muscle and money power. Allotting of polling stations is done under the influence of either incumbent MLA or heavy weight politicians. In hill villages, polling station is considered the monopolistic positive feature of the village in which it is.
3. Polling agents of candidates/party should be armed with powers that are more stringent that can meet any foul practices in the process of casting of votes etc.
4. Necessary laws should be enacted to the effect that at least one contesting candidate each from two opposing national parties stands in every constituency. — to be contd


Frans on 11.13.06 @ 10:08 AM CST [link]


Sunday, November 12th

Centre likely to intervene Kuknalim.nl


Centre likely to intervene Kuknalim.nl
KOHIMA, Nov 11:: The Centre is likely to intervene in Nagaland if factional clashes continue and the State Government maintained that the clashes did not come under the law and order problem, the Congress here said.

All India Congress Committee secretary Sanjay Bapna, in-charge of Nagaland and Manipur, on a visit to the State to meet his party members on Friday, said there could be some kind of intervention from the Centre, including President's Rule, if the present situation continues.

He also said the State's Home Minister Thenucho tried to divert the issue by saying that the factional killings were not political and are not a law and order problem.

He claimed that the people had lost faith in the ruling Democratic Alliance of Nagaland (DAN).
Demanding President's Rule in Nagaland by the State Congress party, Mr Bapna said it was the prerogative of the Governor to assess the situation and report to the Centre.

Bapna further revealed that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress President Sonia Gandhi were likely to visit Manipur soon. Meanwhile, an NSCN(IM) cadre was killed and one Federal Government of Nagaland (FGN) cadre injured during a factional clash between combined forces of FGN, NSCN (K) and NSCN-IM in Meluri at Phek district. (UNI)
Cong junks Manipur fear The Telegraph OUR CORRESPONDENT
Kohima, Nov. 11: The Congress today belittled threats posed by the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) and other militant organisations in the run-up to the next general elections in Manipur.
AICC secretary in-charge of Nagaland, Manipur and Tripura, Sanjay Babna, played down the presence of underground outfits, especially in the four hill districts of Manipur. “Even during the last elections, despite their efforts to prevent us from coming to power, the Congress secured a thumping majority,” he said. His comment is significant given reports of threats issued by NSCN cadre to Naga politicians, particularly those belonging to the Congress.
The Naga militant groups want the politicians of Naga origin to contest as regional party candidates. They hold the view that national parties are not concerned about long-pending Naga political issues. Last month, Congress MLA R.K. Thekho said the NSCN was issuing threats to top Congress leaders through the United Naga Council (UNC) — the apex Naga body in Manipur. The UNC, however, denied the allegations, terming them as baseless.
Babna said his party might consider inclusion of affiliation of Naga schools in Manipur to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) in the election manifesto.

Tamenglong students finally get admission in Nagaland The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 11: Apprehensive students of Tamenglong district of Manipur who left for Nagaland to seek admission have finally got admission in different schools there.

According to a report from Tamenglong, students of Purity Lamb Institutes and UB School have been accommodated in Kohima Dayapar Hill High School, likewise CM High School and Christian Grammar School got seats in Great English School, DB School, and Savio English School in Kohima Higher Secondary School, Saren Children English School in St John English High School, Homi English School in Baptist English High School, Kohima, Apoukading High School in G Higher Secondary School, Kohima and Dominic High School and Longmai High School in United Brethel High School.

Mention may be made that apprehensive of losing an academic year, students of private schools in the hill districts of Manipur which have switched their syllabus to that of Nagaland Board of Secondary Education, headed for Nagaland state to get admission there.

The students studying in Class-X and waiting to appear in the forthcoming high school leaving certificate examinations were accompanied by their guardians. Together around 180 people (students and guardians) from Tamenglong district left early Tuesday for Nagaland to seek admission in schools there so as to be able to appear in the HSLC examination 2006-07.
Atem acknowledges Kholi’s ‘confession’ on Shillong Accord The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 11 (MExN): The NSCN-IM acknowledged what it stated was the NSCN-K’s C-in-C Kholi Konyak’s ‘confession’ to signing of condemnation of the Shillong Accord.
“Thank God, the truth has surfaced at last” Lt Gen (Retd) VS Atem stated in response to the statement of Gen Kholi ‘confessing’ to signing a condemnation declaration of the Accord, under pressure. “The most shameful chapter in the Naga history is the ignominious Shillong Accord and this very Accord is the root cause and the genesis of present bloodshed among the Nagas. The hitherto united Naga people were vertically split thereafter those who stood by the Shillong Accord and those who condemn it” the former NSCN-IM military chief stated in a response.
According to VS Atem, Kholi as the ‘Marshal Law Administrator, pro-Shillong Accord Naga Army,’ staged a coup on August 30 1978 and declared that “Shillong Accord and Phizo as well should not be condemned nor criticized by anyone.” Then on October 2, 1978, Marshal representatives met with signatories of the Accord at Solow, Lainung village “but what transpired in the meeting, Kholi himself knows best” and it was under him that a national assembly was convened on February 19, 1979 “which is not only totally unconstitutional but also unheard of in Naga history before”. Atem explained that the assembly was ‘dictated’ to nullify and counter-condemn the assembly’s resolutions on 1976 which had “saved” the Nagas by condemning the Accord and Zashie Huire’s “ministry”. The meeting also declared that they would negotiate with the Accord signatories. For this Col. Running and Khasui walked out of the meeting in protest, Atem stated.
Taking these in view, Atem observed Kholi as a person “who cannot withstand pressure.” When he said that he signed the condemnation of the Accord under pressure ‘it is construed logically that he was and is in favor of the Accord, a person who acts against his own conscience and “it is crystal clear that his stupidity is always exploited by wicked people”. Atem stated adding that Kholi is more confused by joining the NNC/FGN which he, ‘through the Marshall law had already killed’. “His own confession is conspicuous by the present collusion of K-group with NNC/FGN against the NSCN” Atem stated adding that it would not be a surprise if Kholi one day “comes out again refuting his own recent statements saying that he was under pressure to do so”.
Who is biggest and strongest?- Nagaland Post Opinion
Many a times we come across some people and media persons saying that IK (former IM) organization and its armed group are the biggest and strongest organization in the entire Northeast of the Indian sub-continent. Is it true! how?? Is it logically inferred conclusion by studying all the ground realities or figments of imaginations? How big and strong is IK?? Such exaggerations and flattery embodlden and excites the IK group to carry on more acts of terrorism in Nagaland and elsewhere. In the entire so-called their Nagalim, the IK dominated areas are only (as at present) Ukhrul, Wokha, parts of Dimapur and parts of Senapati district in Manipur. All other detachments of armed terrorists are kept only for extortions and terrorism. They keep 20-30 armed terrorists in Arunachal, North Cachar Hills of Assam for making money (extortion), They also keep an equal no. in Megahalya to extort money and to struggle raw Uranium for sale elsewhere. In Nagaland and Manipur the IK-group function their activities of terrorism and extortion in connivance with the state authorities. They have had declared unilateral cease-fire with the Myanmar Military Junta and that they need not keep their contingents in Myanmar. Nothing more than that, But for the NSCN and the Naga people's Army, we have our administration in most parts of Naga inhabited areas, We have our administration in the entire area, which is at least four times of the size of present Nagaland. Here in Naga areas, the so-called Nagalim, only raimnents of our Army personnel work, especially for the protection of the civilian authorities, because here we have cease-fire with the GOI.
In every armed encounter or clash with IK group, we politely declare all our casualties whether killed or injured, because the armed personnel are Naga people's Army and that it is our obligation to inform the Naga public and the relatives.
Following factors can be attributed to the expertise of IK men:-
1. To terrorize people into submission.
2. To hide their killed members or casualties so that they are not degraded before the people and
3. To live a luxurious life at the expense of the common people.
So, now examine and ponder who is big, who is small and who is strong and who is weak. Don't exaggerate a thing which creates more troubles and confusions in the Naga Societies.
Secretary, MIP/GPRN, NSCN (K).
Hard Facts- Nagaland Post Opinion
The attention of NSCN has been drawn to the statements of Kholi Konyak of K-group wherein he has at last confessed that he had "Signed the Condemnation of Shillong Accord under Pressure". Thank God the truth has surfaced at last!
The most shameful chapter in the Naga history is the ignominious Shillong Accord and this very Accord is the root cause and the genesis of present bloodshed among the Nagas. The hitherto united Naga people were vertically split thereafter-those who stood by the Shillong Accord and those who condemned it. The sequence of ugly events that followed since then are still fresh and there is no room of distortions.
Yes, Kholi as the Marshall Law Administrator (Pro-Shillong Accord Naga army had staged coup-de-dat on 30th August 1978.) declared and warned that "Shillong Accord and Phizo as well should not be condemn nor criticized by anyone". On 2nd October 1978, Marshall Law representatives invited and met the signatories of Shillong Accord at Solow, at Lainung village, but what transpired in the meeting, Kholi himself knows best. It was under his leadership the Marshall Law Administration convened the National Assembly, on 19th February, 1976 which had saved the Naga nation by condemning the Shillong Accord and Zashie Huire Ministry. The meeting also declared that they would negotiate with the Shillong Accord signatories for which Col Pruning and Mr. Khasui walked out of the meeting in protest.
Going by his statement, Kholi can be understood as a person who cannot withstand pressure. When he said that "he signed the condemnation of Shillong Accord under pressure it is construed logically that:
(i) He was and is in favour of Shillong Accord.
(ii) He is a kind of person who acts against his own conscience when pressure is mounted on him. A man of such integrity cannot lead even a handful of his people to speak of the nation.
(iii) It is crystal clear that his stupidity is also exploited by the wicked people.
He is again more confused by joining his force with that of NNC/FGN which he, through the Marshall Law had already politically killed. The Marshall Law declaration read "We, Naga army have seized the office of the NNC/FGN and their functions have come to inertia". His own confession is conspicuous by the present collusion of K-group with NNC/FGN against the NSCN. It is good in a way, so let the Naga people know one's position very clearly. However, it will not be a surprise if Kholi, one day, comes out again refuting his own recent statements saying that he was under pressure to do so.
Lt. Gen. (Retd) VS Atem, Emissary to the Collective Leadership.
Rio rejects Cong demand for PR Staff Reporter Nagaland Post
DIMAPUR, NOV 11 (NPN): Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio on Saturday dismissed the Congress demand for imposition of President's rule in the State, saying "political issues" should not be mixed with law and order problem. While admitting that the Naga issue is a national problem, Rio asked the underground factions to stop fratricidal killings and listen to the voice of the people in the interest of peace and development of Nagaland.
"The DAN Government is committed to its Common Minimum Programme, policy of equi-closeness to all factions and an acceptable solution to the Indo-Naga issue through political dialogue between the Nagas and the Government of India", he said. Addressing the Annual General Conference 2006 organized by the NPF, Dimapur Division, Rio accused the Congress of "double standard" and "misleading" the people by demanding President's rule in the State.
He questioned the Congress stand on what he called the worse law-and-order situation in states like Asom, Manipur and Meghalaya. He said the Naga issue should be viewed from political angle, not as just law-and-order problem. "Nagaland has experienced peace and all-round development during the four-year tenure of the NPF-led DAN Government in the State", he said.
Rio claimed that the DAN Government was able to defuse the recent tense situation in Zunheboto without much bloodshed with the help of civic bodies and the Church. "The Congress wanted to see us misuse our powers and create further problems through deployment of forces to tackle the Zunheboto situation, but the DAN Government didn't do that. We believe in non-violence and don't consider the underground factions as terrorists," he said.
The Chief Minister also pulled up the Congress for not joining the Joint Legislators' Forum on the Indo-Naga peace process even after the State Government had dissolved the DAN Sub-Committee following the opposition party's demand. He, however, made it clear that the door was still open to the Congress to the Joint Legislators' Forum, while saying the DAN Government would continue to support the Indo-Naga political dialogue and involvement of the Consultative Committee on Peace for an acceptable solution to the Naga issue.
Referring to the relevance of regionalism in Nagaland, he said regional parties were the best platform to highlight and focus on the identity of the Nagas. Rio also appealed to the NPF leaders and workers to rededicate themselves to the cause of the party and retrospect on its policies, strengths and weakness and success and failure so as to help it grow from strength to strength.
He further claimed that the DAN would be voted to power again in the next Assembly polls. Industries Minister Khekiho Zhimomi, Flood Control Minister Noke Konyak, Parliamentary Secretary Hewoto Awomi, presidents of NPF youth and women wings and several top NPF leaders attended the day-long programme.
Nagas at Indian Social Forum Nagaland Post
DIMAPUR: 'The Naga people: their land, their history and their struggle for freedom' the theme of the march and procession in Indian Social Forum under the aegis of Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights, Delhi and Naga Students Union, Delhi. The banners read 'Nagas want to live in peace' and 'Stop killing and dividing the Nagas'. A play, ‘Flutter from the hill: The Naga story’ was also performed. A testimony on the Naga struggle and it quest for peace and justice was shared in the Youth Forum, opening Plenary, Visions of Youth: Building another World, by T. Ningreichon, Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights.
Factional fighting.claims one life in Nagaland United News of India
Kohima, November 12, 2006
A bullet riddled body of a youth was found here late last night, police said on Sunday. Police said the youth was kidnapped on Saturday morning. According to official sources here the deceased, Enoch Tangkhul (30), was kidnapped by some unknown gunmen on Saturday.
Meanwhile, NSCN(K) had claimed to have killed the youth alleging that he was the informer of their rival NSCN-IM. They have also warned the Tangkhul tribe that the killing was in pursuance of their "Quit Notice" issued to the community to leave the state. "Tangkuls intrusion into Naga political has brought about irreparable setbacks in our national aspirations,"NSCN(K) sources said. The NSCN(K) sources further said the Tangkhul community was being asked to leave the 'Naga country' to 'Unite Nagas under one banner and live as one people and nation'
NSCN-K size up NSCN-IM’s ‘expertise’ The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 11 (MExN): Taking exception that oftentimes the NSCN-IM is referred to as the biggest and strongest organization in the north-east, the NSCN-K has challenged the notion stating that the assertions are “exaggerations” and “flattery”.
“Many a time we come across some people and media persons saying that IK organization and its armed terrorists are the biggest and strongest organization in the entire Northeast and Indian sub-continent. Is it true, how? Is it logically inferred conclusion by studying all the ground realities or figments of imaginations?” an NSCN-K MIP release questioned. It stated that such exaggerations and “flattery” embolden and excites the NSCN-IM to carry out more acts of terrorism in Nagaland and elsewhere, and that their cadres are deployed in Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh Assam and Meghalaya to extort money. The NSCN-IM has also declared a unilateral ceasefire with the Myanmar military junta and that “they need not keep their contingents in Myanmar”, the MIP maintained.
However, the NSCN-K has its ‘administration’ in most parts of Naga-inhabited areas where “we are at daggers drawn with the Myanmar army junta and so the major portion of the Naga peoples’ army are mobilized in the so-called Burma Naga areas” it stated adding that “we have our administration in the entire area which is at least four times of the size of present Nagaland”. In the Naga areas “the so-called Nagalim”, only (remnants) of our personnel work especially for the protection of civilian authorities because we have ceasefire with the GoI”, it asserted. Further, the NSCN-K held view that the “expertise” of NSCN-IM is due to its ‘terrorizing people into submission, hiding their killed members so that they are not degraded and living a luxurious life at the expense of the common people’. On this, the NSCN-K challenged that the notion of “who is big, who is small and who is strong and who is weak” be examined and cautioned against ‘exaggerations’ which would create more confusion.
Rio calls for party retrospection & redress The Morung Express
A cultural troupe performing a traditional dance. (Inset) Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio speaking at the NPF annual general convention.
Dimapur, Nov 11 (MExN): The Chief Minister of Nagaland, Neiphiu Rio today called upon NPF workers to retrospect on the stand of the party’s policies and strengthen it. He was gracing the NPF Dimapur division’s annual general convention as the chief guest at the NPF office premises, Dimapur.
Calling upon the NPF members to stand together and work united for the Naga people and also for the party, Rio said that in a democratic country where majority rules, no individual can achieve anything alone and “it is only when you are ready to sacrifice and suffer, you can serve the people”. Lauding the division for initiating the programme, Rio said the general convention must carry the right message to the people.
Even while highlighting the hardships faced by regional parties in the past, Rio pointed out that regional parties are the best platforms to study and highlight the problems of a region. The NPF is growing from strength to strength even after the election but this is just the beginning and with the convention being conducted “we need to do much more” said Rio.
Also, comparing Nagaland with other north eastern states Rio asserted that the state is enjoying a peaceful situation and not ‘complete breakdown of law and order situation as alleged by the Congress,’ who demanded that President’s Rule be imposed in the state. Rio said it is their duty (opposition) to ‘highlight the weaknesses of the government and set challenges to the government’ and “we will accept the challenge sportingly but the adversaries want more bloodshed,” he added.
On the continuing factional clashes, Rio said the government is ‘taking the situation diplomatically without shedding more blood.’ The factions as national workers should listen to the voice of the people so the NGOs, organizations and the general public are involved to stop the factional clashes in Zunheboto through persuasion and non-violence.
Appealing to the different underground factions to stop fratricidal killings, he said that the NPF will maintain equi-closeness and support the ongoing cease fire between the undergrounds and GOI and that the party stands to pave the way for a peaceful, lasting solution to the Indo-Naga political issue according to the will of the people. Reacting to allegations of shifting responsibility, Rio said, “we are not shifting any responsibility and we know what to do but Naga political issue is not only a Naga issue but a national issue.” Rio reminding the Congress that the NPF knows its responsibility said the party is working for it. The people trusts the government and therefore, there is all round development in the state Rio asserted.
Colours of "Nationalism" Nagarealm.com
Nagaland chief minister Neiphiu Rio is no pushover. On the contrary, he is what the yuppies would call a “cool dude”. Rio has learnt to wield his policy of equidistance from both militant factions (euphemistically called the Naga nationalist soldiers), as a double-edged sword.
When the two rival factions National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) and NSCN (Khaplang) recently launched into yet another turf war, akin to a pitched battle, Rio’s government decided to remain equidistant from the scene of action. His detractors are naturally baying for his blood. They have approached Governor Shyamal Dutta to invoke Article 355 of the Constitution and recommend President’s rule in Nagaland. Rio’s acerbic remarks thereafter display a complete lack of sensitivity about the incident of October 26-28 this year when rocket launchers, snipers and AK rifles boomed in Zunheboto district and sent about 4,000 people scurrying for cover.

Neiphiu Rio was, of course, not too far off the mark. He said when nationalist workers are fighting each other, how can a state force (government) perceived as ‘Indian’ and by definition ‘alien’, intervene in that free-for-all? While Rio would not mind thrashing the NSCN (K) rebels, he and his government would be pulverised if they happened to land a blow on an (I-M) mutineer.

Dismal future That tells us something about ideological affinity or the lack of it. No wonder Rio, in his smug wisdom, thought it wise to stay away from the theatre of violence. Why should he care if a few people died on either side of the divide and if there were civilian casualties too? Nationalism demands a price and Rio feels the Naga people should be ready to pay this price each time rival groups decide to engage in a bloodletting spree. There are Nagas who believe hoping for a settlement is a vain angst. Those who are in trade and commerce have had to pay through their noses to survive. Extortion demands, particularly from the NSCN (I-M), has all but destroyed Naga business.

Other non-tribal traders say they survive because they recover all their costs from the consumer. In a sense they feel a deep sense of remorse in having to charge their customers far beyond the prescribed rates. No wonder you do not have consumer protection courts in Nagaland. Even the lowly vegetable vendor who earns a pittance, has to pay for her stall plus a tax to the NSCN (I-M). Nagas are beginning to wonder whether this battle of wits between Delhi and Naga ideologues will ever end. And what the end results would be if there really was a ‘solution’. They are beginning to articulate, albeit in muffled tones, whether life would be better then than it is now. And they certainly are very doubtful about the future.

Dying truths In a situation where diplomacy has become second nature and people have learnt the art of doublespeak so as not to offend anyone, truth becomes the first casualty. It is difficult to assess the current ‘Naga’ worldview as perceived by those born after the tumultuous years of killing and being killed. One wonders, and not wrongly, whether the young of this generation have a role in articulating their views even if those views fiercely contest those held by the elderly statesmen of Naga society. Are the ideologues themselves open to new ideas in the light of an ever-changing socio-economic and socio-political setting in the real Naga society, far removed from the comfortable lifestyles of the leaders in Amsterdam? There seems to be a perception among Naga elders that the youth do not have enough wisdom to speak to the outside world about Naga nationalism. In fact, this nationalism has bred a group of spokespersons who have become repetitive. Most of them only air the views of the NSCN (I-M) because to do otherwise would bring horrible reprisals. There is, therefore, no fresh flow and circulation of ideas, no debate, and no dissent. A professor at the North Eastern Hill University (Nehu), speaking at a conference organised by Naga youths, said he did not want to comment on the Naga struggle, but what pained him the most is that Nagas no longer respect human life. Human lives, he said, have become as cheap as that of butchered animals.

Now that should tell us something about the collective consciousness of Nagas living outside Nagaland. They dare speak their minds because they are not in Nagaland. So can a repressive environment give birth to a liberal, sovereign Nagaland? Or does Naga sovereignty exclude liberal democratic ethos. If so, can people continue to live under such repressive regimes?

Many of us refer to the Taliban establishment as if it is in some distant hell. What we do not appreciate is that repressive regimes are born precisely because people dare not speak up for themselves. Will the Naga elders allow their young people the freedom to break away from narratives of the past? Why must they nurture the same feelings of bitterness and revenge or hope for something that is illusionary. Don’t they have the freedom to pursue their future the way they choose to without being made to feel guilty for not subscribing to the cause and perpetuating it?

Practical side The youth of today are pragmatic. They want to move on with life and secure their own future and that of their offspring. Perhaps they no longer even want to nurture the polluted air of idealism that their elders have been breathing for 60 years. If breaking away from the past will not be construed as a betrayal to the cause, then it is possible that we might see an entirely new shift in Naga political discourse. But that is what the leaders fear the most and so also the generation of elders who have learnt to live their lives in a set pattern pursuing the Naga dream. They would not know what to do if Naga nationalism is achieved. Very recently the Nagaland Baptist Church Council (NBCC), smarting from allegations that the church has been a passive onlooker to the fratricidal murders brought out a dialectically crafted proposal for healing and reconciliation.
Sadly, as soon as the booklet was released, the NSCN (K) accused the NBCC of cosying up to the Muivah faction and expressed their lack of confidence in this church body. But the NBCC need not take this allegation too seriously. Both factions of the NSCN have indulged in similar polemics whenever they have failed to co-opt any institution to their ideological moorings.

Trade hellhole Today, the NBCC is perhaps the only institution that is equidistant from all warring parties and in whom the hope for bringing about a climate of sanity rests. Neiphiu Rio wants to go down in history as the man who bartered peace for Nagaland. Hence his government is doing everything except enforcing law and order. Dimapur has become a commercial hellhole where trucks carrying goods to Kohima and Imphal are heavily taxed by the government on one side and by the NSCN (I-M) on the other. People of Manipur have suffered tremendously from this obscurantist form of taxation. Each truck is demanded an exorbitant sum in order to enter Senapati, en route to Imphal and beyond. Prices of essential commodities, particularly of building materials, have skyrocketed. The same is the case in Kohima or Mokokchung.

The Dimapur mafia is perhaps comparable only to the Mumbai underworld. Yet while the government of Maharashtra hunts the underworld gangs, Rio turns a blind eye to the abominable methods of extortion practised by the militia in Nagaland. On its part Delhi is simply looking the other way even though ceasefire ground rules are violated with impunity by both factions.

The question is how far will civil society tolerate this daylight thievery, all in the name of Naga nationalism. Yes, Naga civil society will have to speak up and protest. If Naga nationalism means complete criminalisation of society, then I am afraid the Nagas are pursuing a lost cause. [PATRICIA MUKHIM, telegraphindia]
Govt to keep tab on foreign money in NGOs New stringent measures to curb fund diversion The Morung Express
NEW DELHI, NOV 11 (NDTV): NGOs usually get away with a lot because of the status they enjoy but the government is increasingly coming down on them.
So, much of money comes to them but where do NGO’s spend all this.
In an effort to curb corruption in this sector, the government now plans to keep tab on the money coming in from foreign contributors. Increasingly a question is being asked by the government that where the money is eventually spent.
Even as the number of participants at India Social Forum and such platform to show their work goes up, so does the number of those being blacklisted by the government.
• The government had blacklisted over 9000 NGOs last year for diverting funds from their stated purpose.
• Most of these will now need government permission before taking foreign funds
• Fifty have been banned from ever taking foreign funds.
The government suspects that a large share of the Rs 6000 crore that comes in as aid every year is either being diverted for personal use or to fund terror groups.

In connivance While NGOs admit that some funds may be misused they say it cannot happen without the government’s connivance.
“With the foreign funding there is a lot of money coming in. And the corruption levels are insane. But it can’t happen without a nexus between the NGOs and the government. What about the cuts that are taken at the Home Ministry? And what about NGOs being run by the wives of government officials?,” asks Madhu Kishwar, NGO Manushi.
The India Social Forum is a marketplace where NGOs usually hawk their concerns from poverty to health. And such forums usually generate grants later.
“There is such a big forum where thousands have come. But you will not find one stall or one NGO on weavers’ interests because it doesn’t pay. For Pepsi, HIV there is a lot of media attention that brings funding so why waste time with weavers,” said Dr Rajni Kant, Director, participant, India Social Forum.

Regulating Foreign Aid But now the government is planning to keep tabs on the money coming in and how it’s used. The cabinet has already cleared changes in the Foreign Contribution (regulation) Act. Banks will have to report on receipt of foreign exchange. A Financial Intelligence Unit will investigate suspicious transactions.
NGOs will have to renew registration every five years and it can be cancelled if rules are violated. Changes in the FCRA and penal action initiated can only deliver when implementation is ensured and corruption within the system curbed.
Anti-dam bandh affects normal life in Manipur The Morung Express
IMPHAL, Nov 11 (PTI): Normal life was crippled in Manipur on Saturday following a 24-hour ‘general strike’ called by 29 social organisations in protest against the proposal to construct a dam at Tipaimukh area in Churachandpur district.
Markets and business establishments remained closed while private vehicles were off the roads in response to the strike which began from 6:00 am.
Transport services between Manipur and neighbouring states were cancelled in view of the bandh called by the social organisations, including Action Committee Against Tipaimukh Project (ACATP).
ACATP spokesman K Pamei said that the outfit would intensify its stir against the proposed dam project by launching economic blockade on national highways.
The ACATP, he said, would also boycott the proposed visits of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi to Manipur this month.
Manipur government had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with North Eastern Electric Power Corporation to construct the dam at Tipaimukh over Barak River in the district.
Gambari has rare meeting with Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi The Morung Express
U.N. undersecretary General Ibrahim Gambari, left, with Myanmar Foreign Minister Nyan Win, right, upon arriving at Yangon International Airport Thursday Nov. 9. (AP Photo)
YANGON, Nov 11 (AP): A top U.N. official held a rare meeting with detained Nobel laureate and pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi on Saturday during a mission to press the country’s military junta to promote democracy and human rights, officials said. Suu Kyi was escorted from her lakeside compound in a three-car convoy to a nearby government guesthouse for talks with U.N. Undersecretary-General for Political Affairs Ibrahim Gambari, said officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Gambari had met once before with Suu Kyi, during his last visit to Myanmar in May - the last time she was permitted to leave her home. The 61-year-old political prisoner has spent 11 of the last 17 years in detention, mostly under house arrest. This time, like the last, the meeting was conducted under tight security. Suu Kyi was driven in a black sedan with tinted windows, the officials said. The country’s police chief was seen seated in the same car. The meeting lasted about one hour, after which the convoy left the government guesthouse and returned to Suu Kyi’s compound, about a five-minute drive away. No details of the meeting were made public. But, Gambari said he was “conveying a message from Sen. Gen. Than Shwe” to Suu Kyi, according to two diplomats who attended a briefing with the U.N. official earlier in the day. Gambari’s meeting with Suu Kyi, the leader of the opposition National League for Democracy, came on the third day of a four-day trip to Myanmar, which is being closely watched by the United Nations.
The U.N. Security Council took the historic step of putting the country on its agenda in September, meaning that Myanmar’s ruling junta is subject to greater U.N. scrutiny. The United States plans to introduce a resolution on Myanmar to the Security Council this year. U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. John Bolton has said Washington will wait until after Gambari’s visit before deciding on the contents of the resolution. Myanmar’s junta took power in 1988 after crushing the democracy movement led by Suu Kyi. In 1990, it refused to hand over power when Suu Kyi’s party won a landslide election victory.
Suu Kyi has been kept in near solitary confinement at her home, and is generally not allowed outside visitors or telephone contact. Western nations and the United Nations have repeatedly called for her release. Ahead of Gambari’s visit, which started Thursday, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan said he wanted the trip to produce “tangible steps forward” on human rights, democratic reforms and national reconciliation in Myanmar.
Earlier Saturday, Gambari met Senior Gen. Than Shwe at the new administrative capital, Naypyidaw, 400 kilometers north of Yangon. The meeting was attended by top junta leaders. Gambari briefed diplomats on the talks, describing his exchange with Than Shwe as “good and constructive,” according to a Western diplomat, who spoke on condition of anonymity. Gambari characterized his May meeting with Than Shwe as “polite and diplomatic,” whereas Saturday’s talks had more of a “give and take,” though he had yet to receive anything concrete from the junta leader, diplomats said.
Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi walks with friends and family members at the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, in this May 6, 2002 file photo. (AP Photo)
Before his meeting with Suu Kyi, Gambari also met with senior members of her party, who reiterated their stance that Suu Kyi wants to open a dialogue with the junta and that the opposition party considered talks a crucial step toward political reconciliation in the country, said Myint Thein, a party spokesman. On Friday, he observed a meeting of the country’s National Convention, which is establishing guidelines for a new constitution meant to lead to a restoration of democracy. The convention is the first step in a long-delayed seven-stage “road map to democracy” conceived by the junta and supposed to culminate in free elections at some unspecified point in the future. Junta leaders assured Gambari they plan to proceed with the seven-step roadmap and eventually hold a referendum to adopt the constitution, Myint Thein quoted Gambari as saying.
Assam: Govt’s ULFA strategy flayed The Morung Express
GUWAHATI, NOV 11 (AGENCIES): Opposition Asom Gana Parishad on Saturday demanded the resignation of Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi for his failure to protect lives and property of common people in the wake of renewed belligerence shown by the ULFA.
AGP president Brindabon Goswami said, “As the chief minister himself has admitted to his failure to protect lives of common people, he should be guided by his conscience and step down.”
The AGP also criticised the Central government’s decision to intensify operation against the ULFA while keeping the door open for peace talks. The AGP chief said operation and peace talks could never go hand in hand. “Such a strategy to intensify anti-ULFA operation and at the same time expecting the militant group to come for talks would never deliver.” The opposition regional political party called upon both the government forces and the insurgents to stop killings and counter killings and come forward for dialogue sans any pre-condition for the greater interests of peace in the state.
At least two Central Reserve Police Force personnel were killed and five others injured when suspected United Liberation Front of Assam militants blew up a vehicle carrying the paramilitary force personnel at Amarpur near Sadiya in Tinsukia district of Asom on Friday.
The ULFA ultras hurled a grenade on a CRPF convoy under Shantipur border police outpost in Tinsukia district of the state. However there was no casualty in this incident.
The AGP said killings of innocent people by both the ULFA and security forces were most unfortunate thing to happen in the state and demanded an end to it. “We condemned killings of innocent people by both militants as well as security forces,” Goswami said.
PM has agreed to lay foundation stone of Tipaimukh dam: CM The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 11: Government property belongs to the people and to destroy or burn down government property is like causing damage to one`s own property, chief minister O Ibobi Singh said at a one-day political conference of congress workers held at B Vengnuom, Green Wood Academy campus in Churachandpur today.

During the conference which was organized by the Saikot block congress committee, Ibobi also informed the gathering that prime minister Dr. Manmohan Singh has agreed to visit the state and lay the foundation stone for the Tipaimukh multi purpose project. AICC president Sonia Gandhi has also agreed to visit the state, he added. Ibobi said that people should not support any kind of bandh, blockade, boycott etc. which are being called by certain organizations for pressurizing the government with their unreasonable demands. The concerned organizations should also not cause suffering to the people by launching agitations for unreasonable demands. He went on to say that it is the right of the people to launch these kinds of agitations while pressurizing the government to fulfill their demands in a country where there is democracy, but such freedom should not be misused. While appealing to the agitators not to use violent means, he reiterated that even in war time, places of worship, schools, hospitals are not attacked.

He also cited that even in the neighbouring states, people refrain from attacking and destroying public property. He was referring to the current method of setting ablaze public property and violent activities undertaken by activists of various organizations who try to pressurize the state government with their demands. He said any demand can be considered by sitting together and an amicable solution found. Talking of the controversial Tipaimukh dam, Ibobi observed that the people of Churachandpur district where the project is to be taken up are in favour of implementation of the project. However, he said, some people of other districts are opposing it.

He said that it will be wrong to oppose the construction of the dam without knowing about the project indepth. It is also not good to launch blockades and bandhs etc. on the ground that this dam should not be constructed at any cost. Reiterating that if the construction of this dam is to cause great loss to the people, it can be stopped, the CM said that he will not do anything which would cause suffering for the people of Churachandpur. He also expressed hope that the construction of dam will help in solving unemployment to a certain extent, particularly in Churachandpur district and in the state in general.

He also revealed that the proposed project will produce 150 MW of power and asked why should we miss such an opportunity to augment our power situation.

He also said neighbouring states like Mizoram and other states were pressurizing the Centre to build such dams in their states. But in Manipur, some people are trying to obstruct the construction. "It will never bring development in the state," Ibobi stated. Ibobi also said that a major component of the Khuga dam has been completed, and only a shortage of some machinery, is causing delay in its commissioning. Authorities are contacting the concerned company to procure the machines, and the dam will be commissioned at the earliest, he assured. The conference was attended by senior ministers of the congress like IFCD minister Phungjathang Tonsing, MLA Manga Vaiphei, MPCC president Gaikhangam, general secretary Bidyapati Senjam, vice president, MPCC, T Mangaibou and other important leaders of block level congress.

Respect our rights Nagarealm.com
Does the government have the moral right to trample on the human rights of the people? Does the government have the moral right to tell the people what to do and enforce it with legislation? And does the government have to moral right to implement legislation without having a debate on the issue which excludes the voice of the common man.

Considering that Goa is part of the Indian Union, which is still a democracy, then the government latest decision to implement legislation for the compulsory testing of people, prior to marriage, for the Acquired Immune Deficiency disease, just speaks of the dictatorial measures of the government. And the government has no business interfering in the personal lives of the people. Agreed the number of AIDS cases are on the rise in Goa and agreed the profile of people getting AIDS is increasing, with more and more young people, getting AIDs. But to impose such legislation on the people and then dictate their lives speaks of dadagiri and it is not surprising that many non-governmental organizations are protesting against such legislation.

Surely there must be some other measures, which can be adopted by the state government to help stop the spread of AIDs. As many of the NGO’s have rightly said counseling is the best method which can be used and suggestions to the people about to get married on the best course of action. Secondly who will be doing the testing and which doctors will be accepted by the government? The entire exercise screams of a scam because if there are only few prescribe laboratories which will do the testing then it is very easy to fudge the reports either way. And thirdly what happens to the report will it be confidential or will both parties have access to the report because then this report can be used as a tool for blackmail or embarrassment. Therefore such legislation is not wise and should be scrapped immediately and before any minister thinks of something like this, let them all ask one question, “would they allow their own children to be tested and let their human rights be trampled on.’’

Tell the people Leader of the Opposition Manohar Parrikar is absolutely right in asking the state govern ment to provide information about the security threat perception to the state. On one hand the Director General of Police Brar issues statements that there is not security threat at all. On the other hand the people of the state have realised that there are two companies of Central Industrial Security Forces camping here. Why are they here and for what purpose they have been summoned? Apart from the fact that Goa has to spend on their upkeep their presence here indicates only one thing something is wrong or the state government is aware of something and is not willing to share it with the people.

Agreed making alarmist statements would only backfire on the state and the people considering that Goa is so dependent on tourism and that at any cost we have to maintain a façade of normality to keep that industry functioning. But is it correct to subject the residents of the state to something dangerous by not informing them. The government can very well issue a warning is mild terms about what to expect and who knows peoples co-operation may be beneficial in the long run. Already the Panjim and Quepem police are asking motorcycle pilots to inform them of any suspicious characters and it would be nice on the part of the government too if it can share such information with the people. Afterall forewarned is forearmed.

Senseless killings The futility of terror as a weapon of change -except negatively - may be apparent to all,but this realisation has surely not dawned on the terrorists themselves. How else does one make sense of the brutal and senseless attack in Guwahati during the festive weekend? The bomb attack which claimed a number of lives, are being blamed on the ULFA which was reported to be regrouping after failed negotiations with the Indian Govt. None of the terrorist movements in the past have managed to achieve anything credible, the most famous failure being the Khalistanis who wanted an independent country for Sikhs. Islamic terrorists have not gained an inch ever since ‘insurgency’ broke out in Kashmir 15 years ago. None of the north-east insurgencies achieved anything solid, except the killing of a large number of innocents. To the credit of these insurgent outfits, they have managed to bring their problems to the attention of the whole country, though their central thesis - self-rule for the indigenous people - runs contrary to the spirit of India which only envisages one ‘Indian’ people. As the continued prevalence of these terrorists proves, not everybody is comfortable with the idea of being Indian, and some would rather prefer to remain Assamese or Naga or Mizo or whatever the tribe may be. While there may be merit to both sides of the debate, killing innocent people with bomb attacks is not the way to bring about a solution. [oheraldo]
Guns continue to boom in Asom ULFA cadre shot dead; body of missing driver found By a Reporter Sentinel
TINSUKIA, Nov 11: An ULFA militant, Thulonto Borgohain, son of Bipul Borgohain of Na-Motopong Borgaon village under Makum police station in Tinsukia district, was killed in an encounter with security forces here today. The ULFA cadre was shot dead by troops of the Second Bihar Regiment at 2.10 p.m. at No. 1 Labour Enclave in Hukunpukhuri Tea Estate on Jaigyakhowa-Barekuri Road, barely 250 metres from the NH-37. Lt Colonel Lakvinder Singh, Commanding Officer, told mediamen that the Army had a tip-off that the ULFA militant was going on a motorcycle after extorting money. Troops of the 2nd Bihar Regiment and Assam Police waylaid him at Makum Road under Tinsukia police station. The militant tried to speed away, opened fire at the security personnel and diverted his bike towards Barekuri Road, but the troops chased and shot him dead. Rs 1 lakh in cash, a black Pulsar (No. AS23E 3668) and a .32 mm pistol with four rounds of ammunition have been recovered from the slain militant.
Meanwhile, the body of Khagen Chetia, the driver-cum-owner of the vehicle carrying CRPF personnel who came under ULFA attack yesterday, was found today. Meanwhile, The Sadiya Chatra Sanmilani has condoled the death of the CRPF constable and a civilian handyman in the ULFA attack yesterday. The Sanmilani has condemned both the Government and the ULFA for the failure of talks between them. It has also appealed them to take steps for bringing permanent peace in the State. It may be mentioned here that in the first-ever night evacuation by helicopter, the IAF rescued six CRPF personnel and recovered two bodies from the Asom-Arunachal Pradesh border after the ambush in Tinsukia last night, PTI from Shillong adds.
The request for IAF evacuation was received from the additional DIG of CRPF, Shillong, around 5:30 pm, an IAF spokesman said today.
Gas pipeline blown up Our Reporter Sentinel
TINSUKIA, Nov 11: In its first strike on oil installations in the State during the current spate of violence, suspected United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) militants blew up an AGCL pipeline near Bhekulajan Tea Estate under Tengakhat police station in Dibrugarh district at around 10.20 tonight. Fire tenders of OIL and AGCL have been pressed into service to douse the fire. The pipeline has been closed.
ULFA militants held with arms From our Correspondent Sentinel
JORHAT, Nov 11: The police arrested a suspected ULFA militant, Bhaimon Gogoi, from Nahatia under Kokilamukh area here this evening and recovered 13 rounds of ammunition and a 9 mm pistol from his possession. A search yielded 13 rounds of ammunition in his pocket. Meanwhile, another ULFA militant, Nribesh Bhagat, was arrested at a village on the Bengal-Asom border in Coochbehar district late last night, PTI reports.
A craze for all things foreign WITH EYES WIDE OPEN D. N. Bezboruah Sentinel
We have arrived at a miracle of sorts. The Indian economy has shown the world that it means to go places. There is speculation that the growth rate may even touch 10 per cent in the very near future when the developed world is struggling to maintain a growth rate of four to six per cent. But that is not the miracle. The real miracle is that we have achieved all this despite four major drawbacks. The first is that in terms of our population we are bursting at the seams. Our population today is in excess of 1.1 billion, and we are adding about 23 million to this every year. We have managed to create very serious shortages as a result of this, whether it be in respect of arable land, housing, jobs, schools, health centres and hospitals, courts, judges, doctors and nurses and even cooking gas at times. This obscene increase in our population brings down our per capita GDP year after year. It drives us to poverty even amid the riches that the country has. The second drawback too is one of our own making. It is our determination to concentrate on backwardness unto perpetuity through our obsession with reservations and quotas even though the Constitution stipulated reservations only for ten years. Thereby, we have very effectively repudiated the principle of merit in all our endeavours. The third drawback is the ubiquitous corruption that dogs every step of our waking hours. We have the classic combination of factors that promotes corruption: shortages coupled with government control of everything - including the shortages. Finally, we have a large number of politicians who are certainly not working for the country. They are working only for themselves. And despite all this, we have made progress. Despite even the fact that the World Trade Organization (WTO) expects us to compete in a market economy with one hand tied, the Indian economy is doing well. There are other aberrations as well, like an education system where the bright ones learn in spite of the system and in spite of their teachers rather than because of the system and because of their teachers. And considering that it is the bright ones who are taking us forward, this is certainly remarkable. In a word, the miracle is that India is beginning to take its place under the sun despite all the adverse factors.
We often fail to take note of the fact that this miracle is the achievement of the Indian mind more than anything else. Almost all our technocrats who have done our country proud have made good from very humble beginnings. This has been possible because of their immense confidence in themselves and their abilities, their vision and hard work backed by knowledge and skills and their determination and indomitable spirit even in the face of adversities. The Indian mind has always prevailed. But how many of us have hailed the Indian achievements? How many of us have sought to emulate the successful Indians or regarded them as role models? Our role models are generally people who are not Indians. We are happy to ape even the worst of them as long as the skin colour is right and the English they speak is not the Indian variety. It is not for nothing that way back in 1835, Macaulay had wanted to create an army of clerks in India for the benefit of the colonial rulers of India and to give them an English mind. And how well he succeeded! Today, as we are preparing to celebrate the golden jubilee of our Independence, our bureaucrats, army and police officers, judges, educational administrators are all sold to the West about everything they think and do. Now and then one or the other of them will extol the 5,000-year-old civilization of India. But this is just playing to the gallery. It is no more than a means of renewing one’s patriotic credentials. When it comes to what they actually do, they are not prepared even to drop a single ritual that was in vogue during the British days. One has only to drop in at any of the army or police messes to see this.
Given this mind-set, it is hardly surprising that the average Indian is an avid patron of everything foreign. There is no respect for Indian products in India. I was amazed to discover that more than 60 or 70 per cent of the products of some of the Indian manufacturers like Ranbaxy, Dr Reddy and Videocon, that have begun to raid the West, are sold abroad and a far smaller quantum at home. They have been recognized and accepted abroad far better than at home. Indian diamond traders have made a mark for themselves even in Holland, the home of diamond trade. Indian diamond cutters are today among the best in the world. But they are not good enough for Indians. Barring south India, where people really know about diamonds, the rest of India is crazy about De Beers. Yoga is good because the West says so. There must be a terribly strong streak of inferiority complex among most Indians to be so pathetically addicted to anything foreign. This reminds me of something else. Even almost 60 years after Independence, our commercial aircraft have identification letters invariably beginning with the letters VT that stand for “Viceroy’s Territory”. I have yet to find a single lawmaker or bureaucrat ashamed enough of this to effect the necessary change.
What really hurts is the kind of economic slavery that we are about to get back to as a result of our craze for everything “phoren”. We tend to forget that the British came to India as traders and stayed on like the proverbial camel in the Arab’s tent for close to two centuries and ended up becoming our rulers. But at that time we had just one company. Now, in the name of globalization and liberalization we are about let a few hundred overseas companies set up manufacturing plants in India (entirely on their terms) and slowly take over this land of ours. And our proposed special economic zones (SEZs) are going to the implements that will facilitate this. Remember how the Soviet Union was broken up by Gorbachev with catchwords like glasnost and perestroika to leave just one superpower in the world? With our fascination for everything foreign like Pepsi and Coca-Cola and potato chips produced by American companies in India and everything that is foreign, we have given our leaders the clear impression that we have no objection to a few hundred multinationals taking over the country. They are all happy to carry out the bidding of the US Government and the WTO because of the astronomical sums to be earned through just the nod of consent. And in this age, there is no need for any foreign power to be actually present in India to rule the country. Today foreign rule is carried out by remote control through lackeys and stooges in the country. We shall soon have hundreds of East India Companies replacing the single one that we are trying to forget. And all because of our love of all things foreign. We seem to be unable to do without foreign goods just as we have shown our inability to do without Bangladeshi workers. Our love of things foreign has extended to some people even permitting Afghan moneylenders to become their sons-in-law even though the sons-in-law have neither passports nor valid visas. “They are so handsome, you know,” was the justification trotted out by an Assamese mother-in-law of one such Afghan moneylender. She had never bothered to check on either his nationality status or whether he was an agent of the al Qaeda or the Taliban or the ISI. We have a similar situation in Nagaland. Naga girls, particularly Semas, have begun marrying Bangladeshis illegally living in Nagaland. In all such cases, a real breach of immigration laws will become an emotional issue when the time to deport comes (if it comes at all). How can you deport a son-in-law? Add to all this the activities of so-called sellers of Kashmiri carpets doing the rounds of Guwahati and other towns of Asom. They have been able to get access to many households in Asom. No one really knows whether they are actually carpet sellers or agents of the ISI, al Qaeda or the Taliban looking for their bases in the State. This is precisely how the Pakistani mercenaries penetrated Kashmiri homes when they got started in Kashmir. Our administration seems to be blissfully tolerant of both the moneylenders and the carpet sellers. We are unaware of any Afghan moneylender being stopped anywhere and being asked for his passport. The craze for foreigners as well as everything foreign has posed a major security hazard that we refuse to consider. The day is not far off when people are going to look for remedies to the fallout of our mad spree of globalization and liberalization when it is too late —as in the case of the illegal infiltration from Bangladesh. There is only one solution. People must curb their insatiable consumerist urges and stop buying anything foreign. If we can embark on a total boycott of redundant imported goods to start with - like potato chips, fizzy soft drinks, corn flakes, chocolates, cosmetics and so on - for just six months, the multinationals can be sent packing. And when they do leave, they are not likely to take the factories they had set up here with them. There is no other solution. What our politicians have done against our interests, the civil society must undo on its own. No one can compel us to buy what foreigners sell here on their terms except our own craving for all things foreign.

Frans on 11.12.06 @ 04:39 PM CST [link]


Saturday, November 11th

Colours of "Nationalism" Nagarealm.com the Telegraph


Colours of "Nationalism" Nagarealm.com the Telegraph

Nagaland chief minister Neiphiu Rio is no pushover. On the contrary, he is what the yuppies would call a “cool dude”. Rio has learnt to wield his policy of equidistance from both militant factions (euphemistically called the Naga nationalist soldiers), as a double-edged sword.
When the two rival factions National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) and NSCN (Khaplang) recently launched into yet another turf war, akin to a pitched battle, Rio’s government decided to remain equidistant from the scene of action. His detractors are naturally baying for his blood. They have approached Governor Shyamal Dutta to invoke Article 355 of the Constitution and recommend President’s rule in Nagaland. Rio’s acerbic remarks thereafter display a complete lack of sensitivity about the incident of October 26-28 this year when rocket launchers, snipers and AK rifles boomed in Zunheboto district and sent about 4,000 people scurrying for cover.

Neiphiu Rio was, of course, not too far off the mark. He said when nationalist workers are fighting each other, how can a state force (government) perceived as ‘Indian’ and by definition ‘alien’, intervene in that free-for-all? While Rio would not mind thrashing the NSCN (K) rebels, he and his government would be pulverised if they happened to land a blow on an (I-M) mutineer.

Dismal future That tells us something about ideological affinity or the lack of it. No wonder Rio, in his smug wisdom, thought it wise to stay away from the theatre of violence. Why should he care if a few people died on either side of the divide and if there were civilian casualties too? Nationalism demands a price and Rio feels the Naga people should be ready to pay this price each time rival groups decide to engage in a bloodletting spree.

There are Nagas who believe hoping for a settlement is a vain angst. Those who are in trade and commerce have had to pay through their noses to survive. Extortion demands, particularly from the NSCN (I-M), has all but destroyed Naga business. Other non-tribal traders say they survive because they recover all their costs from the consumer. In a sense they feel a deep sense of remorse in having to charge their customers far beyond the prescribed rates. No wonder you do not have consumer protection courts in Nagaland. Even the lowly vegetable vendor who earns a pittance, has to pay for her stall plus a tax to the NSCN (I-M).

Nagas are beginning to wonder whether this battle of wits between Delhi and Naga ideologues will ever end. And what the end results would be if there really was a ‘solution’. They are beginning to articulate, albeit in muffled tones, whether life would be better then than it is now. And they certainly are very doubtful about the future.

Dying truths In a situation where diplomacy has become second nature and people have learnt the art of doublespeak so as not to offend anyone, truth becomes the first casualty. It is difficult to assess the current ‘Naga’ worldview as perceived by those born after the tumultuous years of killing and being killed. One wonders, and not wrongly, whether the young of this generation have a role in articulating their views even if those views fiercely contest those held by the elderly statesmen of Naga society.

Are the ideologues themselves open to new ideas in the light of an ever-changing socio-economic and socio-political setting in the real Naga society, far removed from the comfortable lifestyles of the leaders in Amsterdam? There seems to be a perception among Naga elders that the youth do not have enough wisdom to speak to the outside world about Naga nationalism. In fact, this nationalism has bred a group of spokespersons who have become repetitive. Most of them only air the views of the NSCN (I-M) because to do otherwise would bring horrible reprisals. There is, therefore, no fresh flow and circulation of ideas, no debate, and no dissent. A professor at the North Eastern Hill University (Nehu), speaking at a conference organised by Naga youths, said he did not want to comment on the Naga struggle, but what pained him the most is that Nagas no longer respect human life. Human lives, he said, have become as cheap as that of butchered animals.

Now that should tell us something about the collective consciousness of Nagas living outside Nagaland. They dare speak their minds because they are not in Nagaland. So can a repressive environment give birth to a liberal, sovereign Nagaland? Or does Naga sovereignty exclude liberal democratic ethos. If so, can people continue to live under such repressive regimes?

Many of us refer to the Taliban establishment as if it is in some distant hell. What we do not appreciate is that repressive regimes are born precisely because people dare not speak up for themselves. Will the Naga elders allow their young people the freedom to break away from narratives of the past? Why must they nurture the same feelings of bitterness and revenge or hope for something that is illusionary. Don’t they have the freedom to pursue their future the way they choose to without being made to feel guilty for not subscribing to the cause and perpetuating it?

Practical side The youth of today are pragmatic. They want to move on with life and secure their own future and that of their offspring. Perhaps they no longer even want to nurture the polluted air of idealism that their elders have been breathing for 60 years. If breaking away from the past will not be construed as a betrayal to the cause, then it is possible that we might see an entirely new shift in Naga political discourse. But that is what the leaders fear the most and so also the generation of elders who have learnt to live their lives in a set pattern pursuing the Naga dream. They would not know what to do if Naga nationalism is achieved. Very recently the Nagaland Baptist Church Council (NBCC), smarting from allegations that the church has been a passive onlooker to the fratricidal murders brought out a dialectically crafted proposal for healing and reconciliation.

Sadly, as soon as the booklet was released, the NSCN (K) accused the NBCC of cosying up to the Muivah faction and expressed their lack of confidence in this church body. But the NBCC need not take this allegation too seriously. Both factions of the NSCN have indulged in similar polemics whenever they have failed to co-opt any institution to their ideological moorings.

Trade hellhole Today, the NBCC is perhaps the only institution that is equidistant from all warring parties and in whom the hope for bringing about a climate of sanity rests. Neiphiu Rio wants to go down in history as the man who bartered peace for Nagaland. Hence his government is doing everything except enforcing law and order. Dimapur has become a commercial hellhole where trucks carrying goods to Kohima and Imphal are heavily taxed by the government on one side and by the NSCN (I-M) on the other. People of Manipur have suffered tremendously from this obscurantist form of taxation. Each truck is demanded an exorbitant sum in order to enter Senapati, en route to Imphal and beyond. Prices of essential commodities, particularly of building materials, have skyrocketed. The same is the case in Kohima or Mokokchung.

The Dimapur mafia is perhaps comparable only to the Mumbai underworld. Yet while the government of Maharashtra hunts the underworld gangs, Rio turns a blind eye to the abominable methods of extortion practised by the militia in Nagaland. On its part Delhi is simply looking the other way even though ceasefire ground rules are violated with impunity by both factions.
The question is how far will civil society tolerate this daylight thievery, all in the name of Naga nationalism. Yes, Naga civil society will have to speak up and protest. If Naga nationalism means complete criminalisation of society, then I am afraid the Nagas are pursuing a lost cause. [PATRICIA MUKHIM, telegraphindia]
Grace Collins represents Nagas not factions: NSCN (IM) The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 10 (MExN): Describing it as a great shame on the part of the NSCN (K) to have stooped so low in an effort to undermine the contribution of Miss Grace Lyu Collins towards the Nagas, the NSCN (IM) stated that such cheap and immoral accusations threw light on the mental, spiritual and moral condition of the degenerated lot. “In doing so they did nothing but stretched their stupidity to the limit”, stated a press note issued by the MIP.
Pointing out that Grace Collins represents the Nagas as a whole and not any faction, the NSCN (IM) stated that she had interacted with Naga national workers past and present, Hoho leaders, Church leaders, student leaders, Naga mothers, widows, village chiefs, victims of Indian army atrocities, etc. and that for some years, she had focused her entire time and energy to make the Naga issue known to the outside world, particularly the US.
The MIP informed that Grace Collins’ family is of Korean origin settled in America and her father, a Reverend, is a dedicated Christian serving the Lord. “She was brought up in an environment with strong Christian principles. Her faith in the Lord and dedication to her work is exemplary”, it stated adding that she had gone to the Holy Land and was baptized at River Jordan.
Right from her college days she has had active interest in Human Rights and other related issues and it was during one of her exhibitions on human rights in Geneva that she met the Naga leaders and came to know the plight of the Naga people, it stated and pointed out that Grace Collins was deeply drawn to the theme ‘Nagaland for Christ’ and works wholeheartedly for its fulfillment.
Pointing out that accusing her of immorality and prostitution is most wicked and a deliberate ploy to undermine her contribution to the Naga cause. “Implicating NSCN Collective Leadership in such dirty politics is a sure sign of desperation and an attempt to tarnish the integrity of those who have given their all for the Naga nation. Such demonic utterances are unheard of in Naga society”, the NSCN (IM) maintained.
Politics or not politics, the MIP stated that no Naga worth his salt would degrade himself to such a level as to label a Naga sympathizer in such a manner. “It is beyond politics and therefore only political wastes, men guided by Lucifer, instruments of Satan, full of ill motivated blood flowing in their veins would resort to this kind of dehumanizing tactics”, it went on to state.
Pointing out that shameless concoctions of baseless stories with which the NSCN (K) tried to degrade the very integrity of Naga leaders and sympathizers had no place in our society and deserve to be condemned by all sensible citizens in strongest terms. “They have resorted to character assassination but God alone knows who is what and in the end truth shall prevail over such political scoundrels. Nagas shall never be at the mercy of these madmen”, the NSCN (IM) stated. Alleging the NSCN (K) to be like “rabbits with Indian carrots in their mouths” and that disowning Naga Hoho, NMA, NBCC, NSF and others is one thing, but accusing every international organization supporting the Naga cause and labeling them as terrorist organizations with expletives is altogether a tragic collapse of human reasoning.
The NSCN (IM) reminded the NSCN (K) that during the tenure of Boutros Boutros Ghali, the UN in its publication admitted ‘there is Human Rights situation in Nagalim’ and whether, the NSCN (K) would dare call the UN a terrorist organization for this supportive statement on the situation in ‘Nagalim’. Stating that the UNPO had for long admitted Nagalim as one of its members and that recently NSCN (IM) Chairman addressed its General Assembly, “will these crooked Nagas with deranged mentality dare accuse the UNPO as being a terrorist organization for recognizing the political right of the Nagas?” Informing that former US President Jimmy Carter had understood the Indo-Naga issue and written to the Government of India on behalf of the Carter Foundation supporting the peace process, the NSCN (IM) wanted to know whether the NSCN (K) will denounce this as well. “We know how desperate they are to please their masters yet Nagas will never fall to obvious trickery of a bunch of confused elements”.
The NSCN (IM) stated that Nagas recognized the efforts of Miss Grace Lyu Collins and held her in high esteem pointing out that her commitment and moral integrity was unquestionable. “Nagas must stay alert against those political criminals whose sole aim is to concoct baseless allegations against friends and well wishers of the Naga struggle. We shall not compromise with the decaying elements of Naga history. Come what may, we shall rise to the occasion”, the NSCN (IM) stated.
Fair turn to a story of fowls - Cooperative society inspires economic revolution in Assam Morongi (Assam), Nov. 10: The Telegraph
SAMIR K. PURKAYASTHA Great entrepreneurial ventures at times begin with no more than inspiration as capital. Akhya Bikash Samaj, a cooperative that has brought about an economic revolution of sorts in a small township in Assam’s Golaghat district, began with little more — about a thousand fowls. Arijit Bhuyan, an organic adviser to tea estates, and Doyal Bezbaruah, a schoolteacher, inspired by a winner scheme that mobilised a green revolution at Jalukie in Nagaland’s Peren district, started the Akhya Bikash Samaj in Morongi a year back. They scripted an entrepreneurial success that changed the lives of 500 families.
“It was early last year when I heard about the Jalukie project. I was inspired by the people of that area who have been changing their lives without government aid,” said Bezbaruah, who is secretary of the cooperative society. Soon thereafter, Bhuyan got in touch with officials of the State Bank of India’s Dimapur branch, which had funded the Jalukie project. The duo then met officials of the Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR) at Medziphema in Nagaland to understand the nitty-gritty of the cooperative scheme.
“We decided to go for a small poultry unit with chicks that would be brought from Hyderabad,” said Bezbaruah. Accordingly, ICAR arranged for procurement of day-old chicks from Hyderabad at a cost of Rs 18 per bird. The first set of 1,000 birds arrived from Hyderabad in October 2005. The chicks were then sold to farmers for Rs 32 each after rearing them for a month at a small rearing unit set up by the duo and five others.
“This development model runs without any loan component from any financial institution and without any government intervention,” explained Bezbaruah.
Located 6 km from Numaligarh Refinery Limited on National Highway 37, the co-operative has so far covered 10 villages. Unlike poultry, which need constant monitoring, the variety of fowl bought from Hyderabad can be fed on kitchen waste. The Numaligarh Refinery Limited employees are the main customers of these units. Encouraged by the response from the villagers, the society has decided to expand its ventures. It has already selected 86 ponds in the area for prawn and ornamental fish culture.
A team from Morongi has been sent to hatcheries in Digha in Bengal for training in prawn and ornamental fish culture. The society is also encouraging organic farming in the area. A social worker from Lucknow, Anjali Pathak, recently visited Morongi.
Factions clash Nagaland Post
KOHIMA, NOV 10 (NPN): One NSCN (I-M) leacy was abducted and later killed by NSCN (K) men while one NSCN (K) member was injured in a clash between the two rival factions Friday morning at Meluri under Phek district. According to reports reaching here, a group of around seventy NSCN (K) men came to Meluri in the wee hours of Friday and abducted and later killed the NSCN-IM leacy. Later, the same group at around 6.30 am clashed with some twenty-odd NSCN (I-M) members who were camping in Meluri village. In the ensuing gun battle, one NSCN (K) was reportedly injured on the leg. Meanwhile, the public reportedly intervened and stopped the clash between the NSCN factions. After the clash, the NSCN (IM) group reportedly left Meluri but the NSCN (K) group was believed to be camping in the same village.
PM to inaugurate controversial dam Newmai News Network
Imphal: On the last day set by the anti-dam lobby for dropping the controversial Tipaimukh dam project the Manipur Chief Minister Okram Ibobi Singh today announced that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will lay the foundation stone of the controversial Tipaimukh dam project.
The Chief Minister, who was speaking at the foundation laying ceremony of Food Processing Industrial Park at Nilakuthi of Imphal East District, said the Prime Minister has accepted a request to visit Manipur in the last week of November and he will lay the foundation stone of Tipaimukh project during his visit to Manipur. Altogether 29 NGOs including Naga and Meitei NGOs jointly served an ultimatum to the O Ibobi Singh government on November 6 to scrape the memorandum of understanding signed between Manipur government and NEEPCO by today.
Political color finds Tokhu Emong; Hoho leader flayed The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 10 (MExN): The premier harvest thanksgiving festival of the Lotha community, Tokhu Emong is now being used as “an occasion of political platform”, according to the Wokha District Congress Committee, who expressed unhappiness at ‘political speech’ made by a community leader. The district’s Congress has taken strong exception to what it stated was the president of the Lotha Hoho, Nyanbemo Ngullie using the recent celebrations of the festival at Wokha as a “political platform”, garnering “assistance” and “development” and that the same has hurt the sentiments of the party. “It is not an occasion to seek development or assistance from the VVIP who is invited as the chief guest to grace the celebrations or a distinguished guest” according to MLA ET Ezung and District Congress Committee President KR Murry, implying a ‘biased’ speech purportedly made by the Hoho chairman.
“Shri Nyanbemo Ngullie as the Chairman, Lotha Hoho, should not have used the occasion as political platform. As the Chairman of the apex body of the Lotha tribe, he should be neutral and unbiased and do justice to all political parties equally.
His speech on the Tokhu Emong celebrations on November 7 has hurt the sentiment of the Congress party of Wokha district” the two made clear in a statement.
According to the two Congress leaders, Tokhu Emong is observed to celebrate rich harvest and marking the ending of the year and beginning of a new one, by the Lothas. It is an occasion of rejoicing unity, reestablishment of bonds and not an occasion to seek development or assistance “from the VVIP who is invited as chief guest”, the two leaders added.
Vilest of crime- Nagaland Post Opinion
Unethical use of revolutionary prowess by IK group has exceeded human tolerance and morality as has been demonically exhibited even at recent times. On 9th of November 2006 four IK cadres led by one Tangkhul commander raided Bethel Hospital where our sick cadres were undergoing medical treatment. These gangsters laid siege on the ward where our cadres were temporarily putting up for emergency medical aid. They forcefully tried to break in to the ward when our boys refused them entry, in the ensuing stalemate our boys reached Hospital vicinity and surrounded the building, our boys while trying to explore means to rescue our sick cadres without causing any stress and disturbance to other patients, the state police got alerted and intervened and that led to diffusion of impending grave disaster.
Such blatant dis-regard for sick and defenceless in quest of bloody glory itself shows how inhuman and sick- minded are these elements. It is our fervent appeal to every Naga and the world at large to dis-own such demonic elements in order to make the world a safer place atleast for the sick and helpless. Despite obvious enemity, it is always our belief that un defended and weaker section be left out from present vicious circle of blood letting.
Commander Urban Command Kohima. People's Army Of Nagaland NCSN.
On Khaplang gang’s wicked and unethical attacks- Nagaland Post Opinion
It is a matter of great shame on the part of Khaplang gang who have stopped so low as to exhibit utter shamelessness in an effort to undermine the contribution of Miss Grace Lyu Collins towards the Nagas. Such cheap and immoral accusation does throw light on the mental, spiritual and moral condition of the degenerated lot. In doing so they did nothing but stretched their stupidity to the limit. For one thing these wanton Indian puppets must realize that Grace Collins represents the Nagas as a whole and not any faction. She had interacted with Naga National workers past and present, Hoho leaders, Church leaders, Student leaders, Naga mothers, widows, Village Chiefs, Victims of Indian army atrocities, etc. For some years she has focused her entire time and energy to make the Naga issue known to the outside world, particularly the U.S.
Grace Collins' family is of Korean origin settled in America. Her father, a Reverend, is a dedicated Christian serving the Lord. She was brought up in an environment with strong Christian principles. Her faith in the Lord and dedication to her work is exemplary. She went to the Holy Land and was baptized at river Jordan. Right from her college days she has had active interest in Human Rights and other related issues and it was during one of her exhibition on human Rights in Geneva that she met the Naga leaders and came to know the plight of the Naga people.
She is deeply drawn to the theme "Nagaland for Christ" and works wholeheartedly for its fulfillment. Accusing Grace Collins of immorality and prostitution is most wicked, a deliberate ploy to undermine her contribution to the Naga cause Implicating NSCN's Collective leadership in such dirty politics is a sure sign of desperation and an attempt to tarnish the integrity of those who have given their all for the Nagas Nation.
Such demonic utterances are unheard of in Naga society. Politics or no politics, no Naga worth his salt would degrade himself to such a level as to label a Naga sympathizer in such a manner. It is beyond politics and therefore only political wastes, men guided by Lucifer, instruments of Satan; full of ill motivated blood flowing in their veins would resort to this kind of dehumanizing tactics. Shameless concoctions of baseless stories with which the Khaplang gang tries to degrade the very integrity of Naga leaders and sympathizers has no place in our society and deserve to be condemned by all sensible citizens in strongest terms. They have resorted to character assignation but God alone knows who is what and in the end truth shall prevail over such political scoundrels. Naga shall never be at the mercy of these madmen. Khaplang's gang, like rabbits with Indian carrots in their mouths, disowning Naga Hoho and its units, Nagas Mothers, Nagaland Baptist Church Council, Naga Students Federation and other Organizations is one thing, but accusing every Intemational Organization supporting the Naga cause and labeling them as terrorist organizations with expletives associated with terrorism is altogether a tragic collapse of human reasoning NSCN would like to remind Khaplang's gang that during the tenure of Boutrons Ghali, the UN in its publication admitted, 'There is Human Rights situation in Nagalim'.
Will the Indian puppets dare call UN a terrorist Organization for this supportive statement on the situation in Nagalim? The UNPO has long admitted Nagalim as one of its members and recently NSCN Chaiman addressed its General Assembly. Now will these crooked Nagas with deranged mentality dare accuse the UNPO as being a terrorist organization for recognizing the political right of the Nagas? Former US president Jimmy Carter has understood the Indo-Naga issue and written to the GOI on behalf of the Carter Foundation supporting the Indo-Naga peace process. Will Khaplang gang denounce this as well? We know how desperate they are to please their masters yet Nagas will never fall to obvious trickery of a bunch of confused elements.
Naga recognizes the efforts of Miss Grace Lyu Collins and holds her in high esteem. Her commitment and moral integrity is unquestionable. Nagas must stay alert against those political criminals whose sole aim is to concoct baseless allegations against friends and well wishers of the Naga struggle. We shall not compromise with the decaying elements of Naga History. Come what may, we shall rise to the occasion.
Issued by: MIP, GPRN, NSCN (IM).
Pressures of modern life driving youths to despair: Mittathany Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Nov 10:: Youths in the north east have a passionate concern for human freedom, dignity and justice and are constantly searching for meaning and values, which gives a sense of direction and solidarity to their lives in a world of uncertainty and seeming meaninglessness, said Most Rev.Joseph Mittathany, Archbishop of Imphal. He was gracing the St. Joseph College graduation and valedictory day as the chief guest at the college campus.

The youths also lack leadership, are restless and easily exploited by vested interests said Rev.Mittathany and further added that the rejection and the tough realities of life drive them to a state of insecurity, helplessness, anguish and despair making them crave for a better world with which they can identify. “A dark cloud of gloom and uncertainty threatens to engulf the youths and the region seems to be besets with an environment of violence and poverty lamented,” he observed. While pointing out that youths, the most powerful and talented segment of the society, have set out on a ‘radar-less voyage,’ he rued that many of them have lost hope for a bright and prosperous future. North-east, which is fast becoming a part of the global village with a fast change in the lifestyle of the people, Most Rev.Mittathany said, “it is nice to be part of the global village, to share the culture of each other but when it begins to erode the cultural values, people begin to assert and stress their differences.”

Also stressing on the unemployment situation in the region, he said youths are educated but do not posses the skills that are needed in the job market and he attributed the educational system for failing to give the requisite vocational training and professional orientation. With unemployment, young people lose the enthusiasm to achieve something in life which leads them to live under stress, anxiety, despair and further leading them to drugs and alcohol, Most Rev.Joseph Mittathany observed.

Also, Prof. K Kannan, speaking on the occasion said that every development requires the support and cooperation of the public, and assured to give the best avenues to graduate students from Nagaland for higher studies to study within Nagaland University. Addressing the students, Prof. K Kannan said that their primary duty is to study and not to do other things. He stressed on the need to excel at one’s own job and profession first, reminding the students that they can enjoy life after the successful completion of their studies. Prof. Kannan also said that the President of India, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is very much concerned about Nagaland, and challenged the young people to make the best use of their talents to do good to others. He said that it is mandatory for every research scholar to publish their works in two journals/magazines before submission of the thesis for a Doctorate of Philosophy degree.
Thsingvi T Sangtam (Sociology Honors) was awarded the Governor’s Gold Medal as Best Graduate; Avika Memorial Award was awarded to Tokelisie, while Tsisabeno Juliana (Sociology Honors) and I Josephine (English Honors) were awarded the Chikrophüyo Memorial Award and Alumni Association Award respectively. Altogether 74 students graduated from the college this year. (MExN)
Protests against ULFA's anti-Hindi agenda Nagaland Post
GUWAHATI, NOV 10 (AGENCIES): The anti-Hindi agenda of militant outfit ULFA in Assam has resulted in many people of the community fleeing the state.
In the past few days there have been three attacks, clearly targeting non-Assamese labourers in the state. On October 28, there was an attack at the venue of a chhat puja in which a 13-year-old boy was killed and 12 people were injured. Then last Sunday there was a blast at Pathar quarry where most labourers are Hindi-speaking. And another blast at Fancy bazaar, which killed 14 people and injured 40 others. But now residents say they have had enough and want the government to take action against the local resentment.
"We want peace and security. These terrorist activities must stop now. We can't take it anymore," said YL Karn, protestor. The labourers say the situation has recently got so bad that many have had to leave Assam. "Slowly all the Biharis are leaving the state," said a resident of the area. But there are still many who feel as much part of Assam as the locals and don't want to leave. "The government, either the state or Centre should give us protection, because Assam is our motherland, our birthplace as well as workplace,'' said KK Tiwari, protestor. The state administration has reassured these protesters but unless some stringent security measures are in place such reassurance sound hollow.
Perspective analysis of election in democratic polity Ngamkhohao Haokip
Contd from previous issue Sangai Express
The amendment provides that the Council of Minister, including the Chief Minister, should not exceed fifteen percent of the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly. With the enforcement of this act, another question of monopolistic and claims of undue ascendancy in dispensation of ministerial berth is being promised by incumbent thereby conspiring the illiterate and innocent citizens.
The power conferred under Article 324, mentioned also above, is a very important valve as far as electoral systems and electoral reformations are concerned. Free and fair or smooth conduct of election is more solely rests on the understanding of the commission. Another thing is the empowerment of the High Courts in their respective jurisdiction, over cases of any election disputes. Any aggrieved party can petition and appeal the High Courts in case of corrupt practises are being adopted by other contesting party/ies.
India ‘Failed as a ‘Democratic’ Country: In any elections in a democratic country, electing some individuals to form Government or to make laws on our behalf is not the end in itself. More important is ‘how’ the voters elect those individuals. The ‘how’ includes the questions of fairness of the election; freeness of the voters in choosing their choice without any elements playing against his/her right and under no forces; and most importantly, awareness of the voters. The question, then, is - do the ignorant and powerless citizens, particularly in Hill constituencies of Manipur, enjoy their rights as citizens of democratic state without fear and fouls?
Not only is the real political problems of the tribal being remained un-addressed, but widespread election-related violence, crime, riots, murders, mayhem and influences of what is called money, muscle, mafia power and underground involvements are also rampant in India as a whole. This shall remain as a characteristic of developing India.
Criminalisation of politics and politicisation of criminals are not only the features in mainland India but more so in the northeastern States. Stories of both capturing, rigging, bogus voting, impersonation, misuse of religions, caste and tribal identities, and various other corrupt practises made the greatest democracy a failure.
In democratic state, it is not her economic achievements, neither her military might that count in its politically set-goal but the equal and just enjoyment of the rights its gives to her citizens that is significant in the end.
In Manipur, none of the reserved constituencies is exceptional in terms of mal-practises. Now, almost all the main tribal groups in the state have their respective armed organisations. More interesting is their affinity and closer attachment they connive with a smaller identity - clan. It is more aggravating that this tendency shall continue unabated in the months and years to come unless our electoral systems are cleansed and streamlined. The root of this emerging trend is not far to seek.
Every election becomes election engaged by the rich and the dominant tribe/clan. The constitutional provision of reserved constituencies has now definitely turned out to be reserved ones for a particular clan or tribe. Surprisingly, this foul-means remain being perpetuated so until today even after our knowledge are increased and after more educated youths are coming forth on the stage of the days. Why? The poor and uneducated ones who constituted the margina-lized sections of the society remain unattended to all through these years. Their economic status does not just remain unchanged but is rather demeaning day by day. There are unequal distributions of developmental schemes and manipulations of employment opportunities in the hands of the elected representatives.
These distressing socio -political conditions make them a soft target for manipulation and overshadowing their rights from the money-laden politicians. The bolder groups would choose to resort to walking away from the mainstream that is worrying us today.
Among the Kukis, their irrationally cherished customs known as chieftain-ship has turned the political rights of the villagers more than in topsy-turvy condition. The chief either boldly and bluntly bogus-votes or orders his villagers to vote for candidate of his choice. Violating this order is penalty in one form or another even to the extend of shooing aw-ay the recalcitrant from the village permanently.
But, recent experiences show- that a new development has gained momentum. This new show-up is again not a trend to be happy about. The Chiefs’ powers are declining and in its place, money-power and power of the unsolicited armed groups may be positioned. This development is the consequence of the social structure that had already created conditions for such development. The corresponding sources of such bad tendency are found in the electoral system the lawis prescribing.
Streamlining elections in Manipur: With a view- to streamlining electoral system in India, the Indian Parliament, through the Election Commission has been amending the sections, Articles and rules related to elections but w-ithout much success. Each general election to both Parliament and State legislatures is accompanied by newer challenges. The new efforts of the Commission in this regard need to consider the socio-economic structures of different communities. In addition, India’s heterogeneous entities should be taken into account while deciding new-tasks for streamlining our electoral system. It is more a fact than myth that India, in spite of its enormous military and economic strength, could not uphold its democratic values during elections. This is a bigger yardstick than her stock indexes that we should address in a proper and fair manner as long as India choose to be democratic. — to be contd
Restrictions responsible for slump in trade at Moreh From Our Correspondent Assam tribune
IMPHAL, Nov 10 – The continuous price control of goods by Myanmar’s military junta and New Delhi’s restriction on certain items have forced grounding of the Indo-Myanmar border trade and its export-import activities.
“Not only this the present law and order situation at border town is also one of the important factor for the slump in the trade”, said a senior official of Customs, Government of India.
The Customs officer also felt that the export and import trade between the two countries has been grounded and added that it is on verge of becoming ‘defunct’.

“Medicinal plants which were in great demand in India cannot be brought in now from Myanmar as New Delhi has placed a restriction”, the officer informed. India have a restriction on import of medicinal plants until and unless the importer provides the actual origin and details of the plants. On the other hand, Myanmar authority controls the prices. Besides, products from a third country cannot be included in the trade between India and Myanmar. “But you see most of the items brought in from Burma these days are the products of a third country”, a Manipuri trader said.

M Chandrakishore, vice-president of North East Federation of International Trade appealed to the State Government to formulate a policy for border trade and include goods manufactured in a third country. Meanwhile, a high level study group has started studying the modalities of improvising the declining border trade. A meeting was also held on October 26 where the members including the security officials were asked to submit their suggestions and comments within 15 days.
Suspected rebels trigger blast killing 1 paramilitary soldier in northeastern India
Suspected rebels triggered a bomb killing one paramilitary soldier and wounding four others Friday in India's remote northeastern state of Assam, police said. The soldiers were returning from routine patrol duties when the bomb planted on the roadside went off, said Bhaskar Mahanta, Assam's deputy inspector general of police.
The soldier was killed instantly, when the vehicle he was traveling in, was hit, Mahanta said.
Sadiya is around 650 kilometers (406 miles) east of Gauhati, Assam's capital. Police blamed the attack on United Liberation Front of Asom militants who have been fighting for more than two decades for Assam's separation from India. The insurgency has claimed more than 10,000 lives.
On Sunday, ULFA militants exploded twin blasts in Gauhati killing at least 15 people and wounding nearly a dozen others. Since then, the federal government has sent 2,000 additional paramilitary soldiers to Assam to join the army, police and paramilitary troopers already engaged in counter terrorism operations in the strife-torn state. The ULFA rebels have stepped up attacks since the federal government called off a truce in September amid deadlocked peace talks with the group's representatives. The government unilaterally announced the truce with the ULFA in August as a goodwill gesture. Insurgents want independence for Assam, saying the federal government exploits the state's rich natural resources while neglecting the region's development.
Bomb attacks in Assam wound six policemen By Reuters
GUWAHATI (Reuters) - Separatist militants in India's restive northeastern state of Assam wounded seven policemen in two targetted bomb attacks on Friday, police said. Members of the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) triggered an improvised explosive device as two police vehicles passed, wounding six federal policemen. The attack took place in the remote Tinsukia district, the easternmost region of the tea-and-oil-rich state where ULFA has been fighting for independence from India since 1979.
In another attack in central Nagaon district, ULFA militants threw a grenade at the house of a senior police officer, wounding his bodyguard, a police spokesman said. Authorities are bracing for more attacks.
"We have stepped up our security measures and more troops have been sent to militant stronghold areas," an intelligence officer, who did not want to be named, said. Violence has flared in the state of 26 million people after New Delhi and ULFA called off peace talks in September.
On Sunday, two bombs exploded in Guwahati, Assam's biggest city, including one in a crowded market, killing a total of 13 people and wounding around a dozen. Tens of thousands of people have died in the insurgency in nearly three decades. ULFA, one of the over dozen major militant groups operating in the troubled northeast, accuses New Delhi of plundering Assam's oil, timber and tea.
Anti-Tipaimukh dam activists call strike, to boycott Sonia and PM`s visit to state The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 10: With the expiry of deadline set by the twenty-nine concerned organizations campaigning against Tipaimukh mega dam and no positive response coming from the state government`s side, the 24 hour statewide general strike of the conglomerate organizations begins 6 am tomorrow as per their announcement made earlier.

Representatives of the organizations, at a press conference today also announced boycott of the proposed visit of congress leader Sonia Gandhi and Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh to the state during the current month, apart from threatening to call economic blockade on the national highways and launching non-co-operation campaign against all the political parties, politicians and all the contending candidates for 9th Manipur Legislative Assembly election who were in favour of implementing Tipaimukh dam project. Meanwhile, Manipur chief minister, O Ibobi Singh has said that those who were calling the general strike against the construction of Tipaimukh dam are instigated by some vested interest. He said anyone can come and sit together with the officials of state government and NEEPCO and discuss threadbare the loss or gain of the multipurpose project. The chief minister was speaking at the foundation laying function of the food processing industrial park (Food Park) at Nilakuthi, Imphal east district today.

He went on to say, "We can stop the construction of this dam if amount of loss to be caused by the dam is beyond the expectation."

He further alleged that the opponents of the construction of Tipaimukh dam do not know where Tipaimukh is and said it was very unfortunate that they going in the direction pointed by some persons with vested interest."

Co-convener of the ACTIP, Kinderson Pamei, while speaking at a press conference held at HERICON office in Imphal today reaffirmed that the 24 hour statewide general strike will begin at 6 am of November 11, and also disclosed that this will be followed by indefinite economic blockade on the national highways if the state government remains unresponsive to their call for total scrapping of Tipaimukh Hydro Electric Power (Multipurpose) Project once and for all and recall of restricted public hearing notification issued by Manipur pollution control board. On behalf of the 29 organizations he also stated that all the volunteers of 29 organizations are getting ready for the general strike and any untoward incidents during the strike will be the sole responsibility of the state government. Pamei, justifying their demands said, "we are demanding the saving of our people from forced dislocation from their ancestral land, our land from outsider`s hands, and our unique identity, by scrapping of the Tipaimukh Hydro Electric Power project."

Pamei added, "The proposed public hearings is aimed at muzzling the concerned voices by restricting the participants and is also against the legally established norms of public hearing as enshrined in the environment impact assessment notification, 1994 (amended 2004) issued by the Manipur pollution control board." The public hearing is scheduled to be held on 17th of this month at Churchandpur DC office, Churchandpur and on 22nd at Tamenglong DC, Tamenglong.

An ultimatum was submitted on November 7 last to the state chief minister, O Ibobi Sigh, he reiterated and stated that they had set a deadline for today for a positive response from the state government. As the government failed to give a positive response, the 29 organizations decided to implement their resolution passed in a joint meeting on November 6 last regarding the launching of various forms of agitations, he said appealing to the people of Manipur to support their stir.

The state government should immediately stop selling 9,421 square km of land of the state to the Central government through NEEPCO at any cost, Pamei added. Among the 29 frontal organizations are ANSAM, Centre for Social Development, Chandel, Naga People`s Organisation, Naga Students` Union, Chandel, Zeliangrong Union (Assam, Nagaland and Manipur), ACTIP etc.
Two CRPF jawans die in ULFA attack Close shave for Nagaon SP Our Bureau Sentinel
TINSUKIA/GUWAHATI, Nov 10: Two CRPF jawans were killed while five others injured when suspected ULFA militants blew up a CRPF vehicle at Amarpur, Sadiya, in Tinsukia district at 4.15 this evening. The driver of the vehicle is missing. All the injured have been admitted to the Assam Medical College Hospital, Dibrugarh. In another incident, the rebels targeted another CRPF convoy in an area under Shantipur border outpost with a grenade. There was no casualty in the incident. Those killed in the Sadiya attack have been identified as Dipak Singh (a civilian handyman) and Banshilal Yadav. The injured are Satbir Rao, Satyendra Singh, Omprakash, Rajbir Yadav and Rajkumar. The missing driver-cum-owner of the vehicle has been identified as BT Chetia. The CRPF personnel were going in two vehicles, a Tata Mobile and a 407 bus and the latter escaped the attack. The Suspected ULFA rebels also lobbed grenades at the residence of Nagaon SP Krishna Das at 4.30 p.m. Though the SP survived the attack, a constable was injured in the attack. The grenade created a four-foot-deep crater in the area. Meanwhile, a PIB (Defence Wing) release from Tezpur said that a high-level operational meeting of all senior Army officers involved in combating insurgency in Asom and Arunachal Pradesh was held at Tezpur today to carry out a review of the situation arising out of the killing of innocent civilians in Guwahati, and to launch intensive Army operations against the ULFA. The release further said that there should be no human rights violations or collateral damage to innocent civilians or their property during any operations by the Army personnel. The Army operations, however, would not disturb the possibility of peace talks with the banned outfit, the release stated.
CPI: PM has kept parties in dark on ULFA talks By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 10: Expressing distress over the silence being maintained by the Government of India since last month regarding the demand for convening an all-party meeting on the ULFA issue, the CPI has today said narrow political game may be the root cause behind the, what it said, lack of transparency in the negotiation process. The party has not got any response from the Prime Minister as yet to its demand for convening a meeting of all political parties of Asom to work out a common approach to find a solution to the vexed ULFA problem, said Promode Gogoi, CPI national executive member, while talking to the press here today. It may be mentioned here that CPI leader AB Bardhan wrote a letter to the Prime Minister in this regard on October 10. Reiterating the demand for convening an all-party meeting without further delay, he said all the political parties should be taken into confidence on the status of the peace process, since the situation has gradually turned worse since the breakdown of talks with the ULFA-constituted PCG. It may be mentioned here that although Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi has responded positively to the demand made by the CPI(M) for convening an all-party meet do discuss the ULFA issue, the State Government is yet to initiate any steps in this regard. “One should not utilize the issue, which directly hits the entire population of Asom as well as its development and industrialization, to fulfil one’s narrow political interests,” said the CPI leader.
The CPI has also demanded for an impartial inquiry on the recent twin blasts in the city to unearth the truth behind the ‘condemnable act of violence.’ He said conflicting and confusing claims as to who was behind the blasts have to be investigated properly. The party has also condemned the recent killing of five-year-old boy Debajit Moran in Pengeri in Tinsukia district by the Army personnel, and demanded withdrawal of Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act from Asom. The party apprehended that more such incidents might take place if the Act remains in force in Asom.
DATELINE GUWAHATI/Wasbir Hussain Madness in Asom, wrong signals from Delhi Sentinel
I don’t know who was behind 5/11 in Guwahati, the killer blasts that took 15 lives and maimed up to 50 others, all innocent civilians. The security establishment thinks the ULFA is behind the massacre, either engineering the destruction on its own or aided by ‘jehadi’ forces. On its part, the ULFA, or a section of it, claimed that the group was not involved in the Guwahati blasts last Sunday (a statement to this effect was attributed to the ULFA’s dreaded 28th battalion by the media). The moot question is not who carried out the dastardly attacks (although lot of things can be easily deduced from precedence or the modus operandi itself)—the question that bothers me is the impact of such stealthy attacks on unsuspecting civilians, and the Government’s response.
The Government’s response was ok to the extent that Asom Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, who was in Delhi, immediately briefed the PMO or the Prime Minister himself and discussed the attack with Home Minister Shivraj Patil, Home Secretary V.K. Duggal and others. The decision to hold a quick review meeting of the Unified Headquarters in Guwahati the morning after the blasts was also ok and on expected lines. What was unnecessary was the decision or the visit itself of Home Secretary Duggal, accompanied by the heads of the paramilitary CRPF and the BSF, the Joint Secretary (North-east) in the MHA, and other senior officials to Guwahati within less than 24 hours of the bombings.
The visit by the ‘composite Central team’ to Guwahati in the aftermath of an attack that killed ordinary civilians perhaps contributed in reinforcing an interpretation or even sending out a message that the perpetrators of the attack had actually managed to rattle or shake the Delhi durbar. New Delhi’s decision to rush the Home Secretary and the heads of the paramilitary forces gave an impression as if the Government gets the pinch only if such violence leads to bigger casualties like the one in Guwahati on Sunday. And, what has been the visible (I shall talk of the so-far invisible impact of the team’s visit later) outcome of the visit by these officials? Well, there has been a reiteration that counter-insurgency operations would be intensified and a new strategy is being put into action. Such statements about intensification of operations gives an impression as if the offensive thus far had been weak or had gaps.
What the Government could have done was to tone up things to put pressure on all those out to shatter peace in Asom by killing civilians, establish for sure the identity of the killers, review the counter-insurgency operations itself, and, most importantly, talk with all shades in the society with the sole purpose of harping on the need for an end to violence and to begin a sincere quest for peace. I often wonder why ministers and top bureaucrats coming over to Asom (or any state for that matter) to assess law and order or security situations in the wake of a major spate of violence never bother to meet or discuss matters with people outside of the Government. After all, there is an utmost need for such people to meet and absorb a few inputs from non-government leaders from different walks of life. Simply analysing or preparing strategies to control or tackle a situation based on governmental or intelligence inputs is certainly not the correct approach. I also wonder why the Asom Government does not think that the time is just right to have a meeting with all political forces, student groups, the intelligentsia and the civil society, however fragmented, from across the State and see what people think the road to peace should be.
Anyway, aside from what should or should not have been done, the Home Secretary’s visit did brighten the chances of some 6,500 new recruitments in Asom! Well, Duggal is said to have okayed (verbally that is) the immediate recruitment of 5,000 constables into the Assam Police (this includes those 3,000 odd who had been short-listed already but who have not joined yet due to the court case) and 1,500 Special Police Officers (SPO). We have some idea of what SPOs are, but jobs are jobs after all in a State where up to 20 lakh educated people are unemployed. And, of course, Asom got 20 additional (19 if media reports are true) paramilitary companies after demanding, urging and cajoling New Delhi for sometime now. The only good thing in a rather depressing week in Asom has been the decision by National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan to once again meet with some pro-peace people like Indira Goswami and Rebati Phukan. One can only hope for the best and prepare for the worst. I for one would like to only hope for the best.

Frans on 11.11.06 @ 01:01 PM CST [link]


Friday, November 10th

Centre bans three more rebel outfits - Ulfa abetters penalised OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT The Telegraph


Centre bans three more rebel outfits - Ulfa abetters penalised OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT The Telegraph
New Delhi, Nov. 9: The Centre today brought under its scanner three other outfits who allegedly have links with Ulfa and extended the ban on them, too. The move is synchronised with full-scale army operations against the banned militant outfit.
The ban was extended for two more years against the Ulfa, Achik National Volunteer Council (ANVC), Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC) and National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). The decision to continue holding the outfits as unlawful was taken during a meeting of the cabinet committee on security chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The move signalled that not only will the government crack down on the Ulfa, it will also not spare those aiding and abetting it.
“They all have links,” said a senior home ministry official. Asked about the move to declare the ANVC and NDFB as unlawful despite ceasefire agreements with them, the official said the outfits still continued with violence and extortion and have compelled the government to take action.
Whereas the other outfits do not have overt links with the Ulfa, at least one of them, the ANVC, is believed to be involved in gun-running and providing transit facilities to other outfits in the Northeast to militant camps in Bangladesh.
The ANVC, fighting for an independent Garoland, is active in the South and East Garo Hills districts. It was formed with the assistance of the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah). However, while it distanced itself from the Naga outfit, it maintained links with the Ulfa, especially after the latter relocated its camps from Bhutan to the Garo hills.
The outfit is not considered strong in itself, but it does hold the key for other outfits for their transit to Bangladesh through the Garo Hills. Similarly, the Khasi outfit, HNLC, is alleged to have tactical links with the Ulfa. However, the NDFB is not known to have any established links.
Union tribal affairs minister, P.R. Kyndiah, who is from Meghalaya, said the government needs to continue its dialogue with the ANVC and start one with the HNLC. “I will be taking this up with the home ministry,” he said. The twin blasts in Guwahati this week, allegedly by Ulfa, have prompted the Centre to go all out against the outfit. In Delhi today, Assam chief minister Tarun Gogoi was admitted to Apollo Hospital for “a routine check-up”.
He is expected to meet Union home minister Shivraj Patil tomorrow to discuss the security scenario in Assam, especially in view of the escalation of violence in the state. Assam Governor Lt Gen (retd) Ajai Singh is also in the capital.
NNC cautions on fake names The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 9 (MExN): The Naga National Council (NNC) has cautioned against fake names of N. Nihuto Sumi as Kilonser Finance NNC and Atoba Rotokha as Commander, Combined Operation Western Command, Naga Army appealing for financial assistance from business community as well as 10 % (Ten percent) deduction from the one month salary for the year of 2006 under the name and style of the Office of the Naga National Council, Oking, Nagaland, Ura Uvie.
“This is a very serious matter for the NNC and therefore, the NNC is clarifying to all concerned that this is not from the NNC and the few people who are doing this collection, demanding, threatening, etc. in the name of the NNC are doing at their own risk. The NNC will not take any responsibility in this serious matter”, stated Mhasi Angami from Information & Publicity Wing of NNC. The NNC appealed to all concerned to be aware of such imposters at this serious situation.
Factional clash at Saijang; civilians moved out The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 9 (MExN): In yet another incident of factional violence, a group of NSCN (IM) cadres numbering around 70-80 attacked the rival faction at Saijang village at around 9:30 pm last evening. The intermittent firing lasted till dawn, it was reported.
According to sources, it was learnt that that in the course of retaliation one NSCN (IM) cadre was injured and later brought to Jalukie Public Health Centre for immediate nursing. However no casualty was reported from the NSCN (K) side. When contacted, it was reported that the NSCN (K) had moved away from the site of the incident. It was also learnt that civilians were deported to 10th IRB Camp at Saijang for their safety by the police and Assam Rifles.
The entire area is reportedly cordoned off following a tough diplomatic exercise by the administration. Situation is reported to be tense fearing public casualty. Meanwhile, both the public and administration have expressed unhappiness over the poor communication of BSNL services during the situation.
Exodus of students into Nagaland Correspondent Nagaland Post
IMPHAL, Nov 7: Students of private schools in the hill districts of Manipur face a worrisome future ahead due to the switch over to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) syllabus which has compelled them to seek admission to schools in Nagaland to appear the HSLC examination 2006-07. Around 200 students and some guardians left Tamenglong early Tuesday for Kohima and Dimapur for admission into some schools earmarked by the NBSE.
Earlier on November 1 last around 656 students from 30 private schools had rushed to Dimapur to enroll for the 2006-07 HSLC examination. The students who left Tamenglong early today with their guardians were from different private schools in chartered four buses that were arranged for the purpose. The hiring of the private buses along the Imphal-Tamenglong route for transporting the students had also created total inconvenience for people planning to go to Imphal said Raising Panmei, a resident of Tamenglong town.
He said there were only four passenger bus services on this route. Meanwhile, some parents from Ukhrul district have expressed deep concern to the Tangkhul Katamnao Sanglong office bearers over the prevailing security situation in Nagaland. The fallout of the switch over to NBSE syllabus done under the initiative of some NGOs has disturbed the minds of students and parents since the students now have nowhere to go but to appear HSLC from Nagaland.
This was particularly so since the change was done in the middle of the academic year that left them in a limbo. Many students from private schools affiliated to Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, BSEM in the districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Tamenglong and Senapati had enrolled themselves with government schools after The state education department issued permission through an order Most of the schools located in Ukhrul district had substituted the books prescribed by Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, and BSEM with books prescribed by Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). There are altogether 117 private schools in the four Naga inhabited districts of Manipur. Out of this, seven are Higher Secondary Schools, 44 High Schools and 66 Junior High Schools. Reports from Nagaland disclosed that there were nearly 4000 students who had enrolled for the HSLC examination under NBSE.
Rio graces Tokhü Emong celebration Staff Reporter Nagaland Post
WOKHA, NOV 7 (NPN): Chief minister Neiphiu Rio today asked the Lothas never to forget their culture and tradition. "We should never forget our culture and tradition. If we do that, (our) nationalism, our identity will be lost. It will be a great blunder," Rio said in his opening remarks as the chief guest of the Tokhü Emong celebrations held Tuesday at local ground, Wokha.
Marked by pomp and gaiety, this year's celebration of the post harvest festival of the Lotha Nagas, which was observed in various parts of the state, started on November 4 and concluded today. The chief minister who arrived here by helicopter from Tuensang after attending the funeral service of late Lakiumong, MLA, was greeted by thousands of people who had congregated at the ground. Remarking on the presence of foreign tourist at the celebration, Rio said "They come to see us because of our uniqueness, our culture, tradition. Not so that we can imitate them."
On the Indo-Naga issue, he said unity and reconciliation among the Nagas was a must; "Otherwise, the common Naga voice will be lost to mighty India and the world," he added. The chief minister also said the recent factional clashes have brought a bad name to the state.
Winding up his speech, Rio said the main goal of his government was all round development but that peace was prerequisite for development and vice versa. Lotha Hoho chairman Nyanbemo Ngullie gave the welcome address, former minister T Kikon dwelled on the significance of Tokhu Emong while Aremo Ezung offered vote of thanks. The day was marked by cultural dances, songs and other traditional presentations. Later, the chief minister inaugurated the new treasury office building and a tourist resort at Wokha town. Rio was accompanied by minister for Works and Housing Tokheho, minister for PHE P. Longon, minister for Agriculture Azo Neinu, parliamentary secretaries Nkhao Lotha, Kaito Aye, M.C. Konyak, deputy chairman, State Planning Board, Deo Nukhu and several other senior bureaucrats and heads of departments.
Earlier, in the morning, Tokhu Emong was also celebrated at Wokha village with YM Humtsoe, special officer to the CM as the chief guest and at N Longidang village where state NPF vice president Pinyinthung Patton was the chief guest.
Meanwhile, in Kohima, the celebration was held at the private residence of MLA E.T. Ezung at PR Hill Kohima. Rev. Dr. L. Tsanso dwelled on the significance of the festival while R. Ezung (Retd. Commissioner) and M. Odyuo, (Retd. Jt. Dev. Commissioner) exhorted the gathering. Highlights of the programme included folk songs by Lotha women.
NNP calls for common regional forum The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 9 (MExN): The Naga National Party has called for a common forum for the regional parties to bring better understanding for the common welfare of the people in the light of the forthcoming 9th Manipur Legislative Assembly elections. Expressing the feeling NNP said that the situation in the state is like sailing over rough ocean surface. a statement of the party today said, “In order to minimize the unfortunate tension prevailing among the various communities living in the north eastern states of India, the NNP feel that regional interest based political parties can play a vital role in defusing all the unwanted situations by dealing with such delicate and volatile situations according to the regional and local interests.”
While inviting all the regional political parties of both hills and plain, it appealed to like minded parties and party workers, well wishers to open up and join hands with them to fight the coming election in the state with confidence for a brighter future where each party and community respects each others aspirations and concern and avoids unnecessary confrontation with each other.
The NNP has been contacting various leaders belonging to different regional parties and other parties in Manipur as well as in other states, the statement said hoping that people will support their effort for a peaceful future. The regional parties know better and understand the need of their respective situations, the NNP statement said sharing its opinion that specially in states like Manipur, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh etc. it is mandatory for the regional parties to focus their priorities according to the needs of the people they represent which is also the expectation of the people. Stating that NNP is preparing mentally, physically and financially to participate in the forthcoming election, the party opened its doors to all the regional parties, like minded parties and well wishers to come forward and join hands to thrash out all differences and find out a workable strategy that will enable all concerned to work peacefully and harmoniously in the region and strive for faster development on all fronts, the party reiterated. “Together,” the statement said, “we can address our issues to the centre and seek for peaceful solution in a constructive way which will not be possible to be handled by a person or independent parties.”
IK-GOI and Naga politics- Nagaland Post Opinion
As long as S.C Jamir is concerned, he is the God father who gave a new lease of life to the IK-group through his secret payment of Rs. 10 crores to V.S Atem for the installation of his unopposed government in 1998. The Naga NGOs who vociferously sang the mischievous song of "solution, not election" closed their lying mouths never to speak of V.S Atem and the IK-group and failed to condemn them for betraying the voice or the confidence of the Nagas by accepting the bribe.
These same NGOs are still singing the 'make believe' song with the IK-group, but nothing will happen. To the NSCN (National Socialist Council of Nagaland), both IK-group and S.C Jamir are different side of the same coin. The IK grop campaigned against S.C Jamir's bedrock of Naga society, but followed suit. There is no difference between Jamir's Bedrock…..' and IK's present talk. The entities of the Indo-Naga talk and their blind followers are far from realizing that, without NSCN's involvement in the process, there will be no permanent peace or any kind of solution for the Nagas. And of course, today's fighting is between the pro-people and anti-people forces. The IK-group as anti-people force continues to cheat the Nagas and keeps the Naga people under their grips through false propagandas or promises for enhancing their selfish game.
Whereas, the NSCN as pro-people is fighting for the sovereignty of the Nagas. In this context, the NSCN does not need the support of any tainted leader or corrupted political groups in our struggle, but pray for the support of right thinking citizens and honorable consensus of the Naga people in general. On the contrary, the IK-group, no matter how adept they may be in hypnotizing and in taking advantage of the ignorance of the Nagas, they can not survive without either Jamir or their puppet chief minister, Rio. The IK-group always accuses the NSCN of availing Indian Army assistance, but every body is aware of the joint operations of IK-group and Assam Rifles against the NSCN, since the secret meeting at Rangapahar between Lt. Gen Nanavati and V.S Atem in October 1997.
The NSCN taking strong exception for such anti-Naga nexus brands V.S Atem as 'Anti-National' and as such, he and his children will be answerable to the Nagas. This nexus was once again revealed on the 18th of October 2006 at Zunheboto, where the Assam Rifles under the command of Col. Sanjay arrested two NSCN cadres and seized their weapons thereby letting the IK-group to attack the arrested NSCN cadres with sticks, while in their custody, where one of the Naga Army cadres got seven (7) stitches on his head before they (Assam Rifles) handed over NSCN's weapon to the IK-group in the very presence of superintendent of police, Deputy Commissioner and other officials of Zunheboto district. Now, the IK group, the so called Rio's security personnel, continue to operate the Nagas wouldn't have been hypnotized, suppressed and experienced a state of fear psychosis. However, the downfall of IK-group is a long awaited objective of the Nagas and hence, their down fall will not have any significance effect in the Naga politics. In regard to the issuing of 'Quit Notice' to the Tangkhuls, the NSCN have time and again made known the factors to all concerned through our earliest press statements. The NSCN respects the aspiration of the Nagas who wants peace in their home land and therefore, asked the Tangkhuls to leave Nagaland. The Tangkhuls of Manipur state created unrest in Nagaland since 1980, and kept the Naga people under their feet making use of the Nagas' revolutionary arms as their tools.
The generous act of the Nagas, in appointing Manipuri Th. Muivah as prime minister of Naga Revolutionary government, proved to be the greatest disaster for them, because Th. Muivah abused this power to suppress the Naga populace. Under his (Th. Muivah) command, so many generals, ministers (Kilonsers) and two prime ministers (Ato Kilonsers) have been murdered in Nagaland by the blood thirsty Tangkhuls. Therefore, the NSCN's 'quit notice' to the Tangkhul is final and binding. This move will continue even after Nagaland attains sovereignty. Of late, the Nagas of Nagaland at their own making have become like puppets in the hands of the IK-group, languishing their authority and power of dominance, enslaving themselves in their won soil which is very unfortunate on their part. Therefore, it is time we feel, the Nagas be released from the bondage of terrorism and given the 'right to freedom', to let them express their minds freely, so as to bring the Naga people of all walks of life to an understanding through a common platform for permanent peace and solution. Secretary MIP/GPRN, NSCN (K)
Full-scale operation against ULFA The Morung Express
Guwahati, Nov 9 (PTI): The army today resumed full-scale operations against the ULFA in the wake of increasing violence in Assam blamed on the banned group. “The army, aided by police and paramilitary forces, has launched a full-scale operation against the ULFA in various parts of Assam,” a spokesman of the army’s Four Corps based in Tezpur told PTI.
The army spokesman said additional companies of paramilitary forces, including those of the CRPF, had been rushed to “vulnerable areas dominated by the ULFA”.
He said the operations, launched in various ULFA- dominated areas of the state, particularly in upper Assam, followed the Centre’s directive and Sunday’s twin blasts in Guwahati city that killed 14 people.
The decision to launch the operations followed a visit by Union Home Secretary V K Duggal who held a high-level meeting here on Tuesday to review the law and order situation with top army, paramilitary and government officials.
The spokesman said the recent suspension of army operations against the ULFA had helped it to regroup and “engage in stepped up violence in the state”.
Centre extends ban on ULFA The Morung Express
Guwahati, Nov 9 (Agencies): The Center has extended the ban on terrorist outfit ULFA. Peace talks with ULFA broke down in September after a spate of extortions and killings by its cadres. Earlier, a five-year-old boy and his 14-year-old sister were critically injured in an encounter between the army and the ULFA in the Tinsukia district on Wednesday. According to the District Administration, ULFA was using the villagers as human shields and the children were caught in the crossfire. But the Army said the children were hit by bullets fired by the ULFA.
Politicisation on affiliation to NBSC The Morung Express In Focus
Minister of education Mr. Imkong Imchen’s statement that the state government would not remain silent on the affiliation of schools of Naga-dominated areas of Manipur to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) to pursue the matter ‘aggressively’, is a statement made by the minister, without understanding the magnitude of the situation and its implications on the general people of Nagaland. I don’t know, what prompt him to make such a statement without taking into confidences of stake holders of the state and public at large. It is very unfortunate that such a person of eminence; Representative of the people and a member of the cabinet, without studying and analyzing the situation making such statement is highly questionable? The government should know that the public at large are the stake holders and step taken without the proper consensus of the people would land government into big political crises. The education minister may not probably know that such affiliation would deprive all its citizens of their basic rights to education in the state and at the cost of tax payers money.
The state of Nagaland which has a population of 20 lakhs, is one of the Nation highest growth on decadal population, and with such pace in decadal growth the state may not be able to provide the basic amenities such as shelter, food, education, health and shelter to its citizen. Education being the top most priority of any government policy, the question I want to make to the state government is that, we still lack in 100% literacy rate in the state, so why are we trying to accommodate the schools of hill district of Manipur to our Nagaland Board of School Education? What are we benefiting from it? More chaos and depriving our people from getting our basic educations rights which is fundamental rights of every individuals. The reasons may be many, but one thing is very sure that, it’s the few sections of politicians and vested interest in the government who are actually trying to hijack the state machinery to gain larger political mileage and to achieve idealist notion of greater Nagalim, which I feel it is unrealistic and fruitless in an era of globalization and liberalization. To my knowledge and convictions it is a political gimmick and we should not fall into such trap.
Another area of concern are the finance, it is said that finance is the life line of administration, so in retrospect to it, such proposals of affiliation of schools of four districts of Manipur to Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSC) would have financial strain to the exchequer of the state in a large scale. Thirdly if the government accepts the proposals of affiliation, the government strongly violates the principle of territorial jurisdiction of other state, which may led to law and order problem in the region and the state may be fully responsible to such chaos, it should be reminded that such chaos may led to greater destruction in the region and moreover it will jeopardized the peaceful existence of state of Manipur.
Fourthly the schools of hill districts of Manipur may unilaterally decide to join Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSC) and may give several reasons to it for joining but the political leadership in the state should with stand such pressure and take a firm stance on the issue and respect the territorial jurisdiction of state of Manipur otherwise the government will be full responsible to all the chaos. So what need of the hour is to take confidence of Government of Manipur and assure them that such move will not be entertained at the cost of their state. The government should leave no stone unturned so that there is no room for ambiguity, thus it is necessary for the state to bring a consensus on the issue before any decision is taken at the cabinet, the opposition can play a proactive role and people have large confidence on them. Last but not the least it is the wise decision of the present leaders that will decide the fate of the future generation whether to live in a just and equal society or to live in a unequal society fort he generation to come.
Lima Temjen
M.A (Political Science), New Delhi
Fresh talks with ULFA mediators next week The Morung Express
Guwahati, Nov 9 (IANS): New Delhi will hold fresh talks next week with representatives of the outlawed United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA), blamed for twin blasts that killed 15 people in Guwahati over the weekend, a rebel mediator said on Thursday. “At our insistence, the National Security Adviser (MK Narayanan) once again agreed to hold a meeting in New Delhi on Monday where we shall place fresh modalities for direct peace talks between the ULFA leadership and the government,” said Indira Goswami, a noted Assamese writer and sought by the ULFA to mediate for talks. Peace talks with ULFA representatives had broken down after New Delhi on September 24 called off a six-week ceasefire blaming the outfit of stepping up attacks and extortions. Goswami will be accompanied by Rebati Phukan, another rebel mediator and childhood friend of ULFA commander-in-chief Paresh Baruah. “I cannot reveal the modalities of what we are going to place before the government. The only thing I can say is that doors for peace talks are still wide open,” said Goswami, who teaches modern Indian languages at the Delhi University.
The central government had on Tuesday announced a major counter-insurgency offensive against the ULFA after two powerful explosions last weekend in Assam’s main city of Guwahati killed 15 people and wounded 40. Police in Assam have blamed the blasts on the ULFA, which is fighting for an independent homeland since 1979. The group has not claimed responsibility for the attacks.
“The fresh attempt for holding talks is aimed at putting a halt to the ongoing specter of violence in Assam. Everybody in the state wants peace and we are trying our best to bring the two sides to the negotiating table,” Goswami said. Peace talks between ULFA representatives and the central government formally broke last month after the People’s Consultative Group (PCG), a civil society team appointed by the rebels to mediate for talks, pulled out of the peace process blaming New Delhi for calling off the truce.
There were three rounds of talks between the ULFA chosen PCG and the Indian government peace negotiators. The ULFA wants the release of five of their jailed leaders as a precondition to holding peace talks. New Delhi in return wants the rebel leadership to commit in writing that they would come for direct negotiations if the jailed militants were released. The ULFA is not willing to give it in writing leading to the collapse of the peace process. “We are still hopeful and very positive about Monday’s talks,” Goswami said. In the past month, 10 people have died in a dozen bomb attacks in oil, timber and tea rich Assam, which borders Bangladesh and Bhutan. The ULFA is one of the at least 30 rebel armies operating in India’s northeast, where insurgencies have claimed more than 50,000 lives since 1947.
Perspective analysis of election in democratic polity By Ngamkhohao Haokip The Sangai Express
Thematic analysis of electoral system in a democracy would require at least a discussion on the existential circumstances of the State and the purposes of Government as advocated by different political scientists. While dealing with State and Government, a sort of scholastic ambiences of light would be directed to cast upon the election system. The light so cast is anticipated to take us to two discrete sides of whether our system could really address problems related to elections or take into account the sociological aspect of our societies and bring out novel approaches; and if our existing rules and norms meet electioneering in India, especially in Manipur.
Election is the paid culmination of the existence of a particular society in the form of ‘state’ that is governed, ruled, and managed by some individuals who are empowered by the electorates as ‘Government’. It is this body of individuals called ‘Government’ that enforce common rules that are acceptable to the society as a mechanism of dispensing the best interest of all. However, how far are our Government with its existing political ‘systems’, especially, the electoral system can deliver the desires of the masses is a quest that every citizens of a democratic state should try to answer for ourselves. A.C. Kapur, in his book Principles of Political Science puts this objective of Government in this way: “It is obviously a quest for a ‘just’ and happy life for men assembled together in a territo-rially integrated society (read ‘state’) and as such, the best form of relationship (is) manifested in their governance that can ensure such a life”. This is what we need to analyse.
This idea of changing a system is best expressed by Dorothy Pickles in his book Introduction to Politics, when he says: “Each generation” as it becomes adult is faced with the responsibility of deciding whether to accept the rules made or accepted by earlier generations, or whether to challenge their validity and try to replace them by others”. Considering these facts let us look into the past when justices were denied; equality was a dream and when the ignorant Indians were dominated by gagging their voices.
India’s political antecedents: India's past political structures or systems were simply an alloy of rules and systems merely framed to meet the then exigencies of - (1) colonial ambition; (2) social ills of the times; (3) divide and rule idea; and (4) the iron will to prolong the British hegemony. This unfriendly British had left unsuitable system that we cannot just do away with.
The Hindu social structures and the Muslim religious concept were indeed another important previous circumstances that have also contributed factors for deciding the foundation of our political system that we usurp today. One colossal mistake in the making of the constitution was that the social structure's of the tribal societies in the north-eastern part of India were not considered thereby leaving a great vacuum of political blunder.
Their forms, law, customs, institutions, modes of life, their thought and actions, economic standard and educational credence directly or indirectly influence their participation in the electoral system. Leaving this important aspect of the tribal, especially of Manipur, political justice system among the tribes is hampered tremendously.
The members of the constituent assembly fram-ing our constitution were more or less the brainchild and pensioners of unjust rule with its undeserved systems. They embodied in them tinges of such calloused nature that were seemingly not missed in incorporating them into the laws of the land, as we experience today. Although their contributions toward the making of the laws are immense, the laws of elections they have placed for use now are far from justifying our goal for equality and justice that we have been struggling until date.
It is also a well-known fact that the constituent assembly simply used comparative method in deciding the shape and nature of the constitution. Jawaharlal Nehru once said: “We choose this system of parliamentary democracy deliberately; we choose it not only because, to some extend, we had always thought of those lines previously, but because we thought it was in keeping with our own old traditions also naturally the old traditions, not as they were, but adjusted to the new conditions and new surroundings, we choose it also - let us give credit where credit is due - because we approved of its functioning in other countries, more especially the United Kingdom”. This shall remain as a characteristic of developing India. Part XV of our Constitution deals with election. Those initially enshrined five Articles - 324 to 328 are the legacy of Paramountcy of idea of subjugating the citizens with power of ‘superintendent’, ‘direction’ and ‘control’ etc leaving no power and rights to the electorates in the present context of Indian electioneering.
Rajni Kothari argued in his Politics in India, that the antecedent style and structures of caste or tribal loyalties would be functional in the short run and that they must give way to bigger pressures in the long run. Then, how far has the ‘long run’ been now? Elections after elections have come and gone. Each election is the testing field of the validity and appropriateness of the rules and regulations of elections that we gave to ourselves. All the election-related incidents are supposed to be the chapters that would expectedly open new panorama of change. The Election Commission is believed to account for thereby effecting changes in the system that will suit the new exigencies.
Modernising elections: The Government of India has indeed taken so many steps to address the problems relating to elections in the form of electoral reforms. Many new sections and sub-sections have already been inserted in the principal articles that deal with elections. In addition, the model code of conducts for candidates and political parties are amended repeatedly. The Representation of People Act, 1951 has almost lost its original contents due to frequent insertions of new requirements and amendments. The Indian Parliament amended this Act in 1989 along with The Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 making provisions for the use of EVMs in elections. It began to be used only in November 1998. Rules and norms are prepared for officials, handbooks of elections. They are simple guideline of procedures that have, in the real sense, nothing to do with safeguarding of the electorates, rights.
Exercising its power conferred on it by Article 324, the Election Commission ordered every candidate to furnish affidavit information as to - any pending case against them; their assets; liability; and educational qualifications etc. Moreover, its disciplinary jurisdiction is also a remarkable buttress in the direction of correcting the ill conditions affecting our electoral system. The Constitution (Ninety-first amendment) Act, 2003 was a landmark in itself. — to be contd
Toursim festival to be annual feature: chief minister The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 9: The Manipur Tourism Festival 2006, which began on October 6 last under the sponsorship of the state tourism department, concluded at Mapal Kangjeibung, Imphal today.
The closing function was attended by chief minister Okram Ibobi Singh, tourism minister TN Haokip, MPCB chairman N Biren Singh as the chief guest, president and guest of honour respectively. Stating that such festivals will help boost tourism industry in the state, the chief minister said such a festival will be held annually at this time of the year while the venue may change to the hills and valley as per convenience.

Listing the God-gifted natural beauty and resources of Manipur, he said tourism industry is a large scale industry which can generate large employment avenues and income. Manipur`s scenic beauty and comfortable climatic conditions must have compelled Jawaharlal Nehru to call it the Switzerland of the East, he said. In order to develop tourism industry, we must improve law and order situation, regular power supply, transport and tele-communication system.

While talking about the removal of Restricteed Area Permit, Protected Area Permit, Inner Line permit and AFSPA, he said removal of restrictions and Acts will not improve tourism industry unless law and order situation is improved as domestic and international tourists would be afraid to visit the state. Announcing that a week-long similar festival will be organised at the same time next year with double the budget, tourism minister TN Haokip adviced the concerned department to chalk out plans for the same. N Biren Singh said Manipur is a land of tremendous beauty of nature and the responsibility to safeguard it lies on us. A fashion parade based on ethnic wears and varieties of light songs were also held as part of the closing function.

Earlier in the morning, as part of the festival, para sailing was conducted at Koirengei. The event was jointly organised by MMTA, National Adventure Foundation and Youth Adventure Forum under the aegis of HQ IGAR (S). More than 50 children took part in the event.

MEELAL threatens to continue with its violent agitation The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 9: After burning down the Thoubal Agriculture godown in continuation of MEELAL`s agitation, the Wangoi SDO office in Imphal West was set ablaze yesterday. Stating this in a press release, MEELAL said the activists however did not burn the office to chars as it could have endangered the lives of family members of the chowkidar. But in future MEELAL will not relent in its actions on the basis of the public perception that saving a language and its script is more important than losing a few lives. It has also warned the people who are engaged in standing guard at government offices to take the warning seriously and act accordingly.

The old Meitei manuscripts and chronicles were destroyed under the insistence of Ramanandi religious preacher Santidas Gosai during the reign of Garibniwaz to thrust alien cultures on Meiteis, it said. Later, through the insistence of Vaskar Dev, a preacher of Vaishnavism, during Bhagayachandra Maharaja`s regime destruction of such valuable things continued, it further added. It futher said that Mayek,Lol, Lonnasinlol and tradional customs were supressed during the reign of Churachand Maharaja by estblishing Nikhil Hindu Manipuri Mahasava under the leadership of Atombabu Sharma. However, fortunately the former chief minister Yangmaso Saiza resurrected the Mayek from obscurity and the present chief minister Okram Ibobi Singh has introduced to school textbooks to promote the script with a view to replace Bengali script in ten years` time, it added. Alleging that the education minister in collusion with education secretary, commissioner and Board secretary, is trying to exploit it for money and vote bank, it said the move is aimed at destroyng the Meitei Mayek and is against the people.

Insurgency stalling development: AICC official The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 9: The insurgency problem is hindering development work in Manipur. Many developmental programmes remain unimplemented, said AICC in-charge Sanjoy Bapna who is camping at Imphal, while speaking at a one-day block level youth congress workers conference held today at YDA ground, Ahongsangbam Leikai, Liwa road. He said, "because of non-implementation of many welfare schemes, the people of Manipur are suffering."

Bapna went on to observe that the congress had given good governance to the people of the country and will continue to do so in the future too. Only the congress is providing a stable government, he maintained. He said that in Manipur too, congress has brought a stable government once again by completing the five-year term of the Assembly. "For this, I on behalf of AICC appreciate the people of Manipur," he added.

Speaking at the conference, MPCC president Gaikhangam observed that some political parties in the state were engaging in spreading wrong propaganda to the people. He expressed pride that congress with the support of the people brought about a stable government in the state. Gaikhangam said, "hills people are also Manipuri, they were born in Manipur, and we cannot leave Manipur." None can disintegrate Manipur at any cost, he said hoping that integrity of Manipur will be strengthened more and more in the future.
He also appealed to the people not to believe in attempts of other political parties to woo people with the propaganda of protection of integrity of Manipur, AFSPA removal etc. to get votes.

He also said, "When the question of disintegration arises no one other than the people of Manipur can safeguard the integrity of Manipur."

Turning towards the gathering of people of Langthabal constituency, he said, "but for the last 15 years, people of this constituency have remained with marbles in their mouths instead of candy. This constituency could not participate in the race of development with other parts of the state as old politicians were in power and no new faces could appear. "People`s rights here remain deprived," he said. Secretary AK Mirabai who attended the conference lamented those old politicians in Langhtabal constituency who instead of putting the women forward throttled them.

She went on to say that there is nothing which could not be done by women in the field of politics citing that women had led the country. She also said even though Sonia Gandhi was a foreigner she has been sacrificing for the welfare and development of the country. She also said that those campaigning for votes with wrong propaganda are those who do not know their own identity.
The one-day block level congress conference was attended by many congress workers.

Frans on 11.10.06 @ 12:35 PM CST [link]


Thursday, November 9th

THE UNLOVED SISTERS The Telegraph


THE UNLOVED SISTERS The Telegraph
The challenge for the new Union minister for the North-east lies in understanding the specific needs of individual states, writes Sumanta Sen The recent changes in the Union cabinet saw Mani Shankar Aiyar getting the portfolio for the North-east in addition to his existing charges. The bureaucrat-turned-politician is reported to have a good idea of the region, having toured it with his friend and former prime minister, Rajiv Gandhi. Obviously, the present prime minister, as also the chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance, thought he would be able to better direct the government than others before him as to what path should be followed in an area where New Delhi has so far appeared to be largely clueless.
There is till date no reason why Aiyar’s credentials as an administrator should be questioned. But the question is, what is it that the government expects him to achieve? If the government expects him to tone up development work to such a degree that the various divisive forces would get isolated from the people, then once again it is making a big mistake. Or, to be more precise, it is refusing to acknowledge the fallacy of its argument that lack of development lies behind all the troubles in the seven states — the eighth state, Sikkim, is a recent member of the club and does not share the problems of the others.
Lack of development is a national phenomenon and not a feature of life in the North-east alone. The problem relates essentially to the issue of ethnicity, an issue that has had a natural birth in some states and has been imposed on the people in others. Lack of development is cited by the forces of insurrection as merely another “instance of India’s absence of interest in our welfare”, but this is always accompanied by the assertion, “we can expect nothing by remaining a part of India.” So where does Aiyar and his fair idea of the region come into the scenario? It should not be forgotten that his predecessor had an equal or better knowledge of the North-east, as he hails from Meghalaya, one of the original seven sisters.
State-wise, what is the situation today? The Naga rebels have been fighting with the Union government since independence and at present, there is a ceasefire but no solution in sight. A solution is extremely difficult to arrive at as the rebels are demanding a Greater Nagaland, including areas in Manipur and Assam. There is also the question of autonomy, but first, there has to be an agreement on the demand that the existing boundaries be redefined. Also, the prolonged talks in Bangkok and elsewhere with the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isaak-Muivah) are only giving the rebels the much-needed breathing space for training for the days when the period of peace would be over, maybe next year. There is also the question of what the rival Khaplang group may do even if an agreement is reached with the Isaak-Muivah faction.
Actually the problem in Nagaland is deeper than it appears on paper. A fiercely independent people with their own established system of administration, which even the British had not disturbed, the Nagas, irrespective of tribes, had never mentally come to terms with the fact that decisions regarding their lives would be taken not by their elders but by unknown elements in distant Delhi. It is because of this that the NSCN enjoys support and sympathy at the grassroots level and the ‘tax’ that it levies is not always seen as extortion. Development of infrastructure is only of secondary importance here.
In Assam, the issue is much simpler, it is wholly one of law and order. The Assamese are not tribals, they had always been a part of the Indian mainstream. So all claims of being a part of the larger Mongoloid family, and hence different, should have been dismissed long ago and the United Liberation Front of Asom treated the only way it deserved. Here New Delhi would do well to understand that it is more Shivraj Patil than Mani Shankar Aiyar who has a role to play. The ceasefire in the state has ended, army operations have been resumed and it is only to be hoped that Operation Rhino is not repeated and the troops called back to the barracks. Yes, Assam has problems such as the annual floods, but they are not just “Assamese problems”. Incidentally, what was the Centre seeking to achieve by listening to a few individuals who represented the Ulfa and who were clearly seeking to ensure that the ‘boys’ did not face justice as they should for their many heinous deeds?
Manipur is the third state which needs to be looked into. Here are the Meiteis, Nagas and Kukis, who have no love lost between them but are all eager to create problems for the Centre. Then there is the United National Liberation Front led by those close to the former ruling family and which maintains that the 1949 treaty by which Manipur joined the Indian Union has no legal validity. It has a fully armed cadre of around two thousand, and though at present there is a ceasefire agreement, the training camps are not idle. Then in the south-east, there are the Kuki rebels running their camps along the Myanmar border. Here also, there is a ceasefire agreement in force but that does not mean that the Kukis have gone slack on their determination to carve out a separate homeland. And overall, there is the simmering discontent at the presence of the army and the special powers it enjoys. Yes, it cannot be denied that the army had at times behaved like an army of occupation, but the question is, why did the army arrive in the first place. Human rights activists and the “do gooders” never address this query. In Tripura and Meghalaya, things are a bit quiet these days but that does not mean that the ethnic kettle has been taken off the fire. And Arunachal Pradesh has emerged as a major conduit for arms smuggled in from Myanmar. This being the picture, how can development be expected to bring peace? It is not as if money has not been spent on the North-east. The Manmohan Singh government announced a huge package a few months ago. The time perhaps has come to take a close look at what fuels insurgency in the North-east. The troubles in Assam and Tripura had begun after the ‘Seven Sisters Bihu’ at Shibsagar in 1979, a meet which was attended by the then ambassador of Thailand and American embassy officials, and of course, political activists from the two states. The World Baptist Alliance publication, The Church Precedes the Empire, had appeared a year earlier. In this, the efforts of the Tripura Upajati Juba Samity towards freeing tribals from communist influence had been praised. Today, Bangladesh is being blamed, and rightly, for sheltering rebels from the North-east, but what about the help and encouragement from other forces?
All this may appear to be ancient history, but the present cannot be seen in isolation from the past. New Delhi has been blind all these years and it would do well now to adopt a multi-pronged approach. If in the case of Nagaland, the need is for accommodation, it is firmness that is required in Assam and Manipur. And one thing should be clear: merely pouring in funds for development will not lead anywhere.

Nagas defy festival boycott call OUR CORRESPONDENT The Telegraph
Imphal, Nov. 7: Despite a boycott call by the apex body of the Naga community in Manipur, Naga artisans and cultural troupes are taking part in the four-day Manipur tourism festival. However, they are not participating in large numbers.
Manipur Governor S.S. Sidhu inaugurated the festival here yesterday.
The United Naga Council (UNC) has asked all Naga tribal leaders to ensure that members of their respective groups did not take part in the festival, which is being sponsored by the Manipur government.
The boycott, the UNC said, was a part of its non-cooperation and disobedience movement, which began in November last year.
Much to the relief of the organisers, most of the people belonging to virtually all communities, including Nagas, turned up to take part in the cultural programmes. They also opened stalls at the handloom and handicrafts exhibition-cum-sale section. Nearly 10 stalls were set up by people from Ukhrul, Senapati, Chandel and Tamenglong, all Naga-dominated districts. Nagas residing in the valley opened stalls displaying colourful Naga garments, pottery, decorative items and dry flowers, all of which proved major attractions.
One of the stalls is owned by 50-year-old Liuram Diamond of Ukhrul, who won a national award for pottery in 2000. “Business is good here. I sold different types of earthen pots worth around Rs 6,000 on the opening day. It is usually very difficult to sell my products otherwise,” the national awardee said.
The Crafts Council of Nagaland, funded by the Nagaland government, also came to participate in the fair.
It was evident that the participants were, by and large, not worried by the UNC boycott call. “I don’t think the UNC will be angry with us for coming here. It is a festival that gives us an opportunity to meet people and also sell our products. The UNC has a different role, just as we have a different role,” said a Naga woman participant from Senapati district.
The group from the Dimapur-based Crafts Council of Nagaland was apparently unaware of the UNC boycott. “Is that so? This is a tourism festival. We, in Nagaland, have also organised similar tourism festivals every year and we have invited groups from Manipur. There is no harm in taking part in such programmes,” said Visier Vimera of the council when asked to comment on the boycott call.
Organisers said Naga artistes took part in yesterday’s cultural programmes, adding that they would take part in tonight’s cultural programme as well. “Yes, our troupe comprises a cultural group,” confirmed a Naga woman participant from Senapati district. Today’s programmes include performances of Ras Leela and indigenous games of Manipur.

Naga talks in limbo, peace eludes Nagaland By Syed Zarir Hussain Telugu Portal

Kohima, Nov 6 (IANS) India's remote northeastern state of Nagaland has been in turmoil for close to six decades now and peace still eludes the mountainous border region. The Naga peace talks are in its 10th year now, but there is no sign of a breakthrough with neither the Isak-Muivah faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM) nor New Delhi appearing to have any concrete agenda to resolve the violent insurgency in the region.

The NSCN-IM and New Delhi entered into a ceasefire in August 1997 that has been renewed regularly. The present ceasefire expires in June 2007. The central government and the NSCN-IM have held more than 50 rounds of peace talks to end one of South Asia's longest-running insurgencies that have claimed around 25,000 lives since India's independence in 1947. The latest round of talks ended in Amsterdam last month although the negotiations failed with New Delhi rejecting demands for self-governance.

The NSCN-IM, led by guerrilla leaders Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah, had proposed "a special federal arrangement" which enables the Nagas to govern themselves. There has been no official statement from New Delhi after the Amsterdam talks. The NSCN-IM wants a special federal relationship with India, with a separate Naga Constitution, and would like the Naga rebel soldiers to jointly guard the international borders alongside Indian security forces.

The NSCN-IM has been struggling for nearly six decades to have a "Greater Nagaland" by getting parts of three neighbouring states sliced off to unite 1.2 million Nagas. The demand is strongly opposed by the states of Assam, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh.

"The government of India is trying to tire out the Nagas by dragging the peace process. It is more than nine years and the government does not have any clear agenda to solve the problem," NSCN-IM leader Kraibo Chawang told IANS. "The Nagas are getting restless by the day."

While the NSCN-IM has been adopting a belligerent posture on its demands, the government is yet to come up with a concrete strategy to resolve the insurgency. Dragging the talks could turn out to be counter-productive and derail the entire peace process with the NSCN-IM time and again threatening to go back to the jungles. The road to peace in Nagaland is turning out to be a real bumpy one with the Indian government now faced with even bigger challenges in preparing a definite roadmap to address the rebels' demands. Conceding their demands would be a tough proposition as any move to merge Naga-inhabited areas in the northeast could lead to a rebellion in the neighbouring states. Moreover, the question of allowing the Nagas to have their own constitution will in all probability not be acceptable to New Delhi.

"The government could think of a massive development plan in the form of financial packages and even consider granting greater autonomy," an analyst said. The NSCN-IM is also in a sticky wicket - having climbed down from its demand for an independent Naga homeland outside the Indian union, the rebel leadership is now harping on the theme of Greater Nagaland and a special federal relationship. Fresh turmoil in Nagaland seems inevitable unless the rebel leadership shows flexibility and the government negotiators too work overtime with a certain amount of seriousness to find a solution.

Naga group seeks probe Nagarealm.com

Kohima, NOV07 : The powerful Naga People’s Movement for Human Rights has demanded an independent investigation into the “inhuman atrocities” committed by jawans of the Naga India Reserve Battalion (IRB) in Chhattisgarh.Strongly condemning alleged human rights violations such as killing, rape, forceful relocation to camps and brutal and arbitrary butchering of domestic animals, the organisation’s secretary general, Nepuni, and its convenor, Lanu Sashi Longkumer, have demanded an immediate probe into the atrocities. The organisation accused the Centre and the state of duping people with their “manufactured diversions”.

It charged Chhattisgarh director-general of police O.P. Rathor with launching a disinformation campaign against reports of rights violation. In a letter written to the Nagaland government, Rathor had dismissed reports of human right violations and lauded the Naga jawans for tackling the Maoists. The organisation also questioned the “alliance” of Naga IRB jawans with Salwa Judum, a state-sponsored movement against Maoists. “The state leadership can’t allow this partnership of Naga soldiers with a band of non-accountable criminal elements,” the leaders said. It also reiterated its demand for withdrawal of the jawans. [telegraphindia]

NNP calls for common regional forum The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 8: The Naga National Party has called for a common forum for the regional parties to bring better understanding for the common welfare of the people in the light of the forthcoming 9th Manipur Legislative Assembly elections. Expressing the feeling NNP said that the situation in the state is like sailing over rough ocean surface. a statement of the party today said, "In order to minimize the unfortunate tension prevailing among the various communities living in the north eastern states of India, the NNP feel that regional interest based political parties can play a vital role in defusing all the unwanted situations by dealing with such delicate and volatile situations according to the regional and local interests."

While inviting all the regional political parties of both hills and plain, it appealed to like minded parties and party workers, well wishers to open up and join hands with them to fight the coming election in the state with confidence for a brighter future where each party and community respects each others aspirations and concern and avoids unnecessary confrontation with each other. The NNP has been contacting various leaders belonging to different regional parties and other parties in Manipur as well as in other states, the statement said hoping that people will support their effort for a peaceful future.

The regional parties know better and understand the need of their respective situations, the NNP statement said sharing its opinion that specially in states like Manipur, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh etc. it is mandatory for the regional parties to focus their priorities according to the needs of the people they represent which is also the expectation of the people. Stating that NNP is preparing mentally, physically and financially to participate in the forthcoming election, the party opened its doors to all the regional parties, like minded parties and well wishers to come forward and join hands to thrash out all differences and find out a workable strategy that will enable all concerned to work peacefully and harmoniously in the region and strive for faster development on all fronts, the party reiterated.

"Together," the statement said, "we can address our issues to the centre and seek for peaceful solution in a constructive way which will not be possible to be handled by a person or independent parties."

Rio given clean chit by ECI on office of profit Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Nov 8:: The Election Commission of India (ECI) has given a clean chit to Nagaland CM Neiphiu Rio on his disqualification issue saying he was not subject to disqualification for holding Office of Profit. Mr Rio is also chairman of the Bamboo Development Agency and president of Nagaland Sports Council. According to official sources here today, the ECI has given its opinion after examining the allegations.

Leader of Opposition in Nagaland Assembly I Imkong and 14 other Congress Legislators in a petition to state Governor Shyamal Datta on March 28 last demanded disqualification of Mr Rio for holding office of profit. The Governor had sought the opinion of the ECI under Clause (2) of Article 192 of the Constitution on the petition submitted by 15 Congress legislators on the question of alleged disqualification of Mr Rio for being a member of the Nagaland Legislative Assembly under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) of Article 191 of the Constitution. After having considered the facts on record as contained in the opinion of the ECI and having been fully satisfied therewith, the Governor in an order yesterday said ''Mr Rio is not disqualified from being a member of the Nagaland Legislative Assembly'', sources said. (UNI)

Future of Centre-NDFB talks still uncertain By R Dutta Choudhury Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 8 – With less than a month to go for the expiry of the extended term of the ceasefire agreement between the Government of India and militant outfit National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB), uncertainty still looms large over the future of the peace process as formal talks on political issues are yet to start. The term of the ceasefire agreement, which was extended for a period of six months, will expire on November 30 and both the Government and the NDFB are blaming each other for the delay in commencement of formal talks.

Talking to The Assam Tribune, general secretary of the NDFB, Govinda Basumatary said that the outfit was not at all satisfied with the attitude of the Government towards the peace talks. He said that the national council of the NDFB would have to take a decision on whether to go for further extension of the ceasefire agreement. “If majority of the national council members decide to go for further extension of the cease-fire agreement, we will go for that,” he added.

Commenting on the delay in starting formal talks, Basumatary said that the Government was to be blamed for the delay. He said that the NDFB was still waiting for a formal invitation from the Government for formal talks and “we are still expecting that at least one round of formal talks will be held before the expiry of the term of the ceasefire agreement.” He alleged that the Government was more interested in extending the ceasefire agreement rather than finding a political solution to the problem by starting the dialogue as soon as possible.

The Government, on its part, alleged that the failure on the part of the NDFB to submit the charter of demands despite repeated requests delayed the process of talks. On the other hand, the NDFB general secretary countered the argument and said that talks can start even before submission of the charter of demands. He pointed out that talks with other militant groups started before submission of the charter of demands and the Government adopted a different yardstick in case of the NDFB. Basumatary said that the liberation of Boroland is still the main demand of the NDFB and the outfit has not given up the demand. As such, the Government is aware of the demand and there is no need for submitting a charter of demands, he added. He said that the Government wanted the NDFB to submit its demand formally for the talks to begin and for that the national council would have to meet. He said that the national council meeting of the NDFB was scheduled to be held in September this year, but it was delayed and now the outfit is planning to hold the meeting in December. The NDFB general secretary said that the Government of India was yet to inform the outfit about the whereabouts of the members missing since the operations in Bhutan in December, 2003 including the publicity secretary B Erakdao. He said that the NDFB would raise the demand again whenever the Government invites the outfit for talks. However, he clarified that the outfit would not impose that as a pre-condition for talks.

Basumatary revealed that a meeting of the cease-fire monitoring committee, headed by the Joint Secretary (North east) of the Ministry of Home Affairs, was held on November 3 and both sides made certain allegations and counter-allegations regarding implementation of the ground rules of the cease-fire pact. He said that the Government of India has not yet given permission to the NDFB to establish three more designated camps to keep its cadres during the cease-fire period despite repeated requests by the outfit.

AASU calls for peace By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 8 – The All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) today made a fervent appeal to both the Government and the ULFA to create a violence-free atmosphere in the state. In a statement it said that killing the innocent people through explosions could not be accepted under any circumstances. There should be stern action against those involved in such activities. No society can support the killing of innocent people including the children as a medium of protest, it said. It also regretted that both the government and the ULFA had been making the situation complicated with their politics of killing and vengeance and thus making the future of a negotiated settlement of the insurgency problem uncertain.

The AASU also warned the security forces to desist from the repressive measures against innocent people. It has also warned agitational programmes against the atrocities perpetrated by the security forces. It has also demanded an equal treatment to all section of the state’s people from the Central Government.

Rabha students’ body demands higher status By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 8 — The All Rabha Students’ Union (ARSU) along with the All Rabha Women’s Council (AWRC) and the Sixth Schedule Demand Committee for the Rabhas (SSDCR) has demanded immediate measures for upgrading the status of the Rabha Hasong Autonomous Council (RHAC) under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. These organizations have also announced a series of programmes to mount pressure on the Governments to meet their demand. According to the programme chalked out by the Rabha organizations, they will observe a 12-hour bandh in the RHAC areas falling between Lakhra in the city on the east and Jayramkuchi in Goalpara district on the west on November 20. Meghalaya bounds the RHAC on the south and areas about 5 km north of NH-32 are the northern limit of the Autonomous Council.

On November 27, these organizations will hold a mass rally at Boko Gandhi Maidan, which will be followed by a State Assembly gherao programme on December 13 next. These organizations have also threatened a 72-hour road blockade within the RHAC areas between December 22 and December 25 to prevent transportation of the items like river sand, river silt, coal, boulders, timber, bamboo, banana, raw rubber, orange, ginger, chilli, arecanut, supari, coconut and paddy etc. They will also stage dharnas in front of the offices of the SDCs in the Rabha-dominated areas for three hours between 10 am and 1 pm on January 4 next. This will be followed by a satyagraha in front of the offices of the Deputy Commissioners and SDO (Civil) in the districts of Kamrup, Sonitpur, Udalguri, Baksa, Bongaigaon, Chirang and Kokrajhar on January 19. On January 30, they will lock all the Government offices other than those of the DCs and the SDCs, within the RHAC areas and on February 20, they will block the National Highway-37 between Mirza and Pancharatna.

Disclosing these, ARSU president Tankeswar Rabha, AWRC chairperson Panchami Bala Rabha and SSDCR president Gauri Shankar Rabha told this newspaper here today that they had also been demanding an end to the conspiracy to hold elections for the Panchayati Raj institutions in the RHAC areas. The State Government is violating the clauses of the 1995 Rabha Accord to not to impose the Panchayati Raj institutions on the RHAC.

Panchayati Raj institutions are against the concept of autonomy as envisaged in the Rabha Accord and there is also a Gauhati High Court order preventing holding of Panchayat and Zilla Parishad elections in the RHAC areas. The ARSU, ARWC and the SSDCR will also move the High Court challenging the attempt of the Government to impose Panchayati Raj institutions on the RHAC, they said. There is also the demand for holding elections to the RHAC, which has been running on an ad-hoc basis since its inception. Though the State Government decided to hand over 40 subjects to the RHAC in 1995, but on the plea of non-formation of an elected RHAC council, the Government has not executed the above decision, they said.

This has impeded developmental activities in the RHAC areas and the State Government is poking its nose in the RHAC affairs, as, the council is an interim one. In the meantime, taking advantage of this situation, the nominated members of the RHAC council have also been indulging in large-scale corruption and it seems that the State Government is also shielding the corrupt council members. To prevent all these, the safeguard of Sixth Schedule to the RHAC is the greatest need today, said the leaders of the Rabha organizations.

Don't target civilians : KRA The Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 8 : Searc-hing for innocent villagers of Chongloi Hangshing travelling in the buses plying between Imphal and Saikul and beating them up by cadres of KNA is not an act of revolutionaries, information and publicity secretary of KRA Th Misao has stated. Infor-ming that KRA view this sort of development very seriously, Misao said targeting innocent Chong-loi people and beating up village chiefs of Thingphai, Chongloi and C Khullen by cadres of KNA who are in working in close associa-tion with Indian army is anti-thesis to the ideals of nationalism and revolutio-nary movement. While asking whether KNA was formed just for the pur-pose of targeting the inno-cent Chongloi people, the publicity secretary of KRA also warned against carr-ying on such activities in future. Misao further clari-fied that KRA was not be-hind the killing of three cadres of KNA at Ikou sometime back. It was the handiwork of UPF, he added.
French team in city to strengthen academic ties By Indian Express
A delegation of the Groupe des Ecoles des Mines (GEM), a France-based consortium of seven engineering colleges, is in Pune to strengthen academic and research ties with engineering institutes. Having forged partnerships with reputed institutes including the IITs in Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, Kanpur, Rourkee and Guwahati, GEM now has now set its sights on the Oxford of the East. While Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) have already been signed with the University of Pune and the Vishwakarma Institute of Technology (VIT), collaborations with the Maharashtra Institute of Technology (MIT) are also likely. "Our strategy is to establish strong relationships with 10 to 20 select institutes in the country, which would involve exchange programmes for students and faculty,'' said Director of Strategic Planning Pascal Formisyn. While the ranking of the institutes played a major role for the collaborations, it was also the similarity and the complementary nature of the courses offered that attracted GEM's attention. "Through these agreements, we now wish to achieve the dual goals of gaining visibility among reputed institutes of technology and attracting greater number of foreign students,'' said Elisabeth Goutin of the Department of International Relations. Apart from 250 international partnerships representing 340 agreements in over 40 countries, GEM has a foreign student representation of 16 per cent in a population of 6,000, which it plans to hike up to 25 per cent. GEM generates about 44 million euros of industrial research contracts and accounts for 15 per cent of the technology transfer activities in France. Significant among its corporate partners are Mittal-Arcelor, IBM, Microsoft, Michelin, General Electric, Aventis and Saint Gobain. "Students will spend one-third of their course getting hands-on experience in the industry,'' Formisyn said. The seven GEM colleges offer a wide range of graduate, masters and PhD programmes in engineering sciences including electronics, ICT, applied mathematics, environment and earth sciences, as well as civil, health and bio-engineering. "GEM also lays emphasis on management and human skills,'' said Formisyn.
Full-scale ops launched against ULFA Centre extends ban on ULFA, other NE outfits
If the Centre wants the Army to go after the ULFA, let the Army do its job successfully and sensibly. One must remember that any halt in counter-insurgency operations requires the Army to start afresh, which not only frustrates the Army but also disrupts the very mechanism of counter-insurgency operations. So let the Army complete its mission here. But it must ensure that innocent civilians are not — and never — harassed in the name of counter-insurgency measures. Our Bureau & PTI Sentinel
GUWAHATI/NEW DELHI, Nov 9: The Army today launched a full-scale operation against the banned United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) in the wake of increasing violence in the State. The Centre, on the other hand, decided to extend the ban on four militant outfits in the North-east, including the ULFA.
“The Army, aided by police and paramilitary forces, has launched a full-scale operation against the ULFA in various parts of Asom,” Army’s Four Corps spokesman based in Tezpur told PTI today. He said that the operation, launched in various ULFA-dominated areas in the State, particularly in upper Asom, followed the Centre’s directive and Sunday’s twin blasts in Guwahati. The decision to launch the operation followed a visit by Union Home Secretary V K Duggal who held a high-level meeting here on Tuesday to review the law-and-order situation with top Army, Government and paramilitary forces officials. The Army spokesman said that additional companies of paramilitary forces, including those from the CRPF, had been rushed to the ‘vulnerable areas dominated by the ULFA’. Meanwhile, the Centre today decided to extend the ban on four militant outfits in the North-east, including the ULFA. The other organizations, declared as unlawful associations, are the Achik National Volunteer Council, the Hynnietriep National Liberation Council and the National Democratic Front of Boroland, Finance Minister P Chidambaram told reporters after a meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Security chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. He said the notifications declaring these outfits as unlawful associations had been extended. These notifications expired this month.
ATSUM against imposition of Meitei Mayak on tribals Sentinel
IMPHAL, Nov 9: The All Tribal Student’s Union Manipur (ATSUM) will resume its agitation if the SPF Government fails to act on its ultimatum regarding the basic rights of the tribal people, stated ATSUM’s newly elected assistant general secretary at a press conference held at a Imphal hotel recently.
The press conference was preceded by oath taking ceremony and handing over and taking charge of the newly elected office bearers of ATSUM. John Pulamte, Richard M Haokip and Thomas Paishya will be the president, vice president and general secretary for the term 2006-2007, while Apao Haokip will be the assistant general secretary), Jaglim Khongsi (finance secretary), Joseph Hmar (secretary information), Rolly Heinou (environmental secretary) and Apna (secretary education) are the other members of the executive committee.
The oath taking ceremony was attended by TN Haopkip, Minister PHED/IPR/Tourism. Speaking at the function, the minister said that tribal people of the North-east were very energetic but were handicapped by lack of education especially in the field of science and technology.
On the MoU signed with the government, the newly elected president of ATSUM said his organisation would continue to persist on its implementation and that the government should not take it lightly. Touching on the sensitive issue of Meitei Mayak, John Pulmate reiterated that while ATSUM ‘respects any movement to restore and revive the indigenous script of any community, we will not accept the imposition of Meetei Mayak on the tribal people of Manipur’. Further, he denounced the use of force and coercion in this matter. And that ‘we feel that force blackening of signboards snatching of textbook from innocent student is not the best way of approach’.(Agencies)

Frans on 11.09.06 @ 10:13 PM CST [link]


Wednesday, November 8th

Jamir has hidden agenda: NSCN (IM) The Morung Express


Jamir has hidden agenda: NSCN (IM) The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 7 (MExN): Buttressing its tirade against Goa Governor (and former Nagaland Chief Minister) SC Jamir, the NSCN-IM today came out with what it stated were his aspiration to “push the Naga national movement into the coffin and bury it under the Indian constitutional cemetery”. A seven page statement issued by the NSCN (IM) MIP further alleged that Jamir’s next move was not aimed at solving the Naga political issue “but to garner votes, so that he continues to retain his status and his party comes back to power during the next Indian elections that is round the corner”.
The NSCN (IM) charged that Jamir’s priority was to keep the Naga people “under the shackles of division and internal strife, so that the vexed Indo-Naga political problem is relegated to the confines of the Indian constitution”. “With materialistic lure and hypnotisms in the form of economic growth, developments and packages, attempt to divert our attention away from our immediate national political objective is being endeavored”, the MIP stated.
Stating that the “bedrock of Mr SC Jamir’s policy” was to break Naga solidarity, the NSCN (IM) pointed out that these ‘Naga Indians’ acted as agents of the Indian government and formed themselves into the Naga People’s Convention (NPC) in 1975. “The NPC never had the mandate of the Naga people and was formed in opposition to the Naga national movement in an attempt to break the Naga solidarity”, it stated adding that a few alienated Nagas who composed the NPC passed resolutions drafted by Mr Dutt, an official of the Indian Intelligence Bureau, and the 16-point agreement came into being. “The State of Nagaland was created with the purpose of undermining the Naga national movement and distracting the Naga people from the aspired goals in the name of peace”, the MIP stated. The NSCN (IM) also made mention of a “top secret Joint Directive for Counter Insurgency Operations in Nagaland that is still in force” and pointed out that the ‘Directive’ stated that the “Government of Nagaland along with the Central Government agencies would carry out psychological warfare against the Naga people with the aim to divide, disorganize and induce defections of members of the hostile (Nagas) movement”.
The themes which would be taken up in this psychological operation would include the promotion of the idea that ‘Nagaland state is already a full fledged state and the people have got what they want’, the NSCN (IM) stated.
“Mr SC Jamir’s propagandas are a part of the psychological warfare which is trying to sell the idea that ‘Statehood is the bedrock of Naga society; that is Mr Jamir’s hidden agenda which stands exposed to the Naga people” the release stated. “When he says ‘statehood has been one of the best things to have happened to the Naga people…’ what does he mean by ‘one of the best things that could have happened to the Nagas?’ Does he mean the best is achieved and imply that the worst is left for the final Indo-Naga political solution then? Is statehood to Mr Jamir the best and the final solution? Or is there a second-best solution” the NSCN-IM queried. To drive its point, the NSCN-IM produced a “Secret” letter, dated March 22, 1963 purportedly written by SC Jamir to “Oku Shilu”, (P Shilu Ao) Chief Executive Councilor.
(Quoted from the letter to P Shilu: “You might have read Prime Minister’s statement in the Lok Sabha on the 19th about his willingness to meet Phizo in India. He has given one condition i.e., to stop violence in Nagaland. In my opinion he has political implications, directly or indirectly and undermining the agreement made between the Naga People’s Convention and the Government of India for creation of separate state of Nagaland. Since I cannot tolerate such double standard policy of the Government of India, I made a statement on 20th March, 1963. I believe you have not given consent to his meeting with Phizo and if you have given, this is political blunder on our part. If he starts negotiating with Phizo, I am prepared to come back because there is no use sitting here to be only laughing stock. I believe that we are quite capable to create more troubles than the hostiles could do. If the government does not want those people who work for the creation of this state, the only alternative is to withdraw our signature from the agreement….”)
“This letter written by him to Mr P Shilu clearly states his (Jamir’s) opposition to the Prime Minister’s wishes to meet the Naga leader Mr AZ Phizo for entering into a peaceful dialogue to try and solve the Indo-Naga Political problem. And it also clearly states his readiness to revolt against such turnout, referred to as blunder, with hostile measures” the NSCN-IM stated, adding that the 1964 ceasefire came about because of the people’s opposition to the forced occupation of the land and opposition to the 16-Point Agreement. The MIP release also highlighted what it stated was the speech of Jamir at the ‘All India Chief Minister’s Conference in 2002. (Quoted from the speech: “Sir, you must also be aware that the mission of the two NSCN-IM leaders was largely unsuccessful in as much as there was no meeting ground between them and the Naga public with whom they have had wide-ranging consultations. While Isaac Swu and Th Muivah sought to impose their hegemony and project the NSCN (IM) as the only representative body of the Nagas, the public by and large wanted that peace, unity and reconciliation among various factions of the Naga underground should precede any political dialogue and eventual settlement…”)
The NSCN-IM stated that though Jamir may disguise the ‘facts of his misadventures’, his intentions and motives are well-recorded in black and white and that his denying the statement at the conference shed much light on his moral fiber and disposition. The release lamented that Jamir relegates the Naga political issue to that of an internal law and order problem and not a political issue between “India and Nagalim” and that the Collective Leadership has been likened to “insurgents/hostiles/terrorists engaged in unlawful activities that sneaked into Nagalim almost unnoticed”.
“Politicians are smart at words and may be sly enough to steer away from all culpability but good image. But they cannot outsmart authentic history for it will remain un-erased and deeply on facts which none will be able to evade” the NSCN-IM observed and pointed out how, on December 2, 1999, Jamir was quoted as stating that “the problems of Nagaland Nagas and those of Manipur were separate issues; they should not be mixed up” and again on December 12, 2003 Jamir’s statement that “Nagas wanted sovereignty but not integration”..
Factions clash Nagarealm.com
Dimapur, NOV07 [NPN] : After a brief lull, fresh clashes erupted between the two NSCN factions at Saijong near Athibung in Peren district at around 4 am on Tuesday. Sources said the clash erupted when NSCN (IM) members, who came from three directions, attacked a rival camp. In the retaliatory fire, an NSCN (IM) member was reportedly seriously injured and rushed to Civil Hospital, Peren. However, the NSCN (K) claimed three rival cadre members were seriously injured in the incident. Further, the NSCN (K) claimed it had seized two live mortar shells from the "fleeing NSCN (IM)" members.
SAPO demands justice for Hovizol’s murder The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 7 (MExN): Taking strong exception to the manner in which the State government was responding to the murder of Late Hovizol Puyo, a wireless constable of the police department hailing from Visewema village who was shot dead by unidentified armed persons on October 3 at BOC, Kohima, the Southern Angami Public Organization (SAPO) has in a memorandum addressed to the Nagaland Home Minister demanded appropriate action within a period of fifteen days, cautioning that SAPO will be compelled to resort to its own course of action.
In the light of non-action on the part of the government, SAPO placed three demands for immediate action and gave a period of fifteen days for the government to act. This included, to immediately set up a special police team headed by a senior officer to thoroughly investigate the case; to verify and substantiate the veracity of the allegations made by the CAO, Angami region, NSCN (IM) against the cadres of the NSCN (K) namely SS Lt Bokato Sumi, SS Lt Vitoi Sumi, SS Corp Toshika Sumi and SS Hekuto Sumi for their involvement in the murder of Late Hovizol Puyo. SAPO also demanded that the government verify and substantiate the veracity of the allegations made by the urban Commander, Kohima NSCN (K) against the cadres of the NSCN (IM) namely Captain Mohangam Tangkhul, Umesh Bihari and Lt Shekho Chakhesang for their involvement in the murder of Late Hovizol Puyo.
“SAPO would like to express its deep disappointment over the utter inefficiency and non-concern on the part of the government, to bring the criminals to justice. It amounts to total lack of law and order machinery”, stated the memorandum signed by Phelukhwe Kirha and Ketsodil Neikha, President and General Secretary respectively of SAPO.
Pointing out that Lt Hovizol was completely innocent and devoid of any involvement whatsoever with any of the underground group or factions, the memorandum stated that the perpetrators of such a heinous a crime deserve the highest degree of punishment.
Informing on the resolution passed on October 11 by the Viswema Village Council (VVC) demanding from the State government the booking of the culprits within fifteen days and to punish them as per the law of the land, the SAPO memorandum stated that both the NSCN factions had made counter allegations blaming each other for the crime. On the contrary, the SAPO pointed out that the State government and its investigative agencies had not given due importance to the murder of its own police staff and the VVC resolutions, since till date no culprits have been brought to book nor any suspect detained in connection with the case. “On expiry of 15 days deadline, we are finding it difficult to pacify the Viswema Village Council who are contemplating to resort to their own course of action”, the SAPO memorandum stated.
Peace talks no different from Bedrock – NSCN-K The Morung Express Dimapur, Nov 7 (MExN): Maintaining that Goa Governor (and former Nagaland Chief Minister) SC Jamir is the “Godfather’ who gave a new “lease” of life to the NSCN-IM, the NSCN-K asserted that the present peace talks are no different from the controversial booklet ‘Bedrock of Naga Society.’
“To the NSCN, both IK-terrorist and SC Jamir are different side of the same coin. IK terrorist campaigned against SC Jamir’s ‘Bedrock of Naga Society’ but follow suit. There is no difference between Jamir’s ‘Bedrock…’ and IK’s present talk” an NSCN-K MIP release stated. It asserted that entities involved in the Indo-Naga talks and their “blind followers” are far from realizing that without “the NSCN’s involvement in the process, there will be no permanent peace or any kind of solution for the Nagas”. Also, as long as SC Jamir is concerned, “he is the God father who gave a new lease of life to the IK-terrorist through his secret payment of Rs 10 crores to VS Atem for the installation of his unopposed government in 1998” the release asserted adding that Naga NGOs who “vociferously sang the mischievous song of ‘solution, not election’ closed their lying mouths never to speak of VS Atem and the IK terrorist and failed to condemn them for betraying the voice or the confidence of the Nagas by accepting the bribe”.
The NSCN-K asserting that it is pro-people while the NSCN-IM is anti-people, made clear that its does not require the support of “any tainted leader or corrupted political groups in our struggle” , except the support of right-thinking citizens for a honorable consensus of the Naga people in general. “On the contrary, the IK terrorist, no matter how adept they may be in hypnotizing and taking advantage of the ignorance of the Nagas, they cannot survive without either Jamir or their puppet Chief Minister Rio” the release stated.
On the oft-leveled allegations of Army-NSCN nexus, the NSCN-K alleged that a secret meeting was held at Rangapahar “between Lt. Gen. Nanavati and VS Atem in October 1997” and for which the NSCN-K, taking exception branded Atem as anti-national and as such he and his children would be answerable to the Nagas. “The nexus was once again revealed on the 18th October 2006 at Zunheboto, where the Assam Rifles under the command of Col. Sanjay arrested two NSCN cadres and seized their weapons thereby letting the IK terrorists to attack the arrested NSCN cadres with sticks while in their custody where one of the Naga Army cadres got seven stitches on his head before they (AR) handed over NSCN’s weapons to the IK-terrorists in the very presence of Superintendent of Police, Deputy Commissioner and other officials of Zunheboto district” the NSCN-K claimed.
In regard to the ‘quit notice’, the NSCN-K made clear that it would stand. It stated that “the generous act of the Nagas, in appointing Manipuri Th.Muivah as Prime Minister of Naga revolutionary government, proved to be the greatest disaster for them because Th. Muivah abused hi power to suppress the Naga populace”. Under his ‘command’ “so many generals, Kilonsers and two prime ministers” have been killed, for which the ‘quit notice’ would remain final binding till “Nagaland attains sovereignty”, the release added.
Preserve the rich cultural heritage, exhorts Dr Lotha The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 7 (MExN): Thousands of people gathered at Dimapur stadium today to celebrate ‘Tokhu Emong,’ the harvest festival of the Lothas which is celebrated with traditional songs, dances, feast and frolic. Tokhu Emong is also a festival of thanksgiving, sharing and reconciliation but the most beautiful aspect of this festival is that past wrongs are forgiven, new ties are formed and bonds of closer intimacy formed.
Minister for Health & Family Welfare Dr.TM Lotha said that the society is changing very fast with the advancement of modern technologies but to cope up the change one has to maintain his culture and tradition with a frame of positive attitude in mind. Speaking as the chief guest of Tokhu Emong, he called upon the Lothas to preserve their rich cultural and traditional customs which, he lamented, is degrading among the present generation.
“We have to recognize our rich heritages and perform the practices which has been brought down from our forefathers” Dr.Lotha said. Referring to the past days, Dr. Lotha said that there was unity and brotherhood which was idolized by others, but now the recognition has been degrading due to the ‘inexperience’ of the present generation. It is preservation of heritage which lead to recognition but when it is not preserved properly the recognition is lost, he reminded.
Dr Lotha also observed that many events are celebrated by the Lothas but the main event ‘Tokhu’ is a time of thanksgiving to the lord for the blessing he has showered upon the people. “It is a time of sharing of what we have with our fellowmen and when culture and tradition is changed everything is lost”, Dr.Lotha said while calling upon the society to catch up with the laws instated and followed by forefathers which once kept them united.
Taking into consideration the fast-changing ‘fashion attitudes’ of the society, Dr Lotha also observed that parents name their children with ‘the names of western culture which is not appropriate.’ Reflecting on the days of yore, he said that names were given with some meaning and significance of a person. taking exception of misuse of local dialects he lamented that youngsters are no more into their own tongues but try to imitate other dialects. He said that using one’s own dialect is the first stage of preserving culture.
“The society is changing, technologies are changing very fast, human behavior are changing very fast, we must be comprehensive”, he advised while urging the people to change for a better tomorrow and to preserve their heritage. Dr.Lotha further observed that it is ‘global migration’ of forefathers and their distinct tradition and customary ways which brought about the present day world. “Learning is a process, it is not and end to everything”, he said calling upon the people of teh cmmunity to come ‘out of the shell’ and be ready to face the competitive world. He said “we have been lagging behind others and to overcome, from this stage we have to change ourselves first.”
Thungjanthung Murry, DMC member in his short speech said that Lothas have not reached the point where the leader has to lead the way - “we are only half way” he opined. Speaking about the government’s policy of the ‘year of farmers’ he said that it has been providing assistance to farmers in various ways which is a boost not only to the farmers but to the whole community. He further urged the Lotha community to introspect and retrospect before entering into another theme of existence. K Nzimongo Ngullie, Dimapur Deputy Commissioner, in his exhortation urged the people to make significant and meaningful resolutions on this important occasion and maintain unity, co-operation and respect which, he said, is a tradition followed by forefathers.
NSCN (IM) clarifies on defection of army major The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 7 (MExN): The NSCN (IM) has clarified on the grounds of defection of one Major Vikato into the NSCN (K) in order to dispel any doubts and misperceptions, stated Maj Hevito, General Headquarters, Naga Army of the NSCN (IM). Pointing out that the General Headquarters received reports of misconduct and misbehavior on the part of Maj Vikato, necessary investigation was initiated by the Enquiry Commission into the case. While the enquiry was under process, the despondent, Maj Vikato defected to the NSCN (K) fold due to his guilty consciousness and apprehension of disciplinary action upon his misconduct as delivered to all Naga army personnel on contravention of Naga army ‘Disciplinary Rules and Regulations”, Maj Hevito stated. Stating the Enquiry Commissions report on Maj Vikato, it was pointed out that he was an ‘extreme alcoholic’ and that he married a Lotha woman but was divorced due to his ill-character and habits. Following his divorce leading to emotional depression, he was relieved from active duty from the GHQ and attached to the office of authority in the civil setup for recovery. “It was found that he did not report to duty to the concerned authority at the least during this period”, the report stated.
It was further found out that he later impregnated two women from different villages under Sumi region and on both occasion bearing him a child. “He is completely addicted to alcohol and a womanizer with unstable character”, the report further alleged. The NSCN (IM) Naga Army as such clarified that the reasons for the defection of Maj Vikato was not due to any political reasons, but purely as result of his guilty consciousness and of his misapprehensions in the disciplinary action to be taken upon him for his misconduct as a Naga Army officer.
IK-GOI and Naga politics- Nagaland Post Opinion
As long as S.C Jamir is concerned, he is the God father who gave a new lease of life to the IK-group through his secret payment of Rs. 10 crores to V.S Atem for the installation of his unopposed government in 1998. The Naga NGOs who vociferously sang the mischievous song of "solution, not election" closed their lying mouths never to speak of V.S Atem and the IK-group and failed to condemn them for betraying the voice or the confidence of the Nagas by accepting the bribe. These same NGOs are still singing the 'make believe' song with the IK-group, but nothing will happen. To the NSCN (National Socialist Council of Nagaland), both IK-group and S.C Jamir are different side of the same coin. The IK grop campaigned against S.C Jamir's bedrock of Naga society, but followed suit. There is no difference between Jamir's Bedrock…..' and IK's present talk. The entities of the Indo-Naga talk and their blind followers are far from realizing that, without NSCN's involvement in the process, there will be no permanent peace or any kind of solution for the Nagas. And of course, today's fighting is between the pro-people and anti-people forces. The IK-group as anti-people force continues to cheat the Nagas and keeps the Naga people under their grips through false propagandas or promises for enhancing their selfish game.
Whereas, the NSCN as pro-people is fighting for the sovereignty of the Nagas. In this context, the NSCN does not need the support of any tainted leader or corrupted political groups in our struggle, but pray for the support of right thinking citizens and honorable consensus of the Naga people in general. On the contrary, the IK-group, no matter how adept they may be in hypnotizing and in taking advantage of the ignorance of the Nagas, they can not survive without either Jamir or their puppet chief minister, Rio. The IK-group always accuses the NSCN of availing Indian Army assistance, but every body is aware of the joint operations of IK-group and Assam Rifles against the NSCN, since the secret meeting at Rangapahar between Lt. Gen Nanavati and V.S Atem in October 1997. The NSCN taking strong exception for such anti-Naga nexus brands V.S Atem as 'Anti-National' and as such, he and his children will be answerable to the Nagas. This nexus was once again revealed on the 18th of October 2006 at Zunheboto, where the Assam Rifles under the command of Col. Sanjay arrested two NSCN cadres and seized their weapons thereby letting the IK-group to attack the arrested NSCN cadres with sticks, while in their custody, where one of the Naga Army cadres got seven (7) stitches on his head before they (Assam Rifles) handed over NSCN's weapon to the IK-group in the very presence of superintendent of police, Deputy Commissioner and other officials of Zunheboto district.
Now, the IK group, the so called Rio's security personnel, continue to operate the Nagas wouldn't have been hypnotized, suppressed and experienced a state of fear psychosis. However, the downfall of IK-group is a long awaited objective of the Nagas and hence, their down fall will not have any significance effect in the Naga politics. In regard to the issuing of 'Quit Notice' to the Tangkhuls, the NSCN have time and again made known the factors to all concerned through our earliest press statements. The NSCN respects the aspiration of the Nagas who wants peace in their home land and therefore, asked the Tangkhuls to leave Nagaland. The Tangkhuls of Manipur state created unrest in Nagaland since 1980, and kept the Naga people under their feet making use of the Nagas' revolutionary arms as their tools. The generous act of the Nagas, in appointing Manipuri Th. Muivah as prime minister of Naga Revolutionary government, proved to be the greatest disaster for them, because Th. Muivah abused this power to suppress the Naga populace. Under his (Th. Muivah) command, so many generals, ministers (Kilonsers) and two prime ministers (Ato Kilonsers) have been murdered in Nagaland by the blood thirsty Tangkhuls. Therefore, the NSCN's 'quit notice' to the Tangkhul is final and binding. This move will continue even after Nagaland attains sovereignty. Of late, the Nagas of Nagaland at their own making have become like puppets in the hands of the IK-group, languishing their authority and power of dominance, enslaving themselves in their won soil which is very unfortunate on their part. Therefore, it is time we feel, the Nagas be released from the bondage of terrorism and given the 'right to freedom', to let them express their minds freely, so as to bring the Naga people of all walks of life to an understanding through a common platform for permanent peace and solution. Secretary MIP/GPRN, NSCN (K)
Truth hurts- Nagaland Post Opinion
It pains me very much to see how politicians are adding to our future problems.On the issues that are raised by Mr Rio on affiliation of Naga students of Manipur,it will only create ill feelings.Mr Rio's agenda is driven by political motive but he damn cares for the consequences.
Our Naga brothers and sisters in Manipur are being used for a larger political motive.Though I do not fully appreciate the language used by some underground faction, but I am very convinced that Rio and his minister Imkong Imchen and a few in the DAN coalition have done a great disservice to Naga unity by imposing a decision without the mandate of the people of Nagaland.The ill feeling is natural since one person has invited many guests to eat in the house without informing the parents and family. For instance, if the Naga students of Manipur pass HSLC they cannot be denied scholarship nor quotas in professional institutes.Later if they pass under these quotas, they will demand jobs and no law can deny them.
Possibly Mr Rio and Mr.Imkong Imchen's children will not be affected but what about thousands of students and job seekers of Nagaland who have nowhere to go? Can Mr Rio and Mr Imchen provide similar benefits for Nagas of Nagaland in Manipur? Nagas of Nagaland are for unity with all other Nagas but oppose the imposition by Mr Rio's government because we have not given our mandate for this issue. It is pure and narrow politics and Mr Rio and his government will have to answer for surrendering the privileges of their people for narrow political gains.
Kezo Naga
Exodus of students into Nagaland Nagaland Post Correspondent
IMPHAL, Nov 7: Students of private schools in the hill districts of Manipur face a worrisome future ahead due to the switch over to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) syllabus which has compelled them to seek admission to schools in Nagaland to appear the HSLC examination 2006-07. Around 200 students and some guardians left Tamenglong early Tuesday for Kohima and Dimapur for admission into some schools earmarked by the NBSE.
Earlier on November 1 last around 656 students from 30 private schools had rushed to Dimapur to enroll for the 2006-07 HSLC examination. The students who left Tamenglong early today with their guardians were from different private schools in chartered four buses that were arranged for the purpose. The hiring of the private buses along the Imphal-Tamenglong route for transporting the students had also created total inconvenience for people planning to go to Imphal said Raising Panmei, a resident of Tamenglong town. He said there were only four passenger bus services on this route. Meanwhile, some parents from Ukhrul district have expressed deep concern to the Tangkhul Katamnao Sanglong office bearers over the prevailing security situation in Nagaland. The fallout of the switch over to NBSE syllabus done under the initiative of some NGOs has disturbed the minds of students and parents since the students now have nowhere to go but to appear HSLC from Nagaland. This was particularly so since the change was done in the middle of the academic year that left them in a limbo.
Many students from private schools affiliated to Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, BSEM in the districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Tamenglong and Senapati had enrolled themselves with government schools after The state education department issued permission through an order Most of the schools located in Ukhrul district had substituted the books prescribed by Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, and BSEM with books prescribed by Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE). There are altogether 117 private schools in the four Naga inhabited districts of Manipur. Out of this, seven are Higher Secondary Schools, 44 High Schools and 66 Junior High Schools. Reports from Nagaland disclosed that there were nearly 4000 students who had enrolled for the HSLC examination under NBSE.
Naga encroachment in State continues From Upen Dutta Assam Tribune
GOLAGHAT, Nov 7 – In the sensitive Asom-Nagaland border areas mainly in ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’ sectors, the Nagaland Government has increased their encroachment on Asom’s soil. It had already established a sub-division at Winmghat in the border area. That Government is now proposing to establish another sub-division at Merapani within Golaghat district. This act of encroachment had created great sensation, and a fear psyche among the border people has been prevailing. It may be mentioned here that last year, in the month of February the former state Home Minister, Rockybul Hussain, during his visit to Merapani, an area under the ‘D’ sector, had declared that border magistrate in four sectors. ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’ would be appointed, but no steps have been taken in this regard.

The Asom Government had given additional duties to the BDOs of the blocks of Golaghat district. But the Nagaland Government appointed border magistrates in all the four sectors separately. The border BDOs failed to discharge their duties and as a result, the Nagas were able to encroach upon the border areas of the State with the cooperation of their Government. The Nagaland Government has already formed Naga village councils, offices, hospitals, water supply project, hotels and markets in the areas falling within the boundary of Asom.

Recently, the Nagaland Government established three sub-divisions on Asom’s border. The Asom Government, on the other hand, failed totally to prevent the encroachment and occupation of state land by Nagas. The people of all sectors of the Asom-Nagaland border alleged that the Nagas have been threatening the border people of Asom frequently, demanding handing over of the Merapani area to them. The people living in border areas have feared that the present State Government would fail to protect their lives and properties in future.

The Nagaland Government had established the Winmghat sub-division by garbbing large portions of lands of Asom within the ‘B’ sector. The State Government did not protest this illegal act of the Nagaland Government till now, it is alleged by the people. The Nagaland Government had established the fourth sub-division in the lands of Asom within ‘B’ sector on June last covering 18 villages. They declared the name of the sub-division as ‘Ronand’. This sub-division was inaugurated by the Border Development Minister of Nagaland.

It may be pertinent to mention here that the Nagaland Government had established a sub-division ‘New-E-House’ in ‘A’ sector within Asom in 1987, and the ‘Kohobotoo’ in 1991. The Nagaland Government has been running their administrative wrote from 1995 in Kohobotoo. Even after all these the Asom Government remained a silent spectator. It is reported that Nagaland has encroached upon 17,500 hectares of Asom in ‘A’ sector and established 39 villages. In ‘B’ sector all total 10,000 hectares of hand had been encroached and 49 Naga villages established. In ‘C’ sector 3,000 hectares of land had been garbbed and 17 villages established and in ‘D’ sector 1,000 hectares of land were illegally occupied and five Naga villages established.

ULFA should follow NSCN: Kyndiah Staff Correspondent Sentinel
SHILLONG, Nov 7: The Centre cannot afford to be soft when innocent people are killed by the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA), said Union Tribal Affairs Minister PR Kyndiah today.
Condemning the ULFA for the twin blasts in Guwahati recently, Kyndiah told a group of newsmen in Shillong today, “The incidents are barbaric acts of terrorism by cowards. Such incidents should make the Centre to think of strong action against the militants”.
Kyndiah said: “The ULFA should realize that the people of Asom and the entire north-eastern region want peace. When the NSCN has shown the right path to sort out contentious issues sitting across the table, what prevents the ULFA from following suit”, questioned Kyndiah.

State students continue heading for Nagaland to seek admission The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 7: Apprehensive of losing a academic year, students of private schools in the hill districts of Manipur which have switched their syllabus to that of Nagaland Board of Secondary Education are continuing to head for Nagaland state to get admission there. The students studying in Class-X and waiting to appear in the forthcoming high school leaving certificate examinations are accompanied by their guardians. Together around 180 people (students and guardians) from Tamenglong district left early Tuesday for Nagaland to seek admission in schools there so as to be able to appear in the HSLC examination 2006-07, an official report said.

Earlier on November 1 around 656 students from 30 private schools had rushed to Dimapur to enroll in schools under the NBSE for the year academic year 2006-07 HSLC examination. The students were accompanied by their guardians and teachers. The students who left Tamenglong early today with their guardians were from different private schools, reports said adding that they were accompanied by their guardians and left in four buses. The hiring of four passenger buses along the Imphal-Tamenglong road made travel very inconvenient for the people wishing to proceed to Imphal for the day, said a resident of Tamenglong town over phone to this correspondent. He added there were only four passenger buses serving on this route.

Meanwhile, some of the parents from Ukhrul district expressed their deep concern over the prevailing security situation in Nagaland to the Tangkhul Kadamnou Sanglong office bearers.

Apprehension of loosing an academic year is disturbing the minds of students in the districts of Ukhrul, Tamenglong, Chandel and Senapati as they are demanding affiliation of private schools of the four districts to the Nagaland Board of Secondary Education since the middle part of this year supported by many NGOs based in these districts. Many students from private schools affiliated to Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, BSEM from the districts of Ukhrul, Chandel, Tamenglong and Senapati have transferred to government schools after being allowed by the education department. Most of the schools located in Ukhrul district have substituted the books prescribed by Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, BSEM with books prescribed by Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE).
There are altogether 117 private schools in the four Naga inhabited districts of Manipur. Out of these, seven are higher secondary schools, 44 high schools and 66 junior high schools.

Ramkung Pamei adds from Tamenglong: All the class X students studying in private schools of Tamenglong took their leaving/transfer certificate en masse today for transfer to NBSE, Nagaland. Students numbering about 180 early today left for Kohima for seeking admission to different schools there and appear in the HSLC exam conducted by NBSE. Some of them had left earlier while the remaining students are likely to follow suit soon after or before the NBSE shuts its door to outside students. Altogether around 300 students are studying in class X in different private schools, all of whom have taken transfer certificates from their respective schools, which are affiliated to the Board of Secondary Education, Manipur, BSEM.

The classes in the class rooms of the class-X rooms of the private schools remained closed today even during the school hours since no students attended their classes. The students who left today for Kohima for seeking admission to NBSE affiliated schools were accompanied by one teacher in-charge each of the schools and their guardians. A leader of the Zeliangrong Students Union who is leading the team which headed for Kohima, when contacted by this correspondent said that the students would be accommodated in different schools located in the Nagaland capital.

Tokhu Emong celebrated with pomp and gaiety Kuknalim.com
WOKHA, Nov 7:: "We should never forget our culture and tradition. If we do that, (our) nationalism, our identity will be lost. It will be a great blunder," Rio said in his opening remarks as the chief guest of the Tokhü Emong celebrations held Tuesday at local ground, Wokha.

Marked by pomp and gaiety, this year's celebration of the post harvest festival of the Lotha Nagas, which was observed in various parts of the state, started on November 4 and concluded today. The chief minister who arrived here by helicopter from Tuensang after attending the funeral service of late Lakiumong, MLA, was greeted by thousands of people who had congregated at the ground. Remarking on the presence of foreign tourist at the celebration, Rio said "They come to see us because of our uniqueness, our culture, tradition. Not so that we can imitate them."

On the Indo-Naga issue, he said unity and reconciliation among the Nagas was a must; "Otherwise, the common Naga voice will be lost to mighty India and the world," he added. The chief minister also said the recent factional clashes have brought a bad name to the state. Winding up his speech, Rio said the main goal of his government was all round development but that peace was prerequisite for development and vice versa.

Lotha Hoho chairman Nyanbemo Ngullie gave the welcome address, former minister T Kikon dwelled on the significance of Tokhu Emong while Aremo Ezung offered vote of thanks. The day was marked by cultural dances, songs and other traditional presentations. Later, the chief minister inaugurated the new treasury office building and a tourist resort at Wokha town.

Rio was accompanied by minister for Works and Housing Tokheho, minister for PHE P. Longon, minister for Agriculture Azo Neinu, parliamentary secretaries Nkhao Lotha, Kaito Aye, M.C. Konyak, deputy chairman, State Planning Board, Deo Nukhu and several other senior bureaucrats and heads of departments. Earlier, in the morning, Tokhu Emong was also celebrated at Wokha village with YM Humtsoe, special officer to the CM as the chief guest and at N Longidang village where state NPF vice president Pinyinthung Patton was the chief guest.

Meanwhile, in Kohima, the celebration was held at the private residence of MLA E.T. Ezung at PR Hill Kohima. Rev. Dr. L. Tsanso dwelled on the significance of the festival while R. Ezung (Retd. Commissioner) and M. Odyuo, (Retd. Jt. Dev. Commissioner) exhorted the gathering. Highlights of the programme included folk songs by Lotha women. (NPN)
Major offensive against ULFA in Assam Nagaland Post
GUWAHATI, NOV 7 (UNI): The Asom government today launched a major offensive against the ULFA after the ghastly twin blasts, reducing the hope of restarting peace process once again.
'' You will see the visible change of counter-insurgency operation with your own eyes, '' was the terse and stern reply of Union Home Secretary V K Duggal this afternoon during an interaction with media after a marathon review meeting with the state government officials. '' I will not disclose the specifics of our strategy to alert my opponents (ULFA) beforehand, '' he said when asked what specific counter-insurgency strategy would be taken to neutralise the ULFA.
The top brass of the Union Home Ministry, heads of various Para Military forces as well as senior civil and police officials of the Asom Government reviewed the law and order situation. Mr Duggal rushed to the state yesterday along with a ''composite team'' of the CRPF, BSF and other Central Government's security agencies to aid the state government. '' We will do anything to protect the innocent people from the terrorist attacks, '' he said making abundantly clear that the Union Government and Asom Government would not lie low and increase the pressure on the ULFA henceforth. Mr Duggal met Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi. Talking to mediapersons, the Home Secretary said if the ULFA showed its sincerity in peaceful negotiation, the Centre would always extend cooperation. '' At the end of the day they are our people only. We treat them as misguided youths. At one point of time, they have to join the mainstream, '' he opined.
Terming the killings of innocent people as an act of cowardice, he said, '' It was an act of desperation. What they are going to achieve by killing innocent people. ''
He termed the ULFA as more of terrorist group rather than a militant group. He informed that review meeting had gone well and both Center and state Government were sensitised about the development and the strategy was evolved after fresh inputs. Although he concealed the strategy but there was enough indication that the Army would have much bigger role in the counter-insurgency operation in the state now. So far the Army had been kept away from urban areas of the state and they were basically concentrating on upper Asom more.
Mr Duggal, however, refused to accept that the six-week ceasefire had given the ULFA scope to regroup. '' This is not true. If they have regrouped, we too have regrouped. The ceasefire gave them a chance, which they did not want to capitalise, '' he said. Meanwhile, Fancy Bazaar was limping back to normal as the business establishments and traders had opened their shops but volume of transition was much less as the ordinary people had been staying away from the market after the blast.
Army face roadblocks in NE border Nagaland Post
Tawang, Nov 7 (Agencies): Army jawans posted in the border areas of the northeast dread the journey to their posts. The roads are bad - in most places, they do not exist. Road heads at many places are as far as 100 km from the forward posts in Arunachal Pradesh. Soldiers have to trek for days to make it to their posts, some located at altitudes of about 17,000 feet in the Kameng sector.
Colonel Rakesh Chibber, acting Brigadier General Staff of the Tezpur-based Gajraj Corps, which is responsible for a border frontage of 1,563 km with China, said some road projects were in progress but these would take seven to eight years. He said, "Even then, some of our posts would be at least 40 km away from road heads. China, on the other hand, has created good rail and road network across the border."
The China-Tibet railway from Gormu to Lhasa is an example of modern infrastructure on the other side. A rail link under construction from Lhasa to Xigatse will further bolster China's capabilities to mobilise and support the military. "The country's strategic focus on road-building to improve the connectivity between Tibetan Autonomous Region and the mainland is also of military significance," an army officer said. The geography poses a formidable logistical challenge for the army. For instance, there are eight major passes in the Kemang sector, all of which remain closed during the winters. The rest of Arunachal Pradesh has 64 passes of which only seven are perennial. Worse, the six valleys in this sector are not connected with each other. There's only one artery connecting Tezpur and Tawang, which is the main logistical installation for servicing forward posts. A senior officer said, "All lines of communication originate from Assam. Brahmaputra is a logistical nightmare for us. We have to depend on multiple modes of transportation - air, surface, inland water, porters and ponies." It will, however, be incorrect to suggest that the government has done nothing to scale up infrastructure and remains unaware of the rapid modernisation of China's infrastructure along the border. In June 2006, it cleared the construction of 608 km of roads along the Sino-Indian border at a cost of Rs 992 crore. The Border Roads Organisation said it would take seven years to complete the project, but the Cabinet Committee on Security directed it to complete the project within four to five years.
UNLF penalises impostor By Our Staff Reporter Sangai Express IMPHAL, Nov 7: UNLF has rounded up a 24-year old youth who misused the name of the outfit to extort money from the public. Parading the impostor before mediapersons somewhere in Imphal East today, a spokesperson of the central special forces of the outfit said Mayengbam Surjit (24) s/o Damu of Patsoi Part-IV Tharoijam Maning Leikai was rounded up while collecting Rs 3000 in the name of the outfit from a truck owner at Mantripukhri. Surjit had also extorted Rs 700 from the same truck owner in August this year, the spokesperson added. The spokesperson further disclosed that Surjit had also taken Rs 500 from a godown at Bishnupur, Rs 500 from BD Pharmacy at Kangpokpi and Rs 500 as fine from a Pan Dukan selling Zarda and Khaini apart from taking shelter at a house at Khongnang Karak in the name of the outfit. As a first warning, Surjit would be handed over to his family members after giving proper advice, the spokesperson said.

Gruesome killings Assam Tribune Editorial
Two blasts triggered off by suspected United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) militants in Guwahati city in the evening of November 5 resulted in the death of at least 14 persons while nearly 30 others were injured. One fails to understand what the militants aim to achieve by gruesome killing of innocent people and all sections of the society should strongly condemn such bloodbath. In fact, after a brief lull, killing of innocent people have become a regular feature as in the past one month, the State witnessed more than 20 blasts, mostly in public places and the Government should take strong action against those involved in such heinous crimes. The blasts in Fancy Bazar and Patthar Quarry areas of the city on Sunday evening created a sense of insecurity among the people and the rumour mongers had a field day soon thereafter as the newspaper offices were flooded with calls from the citizens enquiring about rumours of blasts in different parts of the city. The Government should take adequate security measures to instill sense of security among the people, while, the citizens should also come out fearlessly to condemn such senseless violence where scores of innocents lost their lives and there is every possibility of a good number of the injured persons becoming crippled for life. Those involved in such heinous crimes should remember the fact that their show of strength can rob families of their livelihood. For example, a young pan shop owner was one of those killed in the blast in the Patthar Quarry area and the militants should think how the family will now survive without the sole earning member.

The blasts shook the administration forcing the Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi to cut short his visit to New Delhi and rush back to the State, while, the Union Home Secretary also rushed to the State to review the security scenario. But what is unfortunate is that the administration apparently took notice of the deteriorating situation only after the blasts in the city. The situation started deteriorating for the past one month or so and only a week before the twin blasts, one child was killed in a blast during the Chhat Puja festival as the militants even did not spare celebration of festivals. The role of the political parties on the issue is also disheartening. Of course, most of the political parties condemned the blasts, but from the statements issued by them, it was apparent that they trained their guns more on the Government than on the militants responsible for the killing of innocents. Of course, the Government failed in its duty of protecting the life and property of the people of the State and the Chief Minister himself admitted the failure of the Government. But does that give a license to the militants to massacre innocent people of Asom? All parties should forget their political differences and join hands in the fight against terrorism.

The recent acts of violence also relegated the issue of peace talks to the background, as the Government’s concentration will now be more on maintaining law and order. Of course, the Chief Minister has announced that the doors are still open for the militants to come for talks, but the possibility of the peace talks gaining momentum seems remote till the situation improves. The possibility of direct talks between the Government and the ULFA had improved following the gesture of the Government to suspend the Army operations with effect from August 13, and though the ULFA also responded positively at the initial stages, later the outfit reportedly took the opportunity to indulge in large-scale extortions, which forced the Government to resume the operations after more than 40 days. If the ULFA was really serious in carrying forward the peace process, it should have refrained from indulging in any unlawful act during the suspension of operations. One hopes that good sense will prevail on the leaders of the militant outfit and that they will respect the sentiments of the people by negotiating with the Government for a permanent and lasting solution to the problems.
Terror-struck Hindi-speaking people flee Guwahati
Sunday’s twin blasts in Guwahati have made the Hindi-speaking community of the city panicky enough as to have Hindi-speaking workers leaving the State to ensure their own safety. The Chai Gali blast in Fancy Bazaar was clearly aimed at scaring away the Hindi-speaking community — both labourers and businessmen. But it was the labourers who suffered the blasts, and died. Is it not an attempt by sinister forces, backed by the ISI and Bangladeshi jihadi groups, to create vacancies of labour for illegal Bangladeshis in Asom? Is it not a design for a greater Islamic state here — that Bihari labourers would be killed or scared away and Bangladeshi nationals would come and fill the vacancies so created? We have been hammering this design ever since our inception as a newspaper — of this land, for its people. But unless the people come out in solidarity with Asom’s cause and foil the Bangladeshi design, one cannot do anything. Or have the Asomiyas already accepted their fate as a minority in their own land? By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 7: Amid palpable anger and shock in the city after the twin blasts at Fancy Bazaar and Patharquarry that so far claimed 15 lives and left scores injured, there are reports of mass exodus of Hindi-speaking people, hailing mostly from Bihar, UP and Rajasthan, from the State.
The Brahmaputra Mail, which left the Guwahati Railway Station at 12.15 p.m. was packed with Hindi-speaking people. Platform No. 1 was swarming with people from Bihar and UP who had been staying here to earn their livelihood.
“The situation is very tense now. We are going home. When the situation comes back to normal, we’ll consider our return. Our families at home are worried,” the terror-struck people told The Sentinel at the Guwahati Rail Station.
Meanwhile, the blast spot was cleaned by a GMC water tank this morning. The shop just opposite Hari Mandir was closed yesterday, with the lock facility damaged. Today, some of the youths broke open the shutters with bamboos. But panic still grips the shop-owners of the locality after reports that the ULFA had planted the bomb at a bicycle. Now no one allows the parking of bicycles in the narrow lanes fearing the worst. The enthusiastic crowd, however, still gathers at the spot at times. Though shops were opened today, there were hardly any customers on that road.
UNI adds from PATNA: Bihar Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi today expressed concern over the killing of five Biharis in Sunday’s twin blasts in Guwahati. He also asked Asom Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi to immediately pay ex gratia to the bereaved families. After talking to Gogoi over telephone, Modi said here that the Chief Minister had assured him to provide Rs three lakh ex gratia to kept of kin. The Asom Government would also pay Rs 50,000 to the seriously injured. Modi said he had asked Bihar Home Secretary Afzal Amanullah and the District Magistrate of Samastipur to remain in contact with their counterparts in Asom and ensure proper assistance to the victims. Five people of Samastipur district were killed and over 12 of the same district injured in twin blasts triggered by the ULFA in Fancy market and Noonmati area in the Asom capital. The total toll in the blasts was 14.

Frans on 11.08.06 @ 05:42 PM CST [link]


Tuesday, November 7th

Northeast Echoes PATRICIA MUKHIM The Telegraph


Northeast Echoes PATRICIA MUKHIM The Telegraph
Colours of ‘nationalism’ Nagaland chief minister Neiphiu Rio is no pushover. On the contrary, he is what the yuppies would call a “cool dude”. Rio has learnt to wield his policy of equidistance from both militant factions (euphemistically called the Naga nationalist soldiers), as a double-edged sword. When the two rival factions National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) and NSCN (Khaplang) recently launched into yet another turf war, akin to a pitched battle, Rio’s government decided to remain equidistant from the scene of action. His detractors are naturally baying for his blood. They have approached Governor Shyamal Dutta to invoke Article 355 of the Constitution and recommend President’s rule in Nagaland.
Rio’s acerbic remarks thereafter display a complete lack of sensitivity about the incident of October 26-28 this year when rocket launchers, snipers and AK rifles boomed in Zunheboto district and sent about 4,000 people scurrying for cover. Neiphiu Rio was, of course, not too far off the mark. He said when nationalist workers are fighting each other, how can a state force (government) perceived as ‘Indian’ and by definition ‘alien’, intervene in that free-for-all? While Rio would not mind thrashing the NSCN (K) rebels, he and his government would be pulverised if they happened to land a blow on an (I-M) mutineer.
Dismal future That tells us something about ideological affinity or the lack of it. No wonder Rio, in his smug wisdom, thought it wise to stay away from the theatre of violence. Why should he care if a few people died on either side of the divide and if there were civilian casualties too? Nationalism demands a price and Rio feels the Naga people should be ready to pay this price each time rival groups decide to engage in a bloodletting spree. There are Nagas who believe hoping for a settlement is a vain angst. Those who are in trade and commerce have had to pay through their noses to survive. Extortion demands, particularly from the NSCN (I-M), has all but destroyed Naga business. Other non-tribal traders say they survive because they recover all their costs from the consumer. In a sense they feel a deep sense of remorse in having to charge their customers far beyond the prescribed rates. No wonder you do not have consumer protection courts in Nagaland. Even the lowly vegetable vendor who earns a pittance, has to pay for her stall plus a tax to the NSCN (I-M). Nagas are beginning to wonder whether this battle of wits between Delhi and Naga ideologues will ever end. And what the end results would be if there really was a ‘solution’. They are beginning to articulate, albeit in muffled tones, whether life would be better then than it is now. And they certainly are very doubtful about the future.
Dying truths In a situation where diplomacy has become second nature and people have learnt the art of doublespeak so as not to offend anyone, truth becomes the first casualty. It is difficult to assess the current ‘Naga’ worldview as perceived by those born after the tumultuous years of killing and being killed. One wonders, and not wrongly, whether the young of this generation have a role in articulating their views even if those views fiercely contest those held by the elderly statesmen of Naga society. Are the ideologues themselves open to new ideas in the light of an ever-changing socio-economic and socio-political setting in the real Naga society, far removed from the comfortable lifestyles of the leaders in Amsterdam?
There seems to be a perception among Naga elders that the youth do not have enough wisdom to speak to the outside world about Naga nationalism. In fact, this nationalism has bred a group of spokespersons who have become repetitive. Most of them only air the views of the NSCN (I-M) because to do otherwise would bring horrible reprisals. There is, therefore, no fresh flow and circulation of ideas, no debate, and no dissent. A professor at the North Eastern Hill University (Nehu), speaking at a conference organised by Naga youths, said he did not want to comment on the Naga struggle, but what pained him the most is that Nagas no longer respect human life. Human lives, he said, have become as cheap as that of butchered animals.
Now that should tell us something about the collective consciousness of Nagas living outside Nagaland. They dare speak their minds because they are not in Nagaland. So can a repressive environment give birth to a liberal, sovereign Nagaland? Or does Naga sovereignty exclude liberal democratic ethos. If so, can people continue to live under such repressive regimes?
Many of us refer to the Taliban establishment as if it is in some distant hell. What we do not appreciate is that repressive regimes are born precisely because people dare not speak up for themselves. Will the Naga elders allow their young people the freedom to break away from narratives of the past? Why must they nurture the same feelings of bitterness and revenge or hope for something that is illusionary. Don’t they have the freedom to pursue their future the way they choose to without being made to feel guilty for not subscribing to the cause and perpetuating it?
Practical side The youth of today are pragmatic. They want to move on with life and secure their own future and that of their offspring. Perhaps they no longer even want to nurture the polluted air of idealism that their elders have been breathing for 60 years. If breaking away from the past will not be construed as a betrayal to the cause, then it is possible that we might see an entirely new shift in Naga political discourse. But that is what the leaders fear the most and so also the generation of elders who have learnt to live their lives in a set pattern pursuing the Naga dream. They would not know what to do if Naga nationalism is achieved. Very recently the Nagaland Baptist Church Council (NBCC), smarting from allegations that the church has been a passive onlooker to the fratricidal murders brought out a dialectically crafted proposal for healing and reconciliation. Sadly, as soon as the booklet was released, the NSCN (K) accused the NBCC of cosying up to the Muivah faction and expressed their lack of confidence in this church body. But the NBCC need not take this allegation too seriously. Both factions of the NSCN have indulged in similar polemics whenever they have failed to co-opt any institution to their ideological moorings.
Trade hellhole Today, the NBCC is perhaps the only institution that is equidistant from all warring parties and in whom the hope for bringing about a climate of sanity rests. Neiphiu Rio wants to go down in history as the man who bartered peace for Nagaland. Hence his government is doing everything except enforcing law and order. Dimapur has become a commercial hellhole where trucks carrying goods to Kohima and Imphal are heavily taxed by the government on one side and by the NSCN (I-M) on the other. People of Manipur have suffered tremendously from this obscurantist form of taxation. Each truck is demanded an exorbitant sum in order to enter Senapati, en route to Imphal and beyond. Prices of essential commodities, particularly of building materials, have skyrocketed. The same is the case in Kohima or Mokokchung.
The Dimapur mafia is perhaps comparable only to the Mumbai underworld. Yet while the government of Maharashtra hunts the underworld gangs, Rio turns a blind eye to the abominable methods of extortion practised by the militia in Nagaland. On its part Delhi is simply looking the other way even though ceasefire ground rules are violated with impunity by both factions.
The question is how far will civil society tolerate this daylight thievery, all in the name of Naga nationalism. Yes, Naga civil society will have to speak up and protest. If Naga nationalism means complete criminalisation of society, then I am afraid the Nagas are pursuing a lost cause
Remove NPSC chairman – NSF The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 6 (MExN): The Naga Students Federation (NSF), peeved at what it stated is the state government’s ‘miserable’ failure in applying redress in the Nagaland Public Services Commission (NPSC) bribery scandal, has issued an ultimatum demanding the removal of the present NPSC Chairman on or before November 12, 2006 and also invite the CBI to take charge of investigations into the matter.
“…the Federation has given sufficient time to the government to prove its commitment and improve the standard of the premier institution but failed miserably. The Federation wishes to draw your sincere attention for early intervention and removal of the present incumbent Chairman of NPSC on or before 12th November 2006 for being indifferent towards the public issue” the ultimatum addressed to the Chief Minister of Nagaland stated. The Federation sternly warned of an own course of action “if it fails to redress this genuine human problem” and that consequences, if any arises, shall not be placed on the students.
In the backdrop of the attempted bribery scandal, the NSF demanded a CBI’s inquiry into NPSC dealings inclusive of the past 20 years and that in spite of the “clarion call” discrepancies and anomalies continue to surface, the NSF lamented. The ultimatum highlighted these points: In 2005, a lady candidate was declared EAC but later denied to her, and replaced by another candidate who secured 19 marks higher “thereby humiliated and demoralized her”; an over aged candidate – by 2 years, 5 months and 25 days as on January 1, 2005 was allowed to appear the 2005 NPSC examinations “by the Chairman and Controller of Examinations”. Later, it was found that there was an error in his surname, his actual surname being “Longchar” but notified as “Walling”; in the recent NPSC results (2006) a candidate was declared as Deputy Superintendent of Police on October 10, 2006 but was declared Upper Divisional Assistant (UDA) ‘that subsequently affected four other candidates’.
In site of these facts, the NPSC chairman failed to initiate any measures to check “such mess” but considered them as human errors, thereby hushing them up, the ultimatum stated. “…and we found that he absconds whenever such serious issue surface related to the examinations conducted and thereby encourages the defaulters to continue under the guise of human error or clerical mistakes” the NSF stated while reminding of the Federation’s rejection of the government’s earlier decision of instituting the State Vigilance Commission (SVC) for investigations. However, when the findings came about, the government retracted its assurances “to prove to the people” and chose to remain indifferent, the NSF lamented while highlighting some of the Vigilance’s reports.
.Nagaland to start Nabard scheme H. CHISI The Telegraph
Kohima, Nov. 6: The National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (Nabard) has started the five-year Rural Sector Credit Plan (RSCP) in Nagaland this fiscal. It will culminate in 2010-11. The plan had been drawn up by Nabard at the behest of a Reserve Bank of India (RBI) committee set up to formulate a financial sector plan for the Northeast, under the chairmanship of RBI deputy governor Usha Thorat.
RBI governor Y.V. Reddy had constituted the committee following his visit to the Northeast in November 2005 to get an on-the-spot assessment of the development of banking services in the region. The committee was constituted to address the constraints of the region in a more focused and state-specific manner. Following the action plan that emerged from the recommendations of the committee, Nabard immediately kickstarted the RSCP in all northeastern states. Accordingly, Nagaland convened a state-level workshop to launch the plan.
The plan’s total outlay is Rs 94.44 crore with special emphasis on development of animal husbandry, fishery and horticulture in the farming sector and that of handicrafts, handlooms, bamboo and food processing in the non-farm sector. “The RSCP was formally launched by finance commissioner H.K. Khulu and the workshop is being attended by representatives of all banks operating in Nagaland,” said Nabard assistant general manager Tiakala Ao. However, the finance commissioner was unhappy over the attendance of government departments at the workshop. He urged the state’s banks to take the initiative of achieving targets set out in the plan, as Rs 94.44 crore is a very modest target. As only 5 per cent of the population has bank accounts, he felt banks should go in for more aggressive banking at the grassroots level. According to Khulu, one of the ways the banks can achieve this is by issuing more Kisan Credit Cards and general credit cards, particularly in the rural areas. He expressed concern that the credit-deposit ratio of Nagaland was only 25 per cent, one of the lowest among the northeastern states.
Law and order problem: Huska Nagaland Post
Dimapur, Nov 6 (NPN): In a significant development that could have political ramifications, some ruling DAN legislators from Dimapur constituencies on Monday have said they did not consider the breakdown of law and order in the State as a political problem, as claimed by the ruling DAN government. JD (U) legislator Huska Sumi in a statement disclosed that the legislators had expressed this view at a meeting convened by DAN chairman and BJP legislator Dr. Hokishe Sema. The meeting was held to ascertain views on whether the breakdown of law and order in the State was a political problem or otherwise.
Huska said the DAN legislators had told Dr. Hokishe that it was "very much a law and order problem since the political issue is with the Government of India".
According to Huska, the legislators, as elected representatives of the people, felt it was their duty to ensure safety to the lives and properties of the people which was voiced in the form of a press statement expressing deep concern over the deteriorating law and order situation. He said though the statement was over "governance" of the State, the NPF was "surprisingly contemplating to initiate disciplinary action against two NPF legislators". Huska said out of the forty-four legislators in DAN, only twelve were running the government, with the rest only endorsing the "omission and commission" of the DAN ministry without being given the opportunity to approve or disapprove He reiterated that senior legislators should express their concern when the lives and properties of the citizens were under threat. "It is the duty of the senior legislators to give correct position to the people of Nagaland," he pointed out.
View on NBCC’s proposal and comments- Nagaland Post Opinion
The recently released NBCC's proposal on heal-ing and reconciliation is the most appreciable document I have ever come across in the Naga affairs. This booklet is a must for every young Nagas to read and ponder the situation where we are in. I think the stories of political healing and reconciliation recorded by the NBCC should be role models for Nagas. It seems more blood are shed for more call to unity and reconciliation. More condemnation leads to more killings. We the younger generation have seen no hope to get peace and unity by any political solution.
But we are sure that there is nothing impossible for God. Our God is a trust worthy God. And by the power of Holy Spirit only the Naga society can be healed. So, we pray that, the Holy Spirit work through the NBCC's proposals. Since the church is the right body to lead in this path, we are happy that the NBCC have very serious concern for the rapid deteriorating Naga society and took the initiative. We will be agents of your proposals because we need to stand by it.
I also want to say a big thank you to Uncle Charles Chasie, for your valuable, timely comments (in a local daily issue October 18) on burning issues. You have brought the NBCC's proposals to such an extent that if any body misunderstanding the proposals, we the younger generation have no confidence in him/her to lead us for a bright future. Regarding the comments given by Thepfulhouvi Solo (in a local paper issued on October 20). Since you say "The NBCC's proposal arrived as old wine in unattractive old wine bottles", will you set up your own proposal for the Nagas? As new wine and as attractive as can impress any Naga citizen. Dear Sir, during my student life I was a listener to you. And to be honest, I really admire most of your speeches and write ups. You are also one of the senior most educated Naga officers. So we want you to lead us to the path of peace, healing and reconciliation. Because without these elements we see no future
Lastly, we the younger generations do not know where to go? Whom to follow? And whom not. Every body claim he is speaking the truth; he is on the right path. But when we look at the person or group claiming to be for the Nagas and speaking the truth, their actions are not trust worthy, because we know shedding our own peoples' blood will never ever solve our Naga problem. Its seems everybody is trying to the detect the other person's mistakes in order to take revenge. Its seems other peoples wrongs are their rights. The elderly says, we the younger generation do not understand their pains and suffering in the Naga struggle. Yes, we the younger generation have not come across the severe pains and sufferings including losing their love ones. But that should not mean the senior citizens should lead us to the same fate or worse, to make us understanding. We do not want to be like the Afghans or the Iraqis nor like the Palestinians in the present situation. But when we look at our Naga society, we are becoming no different from them. Therefore, we the younger generation, do not want anymore back lashing and brain washing articles for more division and more bloodshed. We want healing, reconciliation and peace on earth and not only when we reach heaven. Keviwhekho Zinyu. Punglwa Village.
Nagas boycott Manipur fest Nagarealm.com
Imphal, NOV06 : Governor S.S. Sidhu inaugurated the Manipur tourism festival at the Polo Ground here this afternoon amid a call for its boycott by the apex organisation of the Nagas in the state. The four-day festival, an annual event organised by the state tourism department to attract domestic and foreign tourists, this year focuses on bringing together the 30-odd communities residing in Manipur in a bid to strengthen their bonds. However, the publicity and information secretary of United Naga Council (UNC), S. Milan, has asked the Nagas to stay away from the festival, causing a “setback” to the organisers’ efforts.

According to the festival’s programme, Naga groups, including Tangkhul, Anal, Maring, Kabui, Tarao and Poumai, are scheduled to present a cultural programme at Polo Ground tomorrow. However, their participation is now fraught with uncertainty, following the council’s directive. “Earlier, the groups confirmed their participation, but now we are not sure (of their participation),” one of the organisers said. UNC president K.S. Paul Leo said the council would take action against any Naga group that violates the boycott. He told this correspondent that the boycott call was given in accordance with a decision taken by the council during a meeting at Taphou village in Senapati district on November 4 last year. The participants resolved to launch a non-cooperation and disobedience movement against the Okram Ibobi Singh government, which is opposing the demand for Naga unification.

The festival started on an exciting note today, with the tourism department sending a team of local residents on an expedition to Tharon cave in Tamenglong district even before the event was formally inaugurated. Over the next three days, the festival will showcase Manipur’s indigenous sports and culture, the highlight of which will be the boat race at Kangla moat. [KHELEN THOKCHOM, telegraphindia]
Hornbill festival Nagarealm.com
KOHIMA, NOV06: Hornbill National Rock Contest would be held as part of the Hornbill Festival, 2006 from December 1 to 7 at Kohima. The concert aims at promoting peace and understanding of Nagaland, according to a PIB Defence Wing release. The application forms are required to sent along-with demo to Dream Cafe Ser's Bazaar, TCP Gate, Kohima-797001, Nagaland. The last date for entry is November 14 and the application form may be downloaded from website www.hornbillmusic.com.
The event secretary of the concert may also be contacted at 0370-2290756 or 9436000044 for details. There would be attractive process for the band and for individual performance.
Nodal agency proposed for insurgency, terror in northeast Nagarealm.com Security chiefs in India's northeast Thursday proposed a new federal agency for effective networking of intelligence and policing to combat the twin threats of separatist insurgencies and Islamic militancy in the region.
'We have decided to strengthen real-time intelligence sharing and suggested the constitution of a Standing Committee on Terrorism, Militancy, and Insurgency at the national level to deal with the problems of insurgency, export of Muslim fundamentalism and terrorists to the northeast from Bangladesh,' said Dipak Narayan Dutt, police chief of Assam. He was speaking at the end of a two-day conference of police chiefs of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. The meeting in Assam's main city of Guwahati, was also attended by police chiefs of West Bengal and Sikkim, as well as army, paramilitary, intelligence and federal home ministry officials.

'The conference emphasised the need for better inter-state police coordination to deal with the problems of insurgency and other organised crimes,' Dutt said. 'The conference focused its attention on the problem of cross border insurgency with special reference to Bangladesh, Bhutan and Myanmar.' 'We shall be putting forward all the resolutions of the conference to the home ministry for approval, including seeking help from Myanmar to bust camps where many of the northeast rebel groups have bases,' Dutt added. According to Assam's police intelligence chief Khagen Sharma, the outlawed Jammatul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), an Islamic terrorist outfit blamed for the serial bombings in Bangladesh last year, was sending recruits to the northeast to destabilise the region. 'We have recently arrested two JMB cadres and have inputs to suggest that a large number of JMB activists have infiltrated into Assam,' Sharma said.

In the last five years, 198 people have been arrested for their links to various Muslim fundamentalist and terrorist groups backed by the JMB. 'A number of jihadi groups are working in Assam and the northeast under the umbrella of the JMB which is the main operational agency here,' the intelligence chief said. 'Maybe some of these elements were using madrassas as shelters to execute their plans although the managements of the Islamic seminaries might not be privy to their plans. We are keeping a close watch and have put some madrassas under the scanner.'

India's resource-rich northeast, wedged between Bangladesh, Bhutan, China and Myanmar, is home to more than 30-odd rebel armies with demands ranging from secession to greater autonomy. More than 50,000 people have lost their lives to insurgency in the northeast since India's independence in 1947. Many of the rebel groups in the northeast cooperate loosely, including sharing bases in adjoining states to escape security offensives in their areas of operation, the police chief of Arunachal Pradesh said. [IANS]
Voting Congress not the right decision: Nipamacha
‘Congress leaders endorsing formation of Greater Nagaland’ Sentinel
IMPHAL, Nov 6: Former Manipur Chief Minister W Nipamacha observed that it wouldnot be the right thing for the people of Manipur to vote in favour of the Congress party whose leaders were endorsing the formation of Greater Nagaland and compromising the state’s integrity for their own political gain in the coming Assembly elections.
The former Chief Minister and president of RJD, Manipur State council was speaking as the chief guest at a one day political conference of the RJD held at the residence of Ibomcha at Khurai Soibam Leikai, who is expected to contest the ninth Assembly for the Manipur Legislative Assembly from the Wangkhei Assembly constituency. The conference was also attended by among others, MLA S Natum Singh and also general secretary of the State unit of RJD.
Nipamacha went to say that the seed of disintegration of Manipur was sown way back by the veteran Congress leader Rishang Keishing who headed the United Naga Integration Council.
He also stated that the Congress did not oppose the formation of South Nagaland at that time.
The present leaders of congress are no exception, Nipamacha added, stating that no action had been taken so far against those responsible for greeted Chief Minister O Ibobi Singh with ‘Well come to South Nagaland’ banner at Senapati. He also cited the example of the release of NSCN (IM) leaders by according a grand reception after being arrested by the State police.
In the function a booklet by Ibomcha outlining how he plans to utilize the MLA local area development fund in the event of his election to the State assembly, was also released.(Agencies)
Naga body’s opposition to ‘public hearing’ on Tipaimukh dam Sentinel
Imphal, Nov 6: Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) (South Sector) has strongly voiced strong concerns against the forthcoming hearing on controversial Tipaimukh Dam in Churachandpur and Tamenglong this month.
NPMHR-South Sector convenor Phamhring Sengul recently that the Naga rights body would totally oppose the proposed ‘Public Hearing’ on Tipaimukh mega dam at Churachandpur slated for November 17 and also on November 22 at Tamenglong initiated by the Manipur Pollution Control Board (MPCB). The NPMHR has demanded that the project be withdrawn at any cost. “If the ‘public hearing’ is not called-off, NPMHR would carry out all sort of agitation immediately. ‘Public Hearing’ was aimed at public scrutiny of the project and transparency in environmental clearance system. The executive summary of the project have to summarize the project mentioning the socioeconomic benefit from the project, the environmental impact of the project, and the improvement measures proposed to minimize the negative environmental impact, if any. But the government has misused this democratic means for their own vested interest by cheating the people with their calculated motive,” said the Naga rights body. Phamhring Sengul then said that all information furnished in the ‘executive summary’ were manipulated. “There has been no ‘Environmental Impact Assessment’ on the proposed project so far. The immediate impact will be on the ecological bio-diversity of the Barak river . The northeastern part of India is one of the only few green belts in the whole world. This has been proved by the regular visits of rare species of migratory birds and other animals. The endangered animals like the slow Loris, big cats and horn-bill are found only in this part of India,” said the NPHMR convenor.
The Naga rights body further stated that the executive summary did not mention the impact on bio-diversity. The catchments area as mention in the summary will affect in Burma 751 sq km, in Nagaland 728 sq km, in Manipur 9126 sq km and in Mizoram 2153 sq km respectively and vulnerable areas as mentioned are all manipulated calculations as percentage tally between villages and barren area are contradicting and misleading. “NPMHR is campaigning across the districts to collect the view and concern of the local community based leaders on various aspects related to environmental degradation, displacement, conflict etc due to such development taken up by the Government. NPMHR sincerely seek the support of all the communities in the North East region to voice against the Tipaimukh Dam and also bear with us in our agitation what-so-ever for the common future of the Global village. The Government should be held responsible for any untoward accident,” added the Naga rights body. A seminar christened as ‘One Day Leaders Workshop against Tipaimukh Dam’ organized by NPMHR (South) was held at Indoor Stadium, Chandel recently. The meet was attended by tribal leaders, women and student leaders, intellectuals, teachers, NGOs, advocates, sportsmen where social activists Aram Pamai and Samson Remei spoke on the negative implications of Tipaimukh dam and R Kasar spoke on behalf of the people of Mapithel Dam Affected Village Organisation. Representatives of All Naga Students Association (ANSAM) and Naga Women Union, Manipur (NWUM) also addressed the meeting on the various sociopolitical dangers posed by the mega dams. (Agencies)

Gogoi sets preconditions for ULFA talks Govt for “frontal assault” against ULFA The Morung Express
Guwahati, Nov 6 (PTI): In the aftermath of the twin blasts here, Assam chief minister Tarun Gogoi today said the state government viewed the situation “very seriously” and the proscribed ULFA has to give up arms and violence as a precondition for talks. Visiting the blast sites at Fancy Bazar and Pattharquarry areas of the city and the two hospitals where the injured were admitted, Gogoi told reporters that though the doors to peace were open, the ULFA would have to give up arms and they should stop violence completely. “The government has taken this development very seriously and has intensified security operations. More security forces would be deployed in Guwahati and the rest of the state,” he said. Visibly upset during visits to the blast sites, he admitted that the government failed to provide security and protect the common people.
“Yes, I have to admit that we have failed to provide security but we have taken this development very seriously and operations against the militants have been intensified,” Gogoi said. Coming down heavily on the militants, Gogoi said the banned outfit used the ceasefire period granted by Centre in August last “to their advantage by indulging in largescale extortions and arms collection. They betrayed the government’s goodwill and used that time to regroup.”
Meanwhile, Assam promised a ‘’frontal assault’’ on ULFA for Sunday evening’s twin blasts which claimed 13 lives and injured 57 others even as condemnation poured forth from all quarters. Governor Lt Gen (Retd) Ajay Sinha, who reviewed the ground situation, confirmed the outfit’s involvement. Police also confirmed ULFA’s involvement in the blasts, which occurred at about 1835 hrs at the city’s main commercial areas. The Governor visited the site in the afternoon and said the government would tighten the security. He was also in favour of a strong action against ULFA. The government had assured free treatment to the injured besides, a grant of Rs 50,000 and announced Rs 3 lakh compensation to each of the deceased families. Chief Secretary S K Kabilan indicated that the state government would take necessary action. Union Home Secretary V K Duggal reached Guwahati from New Delhi take part in the crucial Unified Command structure meeting to against ULFA. However, ULFA rejected the claim of its involvement. Meanwhile, the opposition Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) led the political quarters in condemning the incident. Stopping short of demanding President’s rule in the state, AGP spokesperson Apurba Bhattacharyya said the Gogoi-led Congress government should be removed from power. The state BJP also condemned the blasts and said civilians should not be killed in the fight between the government and insurgents. The All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) also criticised the ULFA for their ‘’inhuman act’’ and demanded adequate security for people. AASU advisor Samujjal Bhattacharjya said, ‘’The government has failed to protect the people’s life and property.’’ The People’s Committee for Peace Initiative in Asom (PCPIA), spearheading a movement for resumption of peace talks with ULFA, also condemned the killings. Guwahati witnessed a ‘bandh’ in response to a call given by the Kamrup Chamber of Commerce. Shops and business establishments in most parts of this capital city remained closed.
NESO stokes inner-line debate The Morung Express
Guwahati, Nov. 6 TELEGRAPH): Taking a stand contrary to what policymakers, prospective investors and tour operators have been advocating, a conglomerate of student organisations of the Northeast have made a case for extending the inner line permit system to all states of the region.
Inner line permits are at present required to enter only Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland. The North East Students’ Organisation (Neso), which raised the issue during its fourth annual conference in Agartala last week, today said the entire region must be covered by the inner line permit system to safeguard local cultures and people from “the onslaught of outsiders”. Neso chairman Samujjal Bhattacharyya said the Northeast required a “Kashmir-like constitutional shield” in the light of the threat to the indigenous population’s rights to land and resources.
Just the other day, the outlawed Ulfa threatened to strongly resist attempts to explore oil in the Brahmaputra basin and, in a more rhetorical vein, declared that it would no longer allow Delhi to exploit Assam’s natural resources. It said the state did not have “unlimited” reservoirs of “natural wealth” and Delhi must stay away from whatever is left. Neso’s demand for an all-encompassing inner line permit system may have, however, disappointed more people than Ulfa’s statement.
Arunachal Pradesh governor S.K. Singh is one of those who have been advocating the withdrawal of the inner line permit and restricted area permit systems — the latter is applicable to foreigners visiting the region — to encourage more investment and tourism. Ironically, the same set of student leaders insisting on the extension of the inner line permit system — seen as a hurdle in the way of industrial development — decided during the four-day Neso conference in Agartala to mount pressure on Delhi to declare the entire region as a special economic zone. The Neso leadership also called for the constitution of a special education commission to find ways to stop “brain drain” from the region. “The lack of high-quality technical institutes is forcing students to migrate outside the northeastern states every year to pursue higher and specialised education,” it said. The Neso conference also discussed the perceived threat to the region from jihadi groups.
Assam police chief D.N. Dutt told the media last week that the Bangladeshi jihadi group responsible for the serial blasts in that country in August last year has made inroads into the Northeast. Dutt said the Jamatul Mujahideen, one of two radical groups banned by Bangladesh last year, was co-ordinating the activities of all jihadi groups operating in the region with the help of foreign agencies. Neso secretary-general N.S.N. Lotha said Delhi must initiate “strong action to tackle this problem immediately”.
Red alert along border in Assam Nagaland Post
Guwahati/New Delhi, Nov 6 (IANS): The Indian government Monday tightened security along its porous frontier with Bangladesh suspecting the involvement of foreigners in the twin blasts in Assam that killed 14 people even as a separatist bomber linked to the explosions was shot dead by police.
"We know the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) was behind the bomb blasts in Guwahati. We are trying to find out if they have been backed by Islamist militants in neighbouring Bangladesh," said a senior intelligence official in New Delhi. A police spokesman in Assam said a four-member team of ULFA rebels challenged a security team near Patharquarry, one of the two locations of Sunday night's blast, on the outskirts of Guwahati. "There were four rebels taking shelter in a farmhouse and when we reached the spot they challenged us with grenades. We retaliated and the encounter lasted for more than 30 minutes," said Rajen Singh, deputy police chief of Guwahati. "One of the militants was killed and the other three managed to escape. We believe the dead rebel to be one of the bombers involved in Sunday night's explosions," Singh told IANS. The joint police and paramilitary team recovered 12 grenades and some explosives from the dead militant. Police in two separate raids arrested 12 ULFA supporters from Guwahati city Monday.
Two powerful explosions rocked Guwahati one after the other Sunday evening - one at the crowded Fancy Bazaar area and another at Patharquarry on the city outskirts. Fourteen people were killed and 38 wounded in the blasts. The ULFA is yet to own up the bomb attacks. Rattled by the explosions, the Assam government held a series of high-level meetings. A meeting of the Unified Command Structure to review the security situation is to begin Monday evening.
"A composite team of the union home ministry is arriving in Guwahati to take stock of the situation and work out strategies," Assam governor Lt. Gen (Retd) Ajai Singh told reporters. Union Home Secretary V.K. Duggal will chair the meeting of the Unified Command.
"This is nothing but an act of desperation with the ULFA killing innocent civilians. We are stepping up security and take all possible steps to thwart possible rebel attacks," Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi said. Both the chief minister and the governor visited the injured in hospitals. "The twin blasts have caused panic and people are now scared to even move out of their homes," said Ram Bharatiya, a textile merchant in Guwahati. "The bomb at Fancy Bazaar was kept on a bicycle and this is one of the latest modus operandi of the ULFA to keep explosives to target innocent civilians," said Assam Police (Intelligence) chief Khagen Sharma.
Meanwhile, a dawn-to-dusk general strike Monday to protest the separatist bombings hit normal life in Guwahati. Markets in the city remained closed and the streets wore a deserted look.
The 12-hour strike that began at 6 a.m. was jointly called by the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party, the Kamrup District Chambers of Commerce and the Purvottar Hindustani Sammelan - a socio-cultural group of Hindi speaking people in Assam.
Guwahati blast toll rises to 14 Sangai Express
Guwahati, Nov 6: The toll in yesterday's twin blasts here rose to 14 with two more persons, including a child, succumbing to injuries while shops and markets downed shutters today following an impromptu bandh to protest the attack. Official sources said most markets remained closed in response to the 12-hour bandh called by the Kamrup Chamber of Commerce, which has been supported by several commercial and social associations.
Guwahati Senior Superintendent of Police Nitul Gogoi told PTI that the toll in the blasts went up to 14 with a one year infant succumbing to injuries this morning.
The blast in the Hindi-speaking commercial hub of Fancy Bazar has claimed nine lives.
In the other blast at Pattharquarry in the Noonmati area, four died yesterday, while another succumbed this morning. Meanwhile, explosive experts from the Forensic Laboratory here collected evidences from both the sites to analyse the exact type of material used in the timed explosive devises (PTED). The more than 50 injured, including some in criticals condition, are admitted in the Gauhati Medical College Hospital and Mohendra Mohan Choudhury Hospital and are undergoing treatment, he said. PTI
Unified Command to intensify CI Ops
Guwahati, Nov 6 : The Unified Command Structure in Assam today decided to intensify counter insurgency operations with a shift in strategy to achieve quick success against ULFA, official sources said. At a meeting chaired by Assam Chief Secretary S Kabilan following yesterday's twin blasts here which claimed 14 lives, the Unified Command structure, comprising the army, paramilitary forces and State police, reviewed the law and order scenario in the State and decided to intensify operations particularly in upper Assam and parts of lower Assam. It decided to tighten security and intensify patrolling along the Indo-Bangladesh border and stressed the need for greater coordination between the army and the police. The police was asked to take timely action on intelli-gence inputs provided by the armed forces. The situation in North Cachar Hills district, where nine railwaymen and contrac-tors were killed recently, was also reviewed at the meeting and it was decided deploy additional forces there. The meeting was attended by Assam Director General of Police D N Dutt, GOC-4 Corps Lt Gen B K Lidder and senior officials of CRPF and other paramilitary forces. PTI
ULFA behind twin blasts: Governor By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 6 – The ULFA was behind the twin blasts that occurred at Fancy Bazar and Pattharquarry areas in the city last evening. But the incidents were only ‘stray’ in nature and were motivated to put fear psychosis in the society by establishing the fact that the militant outfit was still in existence. The outfit is also deploying paid men to cause such tragedies. This was the observation made by Governor Ajai Singh at a press conference here today.

However, he described the ULFA as a totally disoriented force today and claimed that the acts of sabotage perpetrated by the militant outfit were on the wane because of the resistance offered to such acts by the society and the media as well. The media offensive against the acts of violence perpetrated by the militant outfit after the Dhemaji blast paid off, he said, adding, gone are the days when the society used to get panicked by such acts of violence. He announced that the State Government had taken a serious view of the incidents and certain steps were going to be taken by it to contain such activities. He admitted that it was very difficult to stop such incidents of violence. But at the same breath he maintained that such acts could be minimized. Media should launch an attack on terrorism. For, society provides oxygen to terrorism. If that is squeezed, terrorism cannot survive, he said. He disagreed with a suggestion that the incidents of violence occurring these days betrayed that the police and other security forces failed in combating the militants, saying, “ I don’t take it as a failure of the police or the security forces. Police is doing an excellent job. The security forces nabbed some of the important leaders of the outfit recently. ”

In reply to a question as to whether the Army should be called in to look after security matters in the city, he said that the Unified Command would have its decision on the issue. He also clarified that he was ‘not qualified’ to comment as to whether the negotiation process with the ULFA should be continued. “It relates to Government’s policy,” he said. However, he pooh-poohed the idea of dialogue in reply to another question, shooting back –“What is happening in Nagaland? For nine years the dialogue is continuing there. Do you want to go that way?” He maintained that the society of the State was strong enough to ensure that militancy ceased to exist in it.
Blasts draw widespread condemnation By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 6 – The twin blasts in the city triggered by the suspected ULFA militants have drawn condemnation from almost all organizations and sections of the State’s people. The All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) in a statement here this evening, said that the incidents of violence taking place in the State during the recent days had created serious concern among the people. The acts of violence perpetrated by both the Government and the ULFA had made the common people vulnerable to repression. Many of them have meet with the tragic end to their life. But violence and counter-violence can in no way be the solution facing the State, said the students’ body. It has made an appeal to both the Government and the ULFA to resolve the contentious issues through dialogue in a violence-free atmosphere.

The Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) has described the present situation as a result of the arrogance demonstrated by both the ULFA and the Government towards solving the issues through negotiation. It has also condemned the yesterday blasts and asserted that such acts of taking the common people to ransom could not solve the issues raised by the ULFA.

But the regional party, in a statement here, maintained that due to the lack of sincerity on the part of the State Government to convince the anti-talk faction of the militant outfit of the relevance of resolving the issues across the negotiation table resulted in the present conflicting situation. It also demanded removal of the present State Government from power to ensure security to the life and property of the people and initiative on the part of the Prime Minister to carry forward the process of negotiation with the ULFA. The Joint Council of Trade Unions, Assam has also expressed deep concern at escalation of extremist violence in the State in the recent period. It has condemned the yesterday blasts in the city. Such gruesome acts of violence in no way serve the cause of the State and its people. Rather, such acts impede development of the already backward State and aggravate the miseries of its people, it said in a statement. Voluntary organization Save Guwahati Save Guwahati has also condemned the incidents and called upon the ULFA to shun violence and to settle the issues across the negotiation table amicably.

The Uttar Purva Prant of the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) expressed the doubt that the Pakistani ISI might be involved in the recent acts of blast in the State. It has also alleged that the Government has failed in ensuring security to the life and property of the people. The city unit of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has described the yesterday incidents as the products of the Congress’ policy to appease the minorities and to support terrorism. The Manab Adhikar Sangram Samiti has made an appeal to the militant outfits to stop all acts of violence that affect the life of the common people. The Loka Jagaran Mancha has called upon the people to fight terrorism unitedly. It has also demanded steps to bring the culprits involved in the incidents to book and also to compensate the victims of the incidents adequately.

All Assam Lawyers’ Association and the Guwahati Lawyers’ Association have condemned the twin blasts that occurred in the city yesterday. Representatives of the associations, SP Deka, Pallav Hazarika and P Dastidar visited the homes of some of the victims today. They have demanded proper treatment and adequate compensation to the victims. Abhijit Sarma of the Assam Public works has condemned the incidents and said in a satirical vein that Paresh Barua was successful in targeting and killing the innocent people. He also demanded that organizations like the PCG, MASS and the PCPI should come out in the open condemning such incidents.

The Delhi-based Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) has condemned the city blasts. It has described these incidents as dastardly acts of terrorism. ACHR director Subhash Chakma said that no political ideology or demand could justify such acts of terrorism, which targeted innocent civilians. “The deliberate targeting of civilians violates provisions of international humanitarian laws and all armed opposition groups must ensure respect for all international humanitarian laws,” he said. The ACHR has demanded that the State Government should take measures to bring the culprits to justice and adequately compensate the victims.
Bomb detected at Manipur govt official’s residence Assam Tribune
IMPHAL, Nov 6 – A major tragedy was averted today with the timely detection of a powerful bomb near the gate of the private residence of a Manipur government official this morning, official sources said. Unidentified persons planted the bomb at the gate of the private residence of Additional Chief Engineer (Irrigation and Flood Control department) L Manihar Singh at Kwakeithel area near here, they said. Experts later defused the bomb, sources said, adding that the motive behind the incident was not yet known.
Police has said it is looking into the possibility whether the incident had anything to do with the demand of money by the militants from the official. – PTI
Manipur too can gain from tourism industry: Governor The Imphal Free Press
IMPHAL, Nov 6: "In spite of insurgency, more than a million tourists visit Kashmir. Why can`t Manipur have a flourishing tourism industry?"

The Governor of Manipur Dr SS Sidhu said the above while inaugurating the first-ever four days long state tourism festival at Mapal Kangjeibung here today amidst cultural and ritualistic music from the different communities of Manipur. In his speech, the Governor said that Manipur has the potential for a successful tourism industry and that "it is high time we realise that Manipur can no longer be left behind in development". The Governor pointed out that Manipur lagged behind around 15 years in development from other states of India. Calling the entire Northeast `a paradise unexplored`, the Governor observed that tourism is the fastest track for socio-economic development of any state and that its role in poverty alleviation is well-recognised the world over.

He also highlighted the need for identifying Manipur`s unique selling points for tourism like Kangla, Loktak Lake and said that tourism in Manipur is aimed at giving impetus to art and culture, rich bio-diversity, handicrafts and handloom, indigenous sports and eco-tourism.
The guest of honour, Dr M Nara said that keeping in view the potential of tourism in ushering development, the PAP (Protected Area Permit) should be lifted and Manipur should welcome foreign tourists. Power Minister Francis Ngajokpa said, "If we want to develop tourism in our state, each of us is responsible to bring peace at individual level with our neighbor, our tribe, etc."

The president of the inaugural function T N Haokip, tourism minister, said that the theme of the tourism festival is `communal harmony and peaceful co-existence through tourism`. There was also a presentation of multi-cultural musical ensemble called Yaiphabi a presentation on the spirit of womanhood of Manipur through music. There were musical presentations of the Meitei, Tangkhul, Kuki, etc. too.
Toll 14; shops down shutters; ultra killed in city encounter
Gogoi admits security failure By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 6: A day after the near-simultaneous blasts that claimed 14 lives and left over 50 injured in the busy Fancy Bazaar and Noonmati areas of the city, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi today for the first time admitted that the State Government has failed to provide security to the people of Asom.
“Yes, I have to admit that we have failed to provide security but we have taken this development very seriously and operations against the militants have been intensified,” the Chief Minister, who rushed back to the State from New Delhi this morning, told reporters while visiting the blast sites and the two hospitals where the injured have been admitted. “The government has taken this development very seriously and has intensified security operations. More security forces would be deployed in Guwahati and the rest of the State,” he said, adding, “There is no justification in such dastardly killings. They cannot gain anything through violence. The people should come out to protest such acts.” Indicating that the anti-insurgency operations in the State would be intensified in the wake of the blasts, the Chief Minister, without naming any outfit, said even when the peace process seemed to make an headway, they were engaged in extortion and killings. Even now, he reiterated, if the outfit gives up violence, the government is ready to sit across the table. Gogoi told a news agency last night that “initial investigation reports suggest that the blast could be the handiwork of ULFA”.
Meanwhile, with three more persons, including a one-year infant, succumbing to injuries, the toll in yesterday’s twin blasts in the city rose to 14, while shops and markets here downed shutters following an impromptu bandh called by the BJP and Kamrup Chambers of Commerce to protest the blasts. Almost all the business establishments remained closed in response to the 12-hour bandh which has been supported by several commercial and social associations.
Two of the injured in the Fancy Bazaar blast — Rajesh Das (17) and a one-year infant, Suresh Shah — died at the GMCH today. Another, Mazida Begum, who sustained critical injuries in the Noonmati explosion, also succumbed to her injuries.
Over 50 people are undergoing treatment at the GMCH, MMCH, GNRC, Downtown and Central Nursing Home, and as many as seven of them were said to be in critical condition.
Meanwhile, explosive experts from the Forensic Laboratory here collected evidence from both the sites to analyse the exact type of material used in the programmable time devices (PTDs).
While the police is yet to stumble upon any concrete evidence and track the culprits, IGP (SB) Khagen Sarma said the PTD was kept in bicycle. “Planting explosives in bicycles is the latest modus operandi of the ULFA to target innocents, ” Sarma told reporters here.
Police said security has been beefed up in and around the city, with police and paramilitary forces keeping a close over the vital installations and vulnerable places. Bomb detection squads have been also pressed into action. Meanwhile, an ULFA militant was killed in an encounter with police and 14 hand grenades were seized in the Noonmati area of the city early this morning. On a tip-off about three insurgents holed up in a house inside the forests on Santipur hill, the police went there in the early hours. Seeing the police, the ultras opened fire. The police retaliated killing one of the militants on the spot, while the two others fled, sources said.
A hand grenade was recovered from the slain insurgent and 13 other grenades were found inside the house. The identity of the deceased was yet to be ascertained.
Unified Command to intensify operations By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 6: The Unified Command has decided to intensify counter-insurgency operations with a shift in strategy to achieve quick success against the ULFA. At a meeting chaired by Asom Chief Secretary S Kabilan in the wake of yesterday’s blasts, the Unified Command Structure, comprising the Army, paramilitary forces and State Police, reviewed the law-and-order scenario in the State and decided to intensify operations particularly in upper Asom. It decided to tighten security and intensify patrolling along the Indo-Bangladesh border, besides stressing the need for greater coordination between the Army and the police.
The police was asked to take timely action on intelligence inputs provided by the armed forces.
The situation in North Cachar Hills district, where nine railway men and contractors were killed recently, was also reviewed at the meeting and it was decided deploy additional forces there.
The meeting was attended by Asom Director General of Police DN Dutt, GoC-4 Corps Lt Gen BK Lidder and senior officials of CRPF and other para-military forces.

Frans on 11.07.06 @ 02:35 PM CST [link]


Monday, November 6th

Naga talks in limbo, peace eludes Nagaland India Enews.com


Naga talks in limbo, peace eludes Nagaland India Enews.com
India's remote northeastern state of Nagaland has been in turmoil for close to six decades now and peace still eludes the mountainous border region.
The Naga peace talks are in its 10th year now, but there is no sign of a breakthrough with neither the Isak-Muivah faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM) nor New Delhi appearing to have any concrete agenda to resolve the violent insurgency in the region.
The NSCN-IM and New Delhi entered into a ceasefire in August 1997 that has been renewed regularly. The present ceasefire expires in June 2007.

The central government and the NSCN-IM have held more than 50 rounds of peace talks to end one of South Asia's longest-running insurgencies that have claimed around 25,000 lives since India's independence in 1947. The latest round of talks ended in Amsterdam last month although the negotiations failed with New Delhi rejecting demands for self-governance.
The NSCN-IM, led by guerrilla leaders Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah, had proposed 'a special federal arrangement' which enables the Nagas to govern themselves.
There has been no official statement from New Delhi after the Amsterdam talks.
The NSCN-IM wants a special federal relationship with India, with a separate Naga Constitution, and would like the Naga rebel soldiers to jointly guard the international borders alongside Indian security forces.
The NSCN-IM has been struggling for nearly six decades to have a 'Greater Nagaland' by getting parts of three neighbouring states sliced off to unite 1.2 million Nagas. The demand is strongly opposed by the states of Assam, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh.
'The government of India is trying to tire out the Nagas by dragging the peace process. It is more than nine years and the government does not have any clear agenda to solve the problem,' NSCN-IM leader Kraibo Chawang told IANS. 'The Nagas are getting restless by the day.'
While the NSCN-IM has been adopting a belligerent posture on its demands, the government is yet to come up with a concrete strategy to resolve the insurgency. Dragging the talks could turn out to be counter-productive and derail the entire peace process with the NSCN-IM time and again threatening to go back to the jungles.
The road to peace in Nagaland is turning out to be a real bumpy one with the Indian government now faced with even bigger challenges in preparing a definite roadmap to address the rebels' demands. Conceding their demands would be a tough proposition as any move to merge Naga-inhabited areas in the northeast could lead to a rebellion in the neighbouring states. Moreover, the question of allowing the Nagas to have their own constitution will in all probability not be acceptable to New Delhi.
'The government could think of a massive development plan in the form of financial packages and even consider granting greater autonomy,' an analyst said.
The NSCN-IM is also in a sticky wicket - having climbed down from its demand for an independent Naga homeland outside the Indian union, the rebel leadership is now harping on the theme of Greater Nagaland and a special federal relationship. Fresh turmoil in Nagaland seems inevitable unless the rebel leadership shows flexibility and the government negotiators too work overtime with a certain amount of seriousness to find a solution.
UNC urges Nagas to stay away from tourism fest Newmai News Network
Imphal, Nov 5: Strictly imposing the Naga Peoples Convention (NPC) resolutions, the United Naga Council (UNC) has once again appealed to all the Nagas not to break the resolutions passed earlier last year.
In 2005, on November 4 at Taphou village of Senapati district, the UNC had passed numerous resolutions. In keeping with the resolutions the UNC has cautioned the Nagas not to participate in the Manipur govt sponsored Manipur Tourism Fest which commences from November 6.
According to the programme laid out for the Manipur Tourism Festival to be held till November 9, Naga tribes included in the programme list of participants are cultural troupes of Tangkhul, Anal, Maring, Kabui, Tarao and Poumai. The UNC has directed all Naga tribe presidents to ensure that their respective tribe do not participate in tomorrow’s Manipur Tourism Festival.
“In pursuit of the last NPC of November 4, 2005 the UNC hereby direct all concerned not to co-operate with the programme sponsored by the government of Manipur. The stand of the UNC is loud and clear and therefore (Naga) tribe presidents are directed to shoulder responsibility that his/her tribe refrain from such programmes,” announced the United Naga Council.
Nagas should not succumb to divisive elements- Nagaland Post Opinion
Recent statements of the Khaplang group bring to light their mischievous fight against the aspiration of the Nagas all for their spiteful glory. Khaplang, a Naga who himself being their leader hailing from across the arbitrarily alien imposed international boundary of Myanmar (Burma) proclaims to be fighting for the liberation of the Naga homeland (Nagalim) and its people. But contrary to their claims of nationalism, their acts and conduct mysteriously contradicts themselves. When he disclaims a blood brother across the (international) imposed boarder within Nagalim further vivisected and under forced occupational convenience of India, does he also then not disclaim his identity as a Naga.
While the NSCN/GPRN, with the hope to end bloodshed and terrorism in our land, is undertaking the initiatives to expedite all possible means to find an amicable and honorable political solution to the protracted Indo-Naga political issue vis-à-vis Naga Burma, the present propagandas and acts with divisive and disruptive objectives clearly unveils the Khaplang groups agenda; serving as tools of our adversaries to undermine all good-will efforts to our aspirations and to drown the incessant clamoring and desires of the beleaguered Naga people
Some recent instances to cite a few as examples to their (Khaplang) motives are like bombings at commercial centers, killing innocent Naga citizens including school going children, frisking highways in full military combat gear and in IRB uniforms, firing indiscriminately in thickly inhabited areas to spread fear psychosis aimed at vitiating the peaceful atmosphere, issuing threats upon public leaders and NGOs, serving ties with all civil societies and church bodies, trying to alienate international support groups and centres as well as all well-wishers, serving 'quit notice' among ourselves (Nagas) to foment tribalism and to defame and smear the Naga people's image by engaging in all unthinkable cheap and dirty destructive campaigns. Are these acts of terrorism destructively oriented or nationalistically justified?
The very recent disapproval by the Khaplangs against the Naga students hailing from the four hills district of the present Indian Manipur state from being allowed to appear under the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) also uncovers their irrationality and anti-nationalism.
These Naga students who are being imposed to study the Meitei scripts, invented in recent times; syllabi of the Meitei history wherein Naga people's history is excluded poses a threat to the Naga identity. This very imposition of their language and history upon the Naga students is aimed to disintegrate Naga family and our distinct identity erased by assimilating and Meiteinizing the present young Naga generations. The Naga students bodies, civil societies and the concerned's initiative to rescue these distressed innocent Naga students, who are caught in the web of the resolved school affiliation imbroglio and their educational careers imperiled, so that they may be able to continue their studies, are to be reflected by all Nagas humanely in the spirit of our brotherhood. Do not our children pursue their education at Shillong, Delhi, Guwahati, etc. Do they deprive the students' community there in their respective institutes of their privileges by studying with them? Or, instances of availing scholarship which are not borne by the state's ex-chequer but according to the deserving students enlisted by the state and sent to the Human Resources Development Department, Delhi for allocation. Seats or other privileges extended by the Indian government to their states will continue to come from them to the deserving people, but it is not us who will be depriving each other of any privileges or facilities.
The incitement of negative perceptions to permeate distrust and division by adverse forces should not sway our rationality and divert our attention from serious political issues at hand. Naga people should not succumb to these divisive and deviational elements aimed at hijacking our aspired national cause, to live as an integrated people securing our unique identity from external invasions. When the Khaplang brothers are talking of sovereignty and complete independence, are their deeds and principles in tandem with their proclamations? When Khaplang disclaims the Naga Tangkhul tribes as a Naga and serves quit-notice to them, does he not profess divisionism and anti-nationalism? If he calls the Nagas under the present imposed boundary of Indian Manipur state as Meitei brothers, does he also call himself a Burmese brother? Let us not demean ourselves by playing and dancing to the tune of our enemies. We should confront the reality and our situation and reconcile for the better; by embracing our brotherhood and national principles. We should reflect on our much sacrificed common struggle against occupational forces and come forward with constructiveness rather than destructive policies as Naga people have suffered much by falling prey to the divisive designs of our enemies. Issued by MIP/GPRN, NSCN (IM)
NPMHR demands independent probe into role of Naga IRB The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 5 (MExN): The Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) today condemned the allegations of human Rights violation by the Naga IRB personnel in Chattishgarh and demanded a NPMHR demanded the constitution of an Independent Investigating Committee to investigate into the whole incident and unearth the truth behind the serious allegations.
A press release issued by Nepuni Piku, Secretary General and Dr. Lanu Sashi Longkumer, Convenor of the NPMHR Nagaland sector stated that the Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) condemns the serious allegations of human rights violation such as killing of innocent civilians, destruction of villages through burning and forceful relocation to camps, violation of womanhood, brutal and arbitrary butchering of domestic animals, etc, in Chattisgarh by the Naga IRB soldiers sponsored by the Union Home Ministry (of India).
The release expressed solidarity with the affected communities in Chattishgarh and supported the Naga Hoho’s unqualified apology to the affected people in Chattishgarh.
Expressing their confidence on the human rights group like the PUDR, PUCL and the APDR, the release stated that the NPMHR had worked closely with those groups in the past and asserted that these groups are impartial and independent bodies with unquestioned credibility. The release also added that the groups which led the All India Team and Independent Citizens Initiatives (ICI) are responsible members with the highest integrity, which have in the past exposed many Human Rights violation cases in the Northeast including Nagaland and regretted that the state machinery is duping the public with concocted statements for their own interests forgetting the masses.

The release alleged that there was a disinformation campaigns by the state forces especially the DGP Chattisgarh, against the allegations by the rights groups.
The release also strongly questioned the IRB personnel’s alliance with the Salwa Judum whom the NPMHR termed as an amorphous and undisciplined group operating under the patronage of the Chattishgarh government, the NPMHR wondered how the state leadership can allow the IRB personnel to work with a band of criminal elements.
Expressing that the allegation will have serious multiple socio, cultural and political implications on the Naga people the NPMHR asked the Nagaland government to spell what kind of peace the Naga IRB are fighting for in Chattishgarh and urged them to avoid further judgmental oratory Naga soldiers are displaying Indian nationalistic fervor through brutalizing the civilians in others homeland. Asserting its clear stand against the deployment of the IRB jawans since from the beginning, the NPMHR again reiterated its demand for pulling out the Nagaland Armed Police personnel. The release alleged that the Naga jawans were recruited and raised under the control of Union Home Ministry (of India) through its superfluous camouflage Indian Reserve Battalions, to avoid international scrutiny and accountability on violation of human rights.
Expressing their doubt at the Indian government’s policy of recruiting the youths in the different armed forces under the pretext of national security the NPMHR seriously questioned whether the North East were fit only for martial duty and as cannon feeder apart from other employment; they alleged that there was an agenda behind Delhi’s policy to further divide the society on economic lines so that they can exploit the region and appealed to the people of the region to people to question the Indian government’s policy of recruiting the youths from the North East under the shadow of national security and creation of more employment.
The NPMHR further asserted that the People should not become willful partners in the suppression of different Nationalities and oppressed peoples struggling in India, understanding the horror and pain our people had to undergo in our resistance against the Indian military occupation of our Homeland.
The NPMHR asked Nagaland government to train the Naga polices forces to respect and uphold their responsibility within the due process of law. A band of free floating and unaccountable Naga Police forces in Chattisgarh can be a greater source of danger to the establishment of a future civilized Naga society.
The NPMHR also strongly supported the Naga Hoho who on 25th October 2006 at Kohima expressed unqualified apologies to the affected people in Chattisgarh and considers the planting of Naga IRB in Chattisgarh at this sensitive phase of the Indo-Naga political process as a strategy to discredit the legitimacy of the ongoing political negotiation in the face of the large majority of the Indian civilian population.
With the many allegations on the Naga IRB Battalion posted in Chattisgarh and listening to the many anomalies involved even with the bringing back of dead Gunny bags of Naga soldiers, NPMHR demand the state Government to own up their responsibility and do justice at the earliest through the constitution of an Independent Investigating Committee which will give succor to the many harassed and effected innocents of Chattisgarh besides leaving a clear conscience of the Naga people who seeks justice and peace.
Mulatonu responds to NSCN (IM) charge The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 5 (MExN): Supervisor of the Ceasefire Supervisory Board, NSCN (K) leader Kughalu Mulatonu has responded to the recent statement of the NSCN (IM) wherein it was alleged that he (Mulatonu) had met Goa Governor S C Jamir in Goa eading to issuance of quit nlotice to Tangkhuls.
“The story is just a flavour of a bankrupt of terrorists. I do not and will not meet anybody to beg for money or borrow Naga politics for another 100 years just as Isak’s so called emissary, Shri. V S Atem goes to Indian army, Lt. Gen. Nanavatty, N. Rio, K. Therie and K. Padmanabhaiah”, Mulatonu stated.
Pointing out that ‘nationalists and patriots will never buy politics, they create them’, Mulatonu stated that if the NSCN (IM) wanted to know him, “better, why not ask K. Therie, N. Rio and Khekiho and discover me, I am a Naga far better off than any terrorists, and if the terrorists could play ten years in the lap of India, the NSCN will definitely do better”, he stated while also alleging that a senior NSCN (IM) leader’s daughter was doing MBBS at Pune and “was passing the secrets of whereabouts of the Hollywood stars, Brat Pitt and Angelina Jolie to Muslim outfits”.
NSCN (IM) asks rival to introspect The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 5 (MExN): The NSCN (IM) today asked its rival NSCN (K) faction to simply retrospect and introspect among themselves before they are bled to death by the plot of their enemies. A press release issued by the SO MIP of GPRN Joseph stated that by propagating false allegations and assertions with the hope of wining the deceptive victory designed by their enemies, the NSCN (K) are instead smearing the image of the Nagas. The release stated that ‘body counts’ among the enemies was considered a victory during ancient times, but in this civilized period victory through diplomacy without warfare was the tool of achieving success.
The release alleged that the Khaplang pawns continue to persistently and vainly make misleading and unfounded claims on the events of confrontation with the NSCN (IM)
Citing the Zunheboto battle as an example where the NSCN (K) had made false allegation about the deaths of its rival faction, the NSCN (IM) press release stated that the people were the witnesses to the whole truth about the incident. The release alleged that the NSCN (K) cadres left their death comrades at their now evicted camps and said that ‘the Naga Army’ cannot perform heroic feats like their rival, who left behind their fallen comrade and four other injured cadres at the site of encounter. The statement further asserted that the NSCN (IM) abides by its code of conduct and performs military honor even for its enemies.
The release stated that patriots and heroes have no categorization in the Naga Army and the martyrs are hailed and condoled and their sacrifices remembered and recorded down in the Naga history. The release alleged that the NSCN (K) always backs up their false claims about the death of their rival by putting the word ‘Alee command of the dead’ in ‘their heroic claims’. However, the release stated that the people were the witnesses about the truth. The release lamented that such false claims about killing the cadres of the rival faction only widens the rift among themselves The release added that the NSCN (IM) keep their national principles and aspirations uncompromised and try to collectively seek beneficial ways instead of capitulating to self inflicting cheap approaches.
10 killed in Assam blasts Nagaland Post
Guwahati, Nov 5 (Agencies): At least ten persons were killed and more than 52 wounded, 20 of them seriously, as suspected insurgent group ULFA struck tonight in a big way after a long lull setting off two blasts, including one in a crowded market, within 15 minutes of each other. Eight people were killed and more than 45 injured in a powerful explosion at Chai Galli of Fancy Bazaar at 6.45 pm, police said.
Five people died on the spot and three succumbed on way to Guwahati Medical College Hospital.The 15 critically injured were shifted to Guwahati Medical College Hospital. The casualty in the Fancy Bazaar blast could go up, police added. Fifteen minutes earlier, two persons were killed and seven others injured in a grenade explosion at Patharquarry area in Noonmati near Guwahati Refinery.
The Fancy Bazaar area wore a devastated and gory look with mangled bodies and limbs, clothes and shoes of the dead strewn around, vehicles and several shops damaged and splattered with blood. Utter chaos and confusion prevails in the hospitals where the injured were admitted.
Assam government did not rule out the involvement of ULFA or Jehadi groups like Pakistan-based Lashker-e-Toiba in the blasts. Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi told PTI in Delhi that "initial investigation reports suggest that the blast could be the handiwork of ULFA".
Assam Chief Secretary S Kabilan said the blasts could be the handiwork of ULFA or some Jehadi groups. "It could be the act of ULFA. But we do not want to rule out the involvement of Jehadi groups as they have been trying to target Guwahati for quite some time now," Kabilan told PTI over phone from Guwahati. Gogoi announced Rs three lakh as compensation to the next of the kin of the dead and Rs 50,000 each to the injured. The government will also bear the medical expenses for treatment of the injured.
"I have directed security agencies to step up vigil. The situation in the state is fully under control," he said.
Meet convened In Delhi, the Centre has convened a high-level meeting tomorrow to discuss the security situation in Assam in the wake of the Guwahati blasts. The meeting would be attended by Home Ministry officials, Director General of Military Operations, Director General of Military Intelligence and Intelligent Bureau and CRPF officials.
Kabilan also convened a meeting of the Unified Command structure, comprising the army, paramilitary forces and state police, in Guwahati, tomorrow to review the situation arising out of the blasts. Strongly condemning the blasts, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh said killing of innocent people was cowardice and violence can never achieve any goal.
Singh has assured adequate relief to the kins of the vicitims of the near-simultaneous blasts in Assam capital, his Media Advisor Sanjaya Baru said.
10 killed in twin blasts in Guwahati The Morung Express
Guwahati, Nov 5 (PTI): Ten people were killed and more than 52 injured, 20 of them critically, in two near-simultaneous bomb blasts triggered by the ULFA in the busy commercial Fancy Bazaar and Noonmati area of the city Sunday evening.
Eight people were killed and more than 45 injured in a powerful explosion at Chai Galli of Fancy Bazaar at 6.45 pm, police said.Five people died on the spot and three others succumbed on way to the Guwahati Medical College Hospital.
The 15 critically injured were shifted to the Guwahati Medical College Hospital.The casualty in the Fancy Bazaar blast was expected to go up, police added. In a grenade explosion at Patharquarry area in Noonmati near Guwahati Refinery, two persons were killed and seven others injured at 6.30 pm. The Fancy Bazaar area wore a devastated look with mangled bodies strewn around, vehicles and several shops damaged.
Utter chaos and confusion prevails in the hospitals where the injured were admitted.
Centre convenes meeting to discuss Assam situation New Delhi, Nov 5 (PTI) The Centre has convened a high-level meeting tomorrow to discuss the security situation in Assam whose capital was rocked by two simultaneous blasts by suspected Ulfa this evening killing at least ten people.
A meeting of the Unified Command comprising the army, para-military forces and the state police will also be held tomorrow in Guwahati in the wake of the blasts. Home Secretary V K Duggal has spoken to Assam Chief Secretary S Kabilan and took stock of the situation in the aftermath of the blasts.
A meeting of Union Home Ministry officials, Director General of Military Operations, Director General of Military Intelligence and Intelligent Bureau and CRPF officials would be held here tomorrow to discuss the security scenario in the state.
After the meeting in Guwahati, the Assam Chief Secretary will send a report to the Union Home Ministry following which the Centre will review the situation there. Meanwhile, a top Union Home Ministry official told PTI that no group has taken responsibility for the blasts which didnot cause any damage to the infrastructure.
Look East policy should benefit northeast: NESO Newmai News Network Guwahati
The North East Students Organization (NESO) today said that the Look East Policy (LEP) of the Central government should be a policy aimed at betterment of the people of the northeast rather than a foreign policy of India to facilitate free trade with the neighbouring countries.
“We feel that through the LEP the Centre is only planning to use the northeast as only a corridor for facilitating free trade with India’s neighbours,” said NESO adviser Samujjal Bhattacharyya while adding that the Centre should always keep in mind the interest of the people of the northeast. Bhattacharyya pointed out that the Centre has asked the World Bank to prepare a detailed project report (DPR) on the LEP and added that World Bank must consult with the people of the northeast while going ahead with the LEP. “We do not mind the World Bank preparing the DPR but the centre must make some arrangement so that the people of the region were consulted before using it as the corridor for free trade with the neighbouring countries,” he said. Bhattacharyya and the NESO members were speaking with the media after the 4th annual general conference of the students’ body which was held at Agartala recently.
“We have also deiced to press the centre for granting a special constitutional status to the northeastern states by delegating more federal powers to the states including the rights over land and natural resources,” he said.
“The centre must think of developing the NE states at par with the other states in the country and granting of the special constitutional status to the seven states is a must for this,” he added. NESO secretary general NSN Lotha while speaking on the occasion said that the students’ body would also lobby for institution of a national commission for unemployed youth of the region, besides granting special economic package for the region. Lotha further informed that the NESO conference had also touched upon the issues of infiltration, the cross border terrorism and introduction of the Inner Line Permit (ILP) in the region immediately and other issues like the repeal of Arms Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), border fencing and others.
North East and Act called AFSP U A Shimray The Morung Express Perspective
The North Eastern region of India comprises several ethnic groups with diverse socio-cultural settings. Since independence of India, the region is perpetually placed under the military rule with the draconian laws called Armed Forces [Special Powers], Act 1958 [as amended in 1972]. The intervention by the Armed Forces is a long standing and the real fact is fairly known. Today, the state is treating region’s political struggle and social movements as- anti-state movement, anti-national, disruptive and terrorism.
The Armed Forces (Special Powers), Act 1958 confers extraordinary power to the Indian Army and other security forces in “disturbed areas” of the region. The Act gives no precise definition of a “disturbed areas”. The declaration of any area as “disturbed” under Section 3 of the Act is the prerogative of the Governor of the state or the Central Government. The State Legislative has absolutely no jurisdiction in the matter [under the Act]. The Act empowers to search, seize, arrest and even kill anyone suspected to be insurgent in order to maintain “law and order.” No inquiry can be held against any action the Army takes unless specifically sanctioned by the Central government. The Act authorises even an ordinary soldier to “shoot to kill,” to enter and search, arrest without warrant any person against mere suspicion. In any “military operational” circumstances, human rights are often violated in their search for an elusive enemy. Civilians been detained illegally and tortured. The nature of human rights violations in the region includes- extra-judicial killings, rape, molestation and sexual harassment of women, torture, force labour and desecration of churches. Many innocent people “just” vanished and suspected persons could be killed under the disguise of “maintaining public order”. For instance, infamous Oinam’s incident [in Senapati district of Manipur in the mid 1980s] where one Assam Rifles outpost was completely razed to the ground by the Naga insurgency. Immediately, Assam Rifles launched a counter-operation popularly known as “Operation Blue bird.”
There are several cases related to army atrocities and human rights abused. Initially, Central used the weapon of AFSP to counter the Naga political movement and armed struggle in the early 1950s. Under this Act, the Naga villagers suffer immense human rights violations like killings, rape, molestation, tortured, village grouping, and concentration camp. One classic expression of excess human rights violations is during the “Operation Blue Bird”. Many Naga girls are rape and sexually molested, men are killed and tortured. Also, there was a large scale looting and burnt the harvest. The Assam Rifles, infamous paramilitary force for its acts of atrocities committed on civilian during counter-insurgency operations came out with a slogan “Friends of the Hill”. Further, added to tag such as “Sathi Laga Force” [the “friendly force” in corrupted Assamese] and “Operation Good Samaritan”. The presentation was to heal the Nagas’ pains. In a few cases, the armed forces have taken action against their security personnel. One young Lieutenant was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of young woman Miss Luingamla in Ngaimu village, Ukhrul district of Manipur in 1986. No long ago Imphal valley experienced protests against the high handedness of Indian armed forces and misused of AFSP. The unprecedented protests broke out with the killing of one Kumari Manorama Devi, a woman in her early thirties by the Assam Rifles who the army claims was a member of the banned insurgency group Peoples’ Liberation Army (PLA). The public particularly Meitei community insist Ms. Manorama was innocent and a dozen of women stage a protest in naked near the Kangla Fort [Assam Rifles used the Fort as their base camp before it is historically handed over to the Manipur State under the presence of Prime Minster Dr. Manmohan Singh].
The Assam Rifles’ “Friend of the Hills” as well as custodial guardian of AFSP is uneasy in the North Eastern region. The excessive approach of the armed personnel in counter-insurgency operations has led to a substantial deterioration in the lives of the common people. The public has come out in the street, to the army gate, shouting slogan “Indian Army go back”, “Indian Army rape us”[Take a case of Meitei women protest in naked]. The security brutalized shows little respect for democracy and civilian rule. However, the army official using national sentiment and patriotism protected the culprit-armed personnel and repeatedly denied the reports of violations as “baseless” and “exaggerated”.
In the late 1970s, group of Naga Students from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi formed Naga human rights organisation called Naga People Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) and condemn the Act. Since then, Nagas continues to fight justice and protect the innocent people. The NPMHR challenge AFSP in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of India, in the case of NPMHR v/s Union of India upheld the Act [on November 27, 1997]. Very unfortunate, as it expressed satisfaction with the “10 Commandments” issued by the Army Chief for dealing the insurgency. Recently, the GoI set up a “Review Committee” under the leadership of Justice BP Jeevan Reddy, so far there is no any outcome or action taken of the committee’s Report.
Violence and solutions The Morung Express Perspective
North Eastern part of India is peculiar in its Geography, Social order and Strategic location. Geographically and strategically it is surrounded by Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Bangladesh and connected to rest of India by 22-mile wide ‘Siliguri’ corridor called Chicken Neck. Because of its peculiarities, under developed nature, mutual distrust between various ethnic communities and fear of exploitation by others, the denizens of this region have innate insecure feeling. The region has been conflict-scarred for almost six decades. If we look at the complete mosaic of this region there is Peace, Virtual Peace & No Peace prevailing here. Out of the eight states; Arunachal Pradesh is only peaceful, but other states are in a state of either virtual peace or no peace, despite having elected Govts.
Mutual distrust, fears of exploitation & insecurities existing amongst various ethnic tribes have led to mushrooming of various armed outfits (small or large) who claim to defend the rights of their own community or group. Talking about the status in three major states, i.e., Assam, Nagaland and Manipur – Assam has been ruled by martial race of Ahoms for almost 600 yrs. United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) is the largest militant organization in the state and is 27 yrs old now. Formation of PCG on 07 Sept. ’05, initiation of peace process between GoI and ULFA, progress towards talks through one year and ULFA’s pronouncement to exercise restraint in reciprocation of Army’s announcement before 59th Independence Day sent waves of optimism. It was warmly welcomed by common men, businessmen, political parties etc and created hope of likely peace in the region. More so, when it was preceded by extension of cease fire between GoI and NSCN(IM).
But this state of optimism lasted for only one month when peace offer had to be abrogated due to non responsiveness of ULFA to the ‘preconditions’ of Centre. But analysis of one year of run up to peace process before abrogation is full of booms & staccato of rifle shots, as per statistics of Assam Police. Between Sept. 8, 2005 and Jun, 2006 ULFA militants have triggered 52 bomb blasts killing at least 41 civilians and injuring another 135. Damage to property and oil pipelines is not talked of here. In 10 Days preceding New Delhi’s truce announcement, ULFA had launched several grenade and bomb blasts killing a dozen people & injuring another 40. Recently Black Widow Group of DHD killed 13 North Eastern Railway staff in a bomb blast in South Assam, besides other damages.
Extension of almost a decade old peace process in Nagaland has been welcomed by all, young and old, men and women, NGOs and student federations alike, except a few with vested interests. This process has led to discernible progress, prosperity and good governance in Nagaland. Although there is peace between SFs and two major groups of NSCN but still, there is no peace. Presumed aim is increased influence/territorial control, which has led to large no. of inter-factional killings besides collateral killings/injuring of innocents, damage/destruction of property and tension. Recent killing (end Oct to beginning of Sept ’06) of a minor Inato Sumi/injuring of his aunt in Zunheboto, killing of Shimmie Shinuisuis (a Tangkhul youth) and a police official Hovizol in Kohima are a few examples. When we say “killed by two unidentified men”, do we really mean it or we do not want to own up our social responsibility due to Sword of Damocles hanging over our head?
The state of Manipur has almost two dozen outfits irrespective of the size. UNLF, PREPAK, KYKL, Kuki outfits are some of the organizations which are generally in the news. All these outfits, irrespective of the size, are involved in intimidating innocents or rival outfits, extortion for wealth gains; inter factional clashes or clashes with the security forces aimed at either retaining control or influence over a small territory. Killing of a minor Suryakanta Singh, Meira Paibi leader T. Menaka Devi, issue of diktat to Naoram Basanta of Kakching by UNLF and extortion note to a cabinet minister by KYKL are some of the recent examples. These whimsical and violent actions cause direct as well as collateral damage. Point to note, that every group claims to fight for its own identity either in the form of demanding sovereignty or statehood.
Violence is wide ranging which includes intimidation, extortion, killing, destruction, and it needs to be understood in its physical and psychological nature. Physical effects of violence are kills/destruction to property & psychological effect is trauma and stress disorder called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some of the physical effects can be restored at a cost, time & effort, but loss of life cannot be. PTSD affects infants, young and old alike with varying degrees. The severity of PTSD depends on severity of the event, proximity of the victim and reaction of kith and kin. Irrespective of the age of a person, some of the common symptoms observed are : lack of sleep, depression, behavioral disorders, personality disorder, adulthood disorders etc.
Resources used to restore the damaged property could have been better used for progress and prosperity. Unpardonable crime of taking away lives of innocents can be avoided when we do not have the power to return back the life.
We need to ponder over certain issues: What cause are we fighting for? Is the cause affecting only a few with vested interests or the society at large? If it is for the society, why subject them to direct or collateral damage? Are we fighting for the present gains alone or futuristic betterment of mankind? Are we only interested in power, wealth and control of small territory we are fighting for? How shall we meet the needs of splinter groups or sub organization? Are we heading for ethnic conflicts which existed few centuries back? Notwithstanding the foregoing there seems to be faint silver streak on the horizon i.e. 809 BRU militants have laid down arms to join the main stream besides Kuki outfits signing Geneva accord not to use IEDs. Hope more follows the suit. We all deserve to LIVE. “It is not how LONG, but how WELL, we live”.
Press Information Bureau (Defence) Govt of India
Arunachal tourism to get a boost Nagaland Post
Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh), Nov 5 (PTI): Tourism is the key to the economic development of Arunachal Pradesh to make it a model state, UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi said today.
The Central government will take up schemes to promote tourism that will help in creating employment and ensure the overall development of the state, Gandhi said after laying the foundation of the office complex for the 1500-MW hydel project of National Hydel Power Corporation (NHPC) and NHPC College of Science and Technology, Arts and Commerce here.
The Centre will also help in the proper utilisation of the state's hydro power potential, she said. The College, she said, will help spread education among youth in remote and far-flung areas. Earlier, Gandhi inaugurated the three-day Buddha Mahotsav here and said a committee had been formed under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to frame measures to developing important Buddhist cultural sites like Tawang.
Union Power Minister Sushil Shinde said the commissioning of the 2000-MW Subansiri power project and the 1500-MW Tawang hydro electric project of the NHPC would transform Arunachal Pradesh into a hydro power giant. Pointing out that almost 94 per cent of Arunachal Pradesh's hydro power potential is yet to be tapped, he said the 10th and 11th Plans envisaged the generation of one lakh MW of power in the state. Shinde said the state had the potential to produce 50,000 MW of hydro power though only 416 MW had so far been exploited.
India steps up B'desh border patrols after blasts By Reuters
GUWAHATI, India (Reuters) - India tightened security along its long and porous frontier with Bangladesh on Monday after officials said they suspected involvement of foreigners in blasts that killed 12 people in Assam. Officials have blamed the separatist United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) for the two bomb blasts on Sunday in the state's biggest city Guwahati, but said the rebels could have been backed by Islamist militants in neighbouring Bangladesh. The attacks were the biggest since the Indian government ended a truce with rebels of the ULFA in September and called off peace talks, after which there has been an increase in violence in the state.
"We suspect not only ULFA but also think some external forces are trying to indulge in subversive activities in the state," S. Kabilan, Assam's most senior bureaucrat, told Reuters.
"We are looking into the possibility of involvement of some jehadi elements in last night's blasts," he said. One bomb went off in a crowded market in the heart of Guwahati, the main commercial centre in the volatile northeast, while another exploded outside an oil installation. About a dozen people were wounded. New Delhi has for long accused Dhaka of giving refuge to rebels from the northeast and also of allowing them to run camps on Bangladeshi soil.
Bangladesh, which itself faced a wave of bomb attacks blamed on Islamist militant groups last year, denies it has sheltered anti-India guerrillas. Indian officials said an emergency meeting of the Unified Command Council -- a group which includes the army, federal and state police forces -- had been called on Monday to review security and tackle the spike in violence in Assam.
Life in Guwahati, a city of about one million people, appeared normal on Monday despite the blasts. A call by local groups for a general strike in protest against the blasts evoked a poor response as schools and businesses opened and transport services operated as usual.
The ULFA has been fighting for an independent homeland for Assamese people for nearly three decades, accusing the federal government of plundering the region's natural resources.
Talks off, ULFA strikes in heart of Guwahati: blasts kill 10, injure 50 Indian Express

At least 10 people were killed and over 50 injured when two powerful bombs exploded this evening in two busy localities of Guwahati. Police said the banned ULFA was behind the blasts. The blasts come within four days of an annual conference of the DGPs of West Bengal and the north-eastern states, and two days after police gunned down top ULFA leader Charan Majhi. Meanwhile, alarmed by the increasing number of ULFA attacks, the Union Home Ministry has called a review meeting on Monday. Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, who arrived in New Delhi today, is likely to attend the meeting. "It's an act of cowardice," he told The Indian Express. "Today's incidents were not totally unanticipated." The first blast was around 6.25 pm in the busy Jaynarayan Road or Chai Gali area in the heart of Fancy Bazaar, the commercial hub of the city. The second took place a few minutes later and some 12 km away, in the Pattharquarry area, not far from the Guwahati refinery and the Narangi cantonment. Guwahati SSP Nitul Gogoi said six people died on the spot in the Fancy Bazaar blast, four in the one at Pattharquarry. - (With Rajeev Bhattacharyya)

MDU summit calls for total and uncompromised repeal of AFSPA The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 5: A one day peoples solidarity meet on the occasion of the completion of six years of hunger strike of Irom Sharmila Chanu in her campaign for repeal of the AFSPA, 1958 was organised by the working committee of the Apunba Lup at the MDU hall, Imphal today.

The function was attended by Prof. N Sanajaoba, dean of law, Guwahati university, W Nabakumar, dean of students welfare, MU, advocate Khaidem Mani, president, Manipur bar association and Prof. N Lokendro, senior citizen as the presedium members along with members of various civil organisations, rights activist, intellectuals, women organisations etc.

Speaking at the function N Sanajaoba demanded immediate repeal of AFSPA and touched on the major recommendations in the Jeevan Reddy report of AFSPA and said that the reports is mixed and the recommendations for incorporations of some provisions to the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 2002 is unacceptable. He further said that the government of India has itself said that the Act is inhumane but is still sustaining the Act and it is under legal obligation to repeal the act with or without Jeevan Reddy report and with the elections around the bend, it has got a justification for repeal. However, he cautioned that such repressive Acts will remain in one form or the other and pointed out the various recommended incorporations in the ULAPA including the retaining the right to fire upon by officers of certain ranks.

"Repeal of AFSPA will just be a milestone in the long journey of struggle and the problems of the state won`t go with the repeal, there is a need for a break up in the colonial apparatus in the centre for a solution and it will take time." he said. He also said that Sharmila`s extraordinary struggle for right to life is beyond political reasons and she deserves a nobel prize. While Prof. N Nabakumar maintained that AFSPA has no social validity and there is a need to view the Act from the social parameters apart from its constitutional and legal parameters. "The act itself has been agreed by the Govt. of India to be inhumane and why should the act continue in a humane society, the intention of Indian Govt. in imposing the act in Manipur and NE in general is questionable". he added.
He further said, the existential crisis and culture of dependency of the state will continue as long as the core view point of Indian Govt. towards the region does not change. Khaidem Mani while speaking at the function stressed on the recommendations by the Jeevan Reddy`s report and retaining of certain provisions in the recommendation in the ULAPA. He also said that the Indian Govt. treat the people of the region as sub human by imposing such Acts, while cases of capital punishment takes more than ten years in the mainland India but in the state a mere havaldar has the right to take life according to his decision with immunity which, he said, is contradictory and discriminatory. He further said that armed movement can be resolved through political dialoque only, imposing Acts to quash the movement will only act as a catalyst for the succecsionist movement. In the keynote address, Laishram Babloo, coordinator of the WACL, said that the Act is not only draconian but racial, repressive and discriminitory since no such Act exist in the mainland India, even in the states with acute problems of naxalites. He asked why POTA was scrapped while AFSPA is still in force. He also said that the review report of Jeevan Reddy is insincere with an ill intent and speaks with two tongue. Meanwhile, also as a part of the events organised to mark the completion fo six years of Sharila protest fast, torch rallies were taken out at various places of the state. Hundreds of women gathered on the streets at different places this evening shouting slogans and flashing banners asking for the removal black laws and save sharmila`s life. In the Imphal west district, hundreds of women at Sekmai tried to stormed the Sekmai police station by shouting slogans and after an exchange of heated argument with the rallyist, the police resorted to firing of teargas shells to disperse the crowd gathered in front of the police station. Some women folk recieved injuries in the tussle with the police. However, the situation was brought under conrol. On the other hand, a torch rally coming from Maharabi towards Sekmai PS turned back before reaching Station. At Nambol, womenfolk numbering around 200 gathered at Nambol bazar and took out a rally towards Meibalokpaching where the 22 Maratha light infantry is stationed and shouted slogans like `go back Indian Army`, s`ave Sharmila`s life`, `Remove black laws etc`. However, no untoward incident occured and the rallyist turned back towards Nambol bazar where they were later joined by torch bearers in and around the area.
In Bishnupur also, a rally was taken out from bishenpur Bazar towards Bishenpur Thongkhong.

At Mayang Imphal, a rally was conducted towards Mayang Imphal PS. However, police personnel stopped the rally at Mayang Imphal thongkhong and made the rallyist turn back.
Rallies were also conducted in and around Imphal areas and its suburbs including porompat, Khurai, Wangkhei, Thangmeibandh, Kongba etc. A rally comming from Wangkhei proceeding towards Konung Mamang was foiled by the Imphal police near Andro parking.

MEELAL warns govt with agitation The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 5: MEELAL has warned the state government that it will launch various forms of agitations with the support of the people if it fails to respond to the call of the organization to suspend the ongoing issue and receipt of application for appointment of primary teachers.

In a press release dispatched today, MEELAL stating that its activists will also attack the candidates who turn up for the written test, warned the candidates not to appeared in the test. Any untoward incident to the individuals who appear in the written test will be their sole responsibility, the release added.
MEELAL, stating that though the government has already introduced Meetei Mayek in class I, II and III standards, no Meetei Mayek qualification has been incorporated in the RR for teachers. It alleged the the ongoing recruitment process set in motion by the state government is nothing but a trick to collect bribes from the job seekers who are desperate for a job.
The state government`s decision to issue and receive application forms at the police stations clearly points towards their eagerness to take bribes from the candidates, the release added.
Meetei Erol Eyek Lonasinlol Apunba Lup, Kangleipak, MEELAL, mention may be made, had imposed a ban on the ensuing recruitment test for primary teachers on the ground that no Meetei Mayek qualification are included in the recruitment rules.

11 killed, over 50 hurt as city bleeds again Centre convenes meeting; Laloo to move Patil; BJP calls Kamrup bandh By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 5: In a surge of violence, at least eleven people were killed and more than 52 injured in two separate bomb blasts triggered by suspected ULFA militants in the busy Fancy Bazaar and Noonmati area of the city here this evening. In a powerful explosion at a tea stall in the Jai Narayan Road of Fancy Bazaar here, seven people were killed — three on the spot and four after being admitted to hospital — and more than 45 injured at 6.45 pm.
The injured were initially taken to the nearby Mohendra Mohan Choudhury Hospital but 15 of the critically injured were shifted to the Guwahati Medical College Hospital.
Three of the victims in the Fancy Bazar blast have been identified as Paban Shah (14), Monsun Rai (25) and Puranmal Choudhury. Among the injured were Papu Kamti (14), Mithun Kamti (10), Pradeep Rai (25), Asraf Mahato (55), Nanki (36), Md Asraf Ali (43), Suresh Shah (45), Deb Narayanan (28), Rampreet Kapur (30), Ram Vilas Chao (51), Manoj Kamti (25), Upinder Chou (25), Kailash Sharma, Dinesh Kumar Mahato, Debkanta Parekh, Baidyanath Mandal, Rajneesh Yadav, Sanjay Rai (15) and Binod Parekh (25). The casualty in the Fancy Bazaar blast is likely to go up, city SSP Nitul Gogoi said, while directly pointing the accusing finger to the ULFA.
Police suspect programmable time device was used for the explosion. In a grenade explosion at Patharquarry area in Noonmati near Indian Oil Corporation’s Guwahati Refinery and Oil India Limited (OIL) installations, four persons were killed and seven others injured at 6.30 p.m.
The dead include Majid Ali (50), Mustan Ali (45), Manuara Begum (25) and Manoj Das (28). Five of the critically injured — Kuddus Ali (20), Khusboo Khatoon (7), Jamir Hussain (18), Amar Ali (20) and Majida Begum (10) — have been rushed to the GMCH, while three others have been admitted to the Mathgaria Hospital. Senior police and civil officials rushed to the spot and the entire area has been cordoned off. The Fancy Bazaar area wore a devastated look with mangled bodies strewn around, vehicles and several shops damaged. Utter chaos and confusion prevailed in the two hospitals where the injured were admitted. Vehemently condemning the blasts, Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi said the culprits would be dealt with iron hands. “Violence is no solution to a problem. It’s an act of cowardice,” Gogoi said in a statement from New Delhi.
The Opposition AGP, AGP(P), BJP and NCP, while condemning the incidents, have accused the State Government of failing to provide security to the people. The BJP has called a dawn-to-dusk Kamrup district bandh tomorrow in protest against the brutal killing of innocent people. The Kamrup Chambers of Commerce has extended support to the bandh call. PTI adds: Strongly condemning the twin blasts in Guwahati, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh tonight said killing of innocent people was cowardice and violence can never achieve any goal. Singh has assured adequate relief to the kin of the victims of the near-simultaneous blasts in the Asom capital, his Media Advisor Sanjaya Baru said. Meanwhile, Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav tonight strongly condemned the blasts that rocked Guwahati in which Bihari labourers were killed, and demanded protection for Biharis living in Asom. The RJD leader said he spoke to Asom Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi and requested him to provide adequate protection to Biharis residing in the State. He would also request the Union Home Minister to provide additional security forces for the State to effectively handle the situation.
Meanwhile, the Centre has convened a high-level meeting tomorrow to discuss the security situation in Asom. A meeting of the Unified Command comprising the Army, para-military forces and the State police will also be held tomorrow in Guwahati in the wake of the blasts. Home Secretary VK Duggal has spoken to Asom Chief Secretary S Kabilan and took stock of the situation in the aftermath of the blasts. A meeting of Union Home Ministry officials, Director General of Military Operations, Director General of Military Intelligence and Intelligent Bureau and CRPF officials would be held here tomorrow to discuss the security scenario in the State. After the meeting in Guwahati, the Asom Chief Secretary will send a report to the Union Home Ministry following which the Centre will review the situation there. Meanwhile, a top Union Home Ministry official told PTI that no group has taken responsibility for the blasts. PTI

Frans on 11.06.06 @ 12:43 PM CST [link]


Sunday, November 5th

Statehood was not a sell out, says Jamir The Morung Express


Statehood was not a sell out, says Jamir The Morung Express

DIMAPUR, NOV 4 (MExN): Former Nagaland Chief Minister and Goa Governor SC Jamir has termed as “juvenile, ridiculous and baseless”, on the several allegations leveled against him by the NSCN (IM) and expressed pain that it was unbecoming of an organization which professes to fight for the cause of the Naga people to issue such blatant lies and concoctions to defame any person.
Pointing out that as an elderly citizen who has been closely associated with almost all the political and historical events of the Naga people in the latter half of the last century till date, Jamir in a press statement issued from Panaji, Goa, reminded the younger generation of Naga leaders at the helm of affairs whether underground or over ground, “that we are all part of the same Naga family”.
“It would not do anyone of us any good if we keep on hurting each other either physically or emotionally. We must realize that the solution to our problems will have to come through the collective wisdom of all sections of the Naga community, and not through any individual or organization or faction”, Jamir stated.
To put the record straight on the various allegations, Jamir began by stating that whether one likes it or not, “Statehood has been one of the best things to have happened to the people of Nagaland thus far and pointed out that it was a result of political foresight of the then Naga leaders and that Statehood “was not a sell out at all, but an achievement of the Naga people”. Jamir also pointed out that Statehood was not the final aspiration of the Naga people as was obvious from the ceasefire agreement of 1964 and the subsequent six rounds of talks at the highest level.
Stating that the concept of Statehood was relatively new to the Naga people at that point of time, the former Chief Minister maintained that the leaders who shouldered the responsibility during that period represented the people and had all resolved to provide the best available opportunities to the Naga people.
Drawing attention to the oft-repeated controversy surrounding the offer made by former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to meet AZ Phizo, and how it was alleged that it was Jamir who had blocked this initiative, Jamir pointed out on how he had told Nehru that the proposed meeting should take place in consultation with P. Shilu Ao, the Chief Executive Councilor of Nagaland. “I was and I still am of the firm conviction that New Delhi should consult the State Government before taking any drastic political decision since it would undermine the importance of the fledging State at that point of time”, Jamir affirmed and stated that he was proud that Nehru himself rephrased his statement on the floor of Parliament by saying that he (Nehru) was prepared to meet the Naga leader (Phizo) “in consultation with the Government of Nagaland”.
“Even today, the Government of India cannot bypass the State government while taking any major political decision on the Naga political issue”, Jamir stated and added that the constitutional position of the State government needed to be understood by all concerned.
The former Nagaland Chief Minister also reminded that in this context, he had stated in no uncertain terms in the past that as and when an honourable and final settlement is arrived at between the Government of India and the Naga people, the Congress party and its government would even volunteer to resign to help smooth switching over to the new arrangement.
NSCN(K) working against the aspiration of the Nagas: NSCN(IM) The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 4: The acts and conduct of NSCN, Khaplang group contradicts its claims of working for Naga nationalism, said a statement issued by ministry of information and publicity, government of the people of Nagalim

In a press release, the NSCN (IM) said that the Khaplang group "bring to light their mischievous fight against the aspiration of the Nagas all for their spiteful glory".

NSCN (IM) is undertaking the initiatives to expedite all possible means to find an amicable and honorable political solution to the protracted Indo-Naga political issue vis-୶is Naga-Burma with a hope to end bloodshed and terrorism in their land, the statement pronounced. It added that the present propagandas and acts with divisive and disruptive objectives clearly unveil the Khaplang group`s agenda `serving as tools of our adversaries to undermine all good-will efforts to our aspirations and to drown the incessant clamoring and desires of the beleaguered Naga people".

The recent bombing at commercial centers, killing innocent Naga citizens including school going children, frisking in highways in full military combat gear and in IRB uniforms, firing indiscriminately in thickly inhabited areas to spread fear psychosis clearly indicated Khaplang`s motives, it said.

The recent disapproval by the Khaplang against the Naga students hailing from the four hills districts of Manipur state from being allowed to appear under the Nagaland Board of School Education, NBSE also uncovers their irrationality and anti-nationalism, NSCN (IM) stated.

NSCN(K) vows to avenge killing of its cadre The Imphal Free Press

Imphal, Nov 4 : The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region has taken strong exception to the killing of its cadre allegedly by the NSCN-IM in Nagaland yesterday.

The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region in a press statement today said that one Pehihouheng of Dungki village under Peren district of Nagaland was killed in Samziuram/Jalukie yesterday by the rival faction. The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region statement alleged that Pehihouheng was caught while he was on some mission by the cadres of the rival faction and brutally tortured and then killed him. The outfit further stated that the NSCN-IM should not have resorted to such act of brutality if the outffit is a genuine revolutionary group fighting for some exalted cause.

The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region press note then said that all the acts of brutality have been the tactics of the Tangkhuls. The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region statement then alleged that educated Nagas who had joined the NSCN-IM have now become just ordinary cadres/sepoys because they are not Tangkhuls.The outfit further stated that only non-Tangkhuls without conviction and without principle have been awarded the posts of kilonsers and other decorated assignments.

The press statement of the NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region further alleged that the brain behind all the ugly activities have been the Tangkhuls. The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region then pledged that the outfit would take revenge ten times for the killing of its cadre Pehihouheng. The outfit also stated that the call of the NSCN-IM to the Zeliangrong people that there would be recruitments of 2000 NSCN-IM cadres and also that the recruited cadres would be paid salaries is just a bait to lure the Zeliangrong community. The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region disclosed that some Zeliangrong boys have already joined after the NSCN-IM`s informations sent to Zeliangrong villages for the recruits.

NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region said that from where the NSCN-IM cadres would be able to pay these 2000 more cadres when the outfit (NSCN-IM) could not even sustain itself with present strength.The outfit urged the Zeliangrong people not to get lured away by the NSCN-IM policy.
Meanwhile, there have been some reshuffles in the portfolios of the NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region, according to the press statement of the outfit. N. Wilungbou has been given the post of Chairman-in-Charge of the region, Raguangning is its vice-chairman, Hopeson has taken assignment of finance in-charge while Kamson has become the regional secretary ofthe NSCN-K.
Jamir clarifies on NSCN (IM) allegations The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 4 (MExN): Responding to a barrage of allegations made by the NSCN (IM), Goa Governor issued a lengthy clarification to this effect. On allegations that he had written against the visit of the leaders of NSCN (IM) to Nagaland in 1999 when he was the Chief Minister, Jamir clarified that it was in fact his government which advised Delhi to bring the NSCN (IM) leaders to Nagaland to enable them to see the ground situation for themselves. “Therefore, to say that I was against the NSCN (IM) leaders’ coming to Nagaland in 1999 is false, baseless and politically motivated”, he stated.
On the accusations that he was the ‘stumbling block’ to solution of the Naga political problem and the statement of the NSCN (IM) that without him around, solution would hardly take a few months, Jamir stated that for the last three years or so, he had been out of the Nagaland political arena. “If at all I was hindering the political process in any manner when I was in Nagaland, great progress should have been brought about in the last three years after my departure from active politics”, he stated adding that the young leaders seem to be groping in political darkness because they are ignorant of the political events of the last fifty years or so. “Now they have landed in a position where they can neither move forward nor backward, they seem to have found in me a target yet once again”.
Jamir also maintained that nowhere in the booklet “Bedrock of Naga Society” has it been mentioned that Statehood is the final solution to the Naga political problem and pointed out that Statehood was one of the best things to have happened to the Nagas so far” but that it was not the final solution. “It would be far more better if one were to read the booklet and quote from it rather than to put words into the booklet”.
On allegations that he was behind the recent quit notice issued against the Tangkhul community by the NSCN (K), Jamir stated that he failed to understand how any sane person could correlate the Peace Offensive declared in 1995-96 and the quit notice. “Nor do I understand what my visit to Longwa (Mon) or to Chazouba (Phek) have anything to do with the quit notice”, he stated.
Regarding the claim that Rs 103 crore was “secretly channeled to Nagaland to crush the Naga people’s national aspirations on pretext of security measures”, Jamir stated this must be a figment of someone’s imagination because the functioning of any government is transparent in as much as the funds are all budgeted and audited. Jamir also maintained that the claim that he had formulated/consulted with “AZ Jamir and Kughalu Mulatunu” in Goa to issue the quit notice would have been hilarious if not for the gravity of the matter. “The same goes for the claim that I had given 35 motorbikes to the NSCN (K) last month during my birthday celebrations”. Jamir stated that any person capable of making such wild claims should seek medical assistance and desist from making a fool of himself or demean the organization he represents. “I am an honourable citizen of the country. I am a Naga, but I do not belong to any factions. I believe in the Naga political problem but not in factional problems”.
Pointing out that the only good thing these baseless and imaginary allegations have brought is that they have shown the discerning readers that the authors cannot be taken seriously even though they claim to be struggling for the cause of a people. “As an elderly Naga, my only appeal to the Naga people is to learn from history, rectify the mistakes if any and carve out a destination which the future generations can be proud of”, Jamir stated and added that the youngsters who did not experience the atrocities of the past, should respect the sacrifices and contributions of those who steered the destiny of the Naga people thus far. Pointing out that Naga history did not begin with the present, Jamir stated that it evolved and the process of evolution of Naga history should not be distorted to suit one’s interest.
NSCN (K) fumes at cadre's slaying by IM Newmai News Network
Imphal, Nov 4: The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region has taken strong exception to the killing of its cadre allegedly by activists of NSCN-IM in Nagaland yesterday. The NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region in a press statement today said one Pehihouheng of Dungki vil-lage under Peren district of Nagaland was killed in Samziuram/Jalukie yesterday by the rival faction.
The statement alleged that Pehihouheng was caught by cadres of the rival faction, brutally tortured and killed while he (victim) was on some mission.
The outfit further stated that the NSCN-IM should not have resorted to such act of brutality if the outfit is a genuine revolutionary group fighting for some benign causes contending that all such acts of brutality have been the tactics of the Tangkhuls.
It alleged that educated Nagas who joined the NSCN-IM have now become been reduced to ordinary cadres/sepoys because they are not Tangkhuls. The outfit further stated that only non-Tangkhuls without conviction and principle have been awarded the post of kilonsers and other decorated assignments. The statement alleging that Tangkhuls are responsible for all the heinous acts being committed also asserted that the outfit would take revenge ten times for the killing of its cadre Pehihouheng.
The outfit also stated that call of the NSCN-IM to the Zeliangrong people that there would be recruitment of 2000 NSCN-IM cadres and that the recruited cadres would be paid salaries is merely a bait to lure innocent Zeliangrong youths.
The outfit further disclosed that some Zeliangrong boys have already joined after the NSCN-IM’s informations sent to Zeliangrong villages for the recruitment.
The NSCN-K question-ed from where the NSCN-IM would be able to pay these 2000 cadres when the outfit (NSCN-IM) could not even cope with the present strength. The outfit urged the Zeliangrong people not to be lured away by the NSCN (IM)'s carrot and stick policy.
Meanwhile, there have been some reshuffles in the portfolios of the NSCN-K, Zeliangrong Region, according to the statement. N Wilungbou has been given the post of chairman-in-charge of the region, Raguangning is its vice-chairman, Hopeson has taken assignment of finance in-charge while Kamson has become the regional secretary of the NSCN-K.
Is honeymoon with peace over in Nagaland? Nagarealm.com
Somehow, the northeastern part of India seems to be never in the news radar. The situation in Nagaland seems to be getting complex by the day. Over 4,000 people have fled their houses in Zunheboto district in the state after a gun battle broke out between the rival militant factions — National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak Muivah) and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Khaplang).
Reportedly about 160 cadres of NSCN (IM) and about 100 cadres of the NSCN (Kahplang) engaged themselves in a fierce battle using rocket launchers, mortars, AK-47, AK-56 and snipers that killed two Khaplang faction cadres. The situation in Zunheboto was brought to control after leaders of local NGOs of the powerful Sema tribe negotiated with the commanders of the warring factions. Following the negotiations the militants belonging to the two factions vacated their pitched positions in the residential areas of the town. The NSCN (Khaplang) called the retreat as honoring to the wishes of the Naga people.

The recent infighting was a direct fall out of the killing of a senior NSCN (IM) functionary Tatar Hoho by the Khaplang faction that had served quit notice to all Thangkuls living in Nagaland accusing them to be supporter of the IM faction. The threat took a serious turn when the Khaplang faction targeted some persons from Thangkul community following, which both groups attacked each other in different parts of Nagaland and Manipur.

Government of India called this infighting a systematic violation of the ground rules of the ceasefire agreement by both the factions. It had also appealed them to end the battle "peacefully and amicably' failing which it said it reserves the rights to use force to flush out all such militants.

The NSCN (IM) has been accusing New Delhi of tacitly helping the Khaplang faction to weaken their strength. They blamed the Indian army for the supplies of automatic weapons to the Khaplang faction that has led to their recent resurgence. The Indian army has stoutly denied all such allegations. Nagaland is a mountainous state in the northeast of India bordering Myanmar with a population of nearly two million people that are predominantly Christians. Nagas are culturally and ethnically different from the rest of India. They are divided into 32 warring tribes. Nagas till a century ago were ‘Headhunters.’ It was under the British rule and due to the influence of American Baptist missionaries that Naga’s forged a strong sense of nationhood in the 19th century based on common traditions and Christian faith.

The Nagas were the first ethnic group in the northeast to revolt against New Delhi’s rule. Legendary Naga leader Angami Zapu Phizo and his Naga National Council (NNC) on August 14, 1947 asserted that the Nagas were never a part of India and demanded the status of a sovereign nationhood. The NNC in May 1951 demanded a referendum to determine their future as a free nation claiming that 99 percent of the Nags support the idea of the right of self-determination. However, New Delhi summarily rejected their demand that marked the beginning of the long haul of the armed struggle in Nagaland. By 1952, the NNC launched a guerrilla movement, attacking villages and Indian security posts. In 1956, Phizo formed a parallel government called the Naga federal government (NFG) and its armed wing, Naga federal army (NFA). The Indian government in April 1956 launched a military crackdown on Naga insurgents and Phizo sneaked into then East Pakistan and then to London. He led the NNC from there until his death in 1990.

India made efforts to broker peace with the NNC and in 1963 and gave statehood to Nagaland on September 6, 1964. A ceasefire was signed between the Indian government and the NNC. But despite the truce, the Naga rebels continued their offensives that made the government to abrogate the truce in 1969. However by then chinks had appeared in the Naga struggle. Members of the powerful Sema tribe broke away and in 1968 formed the revolutionary government of Nagaland (RGN) led by self-styled ‘General Kaito’. In 1971, India banned three prominent Naga groups; the NNC, NFG and NFA and Indian troops also launched a massive anti-insurgency operation. In 1973 for the first Army action forced the guerrillas to surrender. On August 14, 1973, the RGN, under the leadership of General Zuheto Swu, joined the Indian mainstream and a number of its cadres were inducted into the Border Security Force. Then came the Shillong Accord that was signed on November 11, 1975. The Naga rebels led by Kevi Yally, the younger brother of Phizo, accepted the Indian constitution. However some people within the NNC opposed the accord and prominent among them were T. Muivah, Isak Swu and S. Khaplang.

Muivah was then NNC general secretary and Swu a senior minister. Khaplang, a Burmese Naga, was president of the Eastern Nagaland Revolutionary Council, a wing of the NNC formed to protect Naga interests in Burma.

There was another twist in the Naga tale when the trio of Muivah, Swu and Khaplang decided to sever ties with their parent body and formed the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1980. Swu was made the chairman, Khaplang the vice-chairman and Muivah the general secretary. The NSCN emerged as the most powerful and radical rebel army in Nagaland, sidelining the NNC and NFG. The NSCN-led insurgency became bloody over the years. But soon the NSCN was mired in internal problems, with leaders differing on major policy issues on clan and tribal lines. The NSCN split in 1988 with Khaplang forming a parallel NSCN (Khaplang). By 1992, the two NSCN factions were engaged in a fratricidal war over territorial supremacy. The two Naga rebel groups then signed a ceasefire agreement with the Indian government in 1997. Since then the NSCN (IM) have been engaged in negotiations with the government of India.

The main demand of NSCN-IM is to create a ‘Greater Nagaland’ by uniting 1.2 million Nagas through the unification of Naga-dominated areas in Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh states. Nagas second demand is to draft a separate Constitution, independent of the Indian constitution. They are ready to incorporate some important sections of the Indian constitution but would still like to have their own constitution. The government of India has serious objections to both the demands. It’s not in favor of redrawing the boundaries of its northeast states for the territorial unification of Nagaland. The affected states have already rejected to entertain any such idea and there were protests against it in Manipur some time back. The Indian government is also not ready to concede anything thing on sovereignty issue least a separate constitution for Nagaland. India and the NSCN-IM so far have held more than 50 rounds of negotiations in the past nine years but have made no substantial progress in a in a bid to solve one of the oldest disputes in South Asia that has so far claimed more than 25,000 lives. Given the facts and the hard realities on the ground one wonders whether the honeymoon with peace in Nagaland is over. [Syed Ali Mujtaba, indolink] [ Syed Ali Mujtaba is a journalist, based in Chennai, India. He can be contacted at syedalimujtaba@yahoo.com">syedalimujtaba@yahoo.com ]

Underground hand suspected Nagarealm.com
KOHIMA, NOV03 [NPN] : Though no major through has been made, the state police strongly suspects the involvement of underground cadres in the forcible declaration of a specific winning number of the state weekly lottery draw on October 28 evening.
Police sources did not rule out the involvement of some underground elements with the connivance of some lottery agents in the incident. The ongoing investigation was believed to have learnt that some lottery agents had sold a large number of lottery tickets bearing a particular winning number on the evening of October 28, throwing suspicion of the possible connivance. Meanwhile, at least three persons including two staff of the State Lottery Department have so far been reportedly arrested by the police in connection with the incident.

But the main culprits involved in the incident are still at large and police are on the hunt to nab them. It may be mentioned that two armed miscreants reportedly entered the State Lottery office Draw Hall-B on the evening of October 28 during the 7.15pm online lottery draw (Lucky3 Silicon weekly draw), forcibly selected the number bearing 903 as the winning number and coerced the judges to declare the number as the winning number. The State Lottery department later declared the winning No 903 as null and void and asked the agents and company concerned not to entertain any claims against the number.
Yesterday once more Nagarealm.com
Not surprisingly, the latest round of talks between India and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isaac-Muivah) have ended without a breakthrough.
The sticking points remain the same — the Naga demand for unification of Naga-inhabited areas in a new state, Nagalim, and special federal arrangements between this entity and India. The Indian side, represented by Labour Minister Oscar Fernandes and interlocutor K. Padmanabhaiah, was amenable to a special status, and not more. With this, the New Delhi-NSCN (I-M) talks are once again stuck in replay mode, with the 50 or so peace talks since the ceasefire of 1997 having ended in stalemate.

Clearly, an end to the Naga conflict — one of South Asia’s longest running, which has claimed 25,000 lives — requires imagination and flexibility on both sides. There are two aspects to the Naga demands. One relates to political autonomy and is relatively easy to fulfil. NSCN (I-M), to its credit, has gradually reduced the scope of its demands from independence from India to autonomy within the Indian Union. The Indian government needs to come up with outside-of-the-box solutions that will meet Naga demands without violating the Constitution. The Jammu & Kashmir model could be a good starting point. More complicated, and perhaps impossible to fulfil, is the demand for unification of all so-called Naga areas that are now a part of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur under a single Nagalim. The Nagas have never been a unified and sovereign group. There is little agreement even among the Nagas over who is or is not a Naga, and which areas are Naga ones. Naga nationalism is a work in progress, feeding off anti-India sentiment. For the peace process to move forward, Nagas must accept that Nagalim is not feasible, while New Delhi needs to come up with an acceptable autonomy package. Neither side can expect the other to accept its position, cent per cent. Compromise is the essence of civilised political life. [Hindustantimes]
3665 State students enrol to NBSE Source: The Sangai Express
Imphal, November 04: A staggering 3665 Naga students from Manipur would appear matriculation examinations in Nagaland for which the process of enrolment and filling up of examination forms are on in full swing, claimed general secretary of Naga Students' Federation (BSF) Elu Ndang. Talking to The Sangai Express, Elu Ndang declared that all Naga student bodies have made necessary preparations to exert strong pressure on the Union Government to realise their mission to affiliate all schools in Naga areas of Manipur under the Nagaland Board of Secondary Education (NBSE).

He further cautioned of massive stir at unprecedented level if the Union Government fail to honour the aspirations of Naga students. NSF, ANSAM and other Naga student bodies would press their points and urge the Union Government particularly Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh and Human Resource Development Minister Arjun Singh to resolve the issue of school affiliation according to the aspiration of Naga students. Elu conveyed that the HRD Minister had already forwarded the matter to the Prime Minister for his justified opinion.

To press home the validity and urgency of their points and arguments upon central leaders, the Naga student leaders would most probably lobby at the national capital in the last week of November. However, no definite date has been set as yet, disclosed Elu.

The NSF general secretary observed, "If the Union Government fails to concede to our legitimate demands then we have no other alternative other than launch different forms of intense stir". Stating that Nagaland Government is quite supportive towards the move to affiliate all schools in Naga areas of Manipur under the NBSE and has been extending unstinted cooperation in the campaign, the NSF leader noted that the only impediment delaying resolution of the issue is the official approval from the Centre.

Responding to a question, Elu Ndang said NSF would extend all possible cooperation to all Naga students of Manipur who wish to give their matriculation examinations in Nagaland under the NBSE in terms of their accommodation and transportation. It is pertinent to mention here that a large number of school text books prescribed by the Board of Secondary Education, Manipur were consigned to flames in the district headquarters of Senapati, Ukhrul, Tamenglong and Chandel some time back as part of the campaign to affiliate school in these districts under the NBSE. The next step in the campaign covered ban on sale of Manipuri films and music cassettes in these districts. Moreover, some Govt schools buildings were vandalised in these districts after the decision of the State Government to make educational certificates issued by schools affiliated to NBSE invalid in Manipur. All the while, the State Government has been maintaining that the campaign to affiliate schools located in Manipur under NBSE as politically motivated and carried out at the behest of NSCN (IM) as a part of its long standing agenda for greater Nagaland. On the other hand, the Central leaders have been refusing to intervene in the issue saying that education is a State subject.
NSC-IM responds to NSCN-K on affiliation The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 4 (MExN): The NSCM-IM has questioned the NSCN-K’s censure of students from the Naga-dominated Hill districts being allowed to appear examinations under the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) and has termed the opposition as “irrationality and anti-nationalism”. “The very recent disapproval by the Khaplangs against Naga students hailing from the four hills districts of the present Indian Manipur state from being allowed to appear under the NBSE also uncovers their irrationality and anti-nationalism. These Naga students who are being imposed to study the Meitei scripts invented in recent times, syllabi of the Meitei history wherein Naga people’s history is excluded poses a threat to the Naga identity” stated a MIP/GPRN release. It stated that initiatives by Naga student bodies and civil societies to ‘rescue’ the Naga students who are ‘caught in the web of the unresolved school affiliation imbroglio and their educational careers imperiled’ are to be reflected upon by all Nagas humanly in the spirit of brotherhood.
“Do not our children pursue their education at Shillong, Delhi, Guwahati etc? Do they deprive the students’ community there in their respective institutes of their privileges by studying with them? Or instances of availing scholarships which are borne by the state’s exchequer but according to the deserving students listed by the state and sent to the Human Resource Development Department Delhi for allocation?” the NSCN-IM queried. It maintained that the seats or other privileges extended by the Indian government to their states ‘will continue to come from them’ “but it is not us who will be depriving each other of any privileges or facilities”. The NSCN-IM asserted that the incitement of negative perception to spread distrust and division by adverse forces should not sway “our rationality and divert our attention from serious political issues at hand”. “The Naga people should not succumb to this divisive and ‘deviational elements’ aimed at hijacking our aspired national cause to live as an integrated people securing our unique identity from external invasions” the releases stated.
Nagaland trying to revive rural tourism The Morung Express
BENREU (PEREN), NOV 4 (NDTV): After a break of 56 years, a Naga village last week revived the centuries old tradition of gate pulling as their own way of getting on the world tourist map.
Sixty young men from Benrue village in Nagaland’s Peren district carved out of a single tree trunk, a massive gate, which will be placed at the entrance of the village, is symbolic.
It represents security not only for the villagers but any visitor who seeks shelter in the village.
The Mt Pauna Tourist centre is named after the third highest mountain in Nagaland located in this area.
Governor Shyamal Datta gesturing to MLA Vatsu Meru at Benreu village during the recent inauguration of Mount Pauna Tourist village. Others in the picture include Nagaland Speaker (extreme left) and Tourism Commissioner (extreme right).
Benreu village, which has just been declared a tourist centre, found no better way to mark the occasion.
“We are now making the community manage this infrastructure. We cut down on overhead expenses and at the same time bring out the best in the community and provide training. The idea is to get them to become confident to manage this kind of a resort,” said Khekiye Sema, Tourism Commissioner.

Uphold rituals
Benreu’s villagers have realized that their future lies in the past, though most of them are Christians, the religious tradition of animism is being kept alive for the tourists to come and see.
“The village has decided that it will uphold the beliefs and rituals observed by the non-believers in major affairs of the village for as long as even one person continues to practice the old way,” said Ngiambe, a villager.
Despite efforts, tourism hasn’t really taken off in Nagaland. Last year, domestic and foreign tourists totaled a paltry 3000. But all of them gave rural tourism the thumbs up after visiting three village tourist centres promoted by the Nagaland government in the last few years. Benreu is the fourth village dedicated to rural tourism and is confident it will cash in on the tourist boom, but whenever it comes.
The gate will be put in its righful place in a few days and any visitor who passes through these gates becomes the honored guest and responsibility of the entire village.
It is this factor that the government of Nagaland is banking upon to promote tourism in Nagaland.
NSCN (I-M) statement- Nagaland Post Opinion
Similar to the maxim 'Empty vessel makes much noise' tall claims by Khaplang cadres abounds. But uncivilized times when body counts were considered a victory is of the past. The civilized aspect of victory through diplomacy with the least casualty has dawned in this sea where the attitude and ways of yore are disdained. Khaplang pawns continue persistently with misleading and unfounded claims on the events of confrontation with the Naga Army but all in vain. For the people have distinguish the savage and its ways are well established. The Zunheboto incident manifesto the heroic claims of heroes, who shat and urinated in their beds and hearths lavishly, waiting for the women and their folks to come to their rescue from their now evicted camp. It is when one witnesses our heroes' sign of presence that is filled with full of human excrements and the stench of piss aroma, you will know that they came and left in heroic spirits.
The Naga Army cannot perform heroic feats like them (Khaplang) who left behind their fallen comrade and four other injured at the site of encounter. The Naga Army strictly abides by our code of conduct and is committed to respect all the fallen and the injured with all military honours, either comrades or foes. For our patriots and heroes have no categorizations in the Naga Army and the martyrs are hailed and condoled, and their sacrifices remembered and recorded down our history. But to profess and back up their false savaged claims, always their count is high and word 'Alee command of the dead' is inserted to their heroic claims. To be more accurate, with the people to be the witnesses remain the facts and the truth to learn. The story goes on and or but to our loss and dismay, for all turmoil hatched by our heroes further widens the rift amongst ourselves. Least realizing the shame and loss we inflict on ourselves, we smear our image by propagating vulgar, dirty, cheap and false allegations and distorted assertions with the hope to win the deceptive victory designed by our adversaries to crush our aspirations. Why don't we sensibly retrospect and introspect ourselves before we are bled to death by the plot of our foes? We should restrain ourselves from ugly language, attitudes and deeds not to demean the Naga people's image. With our national principles and aspirations uncompromised, we have to collectively seek beneficial ways instead of capitulating to self inflicting cheap approaches.
Issued by: Joseph S.O. MIP : GPRN. NSCN (IM)
Operation freedom- Nagaland Post Opinion
Under operation freedom jointly carried out by the combined forces of the Eastern Command, Naga and the Southern Command, Naga Army, Federal Government of Nagaland, this statement is hereby released to the Naga general public. The mission of operation freedom to liberate our people from the clutches of terrorists and restore the democratic life of our people, the NSCN (IM) camp at Phek district was raided upon by our forces from 5th Sep. 2006 and it was overran on the 8th Sept. 2006 after inflicting severe destruction and casualties on them. This was followed by the attack on their camp at Iphonumi in Zunheboto district on 25th Sept. 2006 where materials were seized from them. The third encounter took place at Cesezu village on the 3rd Oct. 2006 in which sadly Sgt. Hangtai Khiamniungan was killed.
From the 25th to 27th Oct. 2006, under the command of Capt. Kusai our force assisted the NSCN (K) cadres at Zunheboto which is in consistency with the declared understanding of carrying out joint defense by the FGN and the NSCN (K). In the largest encounter with the NSCN (IM) terrorists at Sukhai village in Zunheboto district on the 30th Oct. 2006, it was very unfortunate for us where Lieut. Vepora Chakhesang and L/Corpl. Pongom Khiamniungan were killed and another soldier suffered minor injuries. In all these missions we factually release our reports which is in tradition of our people. The dead are not hidden but sent to the native homes to be laid in eternal rest which is the tradition of our people even from the times of head hunting days.
However, it is perplexing that the NSCN (IM) takes extra and special measures to hide the facts. ON enquiry of the parents, it is reported that the parents are told that the missing sons and daughters are sent on Alee command (Foreign Mission). Let the Nagas know that in the NSCN (IM) fold, even a Private Tangkhul soldier enjoys much more privileges than other Nagas. A Tangkhul dead Pte soldier will be usually sent him with such conceivable honours. What happen to the other Nagas in the NSCN (IM) fold even in the case of death?
To state the matters as they were, at the site of clashes and its surrounding areas, temporary tombs are later on found by the public. On excavation the unidentifiable skeletal remains of the death where all the bones of the limbs are intentionally broken are found. This exposes the method by which their dead comrades are hastily packed in gunny bags and buried temporarily to avoid publicity and factual exposure. This is not Naga tradition but an alien culture and practice which the NSCN (IM) group is introducing in our land today to establish their supremacy by destroying the heritage of our people. We pity the dead, but for the living and their write ups, I express my wonder whether all the dead in our present encounters are also sent in Alee Command, and that perhaps the NSCN (IM) would be able to recall them to life to be united with their respect families.
Col. Sishu Theba, Joint Commander, Operation Freedom, FGN
Full support for Naga integration N. Awangbou The Morung Express In Focus
Many attempts were made by the Indian Government for the last sixty years to suppress the Naga freedom movement through military means but never borne fruit. These futile attempts made them realized now that the Naga problem is a political one and therefore it can never be solved militarily.
Though slow, the wheel of peace process is moving forward. Results are not expected overnight since it is a complex issue. Today, the uniqueness of Naga history has been acknowledged by the Indian government and based on this promise, an honourable solution is at sight. In the process of the Naga struggle for a lasting political solution they have passed through untold miseries but the mindset of the Nagas is still, “No retreat no surrender”.
Decades of bloods and tears left an indelible imprint on the minds of the Nagas and today the Nagas desire a real peace. But to achieve this goal the unification of the Nagas is a key issue. Solution without unification is no solution at all. Therefore, lasting peace and unification are inter-related. It must be understood that talks and agreement in the past had failed because of this key factor. This mistake must not be allowed to repeat and if the Indian government is genuine and sincere enough in its approach, it must understand that integration of the Naga areas is a pre-requisite to Naga solution.
The Naga apex social organizations call for affiliation of all private schools in Naga areas in Manipur to NBSE is a positive step. It is a step to fulfill the Nagas’ desire to dwell together. Integration should be an instrument ushering an atmosphere of reunion among all sections of Naga society. There cannot be a true integration without bringing the students community together. Besides, the NBSE syllabus is simpler and according to the standard of the students. The BSEM has become an avenue where educationists demonstrated their skill in setting questions forgetting which class they were setting for!
The poor tribal students who could not afford to go for an extra tuition were left with no choice but to struggle with all their might for just a simple pass. This attitude of the BSEM made the poor tribal students in Manipur helpless and frustrated.
In the context of our neighbours, the Nagas harbour only goodwill and forbearance. Nagas’ outlook requires that all live and continue to live peacefully as good neighbour. Age-old socio-economic and traditional ties among the neighbours must not break but must continue even if the boundary lines are redrawn. The Nagas seek to unify only those areas which they have been living since time immemorial and not an inch more. The desire of a divided people to live together is nothing wrong but a natural basic human instinct as the Psalmnist says, “Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!..”Psalm.134. To live together under one administrative unit has been a fervent prayer of all the Nags for centuries. It is everyone’s desire to live freely without any exploitation from any corner. There must be a mutual respect for each other and the aspirations of one’s neighbuors should not be suppress unjustly. The demand of unification is legitimate as the Nagas were living in their own ancestral land and never covet any land of its neighbours. Therefore the aspiration of the Naga’s must be understood and respected. At this crucial juncture, as a social worker, I’m fully in support of the integration of all Naga areas in one administrative unit and I pledge to work towards strengthening the peace process and to find a lasting solution. I will also fully abide by the directives and calls made by the United Naga Council (UNC) and also work for the welfare of the tribal community.
The writer is intending candidate 9th Manipur General Assembly Election, 52 Assembly Constituency, Tamei
Establishing Truth The Morung Express Editorial
The controversy surrounding the conduct of Indian Reserve Battalion (IRB) from Nagaland doing anti-Naxal duty in the jungles of Bastar in Chhattisgarh has now pitted civil liberty/human rights groups against the State establishment. It therefore comes as no surprise that such rights group are branded as nothing more than mere ‘propaganda tools’ working at the behest of the left-wing extremists. Continuing in this tradition, the latest mouthpiece is none other than the Director General of Police, Chhattisgarh who has once again conveniently portrayed the People’s Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) Chhattisgarh as a larger propaganda campaign against the Salwa Judum (peace march), described by the DGP as a “social movement launched by the tribals of Bastar against the Naxalites/Maoists”.
But then credit must be given to the DGP for having suggested that the Government of Nagaland consider sending a team of journalists from Nagaland to Bastar where they can ‘visit freely and evaluate the ground realities and clearly differentiate between fact and fiction’. The only problem to such a noble gesture is firstly, whether the Nagaland government will be serious enough to even consider sending independent observers (journalists). For the manner in which the police establishment and the Home Ministry in Nagaland have been behaving ever since the deployment of the Naga battalion in Chhattisgarh i.e. hides information, sending journalists from Nagaland is certainly not a wise option for the establishment here.
The other problem with this offer by the Chhattisgarh DGP is simply put, his own diminishing credibility in the eyes of the public and judiciary. The DGP may keep announcing that such ‘propaganda’ is an old tactic that the Naxalites/Maoists have used against the Chhattisgarh police, CRPF, BSF, Naga IRB etc. But coming from an officer whose own record does not speak much of his credibility, the Naga public may well have to be cautious and separate the fact from fiction of what the DGP has recently stated. It is also disappointing that the DGP in his refutation to allegations of atrocities committed by Naga IRB jawans did not address the issue but rather went on extolling the jawan’s professionalism. The Naga public certainly does not need to know about the capability of its jawans as every one here knows that they are second to none when it comes to proving themselves as expert guerilla fighters. The statement from the DGP therefore appears to be nothing but a face saving public relation exercise and to ensure that he can keep the Naga IRB boys well grounded to fulfill his mission of defeating the Naxalite inside the deep, hitherto inaccessible jungles of Bastar, which obviously the non-Naga forces are not up to the task.
As for the response of the Nagaland government, both the Chief Minister and his Home Minister should have taken a more serious view of the allegations. In fact going by their statements made in the media, both appear to be nonchalant. Rather than run from the issue, the truth must be established. But this cannot be accomplished merely by swallowing what the DGP has to feed (the plenty of accolades for the Naga jawans). If the Nagaland government is so confident (as it has clearly stated) of the innocence of the Naga IRB jawans, it should have no reservation in appointing an independent fact finding team to clear this ‘air of controversy’ once and for all. Whether, the State government is up to the challenge will decide the truth or lie of the present establishment.
Boro body’s concern over NDFB talks By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 4 – The All Boro Peace Forum (ABPF) has expressed concern that the Bodo peace process has not progressed an inch despite the fact that the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) has been on a ceasefire for more than a year. Pointing out that the actual process of political dialogue has not even started, the Forum said it is an example of utter negligence and lack of sincerity on the part of the Government of India.

ABPF advisor Bhramon Baglari said in a statement here that the Centre should not take for granted that peace has returned to the heart of Boroland through the creation of the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD), “which is nothing but an insult to the entire Boro people who are the sons of the soil of Asom.” He said the indigenous Boro people, who have been living here on their own land since time immemorial, have been made rootless and disintegrated by the present BTAD Act under the amended Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India.

“This Act, that provides for the creation of a mere district council can never be a solution to the Boro problem. Rather it should be scrapped forthwith for the safety and security of the indigenous Boro people and a new political solution through political talk with the NDFB should be brought up in no time to restore peace and normalcy in the state of Asom,” said Baglari.

Baglari said the Centre has time and again been calling upon the different underground groups in the region to resolve the different issues through peaceful political dialogue and consequently almost a dozen ethnic underground outfits have come forward for political dialogue after declaring ceasefire. But not a single issue concerning the different ethnic groups has been resolved by the Government of India.

He pointed out that the Indo-Naga political dialogue started in 1997 but there has been no solution in sight due to the lack of sincerity on the part of the Government of India.

HNA defers ‘quit notice’ to Meiteis From Our Correspondent Assam Tribune
IMPHAL, Nov 4 – The Hmar National Army, armed wing of Hmar National Assembly, responding to the appeal by Churachandpur-based civil societies, has decided to defer the ‘quit notice’ served to the majority Meitei community in Manipur.

The 45-day deadline lapsed on Thursday without any positive response from the government.

Stating this in a press statement, the HNA said it will give peace another chance respecting the sentiments and desires of the public.

Conference on good governance concludes Assam Tribune
DIMAPUR, Nov 4 – A two-day regional conference on fostering good governance organised by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Government of India, concluded yesterday at Chumukedema in Nagaland. Inaugurating the conference, Governor of Nagaland, Shyamal Dutta cited examples from his past experience of working as bureaucrat where the main task of administration was to control almost all aspects of public lives. But as the things have changed, and are changing at a rapid pace after liberalisation and globalisation, the main task of the government is that of a facilitator, rather than that of controller or regulator, he said. The Governor exhorted the people of North East to develop knowledge, skills and competence to effectively take part in the global economy. He said the ‘Look East’ policy of Government of India can only work when Eastern part of India can look at North East with trust and confidence. He said that the need of the hour is the participation of men and women with dreams, rather than of memories, as people with dreams are futuristic and generate hope around them, while people with memories create despair.
Eight killed in two blasts in Guwahati By IANS
Guwahati, Nov 5 (IANS) At least eight people were killed and more than a dozen wounded in two blasts in Assam's main city Guwahati Sunday evening, police said.
The first explosion took place in Fancy Bazaar in the centre of the city at 6.45 p.m., killing three people on the spot while two more succumbed to their injuries on way to hospital, police said.
The blast left at least a dozen shoppers and traders injured. About 15 minutes later, another blast took place at Pathar Kuwari locality on the outskirts of the city. The second blast claimed three lives.
Sharmila`s protest fast completes six years, Lup planning rallies The Imphal Free Press
IMPHAL, Nov 4: Manipur government is holding consultations with the concerned authorities of the Union government as well as Delhi government to bring back Irom Sharmila from New Delhi to Imphal. Today state chief minister held meeting with the concern Central ministers as well as with ministers of Delhi government and discussed the matter, an official source said here.

Meanwhile, Sharmila would be completing sthe sixth year of her fast unto death stir tomorrow. On the occasion, the Working Committee of Apunba Lup is planning to hold a meeting at BOAT as also torch rallies at various places in the state in the evening to mark the completion of six year of her fasting. The state government has decided to deploy armed security personnel as part of security measures in sensitive areas to prevent any untoward incidents during the proposed torch rally. Official source here said that after the official level meeting on November 1 last, ministerial level meeting was held today at New Delhi to discuss the evacuation of Sharmila to Imphal from the national Capital. In the meeting with the concerned ministers of union government and Delhi government, state chief minister, O Ibobi Singh was assisted by state chief secretary, Jarnail Singh and additional chief secretary, AE Ahmed, who is also the looking after the charge of principal secretary home, the source disclosed.

Mention may be made that state additional chief secretary along with state DPG AK Parashar had on November 1 last held meetings with officials of the MHA and Delhi police chief and discussed the legal procedures for bringing back Sharmila to the state. Even though the source declined to disclose details of the outcome of the official level meeting, the ministerial level meeting held today was the follow up of the last meeting. State chief minister along with state chief secretary and additional chief secretary had left Imphal yesterday for national capital.

The Working Committee of the Apunba Lup, WCAL, in the meantime, is planning to hold a meeting at BOAT tomorrow afternoon to the mark the completion of 6 years of fasting by Irom Sharmila for the repeal of Armed Forces Special Act, 1958. The Lup is also planning to organise torch rallies at various places on the night of the same day. Official source said that armed personnel will be deployed at various selected points in order to maintain law and order and also to ensure that no untoward incident takes place during the rally. Armed police will be deployed at various points to stop and disperse the rallies.They will be under the command of top ranking police officers of district level, source said. For the Imphal west police, armed police personnel will be deployed at Singh and Co, Moirankhom, Keishampat bridge western side, Khoyanthong on NH-39, western side of Sanjenthong, southern side of Raj Bhavan (outside the Raj Bhavan), Nitaipat Chuthek near southern gate of Raj Bhavan and CM`s bungalow and general Post Office, Imphal. Barricades will also be put at the said points apart from detailing women police personnel with the armed police. Personnel of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th IRB and 7th battalion MR will also be conducting mobile patrol in their areas responsibilities for maintaining law and order as per circular of the state DGP on 08-08-2006, source said.

Their task is to stop and disperse the rally proceeding towards Imphal city and silent zone areas.
Apart from this, six mobiles of Imphal west police commando and reserved line, Imphal west will carry out patrolling in and around the Imphal areas. All the officer-in charge of police station in Imphal west district and Imphal east district has been instructed to take up security measures and pass situation reports about their respective areas of jurisdiction to their respective control rooms at district head quarters, source said. District magistrate, Imphal west has been requested to detail executive magistrates at locations were armed police are deployed for magisterial duty.

Imphal west district police has also informed the director, fire service, Manipur to keep four fire tenders with crew in front of Imphal police station, Singh and Co. Moirangkhom, Keishampat bridge and southern gate of Raj Bhavan from 6 pm of tomorrow.

NCP pledges to remove AFSPA The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Nov 3: The Nationalist Congress Party, NCP will bring peace in the state and remove AFSPA, if it is voted to power in the coming election. This was stated by the NCP Manipur president Radhabinod Koijam while inaugurating a new office of the party at Thaingmciband Kabarambam Leikai today. He also pledged that NCP will work in favour of the people and protect the territorial boundary and identity of Manipur.

Stating that election is knocking at the door and NCP is born to serve Manipur, he called upon the party workers to work hard instead of mere talks like other parties. Calling Manipur has become almost a land of "pressures" he said to begin something here is as good as teasing on a graveyard or crematorium. Referring to his silence for long, Radhabinod said that it doesn’t mean he has been out of the game rather it was a silent prayer for the people of Manipur who have been bearing the pain of AFSPA, non-governance, frequent bandh and dharnas.
“These whimsical and violent actions cause direct as well as collateral damage. Every group claims to fight for its own identity either in the form of demanding sovereignty or statehood,” states a defence release.
‘Insecurity gives way to insurgency problems in NE’ Sentinel
KOHIMA, Nov 4: Mutual distrust, fear of exploitation and insecurity among the ethnic tribes of the conflict-ridden North Eastern states have led to mushrooming of various armed outfits.
Stating this, a Defence release here said of the eight sister states, Arunachal Pradesh is only peaceful. But other states are conflict-ridden despite elected governments.
It said out of the three major states like Asom, Nagaland and Manipur, Asom had been ruled by martial race of Ahoms for almost 600 years. The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) is the largest militant organisation in the state. Formation of the PCG (People's Consultative Group) on September 7, 2005, initiation of peace process between the Union Government and the ULFA and the outfit's pronouncement to exercise restraint in reciprocation of the Army's announcement before 59th Independence Day had sent waves of optimism. It said, ''Between September 8, 2005, and June, 2006, the outfit has triggered 52 bomb blasts killing at least 41 civilians and injuring another 135.'' In ten days preceding New Delhi's truce announcement, the ULFA had launched several grenade and bomb blasts killing a dozen of people and injuring another 40, it said.
It further said recently Black Widow Group of Dima Halam Daoga (DHD) killed 13 North East Frontier Railway staff in South Assam, besides other damages. Extension of almost a decade-old peace process in Nagaland had been welcomed by the people. This process has led to discernible progress, prosperity and good governance in Nagaland. Although there was peace between security forces and two major groups of NSCN, but still there was no peace, it added.
The release said the presumed aim is increased influence and territorial control, which had led to a large number of inter-factional killings besides collateral killings and injuring innocents, damage and destruction of property and creating tension.
Recent killing of a minor boy Inato Sumi, injuring his aunt in Zunheboto, killing of Shimmie Shinuisuis, a Tangkhul youth and a police official Hovizol in Kohima are few examples.
The state of Manipur has almost two dozen outfits irrespective of the size. UNLF, PREPAK, KYKL, Kuki outfits are some of the organisations. All these outfits indulge, extortion for wealth gains; inter-factional clashes or clashes with the Security Forces aimed at either retaining control or influence over a small territory. Killing of minor Suryakanta Singh, Meira Paibi leader T. Menaka Devi. Issue of diktat to Naoram Basanta of Kakching by UNLF and extortion note to a Cabinet Minister by KYKL are some of the recent examples.
These whimsical and violent actions cause direct as well as collateral damage. Every group claims to fight for its own identity either in the form of demanding sovereignty or statehood.
The release said violence is wide spread, which include intimidation, extortion, killing, destruction and it needs to be understood in its physical and psychological nature.
Physical effects of violence are killings and destruction of property and psychological effects is trauma and stress disorder called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), it said.
''Some of the physical effects can be restored at a cost, time and effort, but loss of life cannot be. PTSD affects infants, young and old alike with varying degrees. It further said, “We need to ponder over certain issues like what cause are we fighting for? Is the cause affecting only few with vested interests or the society at large? The region is yet to find answer to these questions.
“However, there seems to be a silver streak on the horizon when 809 BRU militant have laid down arms, to join the main stream besides Kuki outfits signing Geneva Accord, not to use Improvised Explosive Device (IED) and hope that more will follow the suit.” UNI

Frans on 11.05.06 @ 04:15 PM CST [link]


Saturday, November 4th

Rumblings in Naga ruling coalition OUR CORRESPONDENT The Telegraph


Rumblings in Naga ruling coalition OUR CORRESPONDENT The Telegraph

The Democratic Alliance of Nagaland (DAN) government is heading for trouble with a major constituent of the coalition, the Nagaland People’s Front (NPF), demanding disciplinary action against DAN chairman Hokishe Sema and four other MLAs for criticising the government.
The four include legislators, Z. Obed (NPF), Huska Sumi (JD-U), Talinungsang (NPF) and former finance minister K. Therie, who had blamed the government for the deteriorating law and order situation in the state. Their remarks evoked strong protests from the NPF and the ruling combine. Praising the government for its “deft” handling of the volatile situation in the wake of fratricidal killings by Naga rebels, the NPF central office- bearers said the party wanted DAN partners to take steps against their legislators for tarnishing the image of the government.
The party claimed that the government, in its effort to restore peace, got overwhelming support from the people. Lambasting the five MLAs, the NPF alleged that none of the five disgruntled legislators even cared to find out from the government the state of affairs.
“While they kept on saying that it’s the constitutional duty of the elected members to maintain peace in the state, none of them made any effort to discharge their constitutional duties. In total disregard of their constitutional obligations, they took pleasure in making irresponsible statements through the press. They criticise with the sole aim of aggravating crisis,” the NPF leaders alleged.
The people of the state will not fail to see through their evil designs, NPF sources said.
Coming down heavily on the five MLAs for openly criticising their own government, the NPF leader said dissent, if any, could have been sorted out by other means. Media cannot be a proper forum to air grievances against the government, they said. The party said there was no reason why the DAN government would not complete its full term and usher in permanent peace in the state. The Congress has once again demanded the resignation of chief minister Neiphiu Rio on moral grounds for the “deteriorating law and order situation in the state”. Congress parliamentary secretary and MLA K.V. Pusa said the outburst of DAN chairman and four other MLAs indicated the DAN government’s all-round failure. Demanding Rio’s resignation, he said Nagas are peace- loving people and “lawlessness cannot be allow to continue in the state”. The party has also submitted a memorandum to the Governor seeking dismissal of the state government.
Makuilongdi silver jubilee Source: The Sangai Express
Imphal, November 03: The silver jubilee celebration of Makuilongdi re-establishment will be held in a grand way at Makuilongdi village, Senapati district on December 1 under the theme 'Unity in Brotherhood', said a press release issued by the celebration committee.
The celebration which is expected to be participated by Zeliangrong delegates from Assam, Manipur and Nagaland would feature Zeliangrong cultural dances, traditional fashion parade, talent show, exhibition etc.
Saying that it will launch fund drive in Zeliangrong inhabited areas for the silver jubilee celebration, the Committee appealed to the public to cooperate with the organising committee during the fund drive.
UNC issues clause for polls Source: The Sangai Express / Newmai News Network
Imphal, November 02: As part of its ongoing endeavour to achieve the goal of Greater Nagaland with political impetus, the United Naga Council has indicated that the Naga civil society will lend support to those candidates in the forthcoming Assembly polls who would work for the naga cause with full conviction. The UNC and its constituent bodies - ANSAM, NPMHR, Naga Mothers’ Association and presidents of Naga tribes - have already begun mobilising the people in all naga dominated areas on the issue. “Our idea on the mobilisation is to convince the whole Naga population and support the most dynamic candidates, who are committed to the cause of the Nagas,” UNC general secretary Azang Longmai told The Sangai Express today. The endeavour is in consonance with the UNC resolution of August 3 wherein Naga candidates had been instructed against contesting the forthcoming Assembly elections under any National political parties, he reminded while adding that the decision has already been intimated to all the 11 sitting Naga MLAs. On being asked if any new political outfit would be floated to provide a platform for the ‘proposed people’s candidates’ he said the matter would be considered while clarifying that UNC has nothing to do with regional political entities. Informing that formal mobilisation activities had begun since yesterday, Azang further claimed that the endeavour has started to win the support of the people. He also reminded that non-cooperation movement launched against the Manipur Government is still in force in all Naga inhabited areas of the State. It may be mentioned that a verbal spat had erupted between the Congress MLA RK Theko and UNC when a newspaper quoted the former as saying that NSCN (IM) is attempting to wipe out the Congress organisation from Naga areas through the UNC. Apart from rubbishing the MLA contention, UNC had dubbed RK Theko’s reported comments as ‘mere illusion and without foundation’.
NBSE deadline catches many unaware Source: The Sangai Express
Ukhrul, November 02: Amidst confusion over the sudden announcement/information that the last date for filling up the NBSE forms for the 2006 examination is today, more than 868 students from 30 private schools of Ukhrul District have left for Dimapur since yesterday. When this correspondent went to TKS (Tangkhul Katamnao Shaklong) office to take stock of the sudden development it was found out that over thousands of people including parents of the students and their teachers gathered around the TKS office who were caught totally unaware by the development. When asked about the sudden development, the parents stated that no prior information of such kind were notified by the school authority and the student organization.

The parents said that that the form fill up should be actually done at each school and submitted by the school authority to the Board concerned. However, today’s information is very discouraging and uncalled for as the situation in Nagaland is very tense and the parents do not like to take chances for their children, they said. Sources from TKS office informed that the given time was too limited and added that it was notified at the 11th hour. To help the students and the parents and provide them guidance, ANSAM members have been stationed at Senapati to escort them till Nagaland and then the NSF will escort the students till they reach the Centre (Dimapur ).

Altogether 11 buses left since yesterday carrying 865 students apart from 20 Parents and 30 (thirty) Teachers from Ukhrul accompanying the students. Eight buses carrying 656 had earlier left yesterday around 7.30 pm and reached reached Senapati at 2 am. Another 209 students left today at around 1.45pm from the TKS premises said, Christina Shingnaisui, AGS, TKS. However, Jessami students had already earlier left for Nagaland via the Pffusuro road when they were contacted.
Nagaland trying to revive rural tourism Bano Haralu/Monideepa Banerjie NDTV
(Benreu): After a break of 56 years, a Naga village last week revived the centuries old tradition of gate pulling as their own way of getting on the world tourist map. Sixty young men from Benrue village in Nagaland's Peren district carved out of a single tree trunk, a massive gate, which will be placed at the entrance of the village, is symbolic.
It represents security not only for the villagers but any visitor who seeks shelter in the village.
The Mt Pauna Tourist centre is named after the third highest mountain in Nagaland located in this area. Benreu village, which has just been declared a tourist centre, found no better way to mark the occasion.
"We are now making the community manage this infrastructure. We cut down on overhead expenses and at the same time bring out the best in the community and provide training. The idea is to get them to become confident to manage this kind of a resort," said Khekiye Sema, Tourism Commissioner.

Uphold rituals Benreu's villagers have realized that their future lies in the past, though most of them are Christians, the religious tradition of animism is being kept alive for the tourists to come and see.

"The village has decided that it will uphold the beliefs and rituals observed by the non-believers in major affairs of the village for as long as even one person continues to practice the old way," said Ngiambe, villager. Despite efforts, tourism hasn't really taken off in Nagaland. Last year, domestic and foreign tourists totaled a paltry 3000.

But all of them gave rural tourism the thumbs up after visiting three village tourist centres promoted by the Nagaland government in the last few years. Benreu is the fourth village dedicated to rural tourism and is confident it will cash in on the tourist boom, but whenever it comes. The gate will be put in its righful place in a few days and any visitor who passes through these gates becomes the honored guest and responsibility of the entire village.
It is this factor that the government of Nagaland is banking upon to promote tourism in Nagaland.
Why Nagaland can’t be independent- Nagaland Post Opinion
There was no record when any foreign authority or ruler excercised formal and legitimate rule over the entire Nagaland. The Nagas lived freely in their self-contained and self-ruled villages and regions for centuries together. British administration of a small part of Nagaland for three quarters of a century in the past was case of forced Occupation. So also the present state of affairs in the Naga areas is India's imposed rule and forced occupation.
So what kind of talks do the Naga requite with India? Can any section of the Nagas expect a gentlemanly approach to any problem from Indian leaders?? Can any group of Nagas expect honesty and sincerity from Indian leaders in their dealings?? Do the simple and open-hearted Nagas understand the Indians being with different physical characteristics in every aspect entirely different from the Nagas? Talks with Indians means, bluffs, frauds and cheatings Nothing more than that. And for reason of their own, any reasonable and truthful persons among Indians like Lt. Mahatma Gandhi and Jayaprakash Narayan would be treated as anti-Indian, traitors, etc, and would be eliminated from Indian society. The only thing the Nagas should do is to ask the Indian govt. and the UNO to recognize the Sovereign Independence of Nagaland and to immediately withdraw the Indian occupational forces from Nagaland. That is the only option for the Nagas, if the Nagas want to live as free people as they had been from time immemorial.
If the Nagas want to be a free people, they should fight as the LTTEs in Sri Lanka and those freedom fighters of Kashmir. I really appreciate the cautious steps taken by the ULFA for having a political talk with Indian. One should take for granted that talking to India is synonym of surrender or capitulation. What Indian leaders as product of caste ridden society can do justice to others?
If a tiny Nation of Brunei Darussalam having an area of only 5770 Sq. Km could be sliced out from a small Bameo Island and created an Independent Nation. Why not Tamil land in Shri Lanka? If a small Island of Timor could be divided into West and East Timor having an area of 15 Sq. Km could be made Sovereign Independent Nation, why not Kashmir in the extreme northwest India? If scores of small and tiny nations could be granted Independence, why not North East India, connected with a narrow strip of land to India, having a total area of more than two (2) lakhs Sq. Km can be creted Sovereign Independent Country?? Likewise, in comparison with other Independent Nations of the world, Nagaland is a medium size nation and so why not the Sovereign existence of Nagaland be recognized even after struggling for so long a time?? Nagaland was not a personal property of British element Atlee or Winston Churchill. Nagaland is neither a personal property of J.Nehru or Man Mohan Singh or Sonia Gandhi or Atal B. Vajpayee. So the Independence of Nagaland should be recognized without further delay. It is purely my personal opinion as a long Naga political sufferer and in no why reflects the opinion of NSCN/GPRN. A. Z. Jami, Convenor, Council of Kilonsers and Kilonsers In-charge of MIP & Education, GPRN, NSCN (K)
Battle of Zunheboto: The Aftermath- The Nagaland Post Opninion
No amount of money could compensate for the grief, damage and general hysteria and chaos caused by the three day long battle. No sooner had the dust begun to settle, several NGOs, hitherto hidden have raised their hands to claim a major role in the eviction of the two warring faction's from Zunheboto. It is now time for the youth's to take the baton from our so-called elders, whose wisdom never before questioned, but now riddled with politics. It seems ceasefire is the top most priority of the central government as well as the state's even higher than observing law and order even at the expense of public life and properties. One shudders to think of what could have transpired at Zunheboto had not the " Unruly Mob" took matters in their own hand's to stop the fighting from further escalating into major anarchy. How ironic indeed that the "Peacemakers" were comfortably watching the battle from the luxurious confines of their homes, while the 'unruly mob' were made to flee from their homes, their properties and live stocks at stake1 how ironic indeed that the faction's were able to dictate term's with the state administration at the expense of the "unruly mob".
Several conflicting and partial reports have been reported and written in the dailies, that even the observing and suffering public of Zunheboto could not relate those events with what had actually happened in our town, the district headquarters'. Some 65 odd bomb's exploded; more than 10,000 rounds fired, leaving one dead on either side and several injured; the battle field-Amiphoto-South Point-DC Hill Colony, home to some 4-5 thousand and 2000 odd houses, district HQ town Zunheboto, 3 Battalion of Indian Rogue Battalion (IRB) present in the town, Assam Rifles comfortably settled in Zunheboto (since when?) District Administration alive and kicking Hon'ble sirs, make sense of that! The true heroes in restoring law and order, normalcy are the "Unruly Mob" Aka, citizens of Zunheboto led by STH under the leadership of Mr's Hutoli S. Zhimo, Huska Yeptho ex-president Sumi Hoho, Kiheto Satami representing Sumi Hoho, D.Bs Kivigho S. Rotokha DSO Zunheboto. Sumi Kukami Hoho? District Administration? IRB's? Assam Rifles? Since one person do not constitute an organization, Sumi Hoho? Zunheboto Town Council? And this is what 'they' had to say; Tokheho Yeptho, Ministers,…..
The citizen's of Zunheboto should have respected and received us more warmly". Deputy Commissioner, Zunheboto, "An unruly mob comprising mostly of Amiphoto residents, under the leadership of certain vested individual's put up their 'ugly and undesirable action' before the Home Minister and his team" and further added "ignorance about initiatives undertaken by the government Yes! We are indeed ignorant about the initiatives undertaken by our "Transparent" government pray, what is the real objective of ceasefire? Thenecho, Home minister, Nagaland. "I fully expected to be pelted with stones and it wouldn't have surprised me the least, after what they had been through". Well, well, well, how ignorant we are! V.K Roth
Lim spectre on polls Sangai Express Editorial
It is now more than clear that the contentious issue of a Greater Lim is going to dominate the forthcoming Assembly election, especially in the Naga dominated hill districts of the State. The United Naga Council has also spelt out the first Commandment for the aspiring Naga candidates and that is they should not contest the election under any National political party. The logic behind this move can be easily understood for once a candidate is elected as a member of a National political party, then he/she has to toe the line of the party's high command and this may not always be in the interest of the Greater Lim demand. The idea is to let the candidates contest the election under a regional party or a party which will abide and stand by the demand of Nagalim. It can also be interpreted as a political move to control the elected members and to do the bidding of the UNC whenever the need arises. This experiment has already proven successful with the Outer Parliamentary MP, Mani Charenamei. If Mr Charenamei had won the election as a member of a National party, then it is doubtful if he would have been able to push the Great Lim agenda as forcefully as he has done in Parliament. In other words, the idea is to control the elected representatives and in place of the party's high command at Delhi, the high command in effect becomes the Naga civil society organisations, particularly the UNC, which is the apex Naga social organisation in the State. The outcome of the election is anyone's guess, but already the writing on the wall is becoming clearer by the day. In the Naga dominated hill districts, the election will be fought on the basis of the Greater Nagaland issue while other issues which are important, will be put to the cold storage. Developmental works, corruption, clean and effective administration etc will be given the short shrift and all the candidates will be playing the Greater Lim cards to the gallery. How much this will go on to better the lot of the people living in the far flung places is another question though.
If the writ of the UNC is that the Naga candidates should stay away from the National parties, then will it mean the death of the Congress, BJP, NCP and others in the hill districts, particularly the Naga dominated districts of Senapati, Ukhrul, Tamenglong and Chandel ? Only time can answer this question, but the heat is already on the National parties and it remains to be seen what strategies they adopt to meet the new challenge. If a free and fair election can be assured hundred percent then the National parties may not have any reason to worry, but reality tells a different story and given the topography of the hills and the wide geographical areas, providing adequate security will be a tall order to follow. Then there is also the question of how sincerely and seriously, the Central forces such as the Assam Rifles would be ready to provide security during the election. Practically for the Central security personnel, they have no stake in the State election and given this fact, they may not like to fish in troubled waters. It is more than clear that the election in the hills is going to be dictated by what the Naga civil society organisations say in the backdrop of the Greater Lim demand and the definition of a true Naga political worker will be given by them and no one else. Given this, we will not be surprised to see if the election in the hill districts is reduced to something of a circus !
NSCN (K) clarifies on Sukhai village incident The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, NOV 3 (MExN): NSCN (K) Military Spokesperson Isak Sumi has clarified that armies from FGN and NSCN (K) were conducting routine joint military exercise and were taking rest at Sukhai village. On hearing of rival NSCN (IM) cadres’ arrival towards Sukhai Village in 3 mini trucks, the combined force went to waylay them and in the process three of the NSCN (IM) cadres were shot dead after 15 to 20 minutes, the NSCN (K) stated.
Pointing out that the NSCN (IM) surrounded Sukhai and started indiscriminate shelling and bombing of Sukhai village, whoever was taking shelter at Sukhai village. As a result 2 FGN cadres were killed and some mortar shells fired by NSCN (IM) cadres burned down the granaries and furniture, timbers belonging to Sukhai villagers, it stated and demanded compensation for the victims. Clarifying that Brig. Niki Sumi was nowhere around the locality of factional fight and he is still robust and healthy, the NSCN (K) Spokesperson termed the reports of Kraibo Chawang claiming to have injured Brig. Niki and several others as “the cheapest lies and incredible propaganda ever heard of”. ”IK cadres intention to down our cadres morale through cheapest publicity reflects their desperation so also claiming to have recovered more then Rs. 12,000 from slain FGN Captain is completely false. It was 2nd Lieutenant and one Corporal from FGN who were killed by the IK cadre mortar, which also destroyed other properties in the village”.
Stating that the encounter at Sukhai which started around 11:30 am lasted till 5:30 pm and informed that NSCN (IM) cadres could not enter the village and that after sustaining maximum casualty they left the village. The NSCN (K) also claimed that at least 4 NSCN (IM) cadres were killed at Sukhai village and around half-dozen were injured for which they retreated immediately before entering the village. “Soon after their withdrawal we also left the village in order to let the public return to their village. We express our regrets for having caused miseries to the villagers of Sukhai village at the same we condemn mindless bombing of innocent villagers habitat by the IK cadres”, the NSCN (K) Military Spokesperson stated.
Naga human rights body opposes hearing on dam Newmai News Network Sangai
Imphal, Nov 3: Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights (South Sector) has strongly voiced against forthcoming hearing on controversial Tipaimukh Dam in Churachandpur and Tamenglong this month. NPMHR-South Sector convenor Phamhring Sen-gul informed Newmai News Network today that the Naga rights body would totally oppose the proposed “Public Hearing” on Tipai-mukh mega dam at Chura- chandpur slated for November 17 and also on November 22 at Tameng-long initiated by the Mani- pur Pollution Control Board.
The NPMHR has demanded that the project be withdrawn at any cost. “If the ‘public hearing’ is not called-off, NPMHR would carry out all sort of agitations immediately. ‘Public Hearing’ was aimed at public scrutiny of the project and transparency in environmental clearance system. The executive sum-mary of the project have to summarize the project mentioning the socio-economic benefit from the project, the environmental impact of the project, and the improvement measures proposed to minimize the negative environmental impact, if any. But the government has misused this democratic means for their own vested interest by cheating the people with their calculated motive,” said the Naga rights body. Phamhring Sengul then said that all information furnished in the ‘executive summary’ are manipulated. “There has been no ‘Environmental Impact Assessment’ on the proposed project so far. The immediate impact will be on the ecological bio-diversity of the Barak river . North East region is one of the only few green belts in the whole world. This has been proved by the regular visits of rare species of migratory birds and other animals. The endangered animals like the slow Loris, big cats and horn-bill are found only in this part of India,” said the NPHMR convenor. The Naga rights body further stated that the executive summary does not mention the impact on bio-diversity. The catchments area as mention in the summary will affect in Burma 751 sq km, in Nagaland 728 sq km, in Manipur 9126 sq km and in Mizoram 2153 sq km respectively and vulnerable areas as mentioned are all manipulated calculations as percentage tally between villages and barren area are contradicting and misleading. “NPMHR is campaigning across the districts to collect the view and concern of the local community based leaders on various aspects related to environmental degradation, displacement, conflict etc due to such development taken up by the Government. NPMHR sincerely seek the support of all the communities in the North East region to voice against the Tipaimukh Dam and also bear with us in our agitation what-so-ever for the common future of the Global village. The Govern- ment should be held responsible for any untoward accident,” added the Naga rights body. A seminar christened as One Day Leaders Workshop against Tipaimukh Dam organized by NPMHR(South) was held at Indoor Stadium, Chandel on November 1. The meet was attended by tribal leaders, women and student leaders, intellectuals, teachers, NGOs, advocates, sportsmen where social activists Aram Pamai and Samson Remei spoke on the negative implications of Tipaimukh dam and R.Kasar spoke on behalf of the people of Mapithel Dam Affected Village Organisation. Representatives of All Naga Students Association (ANSAM) and Naga Women Union, Manipur (NWUM) also addressed the meeting on the various socio-political dangers posed by the mega dams.
The meet decided to totally oppose the public hearing terming it as anti-democratic.
NPMHR cautions on Tipaimukh Dam construction Newmai News Network
Imphal The contentious Tipaimukh dam construction which is totally opposed by the Naga NGOs terming it as anti-democratic has once again irked the civil Naga organizations; this time, by the proposed public hearing to be conducted by the Manipur Pollution Control Board at Churachandpur and Tamenglong on November 17 and 22 this month respectively.
A statement issued by Phamhring Sengul, Convenor of the NPMHR Southern Region stated that the Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights totally opposes the proposed “Public Hearing” and demanded immediate withdrawal of the project. If the “Public Hearing” is not called-off, then the NPMHR would carry out all sort of agitation immediately, the NPMHR threatened.
The statement alleged that the ‘executive summary’ of the said project was all manipulated as it contained no mention of the ecological bio-diversity of the Barak River area which is the home of many endangered species of plants and animals that would be adversely affected.
The statement further alleged that the catchments area as pointed out in the summary will affect in Burma 751 sq km, in Nagaland 728 sq km, in Manipur 9126 sq km and in Mizoram 2153 sq km respectively and vulnerable areas as mentioned are all manipulated calculations as percentage tally between villages and barren area are contradictory and misleading
The statement further added that the NPMHR is campaigning across the districts to collect the views and concerns of the local community about the various aspects related to environmental degradation, displacement, conflict etc due to such development taken up by the Government and appealed to all the communities of the North East region to voice out against the Tipaimukh Dam and also to bear with them in their agitation for the common future of the Global village. The NPMHR further warned that the Government would be held responsible for any untoward accident arising out of the agitation.
‘Good Governance’ meet ends on positive note ‘USP of each State has been taken advantage of’: Lalhuma The Morung Express
Seen in progress is the technical session on the 2nd day of the regional conference on ‘Fostering Good Governance’ at Police Complex, Chumukedima, Dimapur on November 3. (DIPR)
DIMAPUR, NOV 3 (DIPR): Chief Secretary, Nagaland, Lalhuma IAS speaking at the concluding day of the regional conference on ‘Fostering Good Governance’ this afternoon at Police Complex, Chumukedima, Dimapur, said that each State has its own strength, built-up systems and good practices. He said that the USP of each State has been utilized to push forward better governance and stressed that any good practice has to have the benefits in mind percolating down to the real beneficiaries in a fast and efficient manner. Saying that no system is perfect, Lalhuma thanked the DOPT for their initiatives and support extended to the Government of Nagaland and requested the participating States to have an open mind to study each other’s good practices for replication. He also hoped that with better efforts in bringing about good governance, the north east States would qualify to be models in good governance.
The first technical session on reform initiatives on day-one of the conference included a talk on ‘Fostering Good Governance’ by Additional Secretary AR & PG, Government of India, Rahul Sarin IAS and a panel discussion on ‘Governance Paradigms’ with Secretary, ISCS, Government of India, Amitabha Pande IAS as the moderator. The panelists were State Minister for Home, Vety, & AH, Election, Thenucho, Deputy Chairman, State Planning Board, Deo Nukhu, Chief Secretary, Nagaland, Lalhuma, IAS, Editor of Nagaland page, Monalisa Changkija and Advocate, K. Savi. During the second technical session on Improved Public Service Delivery (PSD) there were presentations on ‘Enabling Environment for Good Governance – Internal Security Concerns’ by Joint Secretary, MHA, Government of India; ‘Bringing Excellence in Public Service Delivery : Assessment Framework’; ‘Reforming Public Service in India : Drawing Lessons from Success’ by Vikram Chandra, The World Bank; ‘Communitization in Nagaland’ by Principal Secretary & Agriculture Production Commissioner, Nagaland, Alemtemshi IAS and a short presentation on ‘e-modop’ by Deputy Commissioner, Mokokchung, Abhishek Singh IAS.
The concluding day witnessed a presentation on ‘Dissemination of Best Practices DARPG’ and success story presentations by the Government of Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. Altogether 90 participants from the eight northeastern States, West Bengal, Orissa, representatives from the Government of India and the World Bank took part in the two – day regional conference.
Centre ready to enact new police act: Patil Nagaland Post
JALANDHAR, NOV 3 (PTI): The Centre has decided in principle to implement the new police act based on the Soli Sorabjee committee report for upgradation of the force, Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil said today. "The committee has already submitted its report with very good recommendations and the government is seriously considering it to enact the new police act according to the need of the times," he told reporters here.
He said several recommendations of the Sorabjee committee set up for the purpose could be accepted without hesitation but some others would have to be incorporated as per needs and the "state governments may have some difference on such points". "But, in principle the Central government has decided to enact the new police act to increase the capability of central and state police forces," he said. He said Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was eager to form police mission to increase its capability, modernisation of the force and to meet the new challenges.
"Today itself there was a meeting of the committee for forming the police mission attended by senior police officers, vice-chancellors of universities and directors of several big organisations," Patil, who was here as chief guest for the national hockey championship final, said.
He said the proposed police reforms were discussed at length during the meeting with the broad points of discussion being type of laws needed, structure of the force, adoption of a new ideology and formation of a special research university for its upgradation. During the meeting of police mission committee, the co-operations between country to country, state to state police, department to department were also discussed.
Two panels set up for transforming India's police forces into modern, capable and people-friendly entities met for the first time Friday to chalk out a roadmap for this. Home Minister Shivraj Patil chaired the meeting Empowered Steering Group and Executive Committee on police reforms that was also attended by National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan, Home Secretary V.K. Duggal. The steering group was constituted to identify the goals, objectives and role of the Police Mission while the executive committee will work out the implementation methodology.
Fratricidal killings rock AR unit, Havildar goes berserk, shoots dead Captain, jawan, kills self By Our Staff Reporter Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 3 : Just four days after a jawan of the Indian Army shot dead a Lt Colonel at Srinagar, a Havildar of the 19 Assam Rifles went berserk today and shot dead a Captain and a Subedar before turning the gun on himself fatally. The incident occurred today at about 9.40 am at B company of the Assam Rifles unit located at Nongdam Kuki village under Litan police station. The Captain was the Commanding Officer of the post. The deceased Captain is identified as SJR Choudhury of Hyderabad while the Subedar has been identified as Ranjit Momin.
The Havildar who killed them has been named as GG Awidesh Sharma. According to police, the Havildar was attached to Platoon number 5 of the unit and he first killed the Captain by firing from his service AK-47 rifle and then turned the gun on the Subedar. After killing the Captain and the Subedar, the Havildar then killed himself with the same weapon. He received two bullet injuries on the chest. The Havildar did not die instantly and he was rushed to Leimakhong Army hospital by a helicopter but the doctors there could not revive him and he passed away at about 6.10 pm today. The AK-47 rifle has been impounded by the quarter guard. The Havildar opened fire at the Captain while he was strolling in front of his quarters, clad in shorts and a T shirt.
The Captain was hit by at least 5 bullets on the right side of the chest and he died at the spot.
The Subedar was about 6/7 feet away from the Captain and he too died at the spot after the Havildar opened fire at him. The position of the body suggested that the Subedar may have tried to take cover on seeing the Captain being shot to death by the Havildar.
The body of the Subedar was riddled with bullets. Adding more tragedy to the incident was the report that the young Captain was to get married on December 8. The invitation cards had already been sent to friends and relatives. Litan police have registered a case in connection with the incident today. The bodies of the Captain and the Subedar are being presently kept at RIMS morgue. Police recovered about 25 empty cases of AK 47 rifle from the spot of the incident. The body of the Havildar is being kept at the Army hospital at Leimakhong. Fratricidal killings amongst the security personnel have been on the rise in Manipur in recent times. This year, such incident occurred at Chassad in Ukhrul where the 1st Assam Rifles is stationed.
Similarly four jawans were killed at Jiribam when one of their colleagues opened fire some time back. A similar incident also occurred at Chandel where 4 jawans were killed in internal clashes. In Srinagar five such incidents have occurred in the last two/three weeks.
Incidents of internal fights in '06 Three incidents of fratricidal killings amongst the security personnel have occurred till date this year. Altogether nine personnel have been killed while five were injured. June 12 : Four personnel including two JCOs killed in a drunken brawl that culminated in firing at 44 Assam Rifles post at Chandel. September 23 : One Havildar and three Riflemen of the 5 Assam Rifles killed when one of their colleagues fired at them at Badamtala near Jiribam. The attacker also killed himself. Four others including a Captain were injured.
Oct 29 : A Rifleman of the 1st AR killed a colleague at its Chassad post, at Ukhrul.

India Social Forum to focus on NE From Our Spl. Correspondent Assam tribune
NEW DELHI, Nov 3 – The North Eastern Region (NER) is going to be one of the focus areas in the forthcoming India Social Forum 2006 organised by the World Social Forum – India. Over 50,000 people from all over the country is slated to assemble in the Capital on November 9-13 to participate for ‘Building Another World: Visions for the Future’ which is the theme of the Meet this year. Delegates from several countries in South Asia, West Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe are also expected to participate in the Meeting, being held ahead of the World Social Forum Meet in Kenya in January, next. Briefing newsmen Mukul Sharma of ISF said they were expecting sizable participation from the North-east including tribal leaders. Discussions on issues relating to the NER have been organised.

NCP accuses Congress of neglecting Garo Hills Our Correspondent Assam Tribune
TURA, Nov 3 – Blowing the horn for poll battle, the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) in preparation for the coming by-elections to Rongjeng seat and with an eye to the 2008 general elections to the State Assembly, has blamed the ruling party for all ills plaguing the Garo Hills.

The NCP further blamed the Congress for doing too little for Garo Hills despite getting the mandate from the people to govern the State. In an attempt to further consolidate its position in the run up to the by-polls, the NCP held its youth conference at Rongjeng on Saturday and accused the Congress of not fulfilling the peoples’ aspirations.
The party endorsed the stand taken by most organisations of Garo Hills in demanding that Tura be made the Winter Capital of the State and the Winter session of the Assembly be held here.
The NCP’s demands include construction of a legislative assembly, secretariat and MLAs hostel, ministers bungalows, a Raj Bhawan among other infrastructure
Improved security attracting investors to Assam, says CM By IANS
Guwahati, Nov 4 (IANS) Top Indian corporate houses, including Reliance Industries and Tata Group, are keen to invest in Assam following a marked improvement in the state's overall security situation, says Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi. 'Today I am getting investors from across the country, including big players like the Tata Group, willing to set up businesses here,' Gogoi told IANS in an exclusive interview. The interest shown by investors is attributed primarily to the improved law and order situation and a significant downslide in the insurgency activities.
'Investors look for security and an environment that is peaceful. A few years back, the situation here was not conducive enough to attract big investors. But today the situation has changed and peace is dawning in Assam and hence a suitable climate for business to grow here,' the chief minister said. Four top Indian corporate honchos - Reliance Industries, the Tata Group, Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services (IL&FS), and Videocon Industries Ltd - are expected to invest a whopping Rs.300 billion in development of rural infrastructure, promoting agriculture, and setting up power plants, IT parks, and bio-diesel facilities.
'All these companies have agreed in principle to invest in Assam either independently or in partnership with the state government. People from the Tata Group visited the state and are working out plans,' Gogoi said. Gogoi, led by a team of industry officials, was in Mumbai recently on a two-day business summit to showcase the state and attract investments.
Reliance Industries has expressed interest in developing rural infrastructure, promoting agriculture, setting up power plants, besides a bio-diesel facility in Assam. The Tata Group is interested in constructing budget hotels, a big mall in Guwahati that would be exclusively dealing with the latest electronic gadgets available in the world, setting up a manufacturing unit of advanced building materials, besides investing in the IT sector and educational institutions.
IL&FS and the Assam government have decided on a joint partnership in developing the Guwahati city, road construction works, solid waste and sewerage management, IT and power generation. Videocon Industries chairman V.N. Dhoot has expressed willingness to set up a cement plant, invest in the power sector, and textiles. 'We have assured all the companies that the state shall provide support like allocating land and help process papers without any bureaucratic red tape to execute the projects immediately,' Gogoi said. The chief minister's office would personally monitor implementation of the projects. 'I shall personally look into all the things to ensure that the companies do not have any problems in their ventures,' Gogoi said. 'I have assured all the company heads that we shall provide all security and other help without fail.'
ULFA suffers jolt; three cadres killed Staff Correspondent Sentinel
DIBRUGARH, Nov 3: The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) received a major jolt this morning when two of its top leaders — Charan Majhi and Arup Dihingia — were gunned down by a team of police and CRPF at Kordoiguri and Hinginijia under Moran police station in Dibrugarh district. Another ULFA cadre, who was also killed in the encounter, is yet to be identified.
Charan Majhi was a leader of 28th battalion of the ULFA. He was in the news recently for carrying out wide-scale extortions from the management of several upper Asom tea estates. He was also responsible for gunning down of Ram Kumar Changmai, a surrendered militant, at Khowang Haldibari. According to police sources, yet another ULFA militant, Mangal Singh, who was in the group at Kardoiguri, managed to escape. Maji and his associates were said to have been staying at a make-shift camp in a paddy field when the police team surrounded them this morning. The exchange of fire between the militants and the police continued for almost six hours from five in the morning. The police claimed to have recovered an AK 56 Rifle, a Spain-made M-20 pistol, over 70 rounds of live cartridges, 32 detonators and some quantity of suspected RDX along with other incriminating documents. The combing operation is on to apprehend the absconding militant. As per local sources, a huge amount of money was also recovered by the police. However, police sources have denied the rumour.
Good sense, gambit hold key to Asom peace Wasbir Hussain Sentinel
I firmly believe that good sense and the ability to go for some gambits on the part of both the Government and the ULFA hold the key to peacemaking in Asom. Good sense seems to have dawned already on the two sides, or at least a section within the two sides. The fact that National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan has agreed to talk afresh, although to just one or two members of the People’s Consultative Group (PCG), either in their individual capacity or as representatives of the group itself, is a positive development. Signals emanating out of the PCG (that had announced its withdrawal from the process of talks with the Centre) to the effect that it has not come out of the peace process as such is also a good sign. By far the most welcome development since the brief ‘truce’ was called off by New Delhi, leading to resumption of military operations on September 24, has been the communication from the ULFA calling upon the people of Asom to ‘join hands for a political solution to the conflict...’ The ULFA’s rider (as stated in the latest issue of its newsletter ‘Swadhinata’) that ‘only sovereignty could bring (about) permanent peace’ is hardly surprising in view of the group’s known demands and objectives. Despite the animosity, murderous attacks and counter-attacks, what is common between the Government and the ULFA is the clear realisation by the two sides that the insurgency in Asom can be resolved only politically. The ULFA thus far has been accused of not laying bare its vision of making Asom prosperous except for reiterating that only ‘sovereignty’ can lead to the State’s all-round progress and growth. In the latest issue of its mouthpiece ‘Swadhinata’, the ULFA has thrown some light on what it actually envisages. For instance, the ULFA has said that the people of Asom, including those belonging to the ethnic groups, must have control over the natural resources. It has also complained about the dismal healthcare facilities and the acute unemployment problem facing the people. The ULFA has also talked about harmonizing the society in Asom, and has stressed on unity without dividing the society on religious and ethnic lines. One gets a fair idea of the thinking within the outfit insofar as its vision for the State is concerned.
The Centre-PCG talks were meant to prepare the ground for a possible face-to-face meeting between the Government and the ULFA. It got derailed for the following main reasons: New Delhi’s unnecessary insistence on a written assurance from the ULFA mentioning it was actually keen on talking peace (I call it unnecessary because the ULFA had set up the PCG for the very purpose of talking peace); the Centre not talking in one voice on the peace initiative; New Delhi going for a gambit by halting military operations but panicking rather early with reports of the rebels regrouping and carrying out extortions; the ULFA not showing any patience during the ‘truce’ period and indulging in acts not expected of a frontline rebel group with 27 years of experience; and the State Government playing an utterly passive role during the period of ‘truce.’
Can the peace process be brought on track now? Maybe, the Government and the peace facilitators can consider some of these options:
(a) The Centre can extend a fresh invitation to the PCG for resumption of talks so that the current stalemate could be broken.
(b) The State Government in such a scenario (if a fresh invitation is extended by New Delhi) can meet with the PCG and convince it to resume the peace talks.
(c) If the PCG refuses to accept such an invitation, people like Indira Goswami or Rebati Phukan could be approached to act as facilitators in their individual capacity.
(d) The Centre can take the peace process several steps forward by appointing an interlocutor or a Group of Ministers to exclusively deal with the ULFA issue.
(e) The State Government must play a proactive role. Simply saying that it had no role to play as the ULFA or the PCG were only interested in talking to the Centre is not enough.
(f) The Centre may work out on its own modalities for a ceasefire with the ULFA and then make it public through the media and ask the ULFA to respond.
(g) Such a blueprint could be sent to the ULFA through individuals and then modified, after mutual agreement, so that a possible ceasefire agreement could be reached.
(h) The Centre can hold a meeting with civil society representatives, student leaders, media personalities and academics from Asom to gauge the mood of the people in general on the ULFA issue.
(i) The five ULFA leaders may be released if key facilitators who are part of the PCG give a reasonable assurance that such a move would increase the possibility of direct talks between the rebel group and the Government.

Frans on 11.04.06 @ 04:21 PM CST [link]


Friday, November 3rd

Debate, a must on imkong’s statement- Nagaland Post Opinion


Debate, a must on imkong’s statement- Nagaland Post Opinion
NSCN/GPRN reacts to the daunting statement of Imkong Imchen, Nagaland puppet state Minister for Education, published in the local dailies of 1.11.2006 issue wherein he stated that they (State Govt.) would not remain silent on the issue of affiliating the Schools of Manipur to NBSE, but pursue the matter aggressively. It is an open challenge and daunts of Imkong to different sections of Naga people who oppose the move.
The issue of affiliating the schools in the four districts of Manipur to Nagaland Board of school Education is not a political one, but is a socio-economic issue. Hence, in the socio-economic interests of the Nagas, the NSCN/GPRN had already registered its strong opposition to the move.
Now, the hill students of Manipur state as per official informations have started getting admitted to Nagaland School to sit in the forth coming examinations. This move will certainly culminate into questions of scholarships, selections to technical branches like Medical, Engineering, etc, etc. Then which district or tribe or community of the Nagas will share or spare their chances or opportunities to the students of Manipur? Again, which tribe or community in Nagaland will sacrifice their employment opportunities for the Manipur people? Nagas! If this selfish ambition of the Neiphiu Rio led state Puppet Govt. and opportunist NGOs get materialized, only those tainted Govt. bureaucrats, NGO leaders and politicians like Imkong Imchen, Minister for Education, who got embroiled himself, as a minister by creating a furore on the process of selection to technical education through Joint Entrance Examination, 2006, will roast the toast and students from Manipur state will be facilitated at the expense of the talented Naga students.
Therefore, this statement has to be treated seriously as a matter of 'great concern' by the young Nagas of Nagaland, especially the students' community and this issue is debated thoroughly at their own 'appropriate' platforms. The Naga students' community must accept this challenge and make use of this opportuniy to decide their own future. However, Nagas in general also should not remain as mute spectators on this issue. Because it will have a far reaching adverse consequences for the common man for generations to come. It is a socio-economic issue, and as such, Nagaland state politician should not think on partisan lines. But, Naga people in all strata of Society should think seriously on this big issue.The NSCN/GPRN place on record that Neiphiu Rio and Imkong Imchen and even their children must be answerable for this blatant sell-out of Naga rights and opportunities to those people who are not entitled or deserved.
Secretary, MIP/GPRN, NSCN (K)
Ukhrul students rush to Dimapur to enroll for HSLC exam under NBSE The Imphal Free Press

UKHRUL, Nov 2: With IISLC exams knocking at the door, 900 Ukhrul students from 30 private schools which have changed over to NBSE syllabus, have rushed to Dimapur to enroll themselves for the 2007 HSLC exam. The students were accompanied by their guardians and teachers.

According to Christina Shingnaisui, Joint Secretary, Tangkhul Katamnuo Saklong (TKS), eight buses carrying 656 students had already left Ukhrul for Dimapur last night and three more buses with the remaining students and guardians along with TKS executives led by its President Mr. Worthington Mahung also left Ukhrul for the same destination. A source disclosed that no Security wits provided for these buses carrying students to Dimapur. However, from Senapati or Mao Gate; Naga Students' Federation (NSF) will escort the students till Nagaland Gate where Nagaland Security is expected to escort the buses for the onward journey to Dimapur. The actual number of enrollment list of students from Ukhrul in the 15 allotted exam centres in Dimapur is 1225. Some of the students in private schools in Ukhrul have also enrolled themselves in government schools. Meanwhile, some of the parents have expressed their deep concern over the prevailing security situation in Nagaland to the TKS office bearers. On the other hand, the general public have also expressed uneasiness over the diversion of almost all the Ukhrul-lmphal plying buses to Dimapur by the TKS volunteers.

Meet on joint strategy to combat northeast insurgency Nagarealm.com KOHIMA, NOV01 [IANS] : Security heads in India's northeast as well as West Bengal and Sikkim Wednesday called for a coordinated strategy to combat the twin threats of separatist insurgencies and Islamist terror in the region. 'There is need for an effective counter-insurgency operation having full synergy between all security forces to deal with the many insurgencies in the region, besides the serious threat from fundamentalist pan-Islamic groups,' Assam police chief Dipak Narayan Dutt said.

Dutt was addressing a two-day conference of police chiefs of the seven northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh. The meeting, which opened Wednesday in Assam's main city Guwahati, also saw participation of the police chiefs of West Bengal and Sikkim, besides top army, paramilitary, intelligence and home ministry officials.

'Smuggling of arms and explosives, narcotics and counterfeit currency notes is another area of serious concern,' the Assam police chief said. India's northeast, wedged between Bangladesh, Bhutan, China and Myanmar, is home to more than 30 odd rebel groups with demands ranging from secession to greater autonomy. More than 50,000 people have died in violence since 1947.

'The need of the hour is to have a joint approach among regional states to fight insurgency, besides sharing intelligence and other vital inputs,' Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi said inaugurating the meet. Most rebel groups network among themselves in the northeast and take shelter in adjoining states to escape security offensives in their area of operation. 'If we are to make a dent in the insurgency front, it should have to be a joint fight rather than individual states trying to combat the problem,' Assam's chief secretary S.K. Kabilan said. At present different state governments in the region are dealing with insurgency without much coordination. 'The idea of this conference is to work out a comprehensive strategy to fight insurgency and other issues,' Amod Kant, police chief of Arunachal Pradesh, told IANS. The two-day meeting is expected to come up with a strategy where security forces in the states share intelligence inputs and jointly carry out offensives as and when required. 'Of late we have noticed that northeastern militant groups are using Sikkim and West Bengal as transit or to cool their heels. So we need better coordination with security forces in these two states,' a home ministry official said.

Vigilance welcomes NSF demand Nagarealm.com
Kohima, OCT31 [NPN] : State Vigilance Commission on Tuesday welcomed NSF's demand for CBI probe into the NPSC scam and expressed its willingness to extend all possible cooperation if the central agency was invited to probe. "For us, we're the happiest persons if CBI is invited to probe the NPSC scam because we have stood against the test of time," State Vigilance Commission officials led by its Commissioner Metongmeren said while interacting with media persons on the sidelines of Vigilance Awareness Week.

However, the Vigilance officials wondered on whether the CBI would be able to make much breakthrough in the case. Reacting to queries, the Commissioner revealed the Commission was presently understaffed in terms of the workload. The NSF has been persistently demanding the handing over the scam to the CBI for a long time. The Commission is presently investigating altogether eighty eight different cases in the State. It has recently conducted enquiries into thirteen other cases and charge-sheeted seventy one government employees. They are presently undergoing trial at the Court of DC (Judicial) & Special Judge, Dimapur.

At the present rate, we require equal amount of the existing manpower, the Commissioner said. "In other investigating agencies, an investigating officer handles only one case, but here we are handling ten to twelve cases," said another officer. This often resulted in delay in some other cases as the Commission is required to work on priority basis depending on the nature of the case, he added. Presently, the Commission has only eleven active investigating officers in the Anti-Corruption Police Station. These include two-SPs, five-Deputy SPs and four-Inspectors, who are looking after the entire State. Of the two posts of Additional SPs, one is lying vacant and the other had been left physically non-operational owing to health problem.

On the other hand, though the officers of the Anti-Corruption branch are being trained by the CBI, the state's only Anti-Corruption police station is left with almost no modern investigation facilities and technologies. "We are handicapped even in terms of mobility with no sufficient vehicles at our disposal," rued the Commission official.
Security tops NE concern: Datta Staff Reporter Nagaland Post
CHUMUKEDIMA, NOV 2 (NPN): In an oblique reference to the all-pervading influence of militancy that has made Northeast India to live under the shadow of fear, Nagaland Governor Shyamal Datta today regretted that all aspects of life in this region, including governance, had to be seen through the "prism of security."
"Issues that need to be tackled get characterized with the issue of internal security," he said. numerating on problems faced by the region including isolation, alienation, low economic growth and income, poor infrastructure and marketing network, Datta who inaugurated the two-day regional conference on 'Fostering good governance' Thursday here at Chumukedima Police Training Complex, urged politicians to frame citizen-friendly policies. He also wanted policy makers to ensure that there was no casualty whenever change of government took place.
Datta said in developed countries where the art of good governance had reached near perfection, public policies were not held hostages to the whims and fancies of pressure groups and vested interests. He also said these countries had drawn a fine distinction between state and governance and that nothing was done to undermine governance. On the Look East Policy, Datta said the East would look towards Northeast with trust and confidence only if the region had proper infrastructures, good work culture and work force and sound institutions.
Underscoring the need to take part in the present globalization without which a society would move backward, the governor urged the people of Northeast to develop knowledge, skills and competence to effectively compete in the global economy. Datta further said the need of the hour was men and women with dreams, rather than memories, as people with dreams were futuristic and capable of generating hope, while people with memories only created despair.
Secretary, DOPT, Government of India, LK Joshi in his keynote address said good governance was the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority in a manner essentially free of abuse and corruption, and with due regard for the rule of law. On the other hand, Joshi said poor governance, which affected the most vulnerable people with least power in the society, "reinforces poverty and thwarts efforts to reduce it."
He also said government policies should not just depend of few charismatic officers- rather there should be a system in place based on policy of incentives, transparency, accountability and punishment, which should enhance the service delivery system.
In the technical session, which also included panel discussion, Additional Secretary, Administrative Reforms and PG, Government of India, Rahul Sarin gave an overview on fostering good governance while Secretary, Inter State Council, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Amitabh Pandey, who was also the moderator of the panel discussion, said the challenge for ahead was to support, accelerate and empower the creation of a social environment in which village level organisations could assume full responsibilities in administration. The panelists included Nagaland Home minister Thenucho, deputy chairman, State Planning Board and MLA Deo Nukhu, state chief secretary Lalhuma, editor, Nagaland Page, Monalisa Changkija and advocate K Savi. Earlier, welcoming the participants, Rahul Sarin, urged the bureaucrats to be very effective and sensitive towards fulfilling the need of people.
State chief secretary Lalhuma who chaired the inaugural session also gave vote of thanks.
Representatives of state governments of West Bengal, Orissa and all northeastern states, NGOs and World Bank executives are participating in the conference. The inaugural session was also attended by Opposition Congress leader I Imkong and state BJP president and parliamentary secretary MC Konyak. Various departments of the state also highlighted their activities through an exhibition. Meanwhile, Media & Communication officer of the Government of India Rajesh Sinha revealed that the choice of holding such an important conference in Nagaland was decided on the basis of providing an opportunity for other states to learn from Nagaland experience of "Communitization" of government roles which was initiated by Gokhle, the former Chief Secretary of Nagaland. "Because of his efforts Nagaland has the success stories of Village Development Boards," Sinha said.
Remand for UNLF cadres Sangai Express
IMPHAL, Nov 1: Four UNLF cadres arrested by Meghalaya Police on September 27 from View Land, Shillong were produced before the Court today and remanded to police custody till November 8. They were brought to Imphal by a team of Manipur police yesterday. According to information received from police, the four UNLF cadres were brought to Imphal by the Manipur Police team led by Lamphel PS SDPO Md Zalil after the expiry of judicial custody period granted to Meghalaya Police on October 30. The UNLF cadres brought to Imphal were 2nd Lt Sarangthem Loken alias Niken alias Benjamin alias Manoj (29), Sergeant Major Sinam Somen alias Somorendro alias Pankhei (29), Sergeant Khundra-kpam Langamba alias Nongthrei alias Tomba Meitei and Moirangthem Premjit alias Naoba (26). Meanwhile, it is reported that the other UNLF cadres nabbed by Delhi Police from Delhi airport before departing for Kathmandu would also be brought to Imphal from Shillong soon.

NESO seeks constitutional safeguards By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 2 – The North East Students’ Organization (NESO) has demanded special constitutional status for the North East region and said that the people of the region must have the right over land and natural resources. The four-day annual conference of the NESO, an umbrella organization of the students’ bodies of the NE states, which concluded in Agartala this morning, expressed the view that over the years, the region only faced political injustice and economic exploitation from the Government of India and demanded that the natural resources available in the region must be processed in North East only.

Expressing concern at the failure of the Government of India in dealing with the problem of infiltration of foreign nationals into the region, the NESO demanded a comprehensive policy to deal with the matter. The NESO demanded that Inner Line Permit system should be introduced in the entire North East and the National Register of Citizens of 1951 should be updated in all the states of the region. The NESO observed that because of the failure of the Government of India to solve the problem of infiltration of foreigners, the indigenous people of the region were facing identity crisis and fundamentalist elements managed to establish their roots in the NE, thereby posing a grave threat to the security of the entire country.

The NESO chairman Samujjal Bhattacharya, talking to The Assam Tribune from Agartala, said that the annual conference of the organization also discussed wide ranging issues concerning the people of the region, particularly the problems faced by the student and youths. The conference demanded a special education commission for the North East to study the problems faced by the students and to evolve measures to overcome the same. The NESO is of the view that more technical institutes including engineering and medical colleges and vocational training institutes should be established in the region and new courses should be introduced in the colleges and universities. The NESO called for establishment of a human resource centre and modern libraries for the benefit of the students. On the problem of insurgency, the NESO stressed the need for creating a violence-free atmosphere in the entire region and demanded that the Government should make sincere efforts for solving the problem of insurgency through political dialogues. “The Government must show sincerity in finding acceptable, honourable and beneficial solution to the problem of insurgency”, the NESO said. The students’ body also demanded scrapping of the “draconian laws” including the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act.

On the economic front, the NESO said that the North East should be treated as a special economic zone and the administrative office for implementing the Look East Policy of the Government of India should be located in the region. The Government must take effective steps or finding lasting solution to the problems of flood and erosion and the Stilwell road should be reopened, the NESO demanded. Expressing concern over the growing problem of unemployment in the region, the NESO demanded that the region should be treated as a special employment zone and the Government of India should establish a regional placement and employment exchange. The NESO demanded an economic package for creating self-employment avenues for the unemployed youths of the region and reiterated the demand for 100 percent job reservation in C and D category in all the central government offices. The NESO also called for forming a commission involving all the NE states to solve the boundary dispute among the states of the region. Bhattacharya and NESO general secretary NSN Lotha said that the organization would soon forward its demands to the Government of India. Though a new executive committee of the NESO was to be formed in the meeting, that has been postponed by three months and a new committee would be formed in a meeting to be held in Shillong in three months’ time.

NE ultra camps in Myanmar to top agenda From Raju Das Assam Tribune
SHILLONG, Nov 2 – Possibility of a Joint Indo-Myanmar military crackdown of North East-based militant camps holed inside Myanmar is one of the key agendas to figure in the Indo-Myanmar border talks slated for November 6. Defence officials told The Assam Tribune that apart from the ‘usual topics’ the two sides would discuss on possibility of conducting joint military operations to flush out North East-based ultras holed in that country.

The five-day meeting scheduled from November 6 to 10 would be held at the border town of Tamu in Myanmar, between top Army officials from the Indian and the Myanmarese side.

New Delhi of late has ruled out joint military crackdown of militants based inside Myanmar between the two neighbours. But, the Indian Army has been cooperating at ‘various levele’ with its Myanmarese counterpart. Union Home Secretary VK Duggal, recently, handed 15 locations of NE militants’ camp inside Myanmar, to General Swe of the Myanmarese army. Swe promised swift action on these militant bases.

Defence officials said today that Myanmar has not launched a full-scale operation on these militants’ camps. But, the Myanmarese Army’s (Tatmadaw) Light Infantry Battalions were zeroing into camps of the militants before launch of a full-scale operation.

NORTH by NORTH EAST Nagarealm.com [Sanjoy Hazarika, Statesman]
Roadmap for ManiAs Mani Shankar Aiyar takes over his new portfolio at the ministry for the development of the north eastern region (DoNER), we join others in wishing him well in his assignment and the knowledge that he will bring to his charge the energy, articulation, capacity and transparency which has characterised his life and work.

The Prime Minister has taken a step which is bound to be welcomed across the North-east ~ and among its neighbours, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and China, countries that Mani has visited and where he is held in esteem. As someone who has known Mani for over 23 years ~ we first met in his incarnation as Consul-General for India in Karachi and then when he took over as spokesman for the ministry for external affairs, a worthy successor to the late Mani Dixit ~ I can say that he is certainly among the sharpest minds that I have had the privilege of sparring with and he speaks his mind with a clarity and brilliance that has few peers. But he is now heading into a region where every step he takes, every move he makes, every word he speaks on any issue will be watched, analysed and scrutinised by scholars, pundits, media, government leaders and politicians. This is of course not a new situation for Mani; he enjoys the cut and thrust of politics but also, unlike many of his colleagues, of actually doing something on the ground, in the field, that makes a difference to the lives of people. For a situation as complex as the North-east, Mani will receive a lot of gratuitous advice from local and Delhi-based pundits, both from the media and elsewhere, who know little or nothing of ground conditions but think they have a God-given right to make a mess of things there. So, he will have to steer clear of such do-gooders. And since he’s “new” to the situation ~ although he did take care of Manipur and other states for the Congress until a few years ago ~ here is some more but very basic advice.

Ensure transparency at the top and through the ministry as well as the North Eastern Council: MPs and others had complained about this to the Prime Minister and the party leadership; As part of that process, develop review mechanisms to monitor ministry-funded projects, which would include stakeholders, community leaders and strong, independent NGOs and put out the findings on the ministry website regularly; Develop a time-chart on moving ahead on the “Look East Policy” in practical terms by focusing on two or three areas of natural advantage and strength for the region, such as tourism, international trade, organic fruit and vegetable processing, floriculture and environmental safety. The “Look East Policy” should be part of an overall foreign policy that enables India to develop strong economic and social relations with its neighbours, especially since the North-east shares 99 per cent of its borders with other countries: scholarly and cultural exchanges among cross-border communities (the Lisus are in Arunachal Pradesh, Myanmar and Yunnan Province), South East Asian and Chinese language training schools in the NER and develop strong research institutes which study and work on South East Asia and China. The latter can be done in collaboration with the ICSSR, ministry of human resource development and the University Grants Commission: Mani being Mani, he, if no one else, can bring this together. It is appalling surely that, given its historic and geographic location, not a single university of the region has a South East Asian department, barring a small unit on Myanmar studies in Manipur University and
oReview the NER Vision 2020 project which was based on interviews with 40,000 rural households and which flagged priorities sought by villagers, discuss it with members of the North Eastern Council (chief ministers, governors, among others) and see which segments can be implemented on a time-bound approach.

Where is our Mandela? Over the past days, I have been having discussions with a remarkable man from South Africa, Mac Maharaj, formerly a leader of the African National Congress who organised its armed revolutionary movement from within the country as well as from his bases in Lusaka, Zambia and elsewhere. He had many passports and many identities. He was imprisoned in Robben Island with Nelson Mandela, who described him as one of his closest advisers and aides. As one of two men who helped put the Constitution of South Africa together after Mr Mandela was freed and took office and headed the dismantling of the hated, oppressive apartheid regime, Mr Maharaj, who is now 71, spoke also to students at Tufts university in the Boston area about his life and work as also his experiences as a revolutionary and how it was working with Mr Mandela. In the conversations we had and the discussions where I was a listener, two things stood out: one was his acknowledgement that means were as important as ends ~ this is all the more remarkable for he believed in force to overthrow a hated regime but he acknowledged in those conversations that he felt that the bitterness and anger was getting to him and he himself was becoming brutalised in the process. The second was his insistence on restorative justice, moving away from retributive justice. As a personality who was associated with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and that process of change, Mr Maharaj said it was necessary in complex situations not to expect change in one go but to look at different avenues and processes of change, whenever one road appeared blocked. That was where, he said, restorative justice was critical: seeking not a vengeful, self-righteous change but one based on conciliation and compassion. This is so true for our region, for Nagaland and Manipur, Assam and Tripura where rivalries and contested claims as well as bitter campaigns based on ethnicity have raged and harmed individuals and communities. Men like him need to come to our region and share their experiences of restorative change, of bringing down oppressive regimes and how in the long run cooperation and a vision for the future can bring about transformation.

But where is our Mandela? Do you see him? Who is the figure who can rise above hatred and personal ambition, above trauma and tragedy, to embrace enemies and friends in an inclusive warmth that asserts dignity and demonstrates both magnanimity and grace. [Sanjoy Hazarika, Statesman]

Frans on 11.03.06 @ 01:11 PM CST [link]


Thursday, November 2nd

Jamir behind quit notice, asserts NSCN-IM The Morung Express


Jamir behind quit notice, asserts NSCN-IM The Morung Express

The NSCN-IM squarely held Goa Governor SC Jamir as the one behind the ‘quit notice’ served to the Tangkhul community by the NSCN-K and that the former Nagaland Chief Minister, on his 75th birthday, gifted “35 motorbikes to the Khaplang boys”.
Nagas can judge what is right and what is wrong- Ngaland Post Opinion
The issue before us is whether we choose Indian Constitution or free Nagalim. Fighting among the Naga broke out in the last part of '70's on account of Shillong Accord. It was followed by another worst fighting among the Nagas on account of the abortive coup attempt of Khaplang in 1988. It is a fight between the Pro-People and anti-people's forces. For us it is issue based fighting. NNC and the Khaplang group have already joined forces with the enemies in fighting against the NSCN the Bulwark of the Naga people. NNC was politically murdered by the Shillong Accord never be alive again.
It is meaningless crying over the spilt milk. Mr. S.S. Khaplang was expelled from the council by the National by the National Hoho for his heinous crime against the Nation and the people. Well confirmed fact reveals that the abortive coup attempt of Mr. S. S. Khaplang was engineered, financed and armed by the enemies through Naga traitors/collaborators. This Khaplang group has stopped fighting against the Indian Armed Forces since 1988. The so called ceasefire between the Khaplang group and the Indian Army it is nothing but to sabotage the current 'Peace Process' being held between the NSCN and the GOI at the highest level in the third Countries.
S.C. Jamir is directly behind the quit notice served to the Tangkhuls that the (Mr. Jamir) can never run away. A. Z. Jamir and Kughalu Mulatunu went to Goa several times for formulation/consultation with Jamir, then issued the quit notice. The abortive military coup 1988 by Khaplang that S.C. Jamir and the Indian intelligent agencies deeply involved. Even in the year 1995-96 S.C. Jamir launched peace offensive and cost innocent lives including 36/37 Tangkhul alone. The Naga people witnessed bloodshed throughout S.C. Jamir's time. He (Jamir) authored the "Bedrock" of Naga Society for which he was dethroned far worst than Indian Army officer in crushing the Naga National Principles. He (S.C. Jamir) donated 35 motor bikes to the Khaplang boys during his 75% Birth-Day celebration. Mr. Jamir tried to rechristened the NSF to Nagaland Students Federation and Naga Students Union, Delhi to Nagaland Student Union, Delhi which the students reject his views. All these happening are with evidence proofs and 100% confirmed that he (Jamir) can never run away or refushed.
As long as Jamir live in Nagaland there will be no ceasefire or blooding and bloodshed in Nagalim. Those Khaplang Cadres are his private army. The Intelligent claimed that Khaplang group is the brain-child of the Indian Intelligent. Whether conscious it or not, we Naga are riding on the same boat and if the boat destroyed, all Naga should persist not only Isak- Muivah or the NSCN will die but the NNC, Khaplang group and S.C. Jamir will too die and lost together.
Today let us not justify but let us reason, what is right and what is wrong. S.C. Jamir visited Mon district and whereby Khaplang group started issuing quit notice to the Tangkhul, again his visit to Phutzero, Phek District, what campaign is it for? Whether it is for sponsorship or for election? After his Birth-Day celebration at Chumukedima Farm house, bloodshed and firing has been erupted after his golden handshake. How many motor bikes and amount have been donated to the Khaplang Cadres? In return what sponsorship is he for? Is it for law and order problem? How long he can create law and order problem and how long this sponsorship will last? The Naga people can identify who is the black sheep that has been handled by the Indian Agencies.
The development of the past will not be the same as that of the present society. Now Naga people are very much conscious of the humanistic culture. It is also an era of International culture. Our people can judge what is right and what is wrong. Divide and rule is no place in our Naga Society. Let the Naga people say what is our principle stands for the Naga society.
Isuued by: MIP, GPRN, NSCN (IM).
Scam heat on Naga home minister OUR CORRESPONDENT Governor Shyamal Datta
Kohima, Nov. 1: Alleged violation of rules while awarding contracts for construction of permanent headquarters for 9 India Reserve Battalion (IRB) at Saijang, has brought home minister Thenucho and his department under the scanner. The Union home ministry has sanctioned Rs 92.64 crore for the project. The anomaly was detected by Raj Bhavan. Governor Shyamal Datta later informed chief minister Neiphiu Rio about alleged violation of contract rules.
This was discussed at the State Level Project Implementation Committee (SLPIC) meeting recently, where the home department clarified that five contractors were shortlisted and work was allotted to the lowest bidder at 85 per cent above the Public Works Department (PWD) schedule of rate (SOR), 2004. The conditions were that work would be done on a turnkey basis and completed within 36 months from the date of issue of order. Another condition was that there would be no upward revision of estimates within the next six years. It was accordingly approved by the departmental committee under the chairmanship of home minister Thenucho, when it should have been the chief engineer or head of the department concerned.
According to the SLPIC, work allotted at 85 per cent above SOR 2004 was on the higher side. After a marathon meeting, it had directed the department concerned to re-negotiate the rate with the contractor and review the terms and conditions of the contract as per norms before submitting it to the SLPIC at the earliest. Reliable sources said the matter was most likely to be placed before the Union home ministry. They do not rule out a CBI probe. The home minister could not be contacted for his reaction.
Police chief faces flak People’s Union for Civil Liberties has charged the Chhattisgarh government with misleading the people over the alleged atrocities committed by the Naga IRB jawans. Reacting to Chhattisgarh director general of police (DGP) O.P. Rathor’s letter to the Nagaland government, the PUCL said the reports it compiled were not false and baseless. The Chhattisgarh DGP had written to the Nagaland government dismissing reports compiled by certain NGOs who have reportedly accused Naga jawans of mass atrocities such as rape, murder and other human rights violation on the pretext of flushing out Maoists in the Bastar area.
PUCL president, Rajendra K. Sail said reports of human rights violations in Chhattisgarh during the last 30 years have never been found to be false and baseless. “This is true not only in Chhattisgarh, but all over the country. These reports and record of the PUCL have stood the test of time and also the scrutiny of the courts of the country,” the human rights group said. It said various courts, including the Supreme Court, have acted on the PUCL reports and recommendation and passed landmark judgments upholding the findings. It charged Chhattisgarh with not adhering to any form of democratic process to find a peaceful solution to the “civil war- like situation” in Dantewada district. It has demanded that the government stop using people as a shield and create armed village defence committees as part of its anti-Naxal operations. It has also called for withdrawal of all paramilitary forces from the Bastar and Dantewada areas. The PUCL demanded that an FIR be registered for all crimes committed by Salwa Judum and security forces and the culprits be prosecuted. The PUCL has urged both the government and Maoists to find a political resolution to the problem.
The fact- Nasgaland Post Opinion
I felt, it is advisable to give a clear picture of how infamous Shillong Accord was condemned under the leadership of Isaac and Th. Muivah which leads the Nagas to the present days of turmoil and bloodshed. For clearing out the confusion in the minds of the Nagas How, Why, Where and When, the following facts are being published:-
1. The infamous Shillong Accord was first condemned by the Naga Nationalist under the leadership of Isaac, Th. Muivah and SS Khaplang at Langkhieng under Thingnung Region in March 1976. I openly told the leaders that. I cannot condemn the Shillong Accord on the way even before reaching my home region. I also told that, not a single Konyak participated in the accord, how I can condemn it. However, I had to sign the condemnation paper only two days after their pressure on me.
2. In the month of Sept '1976, Th. Muivah and Brig. Vedai took their trip for China. Since Brig Vedai the then C-in-C left for China, I was given in charge of C-in-C at Lao village (Eastern Konyak) for six months but I strongly rejected their offer. However, Th. Muivah suggested me to look after Pangmi and Hemi Region during his absence. Thus, accordingly I looked after the two said regions and began to organize the wild like people and Rajapiyus, Volunteers were appointed in all Ranges and villages but on their return from China, Th. Muivah ordered his men to kill those recently appointed Rajapiyus and Volunteers --- two (2) from Kahshen and six (6) person fro Jyua Village including the Chief Angh. I told Th. Muivah told me at Junkhau village that, "he did not know as to how those Rajapiyus and Volunteers were murdered". So I simply replied, "Without your knowledge and consent this would not have happened."
3. After few month of Shillong Accord condemnation meeting at Langkheing, the NNC made the secret plan to arrest Th. Muivah and Isaac. Therefore, I appealed to NNC leaders like Late Mayanger Tater, Brig. Vedai, Col. Chanso, Late Venuh Foreign Ambassador, Col. Vikhamo and Col Shupong not to create such situation amongst the national leaders. But they replied, "The NNC didn't require Konyaks and the Konyak would be the loser". I replied them, "don't worry even if the Konyak is a loser but mind it, nothing would be achieved. I only felt pity for you".
4. In August 1978 when I was at Chingkao forest, I received a message about the arrest of Isaac and Th. Muivah. I was invited to the CHQ and was assigned the duty of Martial Law Assassination commander but I flatly rejected and said, "Isaac and Th. Muivah had been arrested without any knowledge of mine how can I carry out the Martial Assassination to massacre the Naga leaders. I would never let my leader die in my uncivilized soil; my only problem is what I should feed you (the Nagas) in my soil". As such, the said two leaders were saved from the death jaws of NNC. But surprisingly, after I saved their lives, the two leaders massacred all the NNC leaders at Hahshik during Christmas in 1979. They even arrested and took to Brig. Thongpo's house and to Waktham village where Isaac and Th. Muivah were stationed. On my reaching late Col Chanso said to me, "all were finished from here on 24th December 1979". I did not reply to him, instead I asked Isaac and Th. Muivah as to why did they murdered so many Nagas. Th. Muivah replied that, "he would bite only on neck like Tiger". Therefore, I told him that, his system of murdering the Nagas would never last long.
5. On March 1980, the NATIONAL SOCIALIST COUNCIL OF NAGALAND was formed. Brig. Thongpo the then C-in-C and Col. Nevin GSO-I lead the hundreds of Naga Army and murdered Khiamniungan Public. Therefore, I request them to at Lao Village to retreat from their mission and appealed that, "since Khiamniungan were my people, I would teach them". I also told them that, "I would inform the leaders incase they failed to realize." But surprisingly, both the officers replied that, "They can not stop their mission because it was government's direction therefore, I told them "half of you would not return here back."
Starting from Kingpho, they carried out the brutalities against Khiamniungan people without sparing even the women and children. I therefore appealed Th. Muivah and SS Khaplang to withdraw the said mission because this was not a good mission. But the leaders replied to me that, the mission would crush the Khiamniungan. I replied them that, "not even a singly army of Brig. Singya was killed, and the victims were of innocent publics", I asked both Th. Muivah and SS Khaplang as to why they called me to their camp, they replied that, I should handover eight (8) weapons to Mr. Shikato who was operating at Dimapur and Kohima and accordingly I handed over eight (8) weapons at Chingkao village.
6. After Khiamniungan massacred mission, Isaac and Th. Muivah starting charging Leinung publics that they carried Brumes army's rations and imposed fine on them. They even dissolved Leinung's region and placed under the central supervision. I told the leaders to return the Leinung region to Konyaks. But they replied at Chanlam village that, "Lienung people did not open their eyes under the supervision of Konyaks". After few months of central supervision over Leinung region, above hundreds of Naga Armies went to Leinung village under the command of Isaac and Vedai and began to impose Christianity to savage Leinung publics. I told them that "neither Jehovah nor man would agree this system and it would only bring destruction". Isaac told that, "Nothing would be done against Jehovah and man". I therefore replied him (Isaac) as to why Mophin village was burnt? Isaac smiled and said, "Jehovah advised us to burn the entire houses where the Burmese Army rested". I replied that, it was not a good begin. As per their scheme, Leinung publics massacred Naga Armies at Shaplo village. Mantong Nokso, Mansoi and consequently they even attacked C-in-C camp where three (3) Naga Armies were killed and beheaded.
7. IN an emergency meeting at Janlam camp I told them, "All Naga Armies were finished because you rejected my advice. You (central) government ruled Leinung only for six (6) months but brought such destruction. Through your advised, the Naga Army carried our operation against Leinung Public who were the loser you know". Therefore I appealed Isaac and Khaplang to forgive Leinung and Khiamniungan Publics. The two leaders understood my point and forgave the publics of two regions but Maj. Haw challenged the forgiven letters of the leaders and shouted loudly at Hoyal village, "I will not forgive even the women and children of Leinung and Khiamniungan" as such Maj. Haw not only murdered said two tribes but even the Naga Armies of Konyak community on the charges of late coming from their leaves and mis-use of few amount ranking from Rs.100/- to Rs.700/-. Had Maj. Haw and his Tangkhul armies respect the order of the leaders and obeyed the command of the Chief of the Army Staff, even the chances of splitting the NSCN into would have not taken place. The Tangkhul Armies, Particularly, Maj. Haw was encouraged by Th. Muivah who should be responsible for splitting the NSCN into two.
I don't want to dig out what was happening, but long search of causes by my armies and workers of both NSCNs how the NSCN split into two, I am compelled to show the reason why, how, when and who contributed for unfortunate splitting of NSCN into NSCN-IM and NSCN-K. However, I hope shortly there will be only one Revolutionary Government to fight for Naga Sovereignty which is only dream of the Nagas.
General Kholi Konyak Commander-in-Chief, Naga Army,GPRN, NSCN (K).
Ukhrul meet opposes Tipaimukh dam From Addie Chiphang Sangai Express
Ukhrul, Nov 1: Opposition to construction of the Tipaimukh dam is gaining momentum with yet another Naga social organi- sation organising a meet recently at Tangkhul Theo- logical Association Hall Ukhrul that lend its voices to the anti-dam movement. Representatives of Na-ga bodies including Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights, South and Ukhrul units, Naga Women’s Union, Manipur (NWUM), All Tribal Students’ Union Manipur (ATSUM), TNL (Tangkhul Naga Long), TKS (Tang-khul Students’ Union), TSL (Tangkhul Women Council) and Hunphun Katam- nao Long (Ukhrul Students Union) attended the “one day Leaders Meet” at TTA conference hall. The leaders condemning concerted effort of State authorities to go ahead with the dam construction activities described the atti- tude as “Forced Development” thrown upon the people at the behest of politician-bureaucrat-technocrats rather than seeking voluntary consent of the people as the dam would drastical-ly reduce employment opp- ortunity in agricultural sector. “It is the policy of dis- placing tribal people from the affected areas,” said the ATSUM president John Pulamtei. The proposed dam of 390 m long and 162.8 m high at 180 m above sea level, stand to dislocate nearly 1,00,000 people of 14 villages submerging 311 sq km of Tamenglong, Churachandpur and Senapati districts apart from inundating most part of Sinlung Hill district of Mizoram contrary to which the project would benefit NEEPCO in terms of croresof rupees, expressed the leaders. Elaborating on it, the lea-ders opined that the mas- sive construction would ca-use ecological imbalances, destroy huge tract of cultivable land upon which the indigenous people depend for their sustenance. Moreover, many rare spe -cies of flora and fauna would be ruined forever in addition to drastic changes caused to the landscape and many historical and sacred sites, they predicted. Desiring that experts in the field be consulted and plight of the people likely to be affected be taken into account, the meeting resol-ved to resort to democratic form of agitation against the dam construction in case both the State and Central govts do not encompass and address grievances of the public.
Therie hits out at Rio Nagaland Post
Dimapur, Nov 1 (NPN): Former finance minister K. Therie has hit out at his former colleague and chief minister Neiphiu Rio over the issues of transparency, loyalty and adherence to the DAN's Common Minimum Programme. Drawing attention to Rio's statement over resignation from the Congress wherein the chief minister purportedly stated that "unlike him (Therie), I resigned and followed the righteous path", Therie said it was true they were "unlike each other" in matters of transparency and policy making decisions. Therie said he was transparent in policy making decisions and stood by his commitment because he feared God and the wishes of the people. Otherwise, Therie said, he held no fear of his life and did not admire corrupted wealth as there was nothing to be gained if generations were lost as a result.
Reaffirming his firm belief in transparency in policy making, Therie said leaders should be trusted by their people when their policies are transparent. He said discord was bound to occur over transparency as it happened when he was expelled for disagreeing with the Congress that the "Bedrock of Naga Society" was a closed chapter. Similarly, Therie said when he insisted on the policy of 'One Man, One Post' and 'reconciliation for a united view to secure a negotiated settlement' the NPF suspended him from the party. Therie said unlike Rio, he has not ditched anybody by resigning and alluded that "perhaps he (Rio) has resigned twice, ditching the Congress". On the issue of Rio rejoining Congress, Therie wondered if the party would now accept him (Rio) as a 'deserter' or someone who 'ditched' the party.
Therie claimed he had fought against the "tallest standing leader" of the Congress and the government who had the support of 58 MLAs. In the last election, Therie said the issues were not wealth and power but those raised in the Common Minimum Programme (CMP) that gave victory to the DAN coalition. He accused Rio of having betrayed the CMP and instead "decided to facilitate and support" the ongoing negotiations and added that Rio "misused the equi-closeness policy" which has now earned ire from many quarters. Therie said he saw no logic in the present government's claim that factional clashes "are a political problem and not a law and order problem". According to Therie, the "political conflict" was between the Government of India and Nagas and that the cause for a sovereign Naga nation could not be fought between factions and therefore, the clashes were not a political problem. He said under Rio's four-year leadership, "factional clashes have increased day-by-day, month-by-month and year-by-year."
Therie said Rio's statements such as , "talks are moving the right direction "; that Nagas might "soon have an Upper House" and suggestions for "an interim agreement" then a switch to a "step by step solution" proved that he(Rio)had no vision, lacked approach to secure a negotiated settlement and therefore, failed to approach the problem. He further warned that failure to fulfill commitments to the people of Nagaland "will be the Waterloo of the DAN in the forthcoming general elections."
Voting Congress not the right decision: Nipamacha The Imphal Free Press
IMPHAL, Nov 1: Former chief minister, W Nipamacha has said today, " It won`t be the right thing for the people of Manipur to vote in favour of the Congress party whose leaders are endorsing the formation of Greater Nagaland and compromising the state`s integrity for their own political gain in the coming Assembly elections".

Former chief minister and president of RJD, Manipur state council was speaking as chief guest at a one day political conference of the RJD held today at the residence of "Referee", Ibomcha at Khurai Soibam Leikai, who is expected to contest the 9th Assembly of the Manipur Legislative Assembly from the Wangkhei Assembly constituency. The conference was also attended by among others, MLA S Natum Singh and also general secretary of the state unit of RJD.

Nipamacha went to say that the seed of disintegration of Manipur was sown way back by the veteran Congress leader Rishang Keishing who headed the United Naga Integration Council. He also stated that the Congress did not oppose the formation of South Nagaland at that time.

The present leaders of congress are no exception, Nipamacha added, stating that no action has been taken so far against those responsible for greeted chief minister O Ibobi Singh with "Well come to South Nagaland" banner at Senapati. He also cited the example of the release of NSCN (IM) leaders by according a grand reception after being arrested by the state police.

In the function a booklet by Ibomcha outlining how he plans to utilize the MLA local area development fund in the event of his election to the state assembly, was also released.

Speaking at the function aspiring candidate, Ibomcha stressed on the need to focus on the upliftment of people living below the poverty line, women empowerment, launching of green revolution and various other programme of self sustenance by the people of the state.

He also appealed to the people to be careful from the politicians offering pre-elections monetary assistances. MLA Natum while speaking at the function said that the Referee`s thoughts are pioneering and encouraging, He further maintained that with the election on hand, it is for the people to decide whom to elect as their legislature as per their commitment for the state.
Students should debate on affiliation issue – NSCN-K The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 2 (MExN): The NSCN-K has called upon the Naga students’ community to debate with seriousness and concern the affiliation issue and to accept the contentious matter as a challenge to decide on their future.
“This statement has to be treated seriously as a matter of great concern by the young Nagas of Nagaland, especially the students’ community and this issue is debated thoroughly at their own appropriate platforms” an MIP/GPRN release suggested. The NSCN-K asked that the students’ community accept this as a challenge and make use of the opportunity to decide their future. The people also, must not remain “mute spectators” on this issue, because, it stated, it would have far-reaching consequences for the common man for generations to come. “It is a socio-economic issue and as such Nagaland state politicians should not think on partisan lines. But Naga people in all strata of society should think seriously on this big issue” the NSCN-K stated.
The NSCN-K also reacted sharply to Education Minister Imkong Imchen’s statement that the state government would not remain silent on the affiliation of schools of Naga-dominated areas of Manipur to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) but pursue the matter ‘aggressively’.
“The issue of affiliating the schools in the four districts of Manipur to Nagaland Board of School Education is not a political one, but it is a socio-economic issue. Hence in the socio-economic interests of the Nagas, the NSCN/GPRN had already registered its strong opposition to the move” the NSCN-K stated. The release took note that students from the said areas have begun getting admitted to Nagaland schools to sit for the forthcoming examinations which, according to the NSCN-K, “will certainly culminate into questions of scholarships, selections to technical branches like medical, engineering etc etc”.
“Then which district or tribe or community of the Nagas will share and spare their chances or opportunities to the students of Manipur? Again, which tribe or community in Nagaland will sacrifice their employment opportunities for the Manipur people?” the NSCN-K questioned.
“Nagas, if this selfish ambition of the Neiphiu Rio-led state puppet government and opportunist NGOs gets materialized, only those tainted government bureaucrats, NGO leaders and politicians like Imkong Imchen, Minister of Education who got embroiled himself as a minister by creating a furor on the process of selection to technical education through Joint Entrance Examination 2006, will roast the toast and students from Manipur state will be facilitated at the expense of talented Naga students” it stated while cautioning that Rio and Imchen “and even their children” must be answerable for this “blatant sell-out of Naga rights and opportunities to those people who are not entitled or deserved”.
Good government, bad governance Nagaland Post Editorial
The constitutional safeguard for traditional ownership of land and resources of the Naga people is provided in the constitution. This is being translated to mean that the government practically owns no land whatsoever because every inch is owned by some tribal community. It is not surprising that today the government has virtually given up its rightful holding over vast areas. To put it mildly, some claimants appear to possess some kind of 'deed purportedly issued by the erstwhile British rulers over the ownership of lands. The consequence of this is a phenomenon called reclaiming of traditional lands 'occupied' by the government. Thus the government has become the 'occupier' or tenant and has no option but to hand over the lands to the claimants. While the authenticity of such documents need to be studied and suitable explanations given; the land grab continues with impunity. The practice goes on undiminished and largely helped by conniving departmental officers or staff. The government had spent several hundred crore of rupees for construction of staff quarters over several decades throughout the state. Almost all government departments either bought lands or possess valid patta. While major departments prepare their respective blueprints for housing; on the other hand, vast areas of land and in many cases with existing buildings, are being given away on a platter. It would have been another story if lands and building were auctioned to the highest bidder. The two stand contradictory to the reasoning within the government. The problem is acute in Kohima where government suffers from acute shortage of staff quarters. However, when government lands and quarters are being issued to applicants or claimants, it indicates that the government has valid reasons to condemn its quarters including lands. How the 'No Objection Certificates' are issued by government officers themselves is questionable. The conventional thinking that encroachments are committed by private persons also comes unstuck when it is reported that government servants themselves are involved. Even educational institutions are not spared as the tentacle of encroachments are being legalized through dubious allotments. The Dimapur government higher secondary school today looks like it was built amid private buildings though the fact is that the school had one of the biggest and best campuses in the state suffer some two decades back. Though the NSF had once raised the issue, yet nothing changed except the change in ownership of lands and buildings allotted to individuals. It may be said that even before the concept of privatization became a lexicon of globalization, Nagaland was far ahead of its times by privatizing thousands of acres of lands and hundreds of buildings at a throw away price. Possibly, those who enacted Article 371(A) had never expected that it would turn out this way.
MLA Thekho showing true colors now- UNC hits back The Morung Express
Dimapur, NOV 2 (MExN): The United Naga Council has reacted strongly to a slew of charges leveled against it by Congress MLA RL Thekho. The charges include “special rapport” with the NSCN-IM to ‘wipe out’ the Congress from Naga-dominated areas of Manipur. The UNC in a clarification issued through its Information & Publicity Secretary S Milan termed as “illusion and without any foundation” the MLA’s allegation that the NSCN-IM is using the council to ‘wipe out’ the Congress from all Naga areas in Manipur. The UNC being accused of having a special rapport with the NSCN-IM also holds no water at all since all the Naga civil societies including the UNC is fully supporting and backing the ongoing Indo-Naga peace process for bringing about a honorable and acceptable solution, the clarification stated.
The council also informed that the MLA attended the Naga Hoho’s dialogue on October 25, 2006 at Kohima. “…but instead of addressing his fellow Nagas RK Thekho left the meeting halfway and willfully chose the media to vent out his frustration in the form of ‘lone’ spokesman of the party he represents” UNC stated. According to the council, the MLA has already become a “person non grata” in his village Tungjoy. On October 14, 2006 when the Tungjoy public gathered to decide on a candidate for the general elections, RK Thekho stormed out of the village assembly before it concluded knowing fully that he had lost his support base. Under this compelling circumstance, he has changed his strategy towards NSCN-IM and started ‘using UNC bashing so that he could be in the good book of the high command and retain the Congress (I) ticket for the forthcoming general assembly elections to be held in February/March 2007,’ UNC asserted.
“RK Thekho was one of the former presidents of the UNC. We held him in high esteem. He was our leader but now his true color has emerged beyond any doubt. Therefore, we can say in the least that he is in the process of making yet another Judas Iscariot at the cost of the Nagas’ political rights”, the UNC stated while pointing out that he and his ilk did not express a single word of support when the affiliation movement to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE) was on led by the ANSAM and the NSF.
State cannot close its eyes to present situation: APO Chief North East Press Service

Kohima, Nov 1 (NEPS): The Angami Public Organization (APO) has expressed serious concern on the prevailing factional clashes in some parts of the State, saying that such incidents affected the peaceful environment in the State. Talking to NEPS here at his private residence today, APO President Mhiesezokho Zinyu said, “Naga political problem is political issue and anything to do with it (Naga political affairs) is political.”

He, however, elucidated that anything to do with environment was concerned of law and order. “Therefore, the factional clashes might be for political reason but we cannot close our eyes and say they do not come under the purview of the law and order issue,” he stated.

The APO chief asserted that the law and order had to do with the “maintenance of law and order.” “This is very much State subject,” he said, adding, “The State cannot close its eyes and say it has got nothing to do with all these troubles and traumas around us.”

Asked his comments on the flawed ground rules in the ceasefires, Zinyu expressed it should be rectified if such things were there. But all these incidents should come under the purview of that ceasefire ground rules. There were authorities to enforce the ground rules but “you can’t say--- ‘have ceasefires and do anything you like’---because it ultimately disturbs the environment, which is again the law and order issue.” On the ongoing peace process between the Government of India and the Naga underground leaders, the APO President recalled how the past Accord and Agreements failed to reach any solution to the Indo-Naga political issue. He mentioned of the Government of India’s failures to fulfill their duties since the Hydari Agreement and that was how solution to this protracted issue remained elusive till today. Asked if the one faction would bring solution to the Naga issue, Zinyu said, “Nagas are not saying that the Naga problem can be solved by piecemeal.” “We can see even how many Agreements and Accords were entered into even after the 16-Point Agreement that led to the birth of the present State of Nagaland,” he reminded. He was, however, skeptical the very coin used---“the final political settlement.” “I don’t know when final settlement to the Naga political issue will come about,” he pointed out. “But what I feel is that unless and until we come as one, it will be difficult for any final settlement to come.” He said, “Solution is more important than argument and we all should seek for solution.”

On the relative peaceful environment in the State capital and most of the Angami areas, the APO chief attributed for all these happenings to all the citizens living in the State capital and Angami areas. “We appreciate for whatever happening in the capital and also appreciate the wisdom of those groups for not creating troubles in the capital,” he stated.

Rio betrayed CMP – Therie The Morung Express
Dimapur, Nov 1 (MExN): K Therie, MLA and former Finance Minister in the DAN Cabinet is convinced that Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio has betrayed the Common Minimum Programme (CMP), the “people’s program” on which the NPF piggy-backed to power with the DAN coalition. The MLA, reacting to the statement of Rio – “unlike him, I resigned and followed the righteous path” – also asserted that the policy of equi-closeness has been ‘misused’.
“I had fought the tallest standing leader and Congress government who had the support of 58 MLAs in the last general election; it was not wealth or power but it was the issues which were raised in the Common Minimum Programme (CMP) of DAN that has given victory in the last general elections” K Therie stated in a rejoinder. “However, Mr Rio has betrayed the CMP and decided to facilitate and support the ongoing peace process. He has misused the equi-closeness policy and has earned ire from many quarters” the MLA asserted. “Non fulfillment of the commitments made to the people of Nagaland will be the waterloo of Dan in the forthcoming general elections” Therie predicted.
On the issue of factional clashes, Therie found no logic in Rio’s stand that they are a political and not a law and order problem. “To my understanding the political conflict is in between GoI and the Nagas. The noble cause for a sovereign Naga nation cannot be fought out in between the factions and therefore, factional clashes are not a political problem” Therie asserted adding that “under Rio’s leadership in four years’ time, factional clashes have increased day-by-day, month-by-month and year-by-year” which is the “evidence of failure of his policies”.
In regard to Rio’s comment on resigning from the Congress, Therie had this to say: “Unlike my friend, I have not resigned ditching anybody. Perhaps he has resigned twice ditching the Congress and I do not know whether they take him as a ‘deserter’ or as someone who has ‘ditched’ the Congress and chosen the righteous path”. He affirmed belief in transparency in making policy decisions and that when somebody differs, discord is bound to arise. “Similarly, when I did not agree with the Congress in respect to the closed chapter of ‘Bedrock of Naga society’, I was expelled. I have been kept under suspension by the NPF for I stand on the policy of ‘one man, one post’ and reconciliation for a united view to secure a negotiated settlement” the MLA stated.
Gen Kholi traces ‘cause of bloodshed’ in Nagaland The Morung Express‘I appealed Th Muivah and SS Khaplang to stop massacre of Khimungans’
Dimapur, Nov 1 (MExN): Maintaining that the Shillong Accord is the reason behind today’s turmoil and bloodshed in Nagaland, General Kholi Konyak, Commander in Chief of the Naga Army, NSCN-K expressed hope that there will only be one “revolutionary government” to fight for the Naga cause. “I don’t want to dig out what was happening but log search of the causes by my armies and workers of both NSCNs, how the NSCN split into two, I am compelled to show the reason why, how, when and who contributed for unfortunate splitting of NSCN into NSCN-IM and NSCN-K. However, I hope shortly there will be only one revolutionary government to fight for Naga sovereignty which is only dream of the Nagas” Kholi wished in a statement offering ‘causes’ that led to modern day Nagaland’s present malady.

According to General Kholi the Shillong Accord was ‘first’ condemned by all Naga nationalists under the leadership of Isak Swu, Th. Muivah and SS Khaplang at Langkhieng under Thingnung region in March 1976. However, Kholi stated that he openly told the leaders he cannot condemn the accord. “I also told that not a single Konyak participated in the accord, how can I condemn it. However, I had to sign the condemnation paper only two days after their pressure on me” Kholi stated. After few months of ‘Shillong Accord condemnation meeting’ at Langkheing, the NNC made a secret plan to arrest Th. Muivah and Isak “Therefore, I appealed to NNC leaders like Late Mayanger Tater, Brig Vedai, Col Chanso, Late Venuh Foreign Ambassador, Col Vikhamo and Col Shupong not to create such situation amongst the national leaders but they replied ‘the NNC didn’t require Konyaks and the Konyak would be the loser’. I replied ‘don’t worry even if the Konyak is a loser but mind it, nothing would be achieved. I only felt pity for you’” General Kholi stated.
In August 1978 General Kholi, when he was at Chingkao forest, received a message about the arrest of Isak and Th Muivah. Kholi was assigned the duty of “Martial law Assassination Commander” but he refused. Kholi said: “Isak and Th. Muivah had been arrested without any knowledge of mine but can I carry out the martial assassination to massacre the Naga leaders; I would never let my leader die in my uncivilized soil; my only problem is what should feed you, the Nagas, in my soil. As such, the said two leaders were saved from the death jaws of NNC. But surprisingly after I saved their lives, the two leaders massacred all the NNC leaders at Hahshik during Christmas in 1979.They even arrested and took me to Brig Thongpo’s house and to Waktham village where Isaac and Th. Muivah stationed. On my reaching, Late Col Chanso said to me ‘all were finished from here on 24th December 1979. I did not reply to him instead I asked Issac and Muivah as to why did they murdered so many Nagas. Th. Muivah replied that ‘he would bite only on the neck like tiger’. Therefore I told him that his system of murdering the Nagas would never last long”. In March 1980, when the NSCN was formed, Brig Thongpo led the Naga Army and massacred Khimungan citizens, Kholi said. “I therefore appealed Th. Muivah and SS Khaplang to withdraw the said mission because this was not a good mission. But the leaders replied me that the mission would crush the Khimungan. I replied them that ‘not even a single army of Brig. Singnya was killed and the victims were of innocent publics” Kholi stated. It was also asserted Isak and Th Muivah imposed fine on Leinung publics for carrying Burmese rations.
Kholi also stated that he appealed to Isak Swu and SS Khaplang to ‘forgive Leinung and Khimungan publics’ to which the two leaders understood my point and forgave the publics of the two regions. However, Major Haw challenged the “forgiven letters of the leaders” and declared that even women and children of Leinung and Khimungan would not be forgiven. “As such Maj Haw not only murdered the said two tribes but even the Naga armies of Konyak community on the charges of late coming from their leaves and misuse of few amount ranking from Rs 100 to Rs 700. Had Maj haw and his Tangkhul armies respect the order of the leaders and obeyed the command of the chief of the Army Staff, even the chances of splitting the NSC into two would not have taken place. The Tangkhul armies, particularly Maj Haw were encouraged by Th. Muivah who should be responsible for splitting the NSCN into two” Kholi stated.
“I don’t want to dig out what was happening but log search of the causes by my armies and workers of both NSCNs, how the NSCN split into two, I am compelled to show the reason why, how, when and who contributed for unfortunate splitting of NSCN into NSCN-IM and NSCN-K. However, I hope shortly there will be only one revolutionary government to fight for Naga sovereignty which is only dream of the Nagas” Kholi wished.
Gogoi urges Ulfa to sit for talks Nagaland Post
Guwahati, Nov 1 (IANS): Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi Wednesday urged the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) to respond to the government's peace initiatives. "The doors for peace talks are still wide open and New Delhi is ready to hold direct negotiations if the ULFA responds positively," Gogoi told IANS here. The Indian Army is engaged in a massive military operation against the ULFA after New Delhi in September called off a six-week ceasefire blaming the outfit for stepping up attacks and extortions.
The talks were deadlocked with ULFA demanding the release of five of their jailed leaders as a precondition for holding direct talks with the government. Indian negotiators wanted a commitment in writing that the ULFA leadership would come for negotiations if their jailed comrades were released. The group refused to give a written commitment. "I still believe the peace process is not completely derailed and hope the ULFA respects the wishes of the people of Assam to come for talks and solve the problem," Gogoi said.
Talks between ULFA representatives and the Indian government formally broke last month after the People's Consultative Group (PCG), a civil society team appointed by the rebels to mediate for talks, pulled out of the peace process blaming New Delhi for calling off the truce.
There were three rounds of talks between the ULFA-chosen PCG and the Indian government. The chief minister said his government's objective of ushering in development for the welfare of the people was very much similar to that of ULFA. "My government's objective and that of ULFA is very much the same so far as the overall development of the state is concerned," Gogoi said at the inaugural ceremony of a two-day meet of security heads of the northeast, West Bengal and Sikkim to work out a joint strategy to combat insurgency and Islamist terrorism.
"The only difference is the means through which this goal can be achieved. While ULFA is adopting violent means, my government is trying to develop the state through democratic means," he said. Gogoi said the ULFA's support base in Assam was on the downslide in recent years, with people clamouring for peace and an end to all forms of violence.
"This is a good sign with the mass support base of ULFA is now eroding. People in general are against all forms of bloodshed and want to see Assam develop economically," he said. He cautioned security forces engaged in counter-insurgency operations in Assam not to harass civilians in the name of tackling militancy. "Dignity of individuals should be respected and security forces should always try to be sensitive not to indulge in excesses," Gogoi said.
NE States to work out Jt strategy to fight insurgency Newmai News Network
Guwahati, Nov 1: Police chiefs of the seven North Eastern States and also of Sikkim, West Bengal and the Army top brass today converged in the Assam Police headquarters in Gu-wahati here to discuss on ways and means to tackle the insurgency, growing jehadi threat, cross border terrorism and the arms and drug trafficking in the region. Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi inaugurated the annual two day long conference of the DGPs and the IGPs of the North East-ern States and said that the growing jehadi threat, problem of insurgency and other crimes needed to be taken up jointly in coordination with all the States in the region. Speaking on the occasion Assam DGP DN Dutta said that the menaces are growing in the whole of the region and that it needed to be addressed jointly by all the States. “We will discuss the issues like insurgency, jehadi threat, narco crimes, counter fake currency, Islamic fundamentalism during the two-day long conference and try to chalk out some joint strategy to tackle these menaces,” Dutta said.
“These are growing and it needs a total involvement of the security agencies and intelligence agencies of all the states in the region to combat these in better way,” said the DGP. The conference is also being attended by the senior officials of 3 Corps and 4 Corps of the Army and RAW officers. The participants will present papers in the conference and will discuss the common concerns of all the States. The Assam Chief Minister praised the unified command structure of operations in the state and said that it is a success in Assam while combating militancy. He said that coordination and cooperation among the police and other security agencies in each states of the region is the need of the hour.
Chief Secretary of Assam S Kabilan while speaking on the occasion stressed that there should always be operational coordination among the police and security forces operating in each states of the region to counter these growing crimes in effective way.
ULFA opposes OIL’s search in Brahmaputra By A Staff Reporter Assam Tribune
GUWAHATI, Nov 1 – The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) today strongly opposed the move of the Oil India Limited to go for oil exploration on the river bed of the Brahmaputra and described the move as an attempt of the Government of India to take away the resources of Asom. In its mouthpiece Swadhinata, which was released to the media today, the ULFA alleged that over the years, the Government of India was exploiting Asom by taking away its resources and the latest move would not only affect the water resources, but would have a serious impact on the Dibru Saikhowa National Park. The militant outfit said that the Oil India did not make public the report of the study on the impact on environment that the new project would have and “unfortunately, the Asom Government has assured to extend full cooperation to the move of the Government of India. The ULFA alleged that over the years, the organizations like the Oil India Limited and Coal India never bothered about the development of Asom and those organizations were only interested in extracting the natural resources. The reserves of natural resources are not unlimited and the Government of India was making all efforts to take away all the resources of Asom as soon as possible, the ULFA said.

Meanwhile, the ULFA today called upon all sections of people of Asom to join hands for a political solution to the conflict, but at the same time, the outfit said that only sovereignty could bring permanent peace. All sections of people of Asom including those belonging to the ethnic groups must have the control over the natural resources, the ULFA said. The ULFA alleged that the colonialist Government of India never bothered about the well-being of the people of Asom, who are deprived of their dues. The people of Asom never received health care facilities and the problem of unemployment has assumed menacing proportion. In fact, the Government of India always try to create division among the people of Asom on the basis of religion and on the basis of ethnic groups, the ULFA alleged.

The militant outfit referred to the reports published in a section of the media against two members of the people’s consultative group (PCG), formed by the outfit to hold initial parleys with the Government to pave the way for direct talks and said that the two PCG members, who were also convenors of the People’s Committee for Peace Initiatives in Asom, were targeted because of the fact that they managed to unite the people to launch a mass movement against the designs of the Government of India. The Government also tried to mislead the people with false propaganda against the leaders of the ULFA, the outfit said in its mouthpiece.

The militant outfit also assured that it would never target “innocent surrendered ULFA men”. The outfit said that a number of former ULFA men are leading a normal life and are not indulging in any crimes. The ULFA would never attack such SULFA men. But at the same time, the outfit pointed out that some SULFA men were involved in secret killings and they also created terror in society with their activities along with the police and Army and they must mend their ways.
Student body threatens to ban political parties From Our Correspondent Assam Tribune
IMPHAL, Nov 1 – The influential All Kangleipak Students’ Union has warned the political parties operating in Manipur to close down their offices from November 20 if they failed to repeal the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act from the State. It also threatened to ban all election related activities simultaneously. The assistant secretary of the students body in a statement issued here said that the people of Manipur have become easy and helpless targets of the trigger- happy and atrocious security forces.

It urged the State Government and all the political parties to work for revocation of Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act 1958. Taking serious note of the failure of the 60 MLAs of the State to adopt any resolution towards revocation of the draconian Act despite sustained and massive movements undertaken by the people over the years, the student body flayed the utter irresponsibility of the elected representatives.
Nodal agency proposed for insurgency, terror in northeast Syed Zarir Hussain, --- IANS
Guwahati, Nov 2: Security chiefs in India's northeast Thursday proposed a new federal agency for effective networking of intelligence and policing to combat the twin threats of separatist insurgencies and Islamic militancy in the region.
"We have decided to strengthen real-time intelligence sharing and suggested the constitution of a Standing Committee on Terrorism, Militancy, and Insurgency at the national level to deal with the problems of insurgency, export of Muslim fundamentalism and terrorists to the northeast from Bangladesh," said Dipak Narayan Dutt, police chief of Assam.

He was speaking at the end of a two-day conference of police chiefs of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. The meeting in Assam's main city of Guwahati, was also attended by police chiefs of West Bengal and Sikkim, as well as army, paramilitary, intelligence and federal home ministry officials. "The conference emphasised the need for better inter-state police coordination to deal with the problems of insurgency and other organised crimes," Dutt said. "The conference focused its attention on the problem of cross border insurgency with special reference to Bangladesh, Bhutan and Myanmar."

"We shall be putting forward all the resolutions of the conference to the home ministry for approval, including seeking help from Myanmar to bust camps where many of the northeast rebel groups have bases," Dutt added.

According to Assam's police intelligence chief Khagen Sharma, the outlawed Jammatul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), an Islamic terrorist outfit blamed for the serial bombings in Bangladesh last year, was sending recruits to the northeast to destabilise the region. "We have recently arrested two JMB cadres and have inputs to suggest that a large number of JMB activists have infiltrated into Assam," Sharma said. In the last five years, 198 people have been arrested for their links to various Muslim fundamentalist and terrorist groups backed by the JMB.

"A number of jihadi groups are working in Assam and the northeast under the umbrella of the JMB which is the main operational agency here," the intelligence chief said.

"Maybe some of these elements were using madrassas as shelters to execute their plans although the managements of the Islamic seminaries might not be privy to their plans. We are keeping a close watch and have put some madrassas under the scanner." India's resource-rich northeast, wedged between Bangladesh, Bhutan, China and Myanmar, is home to more than 30-odd rebel armies with demands ranging from secession to greater autonomy.

More than 50,000 people have lost their lives to insurgency in the northeast since India's independence in 1947. Many of the rebel groups in the northeast cooperate loosely, including sharing bases in adjoining states to escape security offensives in their areas of operation, the police chief of Arunachal Pradesh said.
ULFA’s ‘no’ to individual ethnic struggles in Asom? By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Nov 2: Continuous desertion by organizations of various ethnic communities of the State from the People’s Committee for Peace Initiatives in Asom (PCPIA) seems to be worrying the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) which has not ‘approved’ of the agitation being carried out by various ethnic communities in the State in support of their demands. In the latest edition of its mouthpiece Freedom, the ULFA said: “The key to the peace in Asom lies in regaining the lost common rights of the people of the State at the hands of our enemies through a common struggle. It’s not possible for the different ethnic groups of the State to regain their lost rights if they prefer to go ahead with their own individual struggle.”
Reacting to the ULFA’s comment on the struggles of various ethnic communities in the State, All Assam Tai Ahom Students’ Union (AATASU) publicity secretary Lakhya Konwar said: “The ULFA should respect the individual agitation being carried out in the State by various ethnic groups in support of their demands. Every ethnic group has the right to go for a democratic agitation in support of its demands.”
Meanwhile, the PCPIA has decided to meet on November 5 at Jorhat to discuss its future course of agitation.

Frans on 11.02.06 @ 07:50 PM CST [link]


Wednesday, November 1st

Naga talks on but no prying The Telegraph


Naga talks on but no prying The Telegraph OUR BUREAU

New Delhi,: The Centre and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah) have said that the Naga peace talks will continue despite hiccups along the way, but there will be no more updates for the media on what is being discussed. Delhi’s interlocutor in the peace talks, former home secretary K. Padmanabhaiah, met Union home minister Shivraj Patil today to discuss the government’s strategy for the next round of parleys.
NSCN (I-M) general secretary Thuingaleng Muivah had sent a note to Padmanabhaiah recently, asking for the next round of talks to be convened before the winter session of Parliament. Since the session has been advanced to November 22, the government is contemplating dates that do not clash with the schedules of the Group of Ministers involved in the dialogue.
“Talks might be held within a month,” Padmanabhaiah told The Telegraph. The Group of Ministers, headed by Oscar Fernandez, is expected to meet soon to set the agenda for the talks.
Fernandez has accused a section of the media of falsely reporting that the process of dialogue is on the verge of breaking down. There is “neither a deadlock nor a failure of talks”, he said. The minister also said that both sides have decided during the last round of talks not to go to the media with statements on the negotiations. The last round of talks involved the Netherlands-based Kreddah, too. But sources clarified that Kreddah has been involved in the talks “on the fringes” and not as a party. Both sides had previously agreed that the Constitution would be studied in line with the NSCN (I-M)’s demand that a separate one be worked out as part of the “special federal relationship between two entities”. Padmanabhaiah said no “snap decision” was possible on major decisions. “We are inching towards reconciling,” he said.
Centre to deliberate on Naga peace process Kuknalim.com
NEW DELHI, Oct 31:: The Group of Ministers on the Naga issue headed by Union Labour Minister Oscar Fernandes will meet soon to deliberate on sensitive issues thrown up during talks between Indian officials and NSCN-IM leaders in Amsterdam two weeks ago.
"The GoM will meet very soon, most probably within a month," K Padmanabhaiah, the interlocutor for the Naga talks, said after meeting Home Minister Shivraj Patil here on Tuesday.

The GoM, which will be briefed on deliberations at the Amsterdam meeting held during October 17-19, would deliberate on the issues raised there, he said. Rebutting reports that the last round of talks had made no headway in resolving the six decade-old Naga problem, official sources said there were bound to be "minor aberrations" in finding a solution to the dragging issue.

There are many ups and downs in every peace process and the government is looking for a "package" rather than a "piecemeal" solution to the problem in Nagaland, they said. However, all efforts would be made to resolve these questions, the sources said, without elaborating on what these issues were. Reports have suggested that the NSCN-IM has been insisting on a separate constitution for Nagaland that would give the Naga tribals a greater say on key issues like the exploitation of natural resources. (Agencies)

Is honeymoon with peace over in Nagaland? Syed Ali Mujtaba Indolink
Somehow, the northeastern part of India seems to be never in the news radar. The situation in Nagaland seems to be getting complex by the day. Over 4,000 people have fled their houses in Zunheboto district in the state after a gun battle broke out between the rival militant factions — National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak Muivah) and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Khaplang). Reportedly about 160 cadres of NSCN (IM) and about 100 cadres of the NSCN (Kahplang) engaged themselves in a fierce battle using rocket launchers, mortars, AK-47, AK-56 and snipers that killed two Khaplang faction cadres.
The situation in Zunheboto was brought to control after leaders of local NGOs of the powerful Sema tribe negotiated with the commanders of the warring factions. Following the negotiations the militants belonging to the two factions vacated their pitched positions in the residential areas of the town. The NSCN (Khaplang) called the retreat as honoring to the wishes of the Naga people. The recent infighting was a direct fall out of the killing of a senior NSCN (IM) functionary Tatar Hoho by the Khaplang faction that had served quit notice to all Thangkuls living in Nagaland accusing them to be supporter of the IM faction. The threat took a serious turn when the Khaplang faction targeted some persons from Thangkul community following, which both groups attacked each other in different parts of Nagaland and Manipur.
Government of India called this infighting a systematic violation of the ground rules of the ceasefire agreement by both the factions. It had also appealed them to end the battle "peacefully and amicably' failing which it said it reserves the rights to use force to flush out all such militants.
The NSCN (IM) has been accusing New Delhi of tacitly helping the Khaplang faction to weaken their strength. They blamed the Indian army for the supplies of automatic weapons to the Khaplang faction that has led to their recent resurgence. The Indian army has stoutly denied all such allegations. Nagaland is a mountainous state in the northeast of India bordering Myanmar with a population of nearly two million people that are predominantly Christians. Nagas are culturally and ethnically different from the rest of India. They are divided into 32 warring tribes. Nagas till a century ago were ‘Headhunters.’ It was under the British rule and due to the influence of American Baptist missionaries that Naga’s forged a strong sense of nationhood in the 19th century based on common traditions and Christian faith.
The Nagas were the first ethnic group in the northeast to revolt against New Delhi’s rule. Legendary Naga leader Angami Zapu Phizo and his Naga National Council (NNC) on August 14, 1947 asserted that the Nagas were never a part of India and demanded the status of a sovereign nationhood. The NNC in May 1951 demanded a referendum to determine their future as a free nation claiming that 99 percent of the Nagsa support the idea of the right of self-determination. However, New Delhi summarily rejected their demand that marked the beginning of the long haul of the armed struggle in Nagaland. By 1952, the NNC launched a guerrilla movement, attacking villages and Indian security posts. In 1956, Phizo formed a parallel government called the Naga federal government (NFG) and its armed wing, Naga federal army (NFA).
The Indian government in April 1956 launched a military crackdown on Naga insurgents and Phizo sneaked into then East Pakistan and then to London. He led the NNC from there until his death in 1990. India made efforts to broker peace with the NNC and in 1963 and gave statehood to Nagaland on September 6, 1964. A ceasefire was signed between the Indian government and the NNC. But despite the truce, the Naga rebels continued their offensives that made the government to abrogate the truce in 1969. However by then chinks had appeared in the Naga struggle. Members of the powerful Sema tribe broke away and in 1968 formed the revolutionary government of Nagaland (RGN) led by self-styled ‘General Kaito’. In 1971, India banned three prominent Naga groups; the NNC, NFG and NFA and Indian troops also launched a massive anti-insurgency operation. In 1973 for the first Army action forced the guerrillas to surrender. On August 14, 1973, the RGN, under the leadership of General Zuheto Swu, joined the Indian mainstream and a number of its cadres were inducted into the Border Security Force.
Then came the Shillong Accord that was signed on November 11, 1975. The Naga rebels led by Kevi Yally, the younger brother of Phizo, accepted the Indian constitution. However some people within the NNC opposed the accord and prominent among them were T. Muivah, Isak Swu and S. Khaplang. Muivah was then NNC general secretary and Swu a senior minister. Khaplang, a Burmese Naga, was president of the Eastern Nagaland Revolutionary Council, a wing of the NNC formed to protect Naga interests in Burma.
There was another twist in the Naga tale when the trio of Muivah, Swu and Khaplang decided to sever ties with their parent body and formed the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1980. Swu was made the chairman, Khaplang the vice-chairman and Muivah the general secretary. The NSCN emerged as the most powerful and radical rebel army in Nagaland, sidelining the NNC and NFG.
The NSCN-led insurgency became bloody over the years. But soon the NSCN was mired in internal problems, with leaders differing on major policy issues on clan and tribal lines. The NSCN split in 1988 with Khaplang forming a parallel NSCN (Khaplang). By 1992, the two NSCN factions were engaged in a fratricidal war over territorial supremacy. The two Naga rebel groups then signed a ceasefire agreement with the Indian government in 1997. Since then the NSCN (IM) have been engaged in negotiations with the government of India. The main demand of NSCN-IM is to create a ‘Greater Nagaland’ by uniting 1.2 million Nagas through the unification of Naga-dominated areas in Assam, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh states. Nagas second demand is to draft a separate Constitution, independent of the Indian constitution. They are ready to incorporate some important sections of the Indian constitution but would still like to have their own constitution. The government of India has serious objections to both the demands. It’s not in favor of redrawing the boundaries of its northeast states for the territorial unification of Nagaland. The affected states have already rejected to entertain any such idea and there were protests against it in Manipur some time back. The Indian government is also not ready to concede anything thing on sovereignty issue least a separate constitution for Nagaland.
India and the NSCN-IM so far have held more than 50 rounds of negotiations in the past nine years but have made no substantial progress in a in a bid to solve one of the oldest disputes in South Asia that has so far claimed more than 25,000 lives. Given the facts and the hard realities on the ground one wonders whether the honeymoon with peace in Nagaland is over.
GoM to discuss Naga talks Sangai Express
New Delhi, Oct 31 The Group of Ministers on the Naga issue headed by Union Labour Minister Oscar Fernandes will meet soon to deliberate on sensitive issues thrown up during talks between Indian officials and NSCN-IM leaders in Amsterdam two weeks ago.
"The GoM will meet very soon, most probably within a month," K Padmanabhaiah, the interlocutor for the Naga talks, told PTI after meeting Home Minister Shivraj Patil here today.
The GoM, which will be briefed on deliberations at the Amsterdam meeting held during October 17-19, would deliberate on the issues raised there, he said. Rebutting reports that the last round of talks had made no headway in resolving the six decade-old Naga problem, official sources said there were bound to be "minor aberrations" in finding a solution to the dragging issue.
There are many ups and downs in every peace process and the government is looking for a "package" rather than a "piecemeal" solution to the problem in Nagaland, they said.
However, all efforts would be made to resolve these questions, the sources said, without elaborating on what these issues were.
Reports have suggested that the NSCN-IM has been insisting on a separate constitution for Nagaland that would give the Naga tribals a greater say on key issues like the exploitation of natural resources. The Amsterdam parleys, held between NSCN-IM leaders Isak Chishi Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah and Padmanabhaiah and Fernandes, focussed on "substantive" issues and the question of a special federal relationship between the Centre and the Nagas.
The issues included unification of Naga-inhabited areas in the North East and greater rights over
natural resources of the region.
Top NSCN-IM leader Khreibo Chawang told PTI last week that "no headway" had been made in the Amsterdam talks amid a "tug of war" between the two sides.
But he maintained there was a "positive" side as there was better understanding between the government and the Naga leadership, with both promising to carry forward the peace negotiations.
"The talks have entered the deepest stage. Hopefully, something concrete may come out in the next two to three rounds of dialogue on substantive issues," Chawang had said. PTI
Rio breaks silence on Zbto, IRB and Congress’ ‘invitation’ Pfoshuo Ariicho The Morung Express
Dimapur Reacting to the Congress’s allegation on the prevailing “war like” situation in the state, Neiphiu Rio, Chief Minster of Nagaland today said that the government is playing its part and that the people should point out the weaknesses of the government. Rio, retaliating against the opposition’s demand for imposition of President’s rule alleging complete breakdown of law and order in the wake of recent bloodletting by rival NSCN factions, said that law is not a state problem but a national problem and that it should be taken up jointly by the state and the central government.
Rio, referring to the Independence Day issue at Tuensang district headquarters said it was a minor issue ‘compared’ to Manipur where the national Flag was burnt, the constitution destroyed, and government offices burnt down. “DAN Government policy is a peaceful approach but adversaries wants to create more problems to the law and order situation in the state,” said Rio while clarifying to allegations of ineffective measures taken by the government in the recent factional clashes in Zunheboto town. “The government wanted to see if the so called national workers listen to the voice and plights of the public and they did so and vacated the place” said Rio. “That is success” of the government, added Rio while congratulating the district administration, police, NGOs and public for resolving the issue without bloodshed.
Reacting to Leader of Opposition Imkong’s statement that Rio is also trying his best to return to the Congress party and Congress ‘open door’ policy to Rio and present NPF MLA, K Therie, Rio said “Therie was expelled but I resigned from the Congress. I took the righteous path and I’m comfortable where I am.” Terming the tenure of DAN Government as smooth sailing and stable, Rio advised the Congress not to worry about DAN government but to worry about their own. The Chief Minister, commenting on the allegations of atrocities meted out to tribals of Chhattisgarh by the Naga IRB said, the clarification given by the government of Chhattisgarh and the DGP is enough that the boys are doing well. There are always someone who sympathizes with the affected with false propaganda and allegations but, said Rio “We are positive people and we sympathize the negative-minded” he said.
NSCN-K’s call to Dimasa and Karbis Dimapur, Oct 31 (MExN): The NSCN-K has asserted that the Dimasas and the Karbis should join hands with the Naga people to expel the Tangkhuls “from our respective habitates”. “Dimasas and Karbis on one side and the Nagas on the other side lived at peace as good neighbors since long time back. There was no record that at any certain point of time there existed bitter enmity or discord between the Nagas and Dimasas-Karbis” according to an MIP/GPRN release. It maintained that the relations between the two peoples have been strained due to the presence of “Tangkhul terrorists” who migrated to Nagaland “under the cover of the Naga freedom movement”. “Now, Dimasas and Karbis should join hands with the Nagas in expelling the Tangkhuls from our respective habitats’ it stated adding that otherwise would mean they (Dimasas-Karbis) will face a worse situation of suffering ‘like the Nagas are suffering today.’ “This piece of information is given to leaders of our Dimasas and Karbis friends to study seriously” the released added.
NSCN (K) on Zunheboto armed encounter The Morung Express

DIMAPUR, OCT 31 (MExN): The NSCN (K) today has refuted its rival report of disclosing the killing of only one of its cadre instead of three cadres killed during the three days gun battle at Zunheboto. A press communiqué received here from MIP NSCN (K) stated that it had killed three of its rival group’s one each from Tangkhul, Sumi and Zeliang in view of the public and injured many. The NSCN (K) also stated that around 260-270 of its rival group gathered together and attacked their position at Zunheboto and added that on their (NSCN-IM) withdrawal from the scene of fighting only 200 of its rival cadre were seen.
“The public of the area wonder as to where those 50/60 members of the I-K terrorist have gone. Have they gone to Alee command or to heaven? It is a matter of great surprise for one and all,” the NSCN (K) lamented. The NSCN (K) further asserted that its rival group was expert in hiding their casualties every time adding that they will profit nothing by hiding their casualties. Hiding their casualties was a sheer display of hypocrisy and weakness, the NSCN (K) added. “The media is expected to reveal the truth without fear or favour, in all matter; however they (Media) seem to shy away from their responsibilities. It will be nice if the media fully understand the falsehood of the I-K terrorist,” a press communiqué from the NSCN (K) stated.
FGN Pochury disassociates from transit Peace Camp The Morung Express
Dimapur, Oct 31 (MExN): The FGN Pochury Region held a meeting on October 13 and took several resolutions. The resolutions included disassociation from the Transit Peace Camp and to work under Kedahge Brig (retd) S Singnya. The region resolved to work under the principle of the NNC and the FGN upholding the independence declaration of August 14, 1947 and plebiscite of 1951; work under the leadership of FGN Kedahge Brig (Retd) S Singnya; work under the leadership of Adinno Phizo, President of the NNC; disassociate with the Transit Peace Camp and lend full support to “Operation Freedom” being carried out by the joint force of the Eastern Command and Southern Command of the Naga Army, according to a release issued by Y Lutsutu, President of the Pochury Regional Council (NNC) and Victor M Fithu, Midan Peyu
.RJD ridicules Thenucho on Zunheboto debacle The Morung Express
DIMAPUR, OCT 31 (MExN): The RJD Nagaland unit has expressed shock over the unexpected response of Thenucho, Home Minister when the entire public and its properties were at stake due to factional clashes in public inhabited areas.
A statement issued by Akuto A Tuccu, General Secretary (Media Cell) stated that Thenucho who is holding a responsible post should not just simply make an appeal to any elements that may threaten the security of the public. Akuto asserted that a rule of law must be enforced so as to safeguard the public and for which the state machineries are at the disposal of any ruling movement adding but ‘it is very surprising when our own Home Minister himself is helplessly making an appeal and advising the NGOs to approach the factions to restrain from such clashes in public inhabited areas’.
“Our Home Minister should know that any such clash that threatens the lives and properties of the public is a law and order problem. Had it not been for the intervention of the NGOs and public of Zunheboto more damages and casualties would have been caused,” the RJD lamented. The RJD also ridiculed the DAN government which failed to intervene when the situation was its worst and assessing the damages and casualties after the situation was controlled by the public. The RJD further reminded the DAN government that a single drop of human blood is much more precious than the chairs they are holding and further added that if the government cannot safeguard the security of the public they should honourably step down and let the capable leaders do the job.
Dr Lotha’s challenge to Congress MLAs? Bring PM’s package to Nagaland! The Morung Express
Dr TM Lotha, Minister for Health & Family Welfare addressing Mokokchung district BJP executives and workers at Tourist Lodge, Mokokchung Monday. (DIPR)
Mokokchung, Oct 31 (NEPS): Nagaland Minister for Health and Family Welfare Dr TM Lotha challenged Congress leaders and its 16 MLAs in Nagaland to ‘show their love and concern for the people of Nagaland.’ They should prove to the people of Nagaland by deeds and actions and not by mere lip services.
Addressing a Mokokchung district BJP executive meet held here at the Tourist Lodge on Monday, the Minister, who is also senior leader of the BJP, said no Prime Minister of the country had so much love and concern for the people of Nagaland as Atal Bihari Vajpayee, then NDA Prime Minister, did. It will be recorded in the annals of Nagaland’s history that Vajpayee was the only PM of India who had given a huge economic package of Rs 1050 crore to Nagaland when he visited the State in October 2003. “His decision to come from Dimapur to Kohima by route is the living testimony as to how a head of this country was so concerned for the people of the State,” the Minister told party workers.
Dr Lotha said the 7 Nagaland BJP MLAs, which is less than half of the present Congress legislators’ strength, could play crucial role in impacting the then NDA Prime Minister’s economic package amounting to Rs 1050 crore to Nagaland. “I challenge the 16 Congress MLAs in Nagaland to convince their Central leadership, which is now at the helms of affairs at the Center, to give some PM’s economic packages to the State for development,” the Minister challenged.
“Let them give even Rs 100 (one hundred) PM’s package to Nagaland, I don’t mind,” the Nagaland BJP leader said. “But where is the reality that they are concerned for the State.” Political leaders could speak sweet words and their rhetoric would be intensified since “elections are approaching but this will not work as actions speak louder than words,” he asserted.
Seeing two and half years Congress-led UPA rule at the Center, Dr Lotha observed that “It is either the State Congress leaders and their MLAs have lost the confidence of their Central leadership or their leaders who are reigning the power at the Center are not interested in the people of Nagaland.”
He said the Naga people had suffered enough due to unresolved political issues. The Naga people have given sufficient time to the Congress party in the State for 20-30 years but they failed terribly to make any headway in the political issue he said. “I think their (Congress) era is over,” he added. The Government of India’s genuine seriousness on the Naga issue started when Vajpayee as PM invited for the first time the collective leadership of the NSCN-IM to India. The former PM even allowed the collective leadership of the group to have wide range of discussions with all the opposition political leaders including Congress President Sonia Gandhi. “Because Vajpayee told the duo that a time would come when he would be requiring supports of all political leaders irrespective of their affiliations,” Dr Lotha said, adding, “This shows the sincerity of BJP-led NDA Government and the BJP leadership toward finding a permanent solution to the protracted Naga political issue.”
Had the BJP-led NDA Government remained in power the next term, by now the people would be seeing ‘some tangible solution to the Naga political issue,’ he pointed out.“Unfortunately, we lost power at the Center” he said however, urging that the people should not to be discouraged by this ‘as the party was still the largest in the country and any time it might come back to power at the Center.’ Dr Lotha also blasted the Congress-led UPA Government at the Center for total disregard to the Naga issue. He said the Center should be held responsible for the present turmoil and chaos prevailing in the State due to continued factional clashes and killings. “Nagaland Ministerial team including myself went to Delhi and urged them the urgency to rectify the defective ground rules in the ceasefires they are maintaining with the two NSCN factions,” the Minister stated.
Interestingly, even Union Minister Oscar Fernandez and members of the Army’s top brass had even admitted the flawed ground rules in the ceasefires. They had even assured rectification of the grey areas in the ground rules. “But whenever we enquired if they have taken any steps to rectify, their answer is: ‘it is under review,’” Dr Lotha said. “How long they would keep these faulty ground rules under review, when dozens of cadres belonging to both NSCN factions are killing each other, disturbing the peaceful environment in the State. Who is responsible for the prevailing situation in the State if not the Center?” he questioned. Clarifying on the Anti-Conversion Bill of Rajasthan, the Minister said this had got nothing to do with Nagaland because it was ‘local issue.’ “Supposing if we pass our Naga Costmary Law in Nagaland, can we impose it on Rajasthan?” he queried. “All these are local issues and have got nothing to do with us or vice versa. In fact, the BJP is a political party with a difference and there is no discrimination in the party. All are treated equal,” he pointed out. Later, the Minister also addressed a huge public meeting at Mongsenyimti Village and donated Rs 80,000 (eighty thousand) to the Mongseyimti Village Council. V Satish, Northeast BJP In-charge, Mokokchung BJP in-charge Aosanen, Mokokchung district BJP leaders Temjen and Arenla also spoke on the occasion. State BJP leader Ato Yepthomi and Dimapur District BJP Leader James Vizo were among others who were present in the function.
Rio blames NSCNs, Cong for violence Staff Reporter Nagaland Post
DIMAPUR, Oct 31 (NPN): A day after Opposition Congress demanded the dismissal of DAN government and imposition of President's Rule over government's failure to contain violence in the State, Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio on Tuesday said the factional clashes were "politically-related issues". Addressing media persons at the Agri Expo site here, Rio said law and order problems were created owing to the political issues.
Accusing the two NSCN factions and Congress of hatching a plot against the DAN government, Rio said "We are not going to fall in their traps. Congress wanted to bring problem to the government but DAN government is committed to withstand all forces."
On the demand for dismissal of DAN government and imposition of President's Rule, Rio categorically said "imposing of President's Rule does not arise".
He clarified that the government had deployed the IRB, police and paramilitary forces at Zunheboto during the recent three-day clash at Zunheboto but that the forces exercised restraint as they did not want to confront the two insurgent groups. "The NSCN (K) and NSCN (I-M) call themselves as fighting for the nation (people) so we wanted to know if they are listening to the public. We have a clear mind that the public should be given a chance," Rio said.
The chief minister described as "success" the restraint shown by the administration and armed forces and the eviction of the two factions from Zunheboto area by the public and appreciated the administration and police for resolving the stand-off without any bloodshed. Further, he lauded DC, Zunheboto, for bringing out a clear version of the series of incidents at Zunheboto. The chief minister also downplayed the August 15 incident at Tuensang where the district administration was not allowed to hold Independence Day programme at the designated site by the public.
He referred to the incidents that took place in Manipur where the national flag and the Secretariat building were burned down and said "Nagaland incident is a minor issue". To a query, Rio said "Nagaland Congress should worry for themselves and not for me. I am comfortable with NPF and DAN government which is sailing smoothly". He also said that unlike Therie, who was expelled, he had resigned by himself and "walked out with dignity choosing the righteous path".
To another query, Rio said the elite 9 IRB deployed in Chhattisgarh was doing well as reported by the Chhattisgarh government and police but that some sympathizers of the Naxalites launched a "propaganda campaign" against the force.
Fresh Naga forays on Asom land, petrol pump reopened in Jorhat Usurpation in Dissoi Valley forest reserve From our Correspondent Sentinel
JORHAT, Oct 31: In the latest snub to the Asom Government, neighbouring State Nagaland has reopened the petrol pump it had built last year in the Dissoi valley forest reserve area along the inter-State border in open violation of all norms.
Taking advantage of Asom’s adherence to all standing agreements with respect to the border row in letter and spirit, the Nagaland authorities have also set up two brick kilns. The Nagas are understood to have enlisted the cooperation of individual entrepreneurs in doing so.
A team of the Jorhat district administration today visited the border areas and witnessed these Naga business establishments for itself. It may be mentioned here that the work on the petrol pump was halted last year after objections were raised in this regard by the Jorhat district administration. How the Nagaland Government managed to give permission to the parties involved in the setting up of the petrol pump as well as the brick kilns is mysterious. This is because only the Forest Department is entitled to give no-objection certificates in this case.
The Jorhat district administration is supposed to pursue this matter with its counterpart in the Mokokchung district of Nagaland. Forest Department sources reiterated that a legal recourse would be sought, if necessary. However, observers feel that by the time this is done, it may be too late. The Nagas would have already usurped on land which belongs to Asom. Whether the State Government will react to this in all urgency remains to be seen.

Dimasas and Karbis- Nagaland Post
Dimasa and Karbis on one side and the Nagas on the other side lived at peace as good neighbors since long time back. There was no record that at any certain point of time there existed bitter enmity or discord between the Nagas and Dimasas-Karbis.
This time the relations are in one way or the other strained due to the presence of Tangkhul terrorists who recently migrated to Nagaland under the cover of Naga freedom movement. Now, Dimasa and Karbis should join hands with the Nagas in expelling the Tangkhuls from our respective habitats. If not, they (Dimasa-Karbis) will certainly face worse situation and suffer at the hands of the blood thirsty Tangkhuls than what the Nagas are suffering today. This piece of information is given to the leaders of our Dimasa and Karbis friends to study seriously. Secretary, MIP/GPRN, NSCN (K).
UNC dubs Theko a betrayer of Nagas Newmai News Network
Imphal, Oct 31: Coming down heavily on the Congress MLA from Mao Assembly Constituency RK Thekho, the United Naga Council (UNC) has dubbed the MLA Judas Iscariot for selling out the Nagas’ political rights. According to the New Testament of the Holy Bible Judas Iscariot was a disciple of Jesus Christ who betrayed him.
The tongue lashing of the UNC on the sitting Congress MLA from Mao Assembly Constituency came as a reaction to the recent MLA’s statement to the press with regard to the forthcoming Manipur Legislative Assembly Election which is scheduled to be held after three months.
Congress MLA RK Thekho had told the media in the Nagaland capital, Kohima, that the NSCN-IM was trying to wipe out the Congress from the Naga dominated areas of Manipur and added that Naga militant group was issuing threats through the United Naga Council (UNC).
This statement of the Congress MLA has already been published in The Telegraph.
In a statement issued to Newmai News Network today by its information and publicity secretary S Milan, the UNC pointed out the reason for RK Thekho’s outburst and claimed that the main reason for the outburst was because the MLA had lost his support base.
“Let it be known to all and sundry that RK Thekho has already become a persona non grata in his village Tungjoy. On the Ocotber 14, 2006 when the Tungjoy public gathered to decide on the candidature for the general election, RK Thekho stormed out of the Village Asembly before it concluded knowing fully, he had lost his support base. Under this compelling circumstances, he has changed his strategy towards NSCN (IM) and started UNC ‘bashing’ so that he can be in the good books of the high command and retain the Congress (I) ticket for the forthcoming General Assembly Election to be held in February/March 2007,” charged the UNC statement.
The UNC then said that RK Thekho had attended the Naga Hoho’s dialogue on October 25 at Zonal Council Hall, Kohima which was well participated by over 30 Naga civil societies and eminent Nagas—a platform where all the many prominent Nagas were invited to express their opi- nions on the present state of affairs of the Nagas .
“Instead of addressing his fellow Nagas RK Thekho left the meeting halfway and willfully chose the media to vent his frustration in the form of a ‘lone’ spokesperson of the party he represents,” alleged the UNC.
“It is anyone’s guess that a private member Bill may/will be defeated on the floor of the House over the unification/integration of the broken homeland of Nagas. But as a signatory to the UNC’s undertaking at Senapati on 7th February, 2002 , it is a bounden duty of RKThekho and rest of the Naga MLAs to express the resolved of the Naga people to live as one people. The same private member Bill was defeated in Arunachal Pradesh in 2003-04. If they (Naga MLAs in Arunachal) can table it, why not ours?,” questioned the Naga civil body while adding, “when over 50,000 Naga students career from Chandel, Senapati, Tamenglong and Ukhrul were in high stake over the shift of affiliation from the Board of Secondary Manipur (BSEM) to the Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE), RK.Thekho and his ilks did not speak a single word in support of ANSAM’s and NSF’s endeavuor for affiliation except BD. Behring, Wungnaoshang Keishing, Danny Shaiza, Henry Paotei and Samuel Jendai (all Naga MLAs) and the rest is history!”
The UNC then termed Thekho’s allegation that the NSCN (IM) was using the UNC to wipe out the Congress (I) from the Naga dominated areas of Manipur as just the MLA’s illusion and without any foundation.
Recalling the past the Naga civil body reminded that RK.Thekho was one the former presidents of the UNC. “We held him in high esteemed. He was our leader but now his true colour has emerged beyond any doubt. Therefore, we can say in the least that, he is in the process of making yet another Judas Iscariot at the cost of the Naga’s political rights”, rued the United Naga Council. Thekho accusing the UNC of having special rapport with the NSCN holds no water at all since all the Naga Civil Societies including the UNC is fully supporting and backing the ongoing Indo-Naga Peace process for bringing about an honourable and acceptable solution, concluded the UNC.
Affiliation resurfaces Nagaland Post
Shillong, Oct 31 (UNI): Nagaland Education Minister Imkong Imchen today said they would not remain silent on the issue of affiliating the Hills Schools in Manipur to Nagaland Board of School Education (NBSE).
"We will continue to pursue with the Centre of either having a separate Board for the Hills Students in Manipur or otherwise get them affiliated to NBSE," Mr Imchen told UNI here. Mr Imchen was attending the North East States Education Ministers Conference held here, today.
So far, he said, the Centre has not taken any decision on the demand of the Naga people residing in the Naga-dominated Ukhrul, Tamenglong, Senapati and Chandel districts of Manipur. "It's not the Nagaland government; it is the people of the four Hills districts in Manipur who wanted their schools to be affiliated to our Education Board," the Minister said, adding that the Nagaland Cabinet had agreed to affiliate the schools provided the government of India permitted.
Since, ''Education is on the concurrent list, we need the Human Resource Development Ministry to endorsed our decision'', he said. "Last year, the Manipur Government made the Meitei language a compulsory paper in the Manipur Board of School Education affecting 163 private schools.' They (Manipur government) should not have imposed the Meitei language on the Naga people,'' Mr Imchen resented.
Police chief defends Naga IRB jawans Kuknalim.com
KOHIMA, Oct 31 :: Chhattisgarh director general of police (DGP) O.P. Rathor has dismissed reports of atrocities allegedly committed by Naga India Reserve Battalion (IRB) jawans in the Bastar area.. In a letter to the Nagaland DGP, Rathor said there was absolutely no basis for the allegations, as the rule of law is strictly followed in Chhattisgarh.

Rathor was reacting to allegations by certain NGOs who have reportedly accused Naga jawans of committing various atrocities such as rape, murder and other human rights violations. The DGP said in every operation the special police officers (SPOs) accompany security forces. “These SPOs would never permit such atrocities against their own people,” he added.

He said there are no complaints against the jawans and the people are happy with the Naga IRB’s presence. The jawans have even launched several public welfare camps under ‘Operation Medico-admn-Police’, which is a popular public grievance redressal scheme. They have also contributed medicines, clothes and food to the Salwa Judum relief camps. Rathor also lauded the “toughness” of the Naga IRB in combating Naxalites and Maoists in the Bastar region. and charged the Maoists and Naxalites with trying to malign the jawans as part of their usual tactics.

He urged the Naga people not to be misled by such reports. The Chhattisgarh government has also invited journalists from Nagaland to the region to evaluate the situation. The Nagaland government has instituted an inquiry into the alleged atrocities by the jawans. (The Telegraph)
Senseless fratricidal killings Zakie Khate In Focus the Morung Express
One-day future generation of Nagas will look back at the present times and say that it was one of the darkest periods in the Naga History. They would say that the present time was the most senseless period. They would mark this as a period of hate, anger and violence. An era of mindless fratricidal killings and a period when even an insane man would think that Nagas went insane during this period.
Whenever a cadre of any faction die in factional clash, it is often expressed that the soldier sacrificed his life for the Nation. How contented would the dead be to hear the fact that they died for nothing but just mere family war. Their deaths are worthy of something greater. It is a rueful dream that they died not for patriotism. They died combating their very own brothers. It may offer as a consolation for the living but the dead soldiers are shamed and disgraced. To the living, they may not have died in vain for their gain but as for the dead, they died in vain.
Unquestionably, many soldiers in either group earnestly stand for the noble duty to the call of ultimate patriotism. They stand to fight for what is good and right for the Nagas to attain the Rainbow vision. Many are prepared to sacrifice even their dear lives to secure this rainbow. However, the soldiers are fully at the unassailable service of their commander. They pay attention to the command whether to advance or retreat, shoot or not to shoot. They do this without asking a single question. The commander serves as the driver and director of all effort. Yet, what occurs when the commander orders his soldiers to shoot their own brethrens? Perhaps, here is where the plant of patriotism withers and dies. Alternatively, maybe, as this is true in our situation, the answer is simply in the process of experimentation.
Hence, I ask this question to NSCN (IM), NSCN (K) and FGN, what right have you to say that a Naga soldier sacrificed his life for me and my Nation when his own brothers shot him. Is shooting or being shot by a Naga brother an ideal of patriotism? Zunheboto phobia has clearly exhibited the factual logic of a brother killing a brother. It is a shameful patriotism whatever good reasons maybe or might be as Nagas have eliminated Nagas. And, in the judgment of the Nagas, whichever faction one cadre belonged to does not count. The count is simply as long as he is a Naga. The supremacy feuds are noticeably demonstrating what you are standing for and not what you should be standing for. What a pathetic war is this. What a horrible future you are bequeathing us, your children. For how long will this insanity continue? Another 30 years? Never forget that Zunheboto is not a theatre of war and Nagaland not a playground. Nagas are not some footballs to be kicked around!
Naga cause is not as cheap as the senseless war of supremacy, fame and wealth. It is a noble cause and it is Naga pride! Do not desecrate it with more Naga blood!
Police chief defends IRB jawans The Telegraph
Kohima, Oct. 31: Chhattisgarh director general of police (DGP) O.P. Rathor has dismissed reports of atrocities allegedly committed by Naga India Reserve Battalion (IRB) jawans in the Bastar area. In a letter to the Nagaland DGP, Rathor said there was absolutely no basis for the allegations, as the rule of law is strictly followed in Chhattisgarh.
Rathor was reacting to allegations by certain NGOs who have reportedly accused Naga jawans of committing various atrocities such as rape, murder and other human rights violations. The DGP said in every operation the special police officers (SPOs) accompany security forces. “These SPOs would never permit such atrocities against their own people,” he added.
He said there are no complaints against the jawans and the people are happy with the Naga IRB’s presence. The jawans have even launched several public welfare camps under ‘Operation Medico-admn-Police’, which is a popular public grievance redressal scheme. They have also contributed medicines, clothes and food to the Salwa Judum relief camps. Rathor also lauded the “toughness” of the Naga IRB in combating Naxalites and Maoists in the Bastar region. and charged the Maoists and Naxalites with trying to malign the jawans as part of their usual tactics.
He urged the Naga people not to be misled by such reports. The Chhattisgarh government has also invited journalists from Nagaland to the region to evaluate the situation. The Nagaland government has instituted an inquiry into the alleged atrocities by the jawans.
Corruption undermines quality of public service: Vigilance Commissioner The Morung Express
Nagaland Vigilance Commissioner, Metongmeren Ao, IAS (Rtd) releasing the Commission’s souvenir at a function marking the observance of Vigilance Awareness Week at the Vigilance Commission Conference Hall on October 31. (DIPR)
KOHIMA, OCT 31 (DIPR): Vigilance Commissioner, Nagaland, Metongmeren Ao, IAS (Rtd) reminded that corruption undermines quality of public service and destroys the fabric of every institution. He called upon all sections of the society, especially public servants, to rededicate themselves towards fighting corruption and come forward and expose those found involved in corrupt practices. The Commissioner was speaking to a gathering at a programme marking the observance of Vigilance Awareness Week at Conference Hall of the Vigilance Commission October 31.
Metongmeren Ao, in his speech also highlighted how the State Vigilance Commission was created in April 1976 and how since then it has been fighting corruption at various levels of the Government. He enumerated some major achievements of the Commission including the unearthing of the Pension Scam, Pre-Retirement Consequential Benefit Scam, Police Pension Scam, House Building Advance Scam and the latest NPSC Scam.
Metongmeren regretted that corruption has become institutionalized and that there is an elaborate system surrounding it which has made the common man lose confidence in the government and makes him feel that only evil can combat evil resulting in an environment of blackmail and arm-twisting. Responsible citizens of the state have every right to demand transparency and accountability from public servants, the Commissioner reminded and called on all concerned to work for a corruption-free state so that the people can progress and develop.
The Vigilance Commissioner also released a souvenir of the department on the occasion. The function was attended by several senior officers and Deputy Commissioners of of districts who also participated in the programme by offering suggestion and sharing experiences in their areas.
The programme was chaired by Secretary Vigilance Commission, T Kiheto Sema who also gave the welcome address. Messages from the State Governor and Chief Minister were read out by SP Vigilance JI Yaden while the vote of thanks was offered by TDP Vigilance Commission, Hukato Swu.
ENSF demands cell connectivity in ‘Eastern’ areas The Morung express
Dimapur, Oct 31 (MExN): The Eastern Nagaland Students Federation (ENSF) has endorsed a memorandum to the BSNL for installation of cellular connectivity in Kiphire, Noklak and Shamator.
The ENSF lamented that desired attention for cellular connectivity and services are not being given to remote areas particularly ‘Eastern Nagaland’ in spite of appeals from all sections. The federation strongly appealed to the BSNL to give “intensive attention to bridge the gap in Eastern Nagaland by providing all accessories for better communication”. It took cognizance that although a high tower was erected at Kiphire almost a ‘decade’ back it remains bare and defunct due to non-installation of the required accessories as well as lack of manpower. The ENSF called attention of the BSNL for positive measures within a stipulated time “as it is a matter of impending progress in a district”.
The ENSF also informed of the situation at Noklak. “Now the Noklak tower had been erected strategically at a wrong place and above all no initiative had been carried out so far to avail facilities and to meet the needs of general public in the area. Recently trucks loaded with materials had reached to Noklak but to public dismay and anguish it is informed that it had wrongly headed to Noklak in other words materials were to be unload at Tuli” stated a letter from ENSF General Secretary P Methna Konyak while demanding immediate installation of connectivity at Noklak without delay.
The federation informed that the situation at Shamator is the same as Noklak’s “where progress is on halt due to improper planning and works on the part of telecom department in the state”. The ENSF felt that fair and equal opportunity should be given to the stated areas. Taking into account all these, the ENSF has called for immediate measures to address the same and “in any manner to squash the immediate demands” of the federation, it shall not hesitate to take “into account for the welfare of Eastern Nagaland”.
Huge arms haul from ULFA in Assam IANS Times of India

GUWAHATI: Police in Assam on Tuesday made one of the biggest arms seizures in recent years by arresting three dreaded rebels of the outlawed United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) while they were trying to smuggle weapons and explosives from Bangladesh.

A police spokesman said the arms consignment was seized during a well-planned operation near Jorabat on the outskirts of Assam's main city of Guwahati. "The three rebels were carrying the weapons and explosives in a vehicle bound for Guwahati from Shillong when they were intercepted by a team of police commandos," a senior police official said.

The arms haul includes eight M-20 pistols, 15 Austrian-make grenades, 450 rounds of ammunition of AK-47 assault rifles, and 18 M-20 pistol magazines, besides other explosives.

"This is by far the biggest arms haul in recent years. The rebels said during interrogations that the consignment came from Bangladesh and was meant for cadres to carry out attacks," the official said. India's eastern frontiers, bordering Myanmar and Bangladesh, have become a flourishing arms bazaar with separatist groups from the northeast offering a ready market to scores of South Asian gunrunners. The porous international borders, thick with forests, along the north-eastern states of Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur and Tripura have been used by an illegal weapons syndicate to smuggle small and medium arms and ammunition for at least 30-odd rebel armies operating in the region. India and Bangladesh shares a 4,095-km long border of which the north-eastern states account for more than half. More than 70 percent of the border is unfenced with concrete pillars separating the two countries. The region's separatist groups have long purchased arms from the port town of Cox's Bazaar in Bangladesh.
The Bangladesh police last year seized a huge cache of weapons from the Chittagong Hill Tracts with both Indian and Bangladeshi authorities suspecting the consignment was meant for at least four separatist groups in Assam, Manipur and Nagaland.
Gogoi wants ULFA to come for talks By IANS Wednesday November 1
Guwahati, Nov 1 (IANS) Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi Wednesday urged the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) to respond to the government's peace initiatives. 'The doors for peace talks are still wide open and New Delhi is ready to hold direct negotiations if the ULFA responds positively,' Gogoi told IANS here. The Indian Army is engaged in a massive military operation against the ULFA after New Delhi in September called off a six-week ceasefire blaming the outfit for stepping up attacks and extortions. The talks were deadlocked with ULFA demanding the release of five of their jailed leaders as a precondition for holding direct talks with the government. Indian negotiators wanted a commitment in writing that the ULFA leadership would come for negotiations if their jailed comrades were released. The group refused to give a written commitment. 'I still believe the peace process is not completely derailed and hope the ULFA respects the wishes of the people of Assam to come for talks and solve the problem,' Gogoi said. Talks between ULFA representatives and the Indian government formally broke last month after the People's Consultative Group (PCG), a civil society team appointed by the rebels to mediate for talks, pulled out of the peace process blaming New Delhi for calling off the truce. There were three rounds of talks between the ULFA-chosen PCG and the Indian government. The chief minister said his government's objective of ushering in development for the welfare of the people was very much similar to that of ULFA. 'My government's objective and that of ULFA is very much the same so far as the overall development of the state is concerned,' Gogoi said at the inaugural ceremony of a two-day meet of security heads of the northeast, West Bengal and Sikkim to work out a joint strategy to combat insurgency and Islamist terrorism. 'The only difference is the means through which this goal can be achieved. While ULFA is adopting violent means, my government is trying to develop the state through democratic means,' he said. Gogoi said the ULFA's support base in Assam was on the downslide in recent years, with people clamouring for peace and an end to all forms of violence. 'This is a good sign with the mass support base of ULFA is now eroding. People in general are against all forms of bloodshed and want to see Assam develop economically,' he said. He cautioned security forces engaged in counter-insurgency operations in Assam not to harass civilians in the name of tackling militancy. 'Dignity of individuals should be respected and security forces should always try to be sensitive not to indulge in excesses,' Gogoi said.
Meet on joint strategy to combat northeast insurgency By IANS
Guwahati, Nov 1 (IANS) Security heads in India's northeast as well as West Bengal and Sikkim Wednesday called for a coordinated strategy to combat the twin threats of separatist insurgencies and Islamist terror in the region. 'There is need for an effective counter-insurgency operation having full synergy between all security forces to deal with the many insurgencies in the region, besides the serious threat from fundamentalist pan-Islamic groups,' Assam police chief Dipak Narayan Dutt said. Dutt was addressing a two-day conference of police chiefs of the seven northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh. The meeting, which opened Wednesday in Assam's main city Guwahati, also saw participation of the police chiefs of West Bengal and Sikkim, besides top army, paramilitary, intelligence and home ministry officials. 'Smuggling of arms and explosives, narcotics and counterfeit currency notes is another area of serious concern,' the Assam police chief said. India's northeast, wedged between Bangladesh, Bhutan, China and Myanmar, is home to more than 30 odd rebel groups with demands ranging from secession to greater autonomy. More than 50,000 people have died in violence since 1947. 'The need of the hour is to have a joint approach among regional states to fight insurgency, besides sharing intelligence and other vital inputs,' Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi said inaugurating the meet. Most rebel groups network among themselves in the northeast and take shelter in adjoining states to escape security offensives in their area of operation. 'If we are to make a dent in the insurgency front, it should have to be a joint fight rather than individual states trying to combat the problem,' Assam's chief secretary S.K. Kabilan said. At present different state governments in the region are dealing with insurgency without much coordination. 'The idea of this conference is to work out a comprehensive strategy to fight insurgency and other issues,' Amod Kant, police chief of Arunachal Pradesh, told IANS. The two-day meeting is expected to come up with a strategy where security forces in the states share intelligence inputs and jointly carry out offensives as and when required. 'Of late we have noticed that northeastern militant groups are using Sikkim and West Bengal as transit or to cool their heels. So we need better coordination with security forces in these two states,' a home ministry official said.

No separatist movement in India will ever succeed : CM The Imphal Free Press

IMPHAL, Oct 31: Chief minister Okram Ibobi Singh has said no state in the country have ever been successful in their attempt to secede from India. Speaking at the Rashtriya Sankalap Diwas (National Rededication Day) function held at 1st Manipur Rifles Parade Ground today to mark the 22nd death anniversary of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the chief minister said the former Prime Minister had laid down her life for the integrity of India.

Regardless of whether the secessionist movements in various parts of the northeast succeed or not, these have certainly brought misfortune and sorrow to the people of the region, he observed.
Acknowleding the fact that violence has hampered developmental activites in the state, the chief minister said democratic ways should be adopted in fighting for a cause.

Mizoram was once a strife-torn, insurgency-hit state, but today, it is the most peaceful state in the region where smooth developmental activities are being carried out, he added.

Recalling Indira Gandhi`s contributions to the country, he said the former Prime Minister was a great world leader and India is very fortunate to have been blessed with leaders like her. Preserving or protecting one`s religion, tradition and culture without causing any disturbance to that of others is reasonable but a desire to dominate other communities will pose the biggest threat to national integrity, he observed. Though India is a land of diversity in many aspects including religion and ethnicity, it is a secular and independent country with a collective identity and no attempt to disintegrate it will be tolerated, he added.

Agricutlure minister Ph. Parijat, who presided over the function, said to secede Manipur from India and to disintigrate Manipur are both near to impossible. Stating that no religion teaches hatred, the minister said in the absence of peace Manipur is lagging far behind in the race for development. TN Haokip, RK Theko, A Aza, Nabadwip, Y Mani and E Biramani were among other dignitaries who attended the function.

Arms en route to Tinsukia seized ULFA cadre, said to be kin of Sadiya MLA Bolin Chetia, arrested By a Staff Reporter Sentinel
GUWAHATI, Oct 31: Amid the frequent ULFA strikes in the twin upper Asom districts of Tinsukia and Dibrugarh, the City Police last night notched a major breakthrough when they seized a huge consignment of sophisticated arms at Jorabat here.
The arms were seized from a Bolero car (with registration number AS-23-E-1560) that was coming from Cherapunjee in Meghalaya to the city. The City Police, acting on a tip-off, intercepted the car at Jorabat here at around 9.30 p.m. The seized arms include 15 Austria-made hand grenades, 9 Spain-made M20 pistols, 18 magazines, 415 bullets, 80 M20 cartridges, 7 kg of explosives and 10 cleaning rods. The hand grenades, police say, are powerful than RDX bombs.
The driver of the car, Birendra Mahato, and a suspected ULFA cadre Prabal Chetia, who was also in the car, have been arrested. Based on information revealed by the arrested militant, police has also arrested one Basanta Deka from the Japorigog area here. Originally from Makum, Deka is charged with sheltering ULFA cadres in his Japorigog residence. City SSP Nitul Gogoi told reporters that the consignment was being taken to Tinsukia on instructions of the com